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his head if ever he came within the shadow of it.

From this time forward Harpath would never venture out of the vallies, but came to an untimely end in the two hundred and fiftieth year of his age, being drowned in a river as he attempted to cross it. This river is called to this day, from his name who perished in it, the river Harpath; and, what is very remarkable, issues out of one of those mountains which Shalum wished might fall upon his brother, when he cursed him in the bitterness of his heart.

Hilpa was in the hundred and fixtieth year of her age at the death of her husband, having brought him but fifty children before he was fnatched away, as has been already related, Many of the antediluvians made love to the young widow; though no one was thought so likely to succeed in her affections as her first lover Shalum, who renewed his court to her about ten years after the death of Harpath; for it was not thought decent in those days that a widow should be seen by a man within ten years after the decease of her husband.

Shalum falling into a deep melancholy, and resolving to take away that objection which had been raised against him when he made his first addresses to Hilpa, began, immediately after her marriage with Harpath, to plant all that mountainous region which fell to his lot in the divi, fion of this country. He knew how to adapt every plant to its proper foil, and is thought to have inherited many traditional secrets of that art from the first man, This employment


turned at length to his profit as well as to his amusement : his mountains were in a few years shaded with young trees, that gradually shot up into groves, woods, and forests, intermixed with walks, and lawns, and gardens; infomuch that the whole region, from a naked and defolate prospect, began now to look like a second Pa, radise. The pleasantness of the place, and the agreeable disposition of Shalum, who was reckoned one of the mildest and wifest of all who lived before the flood, drew into it multitudes of people, who were perpetually employed in the linking of wells, the digging of trenches, and the hollowing of trees, for the better diftribution of water through every part of this spacious plantation.

The habitations of Shalum looked every year more beautiful in the eyes of Hilpa, who, after the space of seventy autumns, was wonderfully pleased with the distant prospect of Shalum's hills, which were then covered with innumerable tufts of trees, and gloomy scenes, that gave a magnificence to the place, and converted it into one of the finest landscapes the eye

of could behold.

The Chinese record a letter which Shalum is said to have written to Hilpa in the eleventh year

of her widowhood. I shall here translate it without departing from that noble fimplicity of sentiments and plainness of manners which appear in the original.

Shalum was at this time one hundred and eighty years old, and Hilpa one hundred and feventy

I Shalum,


I Shalum, Master of Mount Tirzah, to Hilpa,

“ Mistress of the Vallies.


« In the 778th year of the creation. HAT have I not luffered, 0 thou

daughter of Zilpah, since thou gavest thyself away in marriage to my rival? I grew

weary of the light of the sun, and have since • ever been covering myself with woods and « forests. These threescore and ten years have « I bewailed the loss of thee on the top of • Mount Tirzah, and foothed my melancholy

among a thousand gloomy shades of my own raising. My dwellings are at present as the

garden of God; every part of them is filled « with fruits, and flowers, and fountains. The « whole mountain is perfumed for thy recep• tion. Come up into it, O my beloved, and . let us people this spot of the new world with ' a beautiful race of mortals ; let us multiply ' exceedingly among these delightful shades, • and fill every quarter of them with fons and

daughters. Remember, O) thou daughter of Zilpah, that the age of man is but a thousand

years; that beauty is the admiration but of a • few centuries. It flourishes as a mountain ! oak, or as a cedar on the top of Tirzah, ( which in three or four hundred years will • fade away, and never be thought of by poste

rity, unless a young wood springs from its

roots. Think well on this, and remember i thy neighbour in the mountains.



Having here inserted this letter, which I look upon as the only Antediluvian billet-doux now extant, I shall in my next Paper give the answer to it, and the sequel of this story.

N° 585. Wednesday, August 25, 1714.

Ipli lætitiâ voces ad fidera jactant
Intonsi montes: ipfæ jam carmina rupes,
Ipsa fonant arbusta.

Virg. Ecl. v. 63. The mountain tops unshorn, the rocks rejoice ; * The lowly thrubs partake of human voice.'


The sequel of the story of Shalum and Hilpa.
HE letter inserted in my last had so good

an effect upon Hilpa, that the answered it in less than twelve months, after the following manner:

· Hilpa, Mistress of the Vallies, to Shalum,

. Master of Mount Tirzah.


In the 78th year of the creation. HAT have I to do with thee, ()

Shalum? Thou praisest Hilpa's beauty, but art thou not secretly enamoured ' with the verdure of her mcadows? Art thou ' not more affected with the prospect of her

green vallies than thou wouldest be with the


fight of her person? The lowings of my herds, and the bleatings of my flocks, make a pleasant echo in thy mountains, and found sweetly in thy ears. What though I am de

lighted with the wavings of thy forests, and * those breezes of perfumes which flow from • the top of Tirzah, are these like the riches • of the valley?

• I know thee, O Shalum; thou art more • wise and happy than any of the sons of men.

Thy dwellings are among the cedars; thou - searchest out the diversity of soils, thou un« derstandest the influences of the stars, and • markest the change of seasons. Can.a woman

appear lovely in the eyes of such an one? Dif

quiet me not, O Shalum; let me alone, that ' I may enjoy those goodly possessions which

are fallen to my lot. Win me not by thy enticing words. May thy trees increase and

multiply; mayest thou add wood to wood, • and shade to Thade; but tempt not Hilpa to

destroy thy folitude, and make thy retirement populous.'

The Chinese say that a little time afterwards she accepted of a treat in one of the neighbouring hills to which Shalum had invited her. This treat lasted for two years, and is said to have cost Shalum five hundred antelopes, two thousand oftriches, and a thoufand tuns of milk; but what most of all recom. mended it, was the variety of delicious fruits and pot-herbs, in which no person then living could any way equal Shalum.


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