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2. A young gentleman in one of the academies at Paris was remarked for eating nothing but soup and dry bread, and drinking only water. The governor of the institution attributing this singularity to excess of devotion, reproved his pupil, and endeavored to persuade him to alter his resolution.

3. Finding, however, that his remonstrances were inef fectual, he sent for him again and observed to him, that such conduct was highly unbecoming, and that it was his duty to conform to the rules of the academy.

4. He then endeavored to learn the reason of his pupil's conduct ; but as the youth could not be prevailed upon to impart the secret, the governor at last threatened to send him back to his family.

5. This menace produced an immediate explanation : “Sir," said the young man, “in my father's house I eat nothing but black bread, and of that very little : here I have good soup, and excellent white bread; and though I might, if I chose it, fare luxuriously, I cannot persuade myself to take any thing else, when I reflect on the situation in which I have left my father and mother.”

6. 'The governor was greatly moved by this instance of filial sensibility, and could not refrain from tears.36 Your father,” said he “has been in the army; has he no pension ?" "No," replied the youth; "he has long been soliciting one : but for want of money, has been obliged to give up the pursuit: and rather than contract any debts at Versailles, he has chosen a life of wretchedness in the country.”

7. “Well,” returned the governor, “if the fact is as you have represented it, I promise to procure


father a pension of five hundred livres a year. And since your friends are in so reduced circumstances, take these three louis d’ors for your pocket expenses. I will undertake to remit your father the first half year of his pension in advance.' 8. “Ah, Sir!" replied the youth,

as you have the goodness to propose remitting a sum of money to my father, I entreat you to add to it these three louis d'ors. As I have bere every thing I can wish for, I do not need them: but they would be of great use to my father, in the maintenance of his other children.”


Cruelty to Insects condemned. 1. A CERTAIN youth indulged himself in the cruel entertainment of torturing and killing flies. He tore offtheir wings and legs, and then watched with pleasure their feeble efforts to escape from him.

2. Sometimes he collected a number of them together, and crushed them at once to death; glorying, like many a celebrated hero, in the devastation he committed.

3. His tutor remonstrated with him, in vain, on this 'barbarous conduct. He could not persuade him to believe that flies are capable of pain, and have a right no less than ourselves, to life, liberty, and enjoyment.

4. The signs of agony, which, when tormented, they express, by the quick and various contortions of their bodies, he neither understood nor regarded.

5. The tutor had a microscope ; and he desired his pupil, one day, to examine a most beautiful and surprising animal. "Mark," said he,“ how it is studded from head to tail with black and silver, and its body all over beset with the most curious bristles! The head contains the most lively eyes encircled with silver hairs; and the trunk consists of two parts which fold over each other. The whole body is ornamented with plumes and decorations, which surpass all the luxuries of dress, in the courts of the greatest princes."

6. Pleased and astonished with what he saw, the youth was impatient to know the name and properties of this wonderful animal. It was withdrawn from the magnifier; and when offered to his naked eye, proved to be a poor fly, which had been the victim of his wanton cruelty.



Selfish Sorrow reproved. 1. One day, during the summer vacation, Alexis had prepared himself to set out, with a party of his companions, upon a little journey of pleasure. But the sky lowered, the clouds gathered, and he remained for some time in anxious suspense about his expedition ; which at last was prevented by heavy and continued rain.

2. The disappointment overpowered his fortitude; he burst into tears ; lamented the untimely change of weather; and sullenly refused all consolation.

3. In the evening the clouds were dispersed, the sun shone with unusual brightness; and the face of nature seemed to be renewed in vernal beauty.

4. Euphronius conducted Alexis into the fields. The storm of passion in his breast was now stilled; and the serenity of the air, the music of the feathered songsters, the verdure of the meadows, and the sweet perfumes which breathed around, regaled every sense, and filled his mind with delightful emotions.

5. “Do not you remark," said Euphronius, "the delightful change which has suddenly taken place in the whole creation ? Recollect the appearance of the scene before us yesterday. The ground was then parched with a long drought; the flowers bid their drooping heads; no fragrant odors were perceived; and vegetation seemed to cease. To what cause must we impute the revival of nature ?

