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CHAP. X.

The former chapters were but by way of preface to recommend wiat

follows to our practice. Here begin those choice and pithy sentences, called proverbs, and which are 100 unconnected to admit of refleco tions on the contents of each chapter.

THE proverbs of Solomon. A wise son maketh a glad

I father: but a foolish son [is] the heaviness of his mother. 2 Treasures of wickedness, that is, the creasures of wicked men,

especially ihose golten by zvickedness, profit nothing : but right

eousness delivereth from death, from the judgments consequent 3 upon wickedness and from eternal death. The LORD will not suffer the soul of the righteous to famish : but he casteth away

the substance of the wicked ; he will stize it as the property of 4 an enemy and make a spoil of it. He becometh poor that dealeth

(with) a slack, that is, witt: an idle and deceitful hand : but the

hand of the diligent maketh rich, both as to the world and the 5 soul. He that gathereth in summer, . who improves his opportu-

milies, [is] a wise son : [but he that sleepeth in harvest [is] a

son that causeth shane ; he loscs the benefit he might enjoy, and 6 will be a disgrace to his friends. Blessings (are) upon the head

of the just : but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked ; an

allusion to laying on the hand in blessing, and covering the face of a 7 criminal when executed. The memory of the just [is] blessed ;

though obscure while he lives, though slandered, yet shall he be

spoken of with praise : but the pame of the wicked shall rot; it 8 shall survive them, but it shall be regarded with abhorrence. The wise in heart will receive commandments ; esteem it a frivilige and a favour to be taught : but a prating fool shall fall ; one who

loves to hear himsrlf talk shall fall into troubles and be und ne. 9 He that walketi uprightly walketh surely ; he is casy and happy

in the divine approbation, and the consciousness of his own integri

ty ; but he that perverteth his ways, who useth indirect methods, 20 shall be known and discovered. He that winketh with the eye,

who gives signs to his accomplices to do a man mischief while he is

speaking him fair, causeth sorrow: but a prating fool shall fall. 11 The mouth of a righteous (man is) a well of life; suholesome,

instructive words spring up as naturally as good water in a well,

refreshing and strengthening all about him: but violence covereth 12 the mouth of the wicked. Hatred stirreth up strifes ; malicious,

ill natured people, by slander and talebcaring raise disi urbances, and make people guarrel about trilles : but love covereth all

sins ; overlooks and conceals, or extenuates and makes the best of 13 them. In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is

found ; he shows it by his speech : but a rod [is] for the back of

him that is void of understanding ; nothing but correction will 14 teach a fool his diety. Wise (men) lay up knowledge, continually

and safely, as a treasure : but the mouth of the foolish [is] near destiuction, by venting unscasonably all he knows, to his own mis

15 chief. The rich man's wealth [is] his strong city ; he thinks it

will defend him against many of the evils of life : the destruction of the poor [is] their poverty ; wicked men take advantage 10

oppress and ruin thein ; or, poverty fills them with fear and dess 16 pair, and so is the cause of their ruin. The labour of the right

eous (tendeth] to life ; wisdom and goodness make a man's life a blessing to himself and others : the fruit of the wicked to sin ;

wicked men abuse it, and iurn it into a curse, make it an occasion 17 of guilt and ruin. He is in the way of life that keepeth in

struotian ; but he that refuseth reproof, when offered to him, 18 erreth, wandere out of the way of life. He that hideth hatred

(with) lying or flattering lips, and he that uttereth a slander, iş 19 a fool; shorus a bad heart, however wise he may seem. In the

multitude of words there wanteth not sin ; a man that is talkative will often sin : but he that refraineth his lips, who hath

forudence to consider when and how and 10 whom he speaks, [is] 20 wise. The tongue of the just [is as) choice silver ; when he

speaks in his common and ordinary manner what he utters is of weight and worth: the heart of the wicked [is] little worth, con

sequently his speech is so, even when he has studied what to say. 21 The lips of the righteous feed many, make others wise : but fools

die for want of wisdom ; they lose their very lives and their eternal 22 happiness too. The blessing of the LORD on the hand of the diligini,

it maketh rich, and he addeth no sorrow with it ; ill gotten riches

are attended with regret, cares, and discontent, an evil conscience, 23 and fear of discovery and a future reckoning. (I is) as sport to

a fool to do mischief; it is a pleasure to him, he does it with a gay air and without reflection : but a man of understanding hath wis

dom; or, so is wisdom to a man of understanding, he taketh pleas24 ure in it. The fear of the wicked, it shall come upon him ; he

