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Spreading itself where'er that Power may move introduction, from the aforesaid J. L. to his son Which has withdrawn his being to its own,

C. L. From the historical portion of the work I Which wields the world with nover-wearied love, Sustains it from bepeath, and kindles it above.

extract the following :Even this note of Pantheistic ubiquitousness

" In the reign of K, Stephen lived John de temporibus is not absolutely satisfying. In the funeral poetry,

who is said to have lived 361 yoars. He was one of the

a ppeury, guard of Cbarlemagne." in the obituary notices which his passing hence “In the reign of K. H. 2nd There was a fish taken in a has inspired, the idea of a personal immortality net, wb resembled a man in all parts, but could not has somebow floated uppermost. This, in an age of speak. Was kept at Oxford 6 months and more, went to Didymus agnosticism, is to be wondered at: though, Church-showed no adoracion. But at length, not being

well lookt after, stole to yo Sea and was never seen more." indeed, elegiac poetry in the nineteenth century "In Hy 3rd's time there were 5 Suns in the firmament bas concerned itself almost solely with that everlast- seen at one time, after wh followed a Great Dearth, 2000 ing query, “If a man die shall be live again ? ” were Starved in London for want of food." Shelley in 'Adonais,' Matthew Arnold in 'Thyrsis,'

The rate at which the hero of the following Lord Tennyson in 'In Memoriam,' may be cited episode travelled would have been rendered easier as examples. I think it is Southey who said of calculation if the locality of St. George's Church that one of the joys of heaven would be com- had been more exactly specified :munion with Shakespeare; 80 Mr. Theodore

“ Bernard Calvert of Andover rid from St. George's Watts, in his exquisitely beautiful sonnet sequence, la

ace, Church to Dover, from thence passed to Callis in a Bargo, • What the silent Voices said,' asserts, in all love returned again to yo Same Church in 17 hours, Setting to the dear friend whom death bad deprived the out at 3 in ye morn and returning at 8 in ye evening.” world of,“We twain sball meet on some bright of the epitaphs the following on a certain Brown shore.” The thought that disturbs is not the fear

Badcock seems the most ingenious :of a promiscuous absorption by nature of the

Within this Bed of Dust here sleeps a brother, spiritual essence, it is a dread that perhaps his

Who grieving in one head, joyd in another poetic unworthiness would separate him in that

That he exchanged for this, and now on high, distant Aided" from the friend whom he loved so Advanced by that bead, lives never more to dye. well; but comfort comes :

Earth made him red, water made him Brown,

Blood made him white, this colour won the crown. And spirit-voices spake from aisle and nave :

He lived so just with men that his name had " To follow him be true, be pure, be brave :

No more than one small Syllable of BadThou needest not his lyre," the voices said.

The Cock crows Haleluiab and sball sing Surely there is something sacred in the death of Endless Hosannas to the Eternall King a great poet. Shelley, whose reasonings on this Let not young Saints old Devills Mortalls scare, question of immortality carried him to blunt nega

Rare fruits soon pluckt, young Saints soon glorious are. tion, when apprized of the death of Keats, in that In a note the compiler informs us that beautiful poem 'Adonais' (to my mind the greatest Brown Badcock was my Grandmother's Brother, whose elegy that was ever penned), forgets his Sadducean mother was Sister or Daughter of St Thomas Brown. conclusions, and expresses ideas which we find in Ho dyed yo 19 of Octob 1656 of a violent pain in bis head harmony with the highest Christian orthodoxy;*

at 27 years of age, and is buryed under the Communion

thodoxy: Table in Shebbear* Church." while in the colophonic verses he fervently longs

Perhaps some Yorkshire reader of 'N. & Q. for that immortality which his reason sought to

may be able to vouch for the accuracy of the foldeny. Thus poetry builds up what logic seeks to

lowing: overthrow. On the warrant of deep, undefined,

“St. Winifred's needle in Yorkshire. In a close intuitive promptings the poet asseverates certain

vaulted Room under Ground there is a hole, through things ; we can chime with him when he states :

wh Girls are tryd before marriage as to their virginity. The soul of Tennyson, like a star,

If they went clear through a sufficient proof of their Beacons from the abode where the Eternal are, vertue. But if stuck and not go through clearly Then W. A, HENDERSON.

otherwise." Dublin.

