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the Lutheran Church, and the Church of England. The universal Church of Christ is one, holy, Catholic, and A postolical ; but the before-mentioned branches of this Church do not pretend to be the whole Church of Christ. Yet they are one with the universal Church, as the disciples of Christ are one with Christ ; (2.) they are holy, as being parts of that which is holy; (3.) they are Catholic, as being parts of the Church universal; and (4.) they are Apostolical, because they are' founded on the doctrines and discipline of the Apostles. The Church of Britain is eminently Apostolical, having been founded and established by St. Paul,

Protestants are Catholic, as being members of the Church universal. They do not cease to be Catholic, because they protest against the errors of the Church of Rome; however improperly the term Catholic may be used by Papists, and even by some Protestants, as opposed to the term Protestant.

6. Luther lived nine hundred years after the first Protest of the British Church against the Church of Rome.

7. Answered in Nos. 1, 3, 6.


ducing the Protestant Religion into England were made by King Henry VIII,

8. Because Protestancy was settled upon its present bottom in this kingdom by act of Parliament in the first year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, &c. How then can it be called the Church of England, or any Church at all, seeing it was introduced and established only by the authority of mere laymen, in opposition to the Church?

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9. Because there is not so much religion among Protestants as among Catholics [Papists], no. extraordinary sanctity, no renunciation of worldly goods, no houses consecrated to retirement, &c.

10. Because we alone inherit the name of Catholic.


8. Protestantism was restored and reestablished in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. But the British Church protested against Popery more than nine centuries before that time. Popish writers have a very imperfect notion of the Church of Christ. The Church does not consist merely of Bishops and the Clergy, but of the whole body of believers in Christ, who observe the ordinances of Christ and his Apostles. The Parliament of Elizabeth did not at all interfere with the Church, but only with the Church establishment. It restored to the Crown “ the ancient jurisdiction over the state ecclesiastical, and abolished all foreign powers repugnant to the same.

9. Protestants believe, that there is more real sanctity in an innocent, virtuous, charitable, and useful life spent in the busiest society of our fellow-creatures, than in the most rigid and painful austerities of solitude.

10. The Church of Rome is not the Catholic Church, but only a part of it. All Christians are Catholics, who adhere to


11. Because even in the judgment of Protestants we must be on the safer side.

12. Because the Protestant Religion encourages Protestants by the doctrine of Justification by Faith alone to be no ways solicitous for redeeming their past sins by good works and penitential austerities.

13. Because the Protestant Religion can afford no certainty in matters of faith,

These Reasons are taken from a small Tract published by Keating, Brown, and Co. The whole Tract, with the Reasons and Answers more at large, will be given in a subsequent part of this volume.


66 6 the faith once delivered to the Saints," having one Lord, one faith, one baptism.

11. Protestants do not allow the Church of Rome to be on the safer side. They consider the invocation of Saints, and bowing down before images, to be acts of idolatry ; and they believe that persons guilty of idolatry are in a very dangerous state.

12. Protestants believe, that in the blood of Christ alone is Redemption from past sins; that good works are necessary to salvation; but that our best works are only sufficient for our duties, and cannot do away a single sin that is past.

13. Protestants believe, that nothing can be more certain than the truths contained in the three Creeds; and that in those plain words of Scripture:-“ If thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments ;—This do, and thou shalt live ;-Believe in the Lord Jesus, and thou shalt be saved ; Forgive, and thou shalt be forgiven ;-Whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, even so do unto them;" we have infallible directions for our faith and conduct, which require no confirmation, and can receive no light, from Popes or Councils.

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