hath his fears, but not more than he has reason for ; let his imagination be ever so lively, all that he fears shall come upon him : but the desire of the righteous shall be granted, that is, his

grand, leading desire, the favour of God and eternal happiness. 25 As the whirlwind passeth, so [is] the wicked no [more;) though

he may for a while make a great bustle, like a whirlwind : but the

righteous [is] an everlasting foundation ; his hopie and happiness 26 is in the divine righteousness and faithfulness. As vinegar to the

teeth, and as smoke to the eyes, which is troublesome and painful, so (is) the sluzgard to them that send him ; he neither delivers

his message faithfully, performs his burine 88 cracily, nor hastens 27 back again. The fear of the Lord prolongeth days : but the

years of the wicked shall be shortened, aturally and judicially. 28 The hope of the righteous (shall be) gladness; shall be answerkept in peace, and his happiness be secure : but the wicked shall 31 not inhabit the earth. The mouth of the just bringeth forth

ed, and occasion jou: but the expectation of the wicked shall

perish ; shall be disappointed, and giz'e so much the more sorrow 29 on that account. The way of the LORD [is] strength to the mpa

right, that gong on securely and courageously ; his work is casu

and delightful: hut destruction shall be) to the worker's of in30 iguity. The righteous shall never be removed; his soul shall be

wisdom : but the froward tongue shall be cut out, or cut off. 32 The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable ; he knows

the proper time and manner of speaking, wha: is acceptable to meni, and not displeasing to God; he studies to please as far as is con-' sistent with truth and friendship : but the mouth of the wicked [speaketh] frowardness ; he loves to vent his own spleen, though very distasteful to others. Let us avoid this, and remember, that these several maxims relating to the government of the tongue, show its importance, and how carefully it should be attended to.

CHAP. XI. I A FALSE balance [is] abomination to the LORD ; it is pe.

1 culiarly abominable, as it is cheating under a pretence of 2 doing right : but a just weight [is] his delight. (When] pride

cometh, then cometh shame, being shameful in itself, and exposes them to shame : but with the lowly (is) wisdom; which is pleas.

ing 10 God and man, and makes them easy and comfortable in them3 selves. The integrity of the upright shall guide them : but the

perverseness of transgressors shall destroy them: if a man comes to a resolution to preserve strict integriry, that will direct him and make his way plain ; it is easy to determine what is fair and honourable. But when the question is, What mean, dishonour, able things may be done without discovery ? a scene is open for

perplexity ; and men of great subiilty and refinement are oftenest 4 entangled, exposed, and ruined. Riches profit not in the day of

wrath : but righteousness delivereth from death ; from second 5 death, and makes the first comfortable. The righteousness of

the perfect shall direct his way, so as to bring all his designs and

endeavours to a happy issue : but the wicked shall fall by his 6 own wickedness. The righteousness of the upright shall deliver

them out of that sin and misery they might fall into : but trans

gressors shall be taken in [their own] naughtiness, and irrecor7 erably destroyed. When a wicked man dieth, (his] expectation

shall perish ; all his hope of pleasure and happiness in temporal things, and his expectation of escaping eternal misery ; and the

hope of unjust (men) perisheth, while the expectation of a good 8 man is answered and outdone. The righteous is delivered out of

trouble, and the wicked cometh in his stead, to that misery he 9 had formerly occasioned 10 the righteous. An hypocrite with (his]

mouth destroyeth his neighbour, by fiattering and deceiving him ;

but through knowledge, or fra udence, shall the just be delivered 10 from his snares. When it goeth well with the righteous, the

city rejoiceth : and when the wicked perish, [there is) shouting; men have such a regard for their own interest, and such a 8078e of what is diecent and right, that they rejoice both in the one Il and in the other. By the blessing of the upright the city is ex

alted; by their prayers, counsels, and admonitions : but it is

overthrown by the mouth of the wicked ; by their blasphemy, 12 perverse opposition, and evil communications. He that is void of

wisdom despiseth his neighbour ; whatever a man thinks, it is foolish in him to speak contemptuously of his neighbour, because it is provoking him, and he may return it : but a man of under

standing holdeth his peace ; if he can say no good, he will say no 13 harm. A talebearer revealeth secrets ; pries into the secrets of

families, and carries stories from one to another : but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter ; an upright man conceal.