“Dr. Mead's rect, to cure ye bite of a mad dog"

I give in full in case any one should feel disposed A SEVENTEENTH CENTURY COMMONPLACE

to try its efficacy :

" Let the patient be blooded in y® arm 9 or 10 ounces; BOOK.

Take of ye herb calld in Latine Lichen Cinereus Terrestris I have made the following extracts from a MS. – In English Ash-Coloured Ground Liverwort-chowsid, commonplace book which came into my bands dryd & powderd half an ounce; of black pepper powderd some time ago, and which, from internal evidence, 2 Drame; Mix these well together and divide ye powder

into 4 doses; one of which to be taken every morning appears to have been " compiled by J. L. for tbe

fasting for 4 mornings successively in half a pint of Cow's use of C. L. his only Son, Anno 1669." The book

milk warm: After these 4 doses are taken, the patient consists of a miscellaneous collection of epigrams, must go into yo Cold Bath or a cold spring or river every riddles, and so forth, together with historical and other information, and two letters, by way of

• In North Devon,

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“THE New HUMOUR” AND “THE NEW CRITICISM.”—“Conceive me, if you can,” what these may be: tell me in brief how the new humour differs from that which has brightened our pilgrimage hitherto, and what there is in fin-de-siècle criticism that is novel or peculiar. The reviewers talk of “the New Humour” as though it were in a vein that had only lately been developed; and one is breathless when there is a reference to a “New Criticism” of which the old scarifiers were presumably ignorant. I suppose I ought to know all about such things, and that I shall soon be placed aw courant, with contumely, by betterinformed correspondents of ‘N. & Q.” Perhaps I may be the last person who needs to be indoctrinated in the “New Humour”; but it is only a few months since Mr. Justin Huntly McCarthy, writing in “Pages on Plays’ in the Gentleman's Magazine, so expressed himself as to give room to think that the attributes of the “New Criticism” may be unknown to some others besides myself: “A certain body of opinion persists in connecting admiration for the Scandinavian drama with adhesion to the principles of what is known as the New Criticism. The connexion is more apparent than real. To begin with, the term New Criticism is very vague and very misleading. In its narrowest sense it refers to a certain number of young men, not six all told, who have in common the privilege of very decided opinions, and who are not supposed to have in common an uncompromising adoration for the same gods. In its wider sense the New Criticism would seem to mean, in the mouths of its antagonists, anybody who dislikes anything that is oldfashioned, anything that is not of the moment momentary. If this definition were in any sense applicable to the New Criticism, then the New Criticism would not call for five seconds of serious consideration. If it does call for consideration at all, if it can in any real sense be said to exist, it is because it does, in the person of each of its individual members, strive very earnestly and very anxiously after artistic truth and artistic beauty.' That a New Criticism exists which has any common principles, any common plan of campaign, any common principles of judgment, it would be, I imagine, rash to maintain. The little handful of men who are commonly supposed to serve under that banner are indeed chiefly remarkable for the incompatibility of their views, for their almost uncompromising differences of opinion, for their deeply sundered theories of artistic salvation.”

To strive after artistic truth and beauty was, I

should have thought, no new aspiration for criticism; but it may be a new aspiration for the young men, “not six all told,” who are endeavouring to set their world to rights. Let them remember lines which the founder of ‘N. & Q.' used to cite at the head of his note-paper:— Truth and Good are one And Beauty dwells in them, and they in her With like participation. ST. SwitHIN,

‘BECKET’ AT THE Lyceum.—In some of the newspaper notices of this play it has been remarked that the hymn sung at Vespers just before the murder of St. Thomas a Beckett was “Telluris ingens conditor.” Now this hymn (which in the Breviary reads “Telluris alme conditor”) was, and is, the hymn for the weekday on which the archbishop was killed. But that weekday was then, in England, a vacant day (i.e., no feast being celebrated) within the octave of Christmas. According to the Breviary rubrics, the hymn would have been not that of the feria or weekday, but that of Christmas Day, namely, “Jesult Redemptor omnium.” Now, in England, the day is not vacant, being occupied by the feast of St. Thomas himself; and while the psalms (in accordance with a custom peculiar to the Christmas octave) are of the Nativity, the hymn used is that for martyrs, “Deustuorum militum,” the last verse, or doxology, being changed to “Jesu Tibisit gloria Qui natuses de Virgine,” in honour of the Incarnation. GEORGE ANGUs.

