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and Australia ; (742) Suya (5 sp.), Nepal to South China and Formosa ; (173) Sphenæacus (7 sp.), Australia, New Zealand, and Chatham Island, with one species (?) in South Africa; (170 772) Megalurus (4 sp.), Central India to Java and Timor; (774 775) Poodytes (2 sp.), Australia ; (766) Amytis (3 sp.), Australia ; (168) Sphenura (4 sp.), Australia ; (164) Malurus (16 sp.), Australia and Tasmania ; (762 763) Chthonicola (3 sp.), Australia ; (161) Calamanthus (2 sp.), Australia and Tasmania ; (159) Camaroptera (5 sp.), Africa and Fernando Po; (153) Apalis (1 sp.), South Africa.

2. CALAMOHERPINÆ.—(777 to 781 and op. 2968) Acrocephalus (35 sp.), Palæarctic, Ethiopian, continental part of Oriental region, Moluccas, Caroline Islands, and Australia ; (782 818) Dumeticola (4 sp.), Nepal to East Thibet, Central Asia, high regions; (783 700) Potamodus (3 sp.), Central and South Europe, and East Thibet; ( 789 and 3p. 2969) Lusciniola (1 sp.), South Europe ; (791 792) Locustella (8 sp.), Palæarctic region to Central India and China; (139) Horites (5 sp.), Nepal to North-west China and Formosa ; (184 786) Bradyptetus = Cettia (10 sp.), South Europe, Palestine, and South Africa ; (747 748) Catriscus (3 sp.), Tropical and South Africa; Bernieria (2 sp.), and (756) Ellisia (3 sp.), Madagascar; (832 ) Mystacornis (1 sp.), Madagascar; (787) Calamodus (2 sp.), Europe and Palestine; (734) Tatare (2 sp.) Samoa to Marquesas Islands.

3. PHYLLOSCOPINÆ.Phylloscopus (18 sp.), all Palæarctic and Oriental regions to Batchian; (757 758 820) Eremomela (16 sp.), Tropical and South Africa ; (154) Eroessa (1 sp.), Madagascar;' Hypolais (12 sp.), Palæarctic region, all India, Timor, North and South Africa; (815 816 819) Abrornis (26 sp.), Oriental region ; ($14) Reguloides (4 sp.), Palæarctic and continental Oriental regions; (822) Sericornis (7 sp.), Australia and Tasmania (823 824 1451) Acanthiza (14 sp.), Australia and New Caledonia ; (821) Regulus (7 sp.), all Palæarctic and Nearctic regions and south to Guatemala; (890) Polioptila (13 sp.), Paraguay to New Mexico; (825) Gerygone (22 sp.), Australia, Papuan and Timor groups, New Zealand and Norfolk Island.

1 The species of the genera Phylloscopus and Hypolais are so mixed up in the Hand List, that Mr. Tristram has furnished me with the following

4. SYLVIINÆ.— (193) Aedon (9 sp.), Spain and Palestine, to East and South Africa; (858) Drymodes (2 sp.), Australia ; (800) Pyrophthalma (2 sp.), South Europe and Palestine; (801) Melizophilus (3 sp.), South-west Europe and North-east Africa ; (802 804) Sylvia = Alsecus (8 sp.), Palæarctic region to India and Ceylon, and North-east Africa ; (806 809) Curruca (7 sp.), Central and South Europe, Madeira, Palestine, Central India, North-east Africa, and South Africa.

5. RUTICILLINÆ.—(827) Luscinia (2 sp.), West Asia, Europe, North Africa ; (839) Cyanecula (3 sp.), Europe, North-east Africa, India, Ceylon, and China; (840) Calliope (2 sp.), North Asia, Himalayas, Central India, and China; (838) Erithacus (3 sp.), Europe, North-east Africa, Japan, and North China ; (828 830 837 Ruticilla (20 sp.), Palæarctic and Oriental regions to Senegal and Abyssinia, and east to Timor; abounds in Himalayas; (829) Chæmarrhornis (1 sp.), Himalayas ; (831 832 834) Larvivora (10 sp.), Oriental region and Japan ; (833) Notodela (3 sp.), Himalayas, Pegu, Formosa, Java; (835) Tarsiger (2 sp.), Nepal ; (841) Grandala (1 sp.), High Himalayas of Nepal.

6. SAXICOLINÆ.—(975) Copsychus (7 sp.), all Oriental region and Madagascar; (978) Kittacincla (5 sp.), Oriental region to

enumeration of the species which in his view properly belong to them, by the numbers in that work :Phylloscopus.

Hypolais. 3032

3026 3033

3028 3048=3038

3029 3039

3054=3031=3036 3063=3047=3054=3061

3042 3048

3043 3049

304 3050

3062=3047 3051

3046=2932 3052

3035
3053

2976
3056=3081
3057
3059
3060

Ceylon, Andaman Islands, Formosa, and Borneo ; (794 — 799) Thamnobia (10 sp.), Ethiopian region and India to foot of Himalayas; (977) Gervasia (2 sp.), Madagascar and Seychelle Islands; (845 847) Dromolæa (18 sp.), Africa to South Europe, Palestine, Northwest India, and North China ; (842 843 846) Saxicola (36 sp.), Africa, North-west India, whole Palæarctic region, migrating to Alaska and Greenland ; (948 849) Oreicola (5 sp.), Timor, Lombok, and Burmah; (844) Cercomela (6 sp.), North-east Africa to North-west India ; (850) Pratincola (15 sp.), Europe, Ethiopian, and Oriental regions to Celebes and Timor ; (917) Ephthianura (3 sp.), Australia ; (851 – 856) Petræca (17 sp.), Australian region, Papua to New Zealand, Chatham and Auckland Islands, and Samoa; (857) Miro (2 sp.), New Zealand (doubtfully placed here).

