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put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time is coming, when whosoever killeth you will think he offereth sacrifice to God. 3 And these things they will do, because they have not known the Father, nor me.

14" He will glorify me: for he will receive of mine, and will declare it to you. 15 All things which the Father hath are mine :* therefore, I have said, that he will receive of mine, and will declare it to you. 16 A little time, and ye will not see me; and again, a little time, and ye will see me; [because I go to the Father]."

17 Then said some of his disciples, amongst themselves,

4" But these things I have spoken to you, that, when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. And these things I said not to you from the beginning, because I was with you. 5 But" What is this which he saith now I depart to him who sent me; and no one of you asketh me, 'Whither goest thou? 6 But because I have spoken these things to you, sorrow hath filled your heart.

in me;

7 "Nevertheless, I tell you the truth it is advantageous to you that I go away: for if I go not away, the advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. 8 And when he is come, he will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness,anc. of condemnation: 9 of sin, because they believe not 10 of righteousness, because I go to [my] Father, and ye see me no longer; 11 of condemnation, because the prince of this world is condemned. 12I have still many things to say to you; but ye cannot bear them now. 13 However, when he cometh, even the spirit of truth, he will guide you into all the truth: for he will not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that he will speak: and he will show you things to come.

to us, 'A little time, and ye will not see me: and again, a little time, and ye will see me:' and, Because I go to the Father?"" 18 They said, therefore, "What is this which he saith, A little time?' we do not comprehend what he speaketh."

19 Now Jesus knew that they were desirous to ask him, and said to them, "Do ye inquire amongst yourselves concerning this, that I said, 'A little time, and ye will not see me: and again, a little time, and ye will see me?' 20 Verily, verily, I say to you, that ye will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice: [and] ye will be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy.

21" A woman, when she is in travail, hath sorrow, because her hour is come; but when she hath brought forth the child, she remembereth no more the affliction, for joy that a man is born into the world. 22 And thus ye have sorrow now: but I will see you again, and your

"Every thing which relates to the kingdom of God, in the world, is committed to my direction and superintendence." Dr. Priestley.

heart shall rejoice, and your joy | thou camest forth from God." no one shall take from you. 23 31 Jesus answered them, "Do And in that day, ye shall request ye now believe? 32 Behold, nothing of me: Verily, verily, the hour is coming, yea, is I say to you, Whatsoever ye[now] come, that ye will be shall ask the Father, in my scattered every one to his own name, he will give you. 24 home, and will leave me alone: Hitherto, ye have asked nothing and yet I am not alone, because in my name: ask, and ye shall the Father is with me. 33 These receive, that your joy may be things I have spoken to you, full. that in me ye may have peace. In the world ye will have affliction: but be of good courage; I have overcome the world.”

25 "These things I have spoken to you in dark speeches: the time is coming when I shall no more speak to you in dark speeches, but I shall show you, plainly, concerning the Father. 26 In that day, ye shall ask in my name; and I say not to you that I will request the Father for you: 27 for the Father himself loveth you, because ye love me, and believe that I came forth from God.* 28 I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, 1 leave the world, and go to the Father."

29 His disciples said to him, "Lo, now thou speakest plainly, and speakest no dark speech. 30 Now, we know that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any one should ask thee by this we believe that

CH. XVII. 1 JESUS spake these words, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son [also] may glorify thee: 2 as thou hast given him authority over all flesh, that he may give aionian life to all whom thou hast given him. 3 And this is the aionian life, to know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent.† 4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou hast given me to do. 5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thyself, with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

6 "I have manifested thy

I came forth from the Father, q. d. I was sent by him as his messenger to mankind. See ch. i. 6. xiii. 3.

† Observe, here, that there is but one true God, and that Jesus Christ is expressly excluded from being that true God, and contra-distinguished from him as his messenger.

Or, as Mr. Wakefield renders it, "with that glory, thine own glory, which I had before the world was." The glory which is the object of our Lord's petition is that glory of which he speaks, ver. 22; the glory of instructing and converting mankind, verses 8-14. This glory he had given to his apostles, ver. 22; that is, he intended it for them. The same glory the Father had given to him: that is, had reserved it for him, and purposed to bestow it upon him. He had it therefore with the Father before the world was, that is, in the Father's purpose and decree. In the language of the scriptures, what God determines to bring to pass is represented as actually accom plished. Thus, the dead are represented as living, Luke xx. 36, 37, 38. Believers are spoken of as already glorified, Rom. viii. 29, 30. Things that are not, are called as though they were, Rom. iv. 17. And in ver. 12, of this chapter, Judas is said to be destroyed; though he was then living. and actually bargaining with the priests and rulers to betray his master. See also ver. 10. Eph i. 4; 2 Tim. i. 9; Rev. xiii. 8; Heb. x. 34; Eph. i. 4; 2 Tim. i. 9; Rev. xiii. 8; Heb. x. 34.

name to the men whom thou hast given me out of the world: they were thine, and thou gavest them to me; and they have kept thy word.

7 "Now they know that all things, whatsoever thou hast given me, are from thee. 8 For I have given them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have surely known that I came forth from thee, and have believed thou hast sent me. 9 I request for them; I request not for the world, but for those whom thou hast given me; for they are thine. 10 And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified through


11 "And now I am no longer in the world; but these are in the world, and I shall go to thee. Holy Father, keep them in that name of thine which thou hast given me; that they may be one, as we are. 12 While I was with them [in the world] I kept them in thy name: those whom thou hast given me, I have preserved; and none of them is destroyed, but the son of destruction; so that the scripture is fulfilled.* 13 But now I go to thee, and I speak these things in the world, that they may have my joy on their account completed in them. 14 I have given them thy words; and the world hath hated them, because

they are not of the world, as I am not of the world. 15 I request not that thou wouldst take them out of the world, but that thou wouldst keep them from evil.

