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done? I have found no cause to the place which is called Calvary,* there they crucified him; and the malefactors; one on his right hand, and the other on his left. 34 Then said Jesus, "Father, forgive them: for they know not what they do." And they parted among them his garments, and cast lots.
of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and release him." 23 But they were urgent with loud voices, requesting that he might be crucified: and the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed. 24 So Pilate adjudged that their request should be granted: 25 and released him, who for insurrection and murder had been cast into prison, whom they had requested; but surrendered Jesus to their will.
35 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also, [together with them] scoffed at him, saying, "He saved others; let him save himself, if he be the Christ, the chosen of God." 36 And the soldiers also derided him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, 37 and saying, "If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself." 38 And was also an inscription over him, written in Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
26 AND as they led him away, they laid hold on one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country; and on him they laid the cross, that he might carry it after Jesus. 27 And there follow-there ed him a great multitude of the people, and of women who [also] lamented and bewailed him. 28 But Jesus turning to them, said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. 29 For, behold, the days are coming, in which it will be said, Happy are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the breasts which never gave suck.' 30 Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall on us;' and to the hills, Cover us." 31 For if these things be done to the green tree, what will be done to the dry?" 32 And two others also, who were malefactors, were led with him to be put to death.
33 AND when they were come
39 Then one of the malefactors that were crucified, reviled him, saying, "If thou be the Christ, save thyself and us.” 40 But the other answering, rebuked him, saying, "Dost not thou fear God, since thou art in the same condemnation ? 41 and we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss." 42 Then he said to Jesus, "Lord remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom." 43 And Jesus said to him, "Verily I tell thee, To-day thou shalt be with me in paradise." t
44 And it was about the sixth
Gr. Kgaviov, called in Hebrew Golgotha, i. e. a place of sculls.
+In the state of the virtuous dead; who, though in their graves, are alive to God. See Luke xx. 38, and the note there.
"This verse was wanting in the copies of Marcion and other reputed heretics; and in some
hour, and there was darkness over the whole land, until the ninth hour: 45 and the sun was darkened; and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. 46 And Jesus crying out with a loud voice, said, "Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit."* and having said thus, he expired.
47 Now the centurion observing what had happened, glorified God, saying, "Certainly this was a righteous 48 And all the multitudes who came together to that sight, seeing the things which were done, smote [their] breasts, and returned. 49 And all his acquaintance, and the women that had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, beholding these things.
held the tomb, and how his body was laid. 56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested on the sabbath, according to the commandment.
50 AND, lo, there was a man named Joseph, a senator; a good and righteous man: 51 (this man had not consented to their counsel and deed: he was of Arimathea, a city of the Jews; and himself also looked for the reign of God:) 52 this man went to Pilate, and asked the body of Jesus. 53 And he took it down and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb hewn in stone, in which no one had ever yet been laid. 54 And that day | was the preparation-day; [and] the sabbath approached.
55 AND the women [also] who had come with him from Galilee, followed after, and be
CH. XXIV. 1 But on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared, [and some other women with them.]
2 And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb: 3 and having entered, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4 And it came to pass that as they were much perplexed at this circumstance, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments. 5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, the men said to them, "Why seek ye him that is living, among those that are dead? 6 He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spake to you, when he was yet in Galilee; 7 saying, 'The Son of man must be delivered up into the hands of sinners, and be crucified, and the third day arise from the dead."
8 And they remembered his words; 9 and returned from the tomb, and reported all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest. 10 Now it was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and the other women that were with them, who told these things to
of the older copies in the time of Origen: nor is it cited either by Justin, Irenæus, or Tertullian; though the two former have quoted almost every text in Luke which relates to the crucifixion; and Tertullian wrote concerning the intermediate state. See Evanson's Diss. p. 28." Mile
i. e. my breath or life. See Luke viii. 55.
the apostles. 11 And their deem Israel; and besides all words seemed to them as idle this, to-day is the third day tales; and they believed them since these things were done. 22 Moreover, some women also of our company, who were early at the tomb, have astonished us; 23 for not finding his body, they returned, saying that they had even seen a vision of angels, who said that he is alive. 24 And some of those who were with us went to the tomb, and found it thus, even exactly as the women had said: but him they saw not."
25 Then he said to them, "O inconsiderate, and slow of heart to believe all which the prophets have spoken! 26 Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?"
12 But Peter arose, and ran to the tomb; and when he had stooped down, he beheld only the linen bands, lying by themselves, and went home wondering at what had happened.
13 AND, behold, two of them went on that day to a village called Emmaus; which is distant from Jerusalem about sixty furlongs. 14 And they conversed together about all these events. 15 And it came to pass that, as they were conversing and reasoning, even Jesus himself approached, and went along with them. 16 But their eyes were so affected, that they did not know him.
27 Then beginning from Mo17 And he said to them, ses, and through all the pro"What subjects are these con-phets, he explained to them in cerning which ye confer toge-all the scriptures, the things ther as ye walk? and why are ye concerning himself. dejected?" 18 And one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering, said to him, "Art thou alone such a stranger in Jerusalem, as to be unacquainted with the things which have happened there so lately?"