6. “ To the rain which fell this morning," replied Alex is, with a modest confusion. He was struck with the selfishness and folly of his conduct; and his own bitter refections anticipated the reproofs of Euphronius.


SECTION V. We are often deceived by appearances. 1. A YOUTH, who lived in the country, and who had not acquired, either by reading or conversation, any knowledge of the animals which inhabit foreign regions, came to Manchester, to see an exhibition of wild beasts.

2. The size and figure of the elephant struck him with awe; and he viewed the rhinoceros with astonishment. But his attention was soon withdrawn from these animals and directed to another, of a most elegant and beautiful form.

3. He stood contemplating with silent admiration the glossy smoothness of his hair ; the blackness :id regularity of the streaks with which he was marked ; the symmetry of his limbs; and, above all, the placid sweetness of his countenance.


4. “What is the name of this lovely animal,” said he to the keeper, “ which you have placed near one of the ugliest beasts in your collection; as if you meant to conirast beauty with deformity ?

5. “Beware, young man,” replied the intelligent keeper, “ of being so easily captivated with external appear

The animal which you admire is called a tiger ; and, notwithstanding the meekness of his looks, he is fierce and savage beyond description. I can neither terrify him by correction, nor tame him by indulgence. But the other beast, which you despise, is in the highest degree docile, affectionate, and useful.

6. “ For the benefit of man he traverses the sandy deserts of Arabia; where drink and pasture are seldom to be found ; and will continue six or seven days without sustenance, yet still patient of labor. His hair is manufactured into clothing; his flesh is deemed who.esome nourishment; and the milk of the female is much valued by the Arabs.

7. "'The camel, therefore, for such is the name given to this animal, is more worthy of your admiration than the tiger ; notwithstanding the inelegance of his make, and the two bunches upon his back. For mere external beauty is of little estimation ; and deformity, when associated with amiable dispositions and useful qualities, does not preclude our respect and approbation."



The two Bees. 1. On a fine morning in summer, two bees set forward in quest of honey, the one wise and temperate, the other careless and extravagant. They soon arrived at a garden enriched with aromatic herbs, the most fragrant fowers, and the most delicious fruits.

2. They regaled themselves with the various dainties that were spread before them : the one loaded his thighs at intervals, with provisions for the hive against the distant winter ; the other revelled in sweets, without regard to any thing but his present gratification.

3. At length they found a wide-mouthed phial, that hung beneath the bough of a peach-tree, filled with


honey ready tempered, and exposed to their taste in the most alluring manner. The thoughtless epicure, in spite of his friend's remonstrances, plunged headlong into the vessel, resolving to indulge himself in all the pleasures of sensuality.

4. His philosophic companion, on the other hand, sipped a little with caution ; but, being suspicious of danger, few off to fruits and flowers ; where by the moderation of his meals, he improved his relish for the true enjoyment of them.

5. In the evening, however, he called upon his friend, to inquire whether he would return to the hive : but he found him surfeited in sweets, which he was as unable to leave as to enjoy.

6. Clogged in his wings, enfeebled in his feet, and his whole frame totally enervated, he was but just able to bid his friend adieu ; and to lament with his latest breath that though a taste of pleasure may quicken the relish of life, an unrestrained indulgence leads to inevitable destruction.

SECTION VII. Ingenuity and industry rewarded. 1. A rich husbandman had two sons, the one exactly a year older than the other. The very day the second was born, he set, in the entrance of his orchard, two young apple-trees of equal size; which he cultivated with the same care, and which grew so equally, that no person could perceive the least difference between them.

2. When his children were capable of handling garden tools, he took them, one fine morning in spring, to see these two trees, which he had planted for them, and called after their names : and when they had sufficiently admired their growth, and the number of blossoms that covered them, he said, “my dear children, I give you these trees: you see they are in good condition.

3. “They will thrive as much by your care, as they will decline by your negligence; and their fruit will re ward you in proportion to your labor."

4. The youngest, named Edmund, was industrious and attentive. He busied himself in clearing his - tree of insects that would hurt it; and he propped up its stem, to prevent its taking a wrong bent.

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