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their education at such places as their parents or friends thought best, the Company would have the best guarantee that their servants would be educated and effective men. He hoped, therefore, that the alteration proposed would be made permanent.
Mr. Charles Grant trusted it would be made only a temporary measure. Adverting to the opposition which was offered to the College; and alluding to the irregularities stated to have occurred, he observed that they were not greater in number or degree than were to be met with in similar establishments. Since its foundation, a marked improvement had taken place in the conduct and character of the Company's servants in India. In 1810 Lord Minto spoke highly of its usefulness. A few years after Colonel Roebuck gave testimony of a similar character. The Marquess of Hastings had expressed, in the most unqualified terms, his approbation of the College; and his right hon. friend, who introduced the present measure, had stated that every communication he received from India more strongly convinced him of its usefulness. There appeared at first sight something plausible in the opinion, that a common education would be sufficient for
but this test could apply to nothing but literature; it could have no reference to scholastic discipline, to moral character, or propriety of conduct. When individuals spoke of the proficiency which a young man ought to obtain before he proceeded to India, he took it that they adverted to the lowest degree of proficiency to that which might be fixed as a minimum. Now it was quite evident that that minimum would be both the minimum and maximum. The present system, he conceived, was well calculated for sending out efficient servants to India; but if a better could be devised, be the expense of time or money what it might, he would certainly support it.
Dr. Phillimore believed that the College had fully completed the objects for which it was established, by furnishing India with a supply of well-educated young men. functionaries acquire more honour and credit than the young men sent from the College.
On the 28th of April, on the order of the day for the committal of the bill, Mr. Denman observed, that it was
Never did any
to remedy the evil of incompetent persons being sent out to India that the College was established, and in his opinion the experiment had fully answered. The requiring a certificate that parties had been properly educated had, in his opinion, a most beneficial effect in preventing incompetent persons from being sent out. He could have wished that the certificate had been incorporated in the bill itself.
Mr. Trant said, that all his experience contradicted the assertion that, previous to the establishment of the College, the
persons sent out to India were uneducated. In his opinion, the civil service had been very little improved by the College, which he conceived had totally failed to answer the purpose for which it had been founded.
Mr. Secretary Canning said, that his concurrence in the bill was not founded in any apprehension that the temporary suspension of the qualification from the College would lead to the destruction of that institution. On the contrary, although in former times great men had appeared in India, yet the country had a right to expect that there should be some competent security for the cultivation and education to be possessed by those who were sent out to India. The nation had a deep interest in the question, and had a strict right to be assured that those who were destined for India should have some preparatory education previous to their departure. At the same time, if there could be a guarantee for the general education of those appointed to offices in India, he might hesitate between the present specific and a more general place of instruction; for be believed that, for all the purposes which men could be called upon to execute, the English gentleman's education was decidedly the best. But there were no means of obtaining this desirable object except by the test of examination : of these there were partialities, and a thousand other impediments to operate against the purity of such a test. With respect to the College, it appeared to him that, under circumstances of peculiar difficulty, it had been conducted with eminent credit to those to whom its management was intrusted, and with great utility to the public service. He was sorry that any cause had occurred for the temporary suspension of its powers, but in giving his support to the present measure, he could only give
his pledge of honour that he had no such intention as to get rid of it altogether; and if there should be any change in its future management, it would only be the kind of change to which he had alluded, that of introducing a general system of education instead of the specific instruction, which was at present pursued.
Col. Baillie consented to the bill because he considered it 'expedient to supply the deficiencies of the public service. The regulations of the bill were not intended in the slightest degree to injure the College, but simply to provide a sufficient number of persons possessing the qualifications which were requisite for such institutions.
Mr. Williams Wynn, after stating the reasons why the present plan was the best that could be adopted, conceived that much advantage might be derived from the competition which it would create among the promoters of the different systems of education for young men proceeding to India. He could not see any reason why a young man, who had gone through the usual routine of a public school, and had afterwards applied himself at the universities or elsewhere to the study of the language of India, should not be equally well qualified for service in India with a young man educated at the College. He could not forget that one of the Company's most able servants, Warren Hastings, had been educated at Westminster school, in the same form with Lloyd and Churchill, and Cowper, and that he had retained the love of literature to the last.