St. Andrews, N.B.

SHAGREEN.—If my admiration of the oldfashioned, prettily-tinted, mosaic-like shagreen were not largely shared, bric-à-brac covered there with might not, perhaps, be so eagerly competed for when it comes into the sale-room. Shagreen bein durable and decorative, why it gradually drop out of use early in the century was probably owing to the same causes that relegated mezzotints and stipple engravings to the attic, whence of late years they have found their way down again" to the drawing-room.

In this country working in shagreen is now principally confined to covering the handles of swords, on which the excrescences are left, so that a good grip may be obtained. The undressed skins of sharks and other fish of the order Seluchia, from which shagreen is prepared, are imported in small quantities, the finest specimens coming from Japan, where shagreen is decoratively used in the arts. The preparation of the undressed skin consists in softening by long soaking in warm water, and cleansing with a scratch-brush. When soft it can be cut with a pair of scissors or knife, which will readily follow the curves of the projections. The intensely hard and ivory-like nodules require grinding down until a flat surface is obtained. In

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recent interesting and not unsuccessful experiments, similar kind to those now used by many grocers I fastened a skin on to a flat stone, and the surface and other tradesmen on their paper wrappers and was ground with fine sand and water, an operation trade cards), under which is the following interinvolving many hours of arm-aching but vicarious esting inscription, both within an ornamental labour. The old-fasbioned dark “fish skin” (from border : the common dog-fish) I had treated in the same “Buonaparte having on his departure for the Island manner.

of Elba, promised his Confidential Friends to return in The green tint of shagreen is due to the action the Violet Season, bis adherents adopted the above of sal ammoniac on copper filings.' A file gives a

simple Flower as á Rallying Signal. Corporal Violet

became their favorite Toast, and each was distinguished smooth edge, and then comes a final polishing.

by a Gold Ring with a Violet in Enamel, and the motte Shagreen makes lovely panels for bookbinding. • Elle reparaitra au printems !' (It will appear again in

ANDREW W. TUER spring.) As soon as it become generally known that he The Leadenhall Press, E.C.

had Landed at Frejus, a multitude of the Women of

Paris were seen with Baskets full of these Flowers, which Rev. LAURENCE STERNE (1713-1768).- The

were purchased and worn by His Friends, without ex. marriage by licence of the “ Reverend M* Lawrence any one thus decorated, to ask · Aimez vouz la violette?'

citing the least suspicion. It was customary on meeting Sterne" with Mrs. Elizabeth Lumley, “ of Little (Do you like the Violet ?) when if they answered.Oui' Alice Lane, within the Close of the Cathedrall,” is(Yes) it was certain the party was not a confederate. recorded in the register of York Minster, under

But if the reply was 'Eh bien' (Well) they recognised date March 30, 1741 (Easter Monday). Elizabeth, I an ad!

an adherent, and completed the sentence. Bile reparaitra daughter of the Rev. Robert Lumley, rector of

au printems!' The original Print of which the above is

a correct Copy, was also published at Paris, with the Bedale, co. York, by Lydia, widow of Thomas same symbolical meaning; in which may be traced the Kirke, Esq., of Cookridge, Yorks, died at An- Profiles of Buonaparte and Maria Louisa, watching over goulême, about the year 1772, leaving an only their Infant Child.” Child Lydia, who married a Mr. de Medalle, and is

W. I. R. V. supposed to have perished in the French Revolution JOY=GLORY.-In the Promptoriam Parvuof 1790.

DANIEL HIPWELL. lorum' there is a notice of “ Ioye, gaudium, gloria," 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

and gloria appears in the long list of Latin

equivalents of “Toy” in the Catholicon AngliFLOWERS ON GRAVES.-In & notice of Mr.