eth that which may be hurtful to another, though he has no express 14 charge about it. Where no counsel [is,] the people fall ; they

are influenced by private interest, and act rashly : but in the 15 multitude of counsellors (there is) safety. He that is surety

for a stranger shall smart (for it ;] he does not know his circum

stances, and therefore he is in danger : and he that hateth sureti16 ship is sure ; it is most prudent to avoid it. A gracious woman

retaineth honour : and strong (men) retain riches; she is at careful of her reputation, as a strong man of his riches ; or, will

as effectually secure a good reputation, as a strong man his wealth. 17 The merciful man doeth good to his own soul ; while he doeth

good 10 others, he equally does good to himself ; such is the connection between men and man: but she that is) cruel troubleth his own flesh ; his own envy and malice tear him to pieces. This may refer to the pleasure which arises from the exercise of benevolent,

affections, and the anguish and remorse which are inseparable from 18 cruelty. The wicked worketh a deceitful work; that which will

deceive his expectations : but to him that soweth righteousness

[shall be) a sure reward ; though it may tarry it will not disap. 19 point him. As righteousness (tendeth] to life, in its natural con

sequence, so he that pursueth evil (pursueth it) to his own death. 20 They that are of a froward heart, persons of double dealing,

who are perverse and ill natured, [are] abomination to the LORD:

but (such as are] upright in (their) way (are] his delight. 21 (Though) hand [join) in hand, though they forma potent alliance,

and strengthen and countenance one another, the wicked shall not

be unpunished : but the seed of the righteous shall be delivered 22 from their confederacies, by the help of God alone. (As) a jewel

of gold in a swine's snout, which is more taken notice of, and more despised on that account, (so is) a fair woman which is without

discretion ; without taste, without judging what is right and 23 wrong, and not considering consequences. The desire of the

righteous [is] only good ; either to do or get good, and it shall be granted them : [but] the expectation of the wicked (is) wrath ;

whatsoever happiness they promise themselves, the issue will be 24 wrath and destruction. There is that scattereth, and yet in

creaseth; and (there is] that withholdeth more than is meet, not providing for their families, sparing necessary expenses in trade, and showing a covetous temper in cvery thing, but (it tend,

eth) to poverty ; by a strange train of providences they are fre. 25 quently beggared. The liberal soul shall be made fat, comforta.

ble and happy : and he that watercth shall be watered also • himself; it shall rain upon him blessings as copiously as showers. 26 He that withholdeth corp in dear times, in hopes of a higher mar

hel, and will not sell it at a reasonable price, and for a moderate profil, the people shall curse him: but blessing from God, as

well as his neighbour, (shall be) upon the head of him that sell. 27 eth [it.] He that diligently seeketh good, or to do good, p:0

cureth favour from God and man : but he that seekerh mischief,

it shall come unto him ; le drats upon himself the evils he de. 28 signed against others. He that trusteth in his riches shall fall

like a withered leaf : but the righteous shall fourish as a branch; 29 shall grow stronger and stronger, and be more fruitful. He that

troubleth his own house, who ruins his family by estravagance, or makes it tinhappy by ill nature, shall inherit the wind; he shall have nothing but air to live upon ; or, he shall raise a dreadful storm which shall fall upon his own head : and the fool [shall be servant unto the wise of heart; those who are foolish, shall be brought so low, that they shall be glad to become servants to those

who set out in life with less than themselves, but by prudence and 30 diligence have risen in the world. The fruit of the righteous (is) a

tree of life, is the means of much good; and he that winneth souls

10 God and goodness, [is] wise, though his method may not be 80 31 judicious as that of olders. Behold, the righteous shall be re,

compensed in the ear: much more the wicked and the sinner sholl be corrected for their sins, in this world, or in another. See how much religion consists in justice, humanity, good temper, and zral to do good. Nay we not only hear these things, but apply our minds to do them.

CHAP. XII.

I VIHOSO loveth instruction loveth knowledge ; is in the

VV way 10 be wise and good : but he that hateth reproof 2 [is] brutish ; wanis sense as well as grace. A good (man) obe

Laneth favour of the LORD : but a man of wicked devices will 3 he condeinn. A man shall not be established by wickedness :

but the root of the righteous shall not be moved; he shall be 4 established by righteousness. A virtuous woman, a diligent, active

Roman, as the word signifies, who anplies close to family business, [is] a crown to her husband, an ornament and a blessing in him : but she that maketh ashamed [is] as rottenness in his bones ;

though he does not show it publicly, it is a continual and incurable 5 Weration to him. The thoughts of the righteous (are right:

it is his constant purpose to drai justly with Ged and man: [but] 6 the counsels of the wicked (are) carried on by deceit. The

words of the wicked (are) to lie in wait for blood ; to corrupt

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