He proposed to pass the bill only for three years, in order that it might be then reconsidered at the end of that time, when the House had obtained further experience on the subject.
The act of the 7th Geo. IV, cap. 56, was accordingly passed, by which the provision before-mentioned was suspended, and persons are permitted to be sent out as writers on producing testimonials and passing an examination under certain rules and regulations framed by the Court subject to approval by the Board of Commissioners for the Affairs of India. No person can be appointed a writer whose age is less than eighteen, unless in the case of any student who shall have passed four terms at the East-India College prior to his having
attained that age.
The act continues in force for three years from the 26th May 1826, consequently its provisions cease on the 26th May 1829 unless the act be renewed. As the regulations were not framed when the act was printed, the Act and Regulations are now given at length.
LAW. (1) And whereas there is not a sufficient number of persons qualified, 1826. according to the provisions of the said Act, to be appointed writers to 7 Geo. 4, fill the vacancies which exist, and which are likely to occur in the civil 26th May, establishments of the said presidencies in the East-Indies: be it therefore enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual and temporal, and Commons,
Persons may in this present parliament assembled, and by the aube sent to India thority of the same, that at any time within three as writers, on producing tes- years from the passing of this act, it shall and may
and lawful for the Court of Directors of the said United passing examination.
Company to nominate and appoint, and to send to the presidencies of Fort William, Fort Saint George, or Bombay, in the capacity of a writer, any person who shall produce such testimonials of his character and conduct, and pass such an examination as, by rules and regulations to be framed and established as hereinafter is mentioned, shall be required.
(2) And be it further enacted, that the said Court with
approbar of Directors shall, and they are hereby required, with tion of Board of Control, esta- all convenient speed, by and with the consent and
approbation of the Board of Commissioners for the qualifications. Affairs of India, to frame and establish proper rules and regulations respecting the due and necessary qualifications of writers ; and that it shall and may be lawful for the said Court of Directors, with the consent and approbation of the said Board of Commissioners, to alter and vary such rules and regulations from time to time as circumstances may appear to require; and that the rules and regulations so altered and varied shall be of the same force and effect as the ori. ginal rules and regulations.
REGULATIONS for Admission to the Civil Service of the East-India Com
pany of Persons who have not resided at the East-India College ; framed by the Court of Directors, and approved by the Board of
Commissioners for the Affairs of India, in conformity with the provisions of the Act 7th Geo. IV. cap. 56.
That persons nominated writers, although they may not have been admitted at the East-India College, shall be deemed eligible for examination upon the production of the following certificates :
First. That the age is not less than eighteen nor more than twenty-two.
Second. Testimonials, upon honour, of good moral conduct, under the hand of the principal or superior authority of the college or public institution for instruction in which the nominee may
have been educated; or if the nominee has not been educated in a public institution, then under the hand of the person or persons by whom the nominee may have been educated, for a period of not less than two years immediately preceding the time of presentation. The said testimonials to be such as shall be deemed satisfactory by the Court of Directors.
Third. A certificate from the Board of Examiners, to be appointed in manner hereinafter directed, shewing that the nominee has been examined and found qualified, agreeably to the test described in the paper hereunto annexed.
That a Board of four Examiners be appointed, two from the University of Oxford, and two from that of Cambridge, for the departments of Classics, Mathematics, and History.*
That Dr. Wilkins be appointed to examine such of the candidates as may present themselves for examination in the Oriental languages. That the examination in those languages shall for the present be optional, and confined to such of the nominees as shall voluntarily present themselves to undergo it.
That the Examiners meet half-yearly in London, at Lady-day and at Michaelmas, for the purpose of examining nominees.
Rank.— That all Writers who shall be found qualified under the foregoing regulations shall rank immediately after those who shall have proceeded from the East-India College at the preceding half-yearly examination, and that they shall be classed in such order as shall be determined by the Board of Examiners.
That the rank which may be assigned by the London Board of Examiners to persons appointed writers without having resided at the College, shall take effect only in the event of the writers proceeding to India within three months after they are so ranked ; and that should
any * Board of Examiners for the year 1828: Rev. Jas. Endell Tyler, B.D.? Oxford Chas. A. Ogilvie, MA, University. | Rev. Alfred Ollévant, M. A. S bridge.
Thos. Thorpe, Esq., M. A. ? Cam1