19 And he said to them, "What things?"
And they said to him, "Those concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet, mighty in deed and word before God and all the people: 20 and how the chief-priests and our rulers livered him up to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. 21 But we trusted that it
28 And they drew near to the village whither they were going; and he appeared as though he was going further. 29 But they prevented him; saying, “Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent." And he went in to abide with them.
30 And it came to pass, that as he was at meat with them, taking the loaf, he blessed God, and breaking it, he gave to them. 31 And their eyes were de-opened, and they knew him: and he disappeared from them.
32 Then they said one to another, "Did not our heart
was he who was about to re-burn within us, while he talk
33 Immediately they arose, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven, and those with them, assembled, 34 saying, "The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon." 35
ed with us on the way, and while 44 AND he said to them, he explained to us the scrip-"These are the words which I tures ?" spake to you, while I was yet with you; That all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me."
45 Then he opened their
ed on the road; and how he was made known to them in the breaking of the loaf.
And they told what had happen-minds, that they might understand the scriptures; 46 and said to them, "Thus it is written, [and thus ought] the Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead the third day: 47 and, that reformation, and the remission of sins ought to be preached in his name among all the nations, having begun from Jerusalem.
36 AND while they were thus speaking, he stood in the midst of them, and said to them, "Peace be unto you." 37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they beheld a spirit. 38 And he said to them, "Why are ye troubled? and why do doubts arise in your hearts? 39 see my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and be convinced for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye perceive that I have."
40 And saying this, he showed them his hands and his feet. 41 And while yet they believed not, through joy and amazement, he said to them, "Have ye here any food?" 42 And they gave him a piece of broiled fish, [and of a honeycomb.] 43 And ing them, he ate in their pre
48 And ye are witnesses of these things. 49 And, behold, I will send upon you, that which my Father promised: but stay ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high."
50 AND he led them out to Bethany; and lifted up his hands, and blessed them. 51 And it came to pass that, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, [and carried up into heaven.] 52 And these [doing him obeisance,] returned to Jetak-rusalem with great joy: 53 and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God.
THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN.
1 IN the beginning was the Word,* and the Word was with God, and the Word was a God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were done by him ;† and without him, was not any thing done that hath been done. 4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shone in darkness; and the darkness obscured it not.
6 There was a man sent from
God, whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness, to testify concerning the Light; that through him all might believe. 8 He was not himself the Light, but was sent to testify concerning the Light. 9 That was the true Light, which, having come into the world, is enlightening every man.
10 He was in the world, and the world was enlightened by him, and yet the world knew him not. 11 He came to his
The Word.] "Jesus is so called, because God revealed himself, or his word, by him." New
come. The same title is given to Christ, Luke i. 2. For the same reason he is called the Word of life, 1 John i. 1. which passage is so clear and useful a comment upon the proem to the gospel, that it may be proper to cite the whole of it. "That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled of the Word of life; for the Life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and show to you, that aionian Life which was with the Father, and was manifested to us; that which we have seen and heard, declare we to you." By a similar metonymy Christ is called the Life, the Light, the Way, the Truth, and the Resurrection. See Cappe's Dissert. vol. i. p. 19.
+ All things were done by him. ] "All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made." Newcome: who explains it of the creation of the visible material world by Christ, as the agent and instrument of God. See his notes on ver. 3 and 10. But this is a sense which the word eyevɛTO will not admit. Tivoμaι occurs upwards of seven hundred times in the New Testament, but never in the sense of create. It signifies in this gos pel, (where it occurs fifty-three times,) to be, to come, to become, to come to pass: also, to be done or transacted, chap. xv. 7; xix. 36. It has the latter sense, Matt. v. 18; vi. 8; xxi. 42; xxvi. 6. All things in the christian dispensation were done by Christ, i. e. by his authority, and according to his direction; and in the ministry committed to his apostles, nothing has been done without his warrant. See John xv. 4, 5, "Without me ye can do nothing." Compare ver. 7, 10, 16; John xvii. 8; Col. i. 16, 17. Cappe's Dissert. vol. i. p. 19.
and the world was enlightened by him.] ô xooμoç di' auTS EYEVETO. The common version, adopted by Abp. Newcome, is, "the world was made by him,” meaning that "the visible material world was created by him." But this, as was observed before in the note on verse 3, is inadmissible, as the word EyEvɛTo never bears that sense. In the present version πεφωτισμένοι, enlightened, is understood after EyEVETO, as best connecting with the preceding verse. So ver. 6, a man was sent from God, εγενετο απεσταλμενος. And Matt. xxiii. 15. προσηλυτος is understood after yEveTal. Mr. Cappe translates the words, "the world was made for him;" understanding by the world, the Jewish dispensation, Gal. iv. 3; Col. ii. 8, 20, and taking dia with a genitive to express the final cause: of which he has produced several remarkable instances. Cappe, ibid. p. 50. The reader will judge which of these interpretations is to be preferred. See Improved Version, and the notes there