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the same way of living: there must likewise be the same relations, for all Chriftians are the children of God in him; the same possessions and inheritance, and the fame right and title to hold it by.

The Apostle, verf. 27. gives a very fignificant defcription of this fame union under a well-known image or fimilitude: They who are baptized into Crift, broe put on Chrift; they who are baptized into Christ, are baptized inco his death, and made conform, and planted into the likeness of it. They are all this fane Apostle's expressions and he gives another ret itronger description, if possible, in his own case, viz, that he was crucified with Christ. And in consequence of this, he that believes in Christ, puts off the old man with his deeds, i.e. the child of Adam, with all his relations, connections, and dependencies: he puts on Christ, as men do garments for covering nakednefs, for defence au gainst the inclemencies of the air, and even for ornament. The expression bea speaks the Christian so covered, and, we may fay, inclosed in him, that in a right Christian there is nothing to be seen but Christ; their whole constitution, I mean that which makes them Christians; and consequently every thing that is good and amiable, either in their temper or conduct, and whatever their attainments and enjoyments are, or what well-grounded hopes and expectations they have, all are owing to Christ, and to him belongs all the glory and honour of them.


By these hints, if rightly pursued, it will appear, that this, and fuch other scripture-expressions, are not mere metaphors, such as are used by, orators and other polite writers merely for ornamenting and enlivening their discourses, but have really more of analogy than metaphor in them; the only way by which any conceptions can be formed of unfeen things, which cannot be brought directly under our observation. The author of them knew perfectly the whole of the subjects and what were the fittest images to repre+ sent it; and therefore could not fall into those mistakes whictr human metaphors, Whereth and imagery, are often in danger of betraying insensibly their readers and hearers into very dangerous errors. .

From this, the closest of all connections


of every individual Christian with Christ, necessarily arises a very close connection and union among themselves; which the Apostle strongly asserts, verf. 28. of which he gives us a very beautiful representation, Rom. xii. 4. 5.“ As the body is one, and “hath many members ; so we being many, “ are one body in Christ, and every one “members one of another.” It has been often observed, that all mankind come into the world in a state of perfect equality; and were what the Apostle said to the Athenians of the true God well understood, viz. that " in him we live, and move, and “ have our beings,” the natural connection of mankind with one another would appear so strong, that one could hardly help wondering, how the little different interests and distinctions among men should ever have been able to break it, as we fee actually done. Nor indeed can this breach ever be made up, but by the removal of these make-bates, and establishing mankind on their original bottom. This we see done effectually in Christ, hy being made conform unto him in his death; and thus becoming dead to a present world, and united into one body in Christ, who

is all in all to them, and in whom they are perfectly complete; so complete, that they can do all things through Christ strengthening them. There of course al wordly distinctions vanish, which cannot be better expressed than in his own words: “ There is neither Jew nor Greek, neither “ bond nor free, neither male nor female, " but all are one in Christ Jesus:" not only one life, for indeed that is the case of all mankind however little it is minded, but one spirit influencing their whole conduct.

On this view he gives the finishing evidence of what he had said before, that all who believe in Chrift, Gentiles, as well as natural Jews, are the children of Abraham. They might have been justly enough called and reckoned so; because they believed God as he did: but here is a nearer and more sensible relation, by this their union with Christ, Abraham's one feed; they are strictly and properly his feed, and thence as really heirs of the promise, as himself was.

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Chap. iv. 1.-7. r. Now I say, that the heir, as long as he is a child,

differeth nothing from a servant though he be lord of all; 2. But is under tutors and governors, until the time appointed of the father. 3. Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: 4. But when the fullness of the time wos come, God sent forth his Son made of a woman, mode under the law, 5. To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of fons. 6. And because ye are fons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 7. Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a fon; and if a fon, then an heir of God through Chrift.

7T was a matter of great moment to these

Galatians, and all in their situation, to know well what it was that their new teachers were so earnest to draw them in to. The Apostle was deeply concerned about them; he knew the danger: and that they might not run blindfold into the snare, he had told them the true intent and purpose of the law; that it did not, nor was ever designed to answer, any other purpose, but to lead those who were under it to Christ. When that was done, there was no further occasion for it: nor


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