: cum'; but no example of joy=glory is adduced Baring-Gould's volume of 'Strange Survivals'in by the editor of either of these vocabularies. the Athenaeum of Feb. 11 (p. 179), it is stated :

(p. 178), 1 18 stated : Neither is this meaning of joy, unknown to Halli"Are we sure that dressing graves with flowers is well, noticed by Stratmann or his editor. I disnot, as far as this country is concerned, a modern

covered this meaning while assisting the editor of practice, like the Christmas tree, imported from over the sea ? Flowers were strewed on the highways to

the Surtees Society's 'Life of St. Cuthbert,' and welcome great people, and we believe also before noted in the glossary two examples occurring in the funeral processions, but we do not remember their being text: used as ornaments till our own time."

Shewed of his ioy a visyoun, It may not be known where or when the custom translating “Buæ gloriæ majestatem ostendens "; of placing flowers on graves originated, but the

And pou refuse all werldes ioy, reviewer is mistaken in stating that flowers were

translating " tu gloriam mundi respois.” Our lay not used for decking graves “till our own time,”

forefathers, as I also noted, were taught to say in and must have forgotten his Shakespeare :

the vernacular the doxology, “Ioye be to the Sweets to the sweet : Farewell !

fadir,” &c., and one part of the Te Deum, " Thou [Scattering flowers.

sittest......in the ioze of the fader.” Robert of I hop'd thou shouldst have been my Hamlet's wife; I thought thy bride-bed to have deck’d, sweet maid,

Brunno uses the word in a similar sense when he And not t' have strew'd thy grave.

says ("Chronicle,' ed. Furnivall, 327) that Troius • Hamlet,' V. i.

made a cite of ioye, W. W. DAVIES.

After his name & calde bit Troye, Glenmore, Lisburn, Ireland.

2. e., “he built a glorious city which he called

Troy after his own name," where I correct Dr. « CORPORAL VIOLET.”- Apropos- of Lord Bea-Farnivall’s punctuation. Examples, too, occur consfield and the primrose, I may mention Bona- in the play of “Mary Magdalene' in the Digby parte and the violet. In my possession is a scarce Mysteries, of which the following may suffice and carious contemporary coloured engraving, size (p. 91, 1. 967); about eight by six inches, bearing the above head.

stronge gates of brasse ! ing, and "published by J. E. Wallis, 42, Skinner

the kyng of Ioy enteryd In þer-at. Street, London, and J. Wallis, junr., Marine Christ is, of course, the King of glory. Library, Sidmouth.” It represents a bunch of

F. ADAMS. violets (being a puzzle-explained as below-of a 105, Albany Road, Camberwell, S.E.

ADMIRAL KEMPENFELDT. - I looked at the The brave young prince was either slain in the notice in the 'Dictionary of National Biography' fight or murdered after it was over. Henry VI. to see if he left a widow and children ; but it is was imprisoned in the Tower, and was probably silent. The article reminds one of a journey on murdered as soon as Edward IV. returned to the Metropolitan Railway-you are “ brought up" London. See Shakspeare, '3 Henry VI.,' Act V. every few minutes with a jerk, by square brackets sc. V. To.v.7. I should have thought readers might be John Daunt marryed Ann daughter of Sir Robert credited with an amount of intelligence sufficient Stawel of Stawel Somersetshire. to enable them to make cross-references, if they This is that Jobn Daunt to whome Prince Edward want to know anything about the other person's wrote the ensuyng letter when he landed with the Queen

| bis Mother at Waymouth which was (as witnesseth mentioned. I wanted none of them, and all

Stowe) Easterday the xi year of Edward the fourth (1471) pleasure of reading the notice is destroyed by such

By the Prince. constant cross-references. RALPH THOMAS. Trusty and wel beloved, wee greete yowe wel acquaint

ingo yowe that the day wee bee arrived att Waymouth in “SQUIN.”_'N. & Q.' has from time to time safety, blessed beo oure Lorde. And att owr Landinge, pilloried many etymological guesses. I have wee haue knowledge, that Edward Erle of Marche thé oome upon one to-day which is startling in its

kings greate Rebellowr Enemy approacheth him in

armes towards the kings highness whiche Edward wee absurdity. The late Mr. P. H. Gosse gives it in

purpose withe Gods grace to encounter in all haste poshis charming ‘A Year at the Shore.' It is only sible, Wherefore wee heartily pray yowe and in the just to say that the author is careful to let his kings name name (sic) charge yowe that yowe incontyreaders know that he does not accept it :

nent after the sighte bereof come to v8 wheresoeuer weo

bee, with all such fellowshyppe as yowe canne make in « Twenty bushels of scallops are sometimes taken at

your most defensible Aray, as owre Trust is that you will once, but this is rare. The average produce of the

doe. Written att Waymouth aforesayd the xiii day of Weymouth trawlers is five bushels per week...... The

