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freemasons' lodge, which was no card nor drinking club, but a society of learned men. No doubt the obstacles these gentlemen would find, to the progress of science and useful knowledge, in the church hierarchy, and in the cabals of courtiers, would draw their attention to political subjects; and subjects were really discussed here which the church had forbid to be spoken of, and which the government must have wished not to be thought of. At their meetings, dissertations on some subject of History, Ethics, or Moral Philosophy, were read by the members; and commonly something on the history of ancient and modern mysteries, and secret societies. These were afterwards published in the Diary for Free-masons*, for the use of the initiated, and not for public sale.' He belonged also to the illuminated, whose views at first were the improvement of mankind, not the destruction of society.' The scientific reader is acquainted with the great improvement which the Baron made in the extraction of metals from their ores by quicksilver, and with the cabals raised against him by the envious and the interested. His monachologia has been translated into English, but the religious insubordination of our forefathers has deprived the English reader of the power of feeling the full poignancy of this ingenious satire. The intellectual vigour of Baron Born was incessantly exerted in literary undertakings. In 1790 he published a mi neralogical work, and he left two productions of his pen unfinished.
• Nowithstanding the varied advice of his physicians, his disease continued in such a state quacks find easy access to the sick; who is not then ready to seize the nostrum of the bold pretender? One of these gave him a decoction which soon calmed his sufferings, and which he was assured would cure him in a few weeks. He continued the use of this for the last five months of his life: it really diminished his pains; but his friends observed that his cheerfulness, which hitherto had not left him, diminished likewise, and that spasms often attacked his upper limbs. On the 21st of July, 1791, he was seized with spasms and cold; the former soon subsided on friction, but he lost his speech. On the subsequent days he had different attacks till the 28th, when he found himself better, but he was soon attacked again with spasms, and in these he expired.'
In this chapter, the author touches on the mines of Schemnitz, Cremnitz, and Konigsberg. The xixth and last chapter is chiefly remarkable for another luscious morsel, and for a dull extract from a magazine to prove that the coach is an Hungarian invention. If the discriminating reader should ask what contrivances in the construction of the coach are meant to
* Journal für Freymaurer.'
be referred to Hungarian ingenuity, there is nothing in the quotation to satisfy the question.
This volume comes into public with very creditable ornaments-16 plates, and a coloured map, exhibiting the natural and artificial productions and the inhabitants of the country. think the map a valuable accompaniment to the narrative: but we fear that the signs and colours are crowded to a degree of confusion. Perhaps it would have been better to give a duplicate, in the ordinary manner. An appendix is subjoined, which the author modestly represents as a fragment towards an Hungarian Fauna and Flora.
Every thing in this publication announces accuracy in the nomenclature of natural history; and Dr. T.'s physiological ob servations had already done him honour as an experimenter :but, in imitation of the Doctor, who is remarkably fond of quoting and re-quoting trite Latin phrases, we can truly saynon omnia possumus omnes. Dr. T. cannot season a book of
travels with attic salt. He can indeed be coarse and indecent in his jokes; and it appears as if he loved such jokes. What had the poor old women of Gross Wardein (in the bath) done, that he must insult their hides', and hold up their pendent flabby to derision in the phraseology of Linné? Did they subject him to the pick-pocket's discipline, that he should liken them to pigs in a horse-pond?'
Incorrect and unclassical language, also, is often observable. • Do you know what I have been at ?' Tubs big enough to drown a dozen full grown aldermen in;' and many similar vulgar colloquialisms.
From the general tone of these travels, the reader will not hesitate to conclude that Dr. T. can endure with true Christian patience all the wrongs that despotism can inflict on others: but, at the first draught of the Bishop's bad wine, he is fired with a sense of NATURAL JUstice. Not to be able to enjoy what beautiful Nature has spread FOR THE GOOD OF MANKIND always galls him much.' p. 223. No doubt -a most divine axiom, provided it be not extended too low for it is self-evident that the native peasant can have no pretension to share in that produce of his own labour, of which any curious gentleman from abroad may claim to partake, on the ground of our common humanity.
The charity of the author does not disgrace his equity: for instance, p. 35, mayest thou, Gallia, alone suffer; and unworthy of a moderate government, EVER live in the turbulencies of democratic anarchy, or feel the imperiousness of despotic sway.' Just before he uttered this atrocious imprecation against innocent unborn generations, the author advises that N 4
every upright and sensible man should quietly wear the chains of the most despotic government in Europe, sooner than risk the introduction of French licentiousness. We are as sensible to the horrors of French licentiousness as this author can be ; nor will we inquire how far they arose from within or from without but we think that when he has been for years a labourer with a large family, or damned to the mines,' under one of these most despotic governments, then, and not till then, he may allow himself to talk with complacency about wearing chains.
ART. X. C. Cornelii Taciti Opera omnia. Sumptibus Editoris excudebant Londini M. Richie et J. Sammells. 1790. Four Volumes Octavo. Large Paper 31, 13s. 6d. Boards. Small ditto il. 118. 6d. Boards. Payne.
Y some accident, we were not made acquainted with this edition of Tacitus when it was first published. Years have fince elapsed; yet the respect which we have long felt for the memory of Mr. Henry Homer, the editor, and which we are still inclined to encourage, prompts us to allot a place to his labours in our Review,
The text of the edition was regulated by Mr. Homer from that of Brotier, in duodecimo, published by Barbou; collated, however, for the more ready detection of typographical errors, with his larger Tacitus in quarto; by which method, several mistakes of the printer were rectified. In the passages in which these two editions exhibited various readings, the second Ernesti was consulted.