16 "They are not of the world; as I am not of the world. 17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. 18 As thou hast sent me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.† 19 And for their sakes, I sanctify myself, that they also may be sanctified through the truth.

20" Nor do I pray for these only, but for those, also, who shall believe in me, through their words; 21 that all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be [one] in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. 22 And the glory which thou hast given me, I have given them; that they may be one, as we are one: 23 I in them, and thou in me; that they may be perfected in one; [and] that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.

24" Father, I will that those also, whom thou hast given me, may be with me, where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world. 25 O righteous Father, the world hath not

* See ch, xviii. 7-9; by which it will be seen that this destruction or loss was a temporal loss only.

This text shows, that to be sent into the world, does not express or imply a pre-existent state, but a divine commission for the instruction of mankind.

To" be one," to "be perfected in one," and "we are one," mean here exactly the same thing, and the same here as in ch. x. 30, which see.

known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me. 26 And I have made known to them thy name, and will make it known: that the love, with which thou hast loved me, may be in them; and I in them."

CH. XVIII. 1 WHEN Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth, with his disciples, over the brook Kedron, where there was a garden, into which he, and his disciples, entered. 2 And Judas, also, who delivered him up, knew the place : for Jesus often resorted thither, with his disciples. 3 Judas then, having received a band of soldiers, and officers from the chief-priests and Pharisees, came thither, with lanterns, and lamps, and weapons.


4 Upon this Jesus, knowing all things which were to befal him, went forth, and said to them, "Whom seek ye?" They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus said to them, "I am he." And Judas, also, who delivered him up, stood with them. 6 As soon then as he had said to them, 'I am he,' they went backward, and fell on the ground.

7 Then he asked them again, "Whom seek ye?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth." 8 Jesus answered, "I told you that I am he: if therefore ye

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seek me, let these depart." 9. (That the words might be fulfilled, which he spake, "Of those whom thou hast given me, I have lost none.")

10 Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it, and struck a servant of the high-priest, and cut off his right ear. Now the servant's name was Malchus. 11 Then said Jesus, to Peter, Put up the sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?


12 THEN the band, and the commander, and the officers of the Jews, took Jesus, and bound him, 13 and led him away, to Annas first; for he was fatherin-law to Caiaphas, who was high-priest that year. 14 Now Caiaphas was he who had given counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple; and that disciple was known to the high-priest, and entered with Jesus into the palace of the high-priest.

16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then that other disciple, who was known to the highpriest, went out, and spake to her who kept the door; and brought in Peter.

17 Then the maid servant who kept the door said to Peter,

* "Nothing more beautifully illustrates the dignity of our Lord's character, than this distinct foreknowledge of every circumstance of his approaching sufferings. This distinguishes Christ from all other martyrs and confessors, and fully accounts for his agony in the garden, and the horror which he often expresses at the prospect of what was to happen. It likewise enhances the moral value of his resignation to the divine will, and exhibits his fortitude in a striking light, after his mind had been tranquillized and fortified by his prayer in the garden. See Heb. v. 7. He was heard, so as to be delivered from his fear." Im. Ver. note.

"Art not thou also one of this man's disciples ?" He said, "I am not." 18 And the servants and officers stood and warmed themselves, having made a fire of coals; for it was cold. And Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.

garden with him?" 27 Peter then denied it again; and immediately the cock crew.*

28 [THEN] the Jews brought Jesus from Caiaphas, to the judgment-hall; and it was early: and they themselves went not into the judgment-hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. 29 Pilate, therefore, went out to them, and said, “What accusation bring ye against this man?"? 30 They answered, and said to him, "If he were not a malefactor, we would not have de

19 Now the high-priest asked Jesus concerning his disciples, and concerning his doctrine. 20 Jesus answered him, "I spoke openly to the world; I have always taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither all the Jews resort; and in secret I spoke nothing. 21livered him up to thee." Why asketh thou me? Ask those that heard me, what I have spoken to them: behold, they know what I said."

31 Then Pilate said to them, "Take ye him, and judge him according to your law." The Jews, therefore, said to him, "We are not allowed to put any man to death."† 32 (So that the words of Jesus were fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what

22 And when he had said these words, one of the officers, who stood by, struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, and said, "Answerest thou the high-death he was to die.) 33 Then priest thus?" 23 Jesus answered him, "If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why dost thou smite me?" 24 (Now Annas had sent him bound to Caiaphas the high-"Sayest thou this of thyself; priest.)

Pilate entered again into the judgment-hall, and called Jesus, and said to him, "Art thou the king of the Jews?"

34 Jesus answered [him],

or have others told it thee of me?" 35 Pilate answered, "Am I a Jew? Thine own nation, and the chief-priests, have delivered thee up to me. What hast thou done " 36 Jesus answered,

25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. Then they said to him, "Art not thou also one of his disciples ?" He denied it, and said, "I am not." 26 One of the servants of the" My kingdom is not of this high-priest, being the kinsman of him whose ear Peter cut off, said, "Did not I see thee in the

world. If my kingdom had been of this world, then my adherents would have contended,

The trumpet sounded at the beginning of the third watch, called the cock-crowing: this was at midnight.

Meaning such a death as they wished Jesus to suffer, i. e. crucifixion which was a punishment of the Romans, not of the Jews. But they might have stoned him, as they afterwards stoned Stephen.

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