Aprill. Moreouer wee will that yowe charge the Bayworthy woman who commands the supply had bad the

| liffo of Me... Parton to make all the people there to come trade in her hands for twenty-eight years in 1853 ; she in theyre best Aray to us in all haste and that the sayd had never heard them called by any other name than

Bayly brynge with him the Rent for owr Lady day paste, squins,' though she understood they were called scallops

and heo nor the Tenants fayle not, as you intend to baué in some places. 'Squin' is by some said to be a cor

owr fauor.

EDWARDE, ruption of Quin,' after the actor and epicure of that name, who is reported to have been fond of the deli.

From MS. pedigree of Daunt, in possession of cate mollusk,"-. 25.

Elliot Daunt, Esq., Brigg, Lincolnshire, October, EDWARD PEACOCK. 1892.

J. T. F. THE LAST OF THE PLANTAGENETS.-On Jan. 13 |

Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham. I followed to his grave in Arno's Vale Cemetery, PURL, PUNCH, AND TODDY.-I am surprised Bristol, Wrey Chichester Bruton, who died Jan. 9. that so well-informed a writer as Mr. W. Besant His pedigreo will be found in Burke (“Royal should suppose that these beverages are extinct. Families,' &c., vol. ii. ped. ccxxxi.). It ends thus: In his very unpleasant story "The Demoniac,' 1890, “ Wroy Chichester Bruton, Esq., of Calcutta, 16th p. 13, he says: “Punch and toddy are now as in a direct descent from Ed. III., and entitled to extinct as saloop and purl." At many publicquarter the Plantagenet.” He told me once that houses in London and elsewhere the sale of parl is one of the many young men to whom he was a announced. Moreover, it would be a very excepfriend had rhymed upon him :

tional wine-merchant's list which did not include You may not imagine it,

punch, and an invitation to a glass of toddy would But dear old Wrey Bruton 's a real live Plantagenet.

certainly be quite up to date in many places. Those who knew best this spirit, at once genial

JAMES HOOPER. and saintly, will be the first to acknowledge that Norwich. his descent from a great house was the least of all his titles to a place in their memory.

CHRISTIAN LILLY.- According to the 'Dict.
D
D. C. T.
am Nat. Biog.' he was present at the battle of Grau

(? Gran) and the sieges of Neuhausel (sic), CaLETTER OF EDWARD, PRINCE OF WALES, 1471. schaw (sic), Polack (), and Buda in the years 1683 -The following letter of Edward, Prince of Wales, 1 to 1686. I may confidently say that a battle of son of Henry VI., is of sufficient interest to be put | Grau or Gran at that date is totally unknown to on record, if not already edited. The spelling must history. A battle was fought in 1683 at Párkány have been modernized. It refers to the time when (known by this name), on the otber side of the Henry VI., having been restored in 1470, was Danube, opposite Gran; and the Castle of Grad dethroned by Edward, “ Earl of March," who then was, during the above-mentioned years, taken recovered the throne for himself as Edward IV. from and retaken by the Turks after short sieges, Queen Margaret landed with an army at Wey. but no battle was fought. “Polack” is beyond mouth. Edward, “Earl of March," caught her recognition ; it may mean a palánk or stockade in and her army at Tewkesbury and defeated them. English. The article contains also both the spell

ings “ Barbadoes” and “Barbados." Why not date 1714.” Can any one tell me if this old welladopt the official spelling of Barbados ?

house is still standing? My searches for it have

L. L. K. only given me the reputation of a lunatic in the “SPERATE.”-In some old account - books of Delgado

C. A. 0. the Mercers' Company certain debts are marked ARTHUR ONSLOW (1691-1768), SPEAKER OF “sperate,” while others are marked “desperate." THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.-(1.) Where and when They had bope of the one, but not of the other. in September, 1691, was be born? (2.) At what “Sperate" does not occur in Wright's ‘Dictionary school was he educated ?

