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c. 15.

(or borough, &c.] of

hath offended 7 & 8 Vict against the Act made in the

year of Her Majesty's reign, intituled [here set forth Sched. (D.) the title of the Act), forasmuch as he the said A. D. on the

(lay of

in the year of our Lord

at in the county (or borough, &c.] of did [here set forth the substance of the charge], and that B. P. of

in the county (or borough, &c.] is a material witness to be examined concerning the said charge; these therefore are to require you forth with to summon the said B. P. to appear before such two or more of Her Majesty's Justices of the Peace acting in and for the county (or borough, &c.] of

as shall be present at in the county for borough, &c.] of on the at the hour of

in the

noon of the same day, to testify his knowledge concerning the premises. And be you then there to certify what you have done in the premises. Herein fail not. Given under my hand, this

day of

in the year of our Lord (Signed) 1. F., Inspector

for Sub-Inspector).

day of

on the

FORM OF CONVICTION. County of

Be it remembered, that [Liberty or Borough as the case may be]. day of in the year one thousand eight hundred and

A. B. [describe the offender) is convicted before us J. P. and K. Q., two of Her

c. 15.

Sched. (D.)

7 & 8 Vict. Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the county [liberty or borough, as the case may be] of

in pursuance of an Act passed in the

year of the reign of Queen Victoria, intituled [here insert the title of this Act), for that he describe the offence].

Given under our hands and seals, the day and year above written.

[blocks in formation]

3 & 4 W. 4,

. 103.

7 & 8 Vict. c. 15

An Act to declare certain Ropeworks not within the operation of the Factory Acts.

[3rd August, 1846.] WHEREAS in the fourth year of the reign of His late Majesty King William the Fourth an Act was passed, intituled An Act to Regulate the Labour of Children and young Persons in the Mills and Factories in the United Kingdom, and the said Act was amended by another Act passed in the seventh year of the reign of Her present Majesty, intituled An Act to Amend the Laws relating to Labour in Factories, and the said Acts have been construed to apply to ropeworks; and it is expedient to relieve ropemakers from the effect of such construction, and of the said Acts : Be it declared and enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal

c. 40.

works not to be deemed

and Commons, in this present Parliament assem- 9 & 10 Vict. bled, and by the authority of the same, that no ropery, ropewalk, or ropework in which ma- Certain ropechinery, moved by steam, water, or other mechanical power, is not used for drawing or spin-mills or ning the fibres of flax, hemp, jute, or tow, but factories only for laying or twisting or other process of provisions of preparing or finishing the lines, twines, cords, or ropes, and which has no internal communication with any buildings or premises forming or forming part of a mill or factory within the meaning of the said Acts, except such as is necessary for the transmission of power, shall be deemed to be a mill or factory within the provisions of the said Acts, or of either of them, and that nothing in the said Acts, or in either of them, shall be deemed to apply to the employment of children, young persons, or women in any such ropery, ropewalk, or ropework (k).

II. And be it enacted, that this Act may be amended or repealed by any Act to be passed in amended, &c. this session of Parliament.

Act may be

13 & 14 VICT.

c. 54.

c. 103.

THE FACTORY ACT, 1850.
An Act to amend the Acts relating to labour

in factories (a). [5th August, 1850.]
WHEREAS by an Act past in the fourth

3 & 4 W. 4,

of

year the reign of His late Majesty, intituled An Act

(1) This Act exempted the ropeworks here mentioned from the operation of the Factory Acts of 1833 and 1844; but they do not seem to be excluded from the general provision of 30 & 31 Vict. c. 103 (the Factory Acts Extension Act, 1867), s. 3 (sub-s. 7). See s. 5 of that Act ; post. And see the 5th report of the Children's Employment Commission (1862), p. xii.

(a) The short title now given to this Act is, “The Factory Act, 1850,” 30 & 31 Vict. c. 103, s. 4.

c. 54.

c. 15.

13 & 14 Vict. to regulate the labour of children and young

persons in the mills and factories of the United Kingdom, it was enacted that no person under the age of eighteen years should be employed in any mill or factory as in the said Act mentioned, in any such description of work as therein specified, more than twelve hours in any one day (6),

except as thereinafter provided : And whereas 7 & 8 Vict. by an Act passed in the seventh year of the

reign of Her present Majesty, intituled An Act to amend the laws relating to labour in factories, it was enacted, that the hours of work of children and young persons in every factory should be reckoned from the time when any child or young person should first begin to work in the morning in such factory (c), and by the same Act it was enacted, that no female above the age of eighteen years should be employed in any factory, save for the same time and in the same manner as young persons might be employed in

factories (d): And whereas by an Act passed 10 & 11 Vict. the tenth year of the reign of Her present Ma

jesty, intituled An Act to limit the hours of labour of young persons and females in factories, the hours of labour of young persons and females in factories were further restricted as therein is

c. 29.

This Act was passed in consequence of it having been decided that it was no offence against the Factory Act to employ a young person in the factory for ten hours and no more in one day, such ten hours ending at a period which was no more than ten hours from the time when another child or young person first began to work in the morning of such day in such factory, if such last-mentioned ten hours were counted consecutively from that time, omitting the meal times. Ryder v. Mills, 3 Exch. 853 ; 19 L. J. M. C. 82.

(6) 3 & 4 Will. 4, c. 103, s. 2; ante.
(c) 7 & 8 Vict. c. 15, s. 26 ; ante.
(d) 7 & 8 Vict. c. 15, s. 32 ; ante.

c. 54.

or

mentioned (e): And whereas it is expedient to 13 & 14 Vict. amend the said hereinbefore recited Acts : Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, No young in this present Parliament assembled, and by the female to be authority of the same, That, save as hereinafter before six in mentioned, so much of the said Acts as restricts the morning or limits the hours of the employment or labour in the afterof young persons, and of females above the

age

Saturdays of eighteen years, shall be repealed (f) and after after two in the passing of this Act (g) no young person,

and

or after six

noon, or on

the afternoon,

(e) This Act is now rendered wholly inoperative.

(f) The repeal of these provisions of the Factory Acts is hereby confined, it will be observed, to their operation respecting young persons and females above eighteen years of age; but the same provisions are also at least virtually repealed as respecting children by 16 & 17 Vict. c. 104 (the Factory Act, 1853), post ; which Act contains provisions respecting children corresponding to those of this Act respecting young persons and females above eighteen years of age.

(9) This section, and the corresponding enactment of 16 & 17 Vict. c. 104, respecting children, contain together the provisions now in force as to the hours of the day between which alone young persons, women, and children, can, generally speaking, be lawfully employed.

No other limit being placed upon the number of hours in a day for which young persons and women can be employed, it follows, that they may be employed for the whole of the time between the hours specified, that is twelve hours, inclusive, however, of meal times. 7 & 8 Vict. c. 15, s. 36. Whereas, the number of hours in respect of the employment of children is still regulated by the Factory Act, 1844, s. 30. 16 & 17 Vict. c. 104, s. 4; post.

But the provisions of the Acts respecting the legal hours of labour are subject to a considerable number of “ modifications," as regards the various trades and manufactures now within the operation of the Factory Acts.

Thus, with respect to any particular factory or class of factories

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