7. ACCENTORINÆ.—(771) Cinclorhamphus (2 sp.), Australia ; (860) Origma (1 sp.), East Australia; (859) Sialia (8 sp.), United States to Guatemala; (861) Accentor (12 sp.), Palæarctic region to Himalayas and North-west China ; (703) Orthonyx (4 sp.), East Australia and New Zealand (doubtfully placed here).

The following two genera, which have been usually classed as Ampelidæ, are arranged by Messrs. Sclater and Salvin in the Sylviidæ :

(1362) Myiadestes (8 sp.), Peru and Bolivia, along the Andes to Mexico and California, also the Antilles ; (1364) Cichlopsis (1 sp.), Brazil.

FAMILY 3.-TIMALIIDÆ. (35 Genera, 240 Species.)

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The Timaliidæ, or babbling thrushes, are a group of small strong-legged active birds, mostly of dull colours, which are especially characteristic of the Oriental region, in every part of which they abound, while they are much less plentiful in

Australia and Africa. The Indo-Chinese sub-region is the head quarters of the family, whence it diminishes rapidly in all directions in variety of both generic and specific forms. Viscount Walden has kindly assisted me in the determination of the limits of this family, as to which there is still much difference of opinion. The distribution of the genera here admitted is as follows; and as the genera are widely scattered in the Hand List, reference numbers are prefixed in every case.

(1023 — 1028 1008) Pomatorhinus (27 sp.), the whole Oriental region (excluding Philippines), Australia and New Guinea; (1027) Pterohinus (3 sp.), North China, East Thibet; (1029 1030) Malacocircus (9 sp.), Continental India and Ceylon, Arabia, Nubia; (1031) Chatarrhæa (5 sp.), Abyssinia, Palestine, India, Nepal, Burmah, and Philippines ; (1032) Layardia (3 sp.), India and Ceylon ; (1033) Acanthoptila (1 sp.), Nepal; (1034) Cinclosoma (4 sp.), Australia and Tasmania : (1035 1036) Crateropus (18 sp.), all Africa, Persia; (1037) Hypergerus (1 sp.), West Africa : (1038) Cichladusa (3 sp.), Tropical Africa; (1039) Garrulax (23 sp.), the Oriental region (excluding Philippines); (1040) Janthocincla (10 sp.), Nepal, to East Thibet, Sumatra, Formosa ; (1041 1042) Gampsorhynchus (2 sp.), Himalayas; (1049) Grammatoptila (1 sp.) North India ; (1043 -1045) Trochalopteron (24 sp.), all India to China and Formosa ; (1046) Actinodura (4 sp.), Nepal to Burmah, 3,000 - 10,000 feet; (1047) Pellorneum (4 sp.), Nepal to Ceylon, Tenasserim; (1158 1159) Timalia (12 sp.), Malaya ;' (1160) Dumetia (2 sp.), Central India and Ceylon; (1162) Stachyris (6 sp.), Nepal to Assam, Sumatra, Formosa ; (1164) Pyctorhis (3 sp.), India to Ceylon and Burmah; (1165) Mixornis (8 sp.), Himalayas and Malaya ; (1167) Malacopteron (3 sp.), Malaya; (1168 1109) Alcippe (15 sp.), Ceylon and South India, Himalayas to Aracan, Malaya, Formosa, New Guinea ; (1170) Macronus (2 sp.), Malaya; (1171) Cacopitta (5 sp.), Malaya ; (1172) Trichastoma (11 sp.), Nepal, Burmah, Malaya, Celebes; (1173) Napothera (6 sp.), Malaya; (1174) Drymocataphus (8 sp.), Burmah, Malaya, Ceylon,

1 The term “ Malaya” is used here to include the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, and Java, a district to which many species and genera are confined. Malay Archipelago” will be used to include both Indo-Malaya and Austro-Malaya

Timor; (1175) Turdinus (5 sp.), Khasia Hills, Malacca, Tenasserim; (1176) Trichixos (1 sp.), Borneo, Malacca ; (1004) Sibia (6 sp.), Nepal to Assam, Tenasserim, Formosa ; (1177 1178) Alethe (4 sp.), West Africa; (11786) Oxylabes (1 sp.), Madagascar; (1050) Psophodes (2 sp.), South, East, and West Australia ; (1048) Turnagra (3 sp.), New Zealand.

FAMILY 4.—PANURIDÆ. (4 Genera, 13 Species).

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This new family is adopted, at the suggestion of Professor Newton, to include some peculiar groups of Himalayan birds whose position has usually been among the Timaliidæ or the Paridæ, but which are now found to be allied to our Bearded Reedling. The supposed affinity of this bird for the Tits has been long known to be erroneous, and the family Panuridæ was formed for its reception (Yarrell's British Birds, 4th edit. p. 512). The genera having hitherto been widely scattered in systematic works, are referred to by the numbers of Mr. G. R. Gray's Hand List.

(1901) Paradoxornis (3 sp.), Himalayas and East Thibet; (1904) Conostoma (1 sp.), Himalayas and East Thibet; (876) Suthora (8 sp), Himalayas to North-west China, Formosa; (877) Chlenasicus (1 sp.), Darjeeling ; (887) Panurus (1 sp.), Central and Southern Europe ; (1902) Heteromorpha (1 sp.), Nepal, 10,000 feet altitude; Cholornis (1 sp.), Moupin in East Thibet.

FAMILY 5.-CINCLIDÆ. (4 Genera, 27 Species.)

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