G. F. R. B. of Obsolete and Provincial English.'

R. Hudson. SIR TREVOR CORRY.-Can any of your readers [It is given in The Century Dictionary' as a word in give me information regarding this personage old law, but without a quotation.]

date about the end of the eighteenth century? I should particularly like to ascertain the dates of

his birth and death, and what dignity is indicated Queries.

by his prefix of " Śir.” Was he any relative of Wo most request correspondente desiring information | Trevor Corry, Esq., of Newry, co. Dowd, who on family matters of only privato interest to affix their died in 1838 ? names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct.

‘HISTORY OF LEICESTERSHIRE,' BY JOHN

NICHOLS.-In vol. iv. part ii. p. 669 et seq., is an 'THE SHEPHERD'S FAREWELL' AND TAE account of Hinckley in wbich Nichols quotes froSHEPHERD'S FESTIVAL'-Southey, in a letter quently from the MSS. of John Ward, of Hinckley dated May 27, 1824, speaks of a poem called and from the Staveley MSS. 'The Shepherd's Farewell'as

I ask, (1) Where are now the Ward and the

Staveley MSS.? Also, (2) Where are now the about 1789). "Coleridge once had an imperfect copy of it. MSS. the property of John Nichols, upon which I forget the author's name; but when I was first in Lisbon he wrote his account of Hinckley ? I found out that he was a schoolmaster, and that poor

O. Mason. Paul Berthon had been one of his pupils," -SeeSouthey's

29, Emperor's Gate, S.W. Life and Correspondence,' edited by Rev. C. C. Southey, vol i. p. 106.

BRYAN TUNSTALL. - Can anybody give me Southey cites the poem as the most perfect information as to the whereabouts of the will specimen be ever saw of nonsense verses put forth of Bryan Tupstall, of Thurland Castle, Lancaseriously as poetry. Of this poom I bave failed to shire, who went with the best of them to Flodden, find any trace; it is neither in the British Museum but, alas ! came not back? Whitaker quotes the Dor the Bodleian. But I have in my possession a document in bis · Richmondshire,' bat, with his poem, hardly deserving Southey's description, usual inaccuracy, omits to give any reference, entitled 'The Shepherd's Festival'; it is printed in Chester, Lichfield, York, have, I believe, been quarto, and is written to celebrate the recovery of drawn blank. FRED. W. Joy, M.A., F.S.A. George III., and dedicated to Dr. Willis. There Bentham Rectory, Lancaster. is no date, but the king's first illness came to an end early in 1789, his recovery being announced in

DICTIONARY.-Can any of your readers oblige February. There is thus what seems a close agree

me with the title of any dictionary which supplies ment in time with the poem mentioned by Southey,

the correct division of compound words, not the and the contents, though scarcely nonsensical, are

phonetic, which is given in most dictionaries ? very turgid and ridiculous.

Eoglish or Eoglish-foreign will answer my parpose. There are in the piece sixty-one four-line stanzas,

Name of publisher will also oblige. E. G. F. the whole occupying twenty-three pages, one being

| COL. WILLIAM HENRY ADAMS, Professor of blank. "The Sbepherd's Festival' is also not Fortification. Royal Military College, 1843-70. noticed in any book of reference so far as I can Biographical particulars desired of this officer, and find, nor is a copy to be seen in the Museum or

information as to his works or lectures on military the Bodleian. Can any one give information about

science. He was son of Capt. William Adams, of either of these effusions, if, indeed, they be dis

the Army, and was born in 1804. He entered tinct ?

J. POWER Hicks.

Sandhurst as a Gentleman-Cadet, Feb. 9, 1819. KILBURN WELLS. - In Walford's Old and Writing

Writing to “ Ensign Adams, 10th Foot," in 1823, New London' (pub. cir. 1879), vol. v. p. 245, the

Major-General (Sir ?) George Murray says:author, describing Kilburn Priory and wells, says:

"Your conduct and your application whilst you were “The well is still to be seen adjoining a cottage

bere were meritorious and were rewarded accordingly

You were particularly noticed by the Board of Com At a corner of Station (now Belsize] Road...... The missioners, and H.R.A. the Commander-in-Chief wao keystone of the arch over the doorway bears the pleased to appoint you to a Commission out of your turn

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