An engraving of Mr. Homer is prefixed to the first volume. His friends will contemplate it with pleasure, as it bears a strong resemblance to the original.
By way of Prolegomena, the reader is presented with Excerpta from the prefaces of Ernesti and Brotier. From that of the former, De Codicibus scriptis C. Cornelii Taciti; and from those of both, De præcipuis Cornelii Taciti Editoribus et Interpretibus; which are followed by a chronological table.
The remainder of the first volume is occupied by the Annales from Liber I. to Liber v1.
The second contains Liber XI. to Liber XVI. Then follow, De situ, morius, et populis Germania Libellus; and Cn. Julii Agricola Vita.
In the third volume are comprised Historiarum Libri quinque; and Dialogus de Oratoribus. At the end is a table of Errata : five in the first volume; seven in the second; and six in the third; which is succeeded by Variantes Lectiones ex editione Jacobi Gronovii, 1721.
The fourth volume contains a very copious index to Tacitus; begun by Mr. H. Homer, and finished after his death by his brothers. This forms a most valuable part of the work, comprehending 80,262 references, while in that of Gronovius there are only 30,644.
This edition of Tacitus is beautifully and correctly printed. On collating a few chapters of the first book of the Historiarum with the quarto of Brotier, in the seventh we found adferebant, where Mr. Homer reads afferebant: in the ninth, fuere, and in the eleventh, inchoavere, where Mr. H. reads fuére and inchoavêre, with a circumflex. Brotier, in the earlier part of his Tacitus, appears to have adopted the use of this accent, over the penultimates of Indicative Preterites, but to have relinquished it in the latter part of his work. Mr. Homer should have been uniform and consistent. To us it appears an useless deformity; nor do we approve of & for et. In the twelfth, Mr. Homer has carefully changed eodem facta into eodem actu, as Brotier had done in his list of Errata.
On the whole, we readily recommend this edition of Tacitus, begun by Mr. Henry Homer, and sent into the world by his brothers, to those classical readers who are admirers of elegant printing; and who wish to peruse a correct text of this acute historian, unaided by the labours of critics and the investigations of interpreters.
ART. XI. T. Livii Patavini Historiarum Libri, qui supersunt omnes, ex recensione Arn. Drakenborchii. Sumptibus Editoris excudebant Londini M. Richie et J. Sammells. 1794. Eight Volumes Octavo. Large Paper 61. 6s. Boards. No small Paper Edition. Payne.
HIS edition of Livy, like that of Tacitus which we have just reviewed, was begun by Mr. H. Homer, and con cluded after his death by his brothers.
The remarks, in general, which we have made on the TaA head of Mr. Homer, citus, may be applied to the Livy. from the same plate, is prefixed: the same elegance is ob servable in the paper and letter-press; and there is an equal degree of correctness to attract the classical reader.
The first VOLUME contains: Syllabus Editionum præcipuarum Titi Livii, a short Preface, and Lib. I. to Lib. Iv.
VOL. II. Lib. v. to Lib. IX.
VOL. III. Lib. x. Epitoma. Lib. XI. to Lib. xx. Lib. XXI. to Lib. XXIV.
VOL. IV. Lib. xxv. to Lib. XXIX.
VOL. VII. Lib. XLI. to Lib. XLV. Epitome Librorum deperditorum. Fragmentum, Lib. xc1. discovered in the Vatican, and published by Giovenazzi and Bruns, 1773, at Rome. Varia Lectiones in Epitomis Libianis. Varia Lectiones in Textu Gronovii et Creverii, from Ernesti's edition, 1785. A table of Errata: in the first volume, two: in the second, four: in the third, four: in the fourth, seven in the fifth, nine: in the sixth, five in the seventh, eight typographical mistakes. VOL. VIII. contains, Index et Glossarium in T. Livii Pat. Histor. Libros.
This last volume is printed by Samuel Gosnell, and nearly equals the others in elegance.
In this edition of Livy, et is also printed contractè &, as it is in Drakenborch; whom, from the collation of a few chapters, Mr. Homer seems to have followed very accurately. From Lib. XXI. c. 11. p. 119. may be adduced an instance: Nec erat difficile opus, quod cementa non calce durata erat. It should certainly be durata erant, as it appears in Gronovius, vol. ii. p. 16. and in the smaller Crevier, printed in London 1750. vol. iii. p. 19. Erat is an error of the press, in Drakenborch, and should have been corrected. Livy would not readily have imitated Ennius:
Labat, labuntur saxa, cæmentæ cadunt; whose verse is cited by Nonius Marcellus, V. Camenta, on account of this usage of Camenta in the feminine gender.
It is also observable that, in this Livy, the diphthongs ae and oe are distinct, as in Drakenborch; while in the Tacitus they are joined, a and a, as they ought to be, and as they are in Brotier. Mr. Homer, however, should have been uniform.
Our readers may find an account of Mr. Homer's Sallust in the Review, N. S. vol. i. p. 582, and of his Cæsar, in vol. vi. p. 583.
ART. XII. The History and Antiquities of the City and Suburbs of Worcester; by Valentine Green, F. S. A. 2 Vols. 4to. 21. 108. Boards. Nicol, &c. 1796*.
A SURVEY of the city of Worcester, published by Mr. Green
in an octavo volume † in 1764, forms, we are told, the ground work of the present performance. The author handsomely acknowleges the assistance that he has since derived from different quarters; enumerates many respectable names
* Through ill health and other causes, an account of these volumes has been delayed beyond what was wished or designed.
+ See Rev. for Nov. 1766, vol. xxxv. p. 472.