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whole was leavened. All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables, and without parables he spoke not to them; that what the prophet had foretold might be fulfilled, when he said : I will open my mouth in parables, I will publish the things that have been hidden from the creation of the world. CREDO.

SECRET. May this oblation, O God, we beseech thee, cleanse, renew, govern, and protect us. Thro'.

POSCOMM. Cælestibus. Being fed, O Lord, with heavenly dainties, we beseech thee, that we may always hunger after them, as they truly preserve our life. Thro'.


At the MAGNIFICAT. Anth. The kingdom of Ant. Simile est regnum heaven is like a piece of cælorum fermento, quod leaven, which a woman acceptum mulier abscondit took and hid in three mea- in farinæ satis tribus, donec sures of meal, till the whole fermentatum est totum. was leavened.

Prayer. Collect at Mass, p. 269.



VROM the earliest ages of Christianity, the faithful

met every year on the anniversary day of the death of the Martyrs in the churches, or chapels, which were usually in the place where their bodies, or some sacred remains thereof, had been buried. The altar was placed on their tombs ; and from thence came the custom of always putting some relics in, or under the altar-stones.

The sacrifice was not offered to the Martyrs, but to the God of the Martyrs, (to whom alone it is due) to thank him for the courage and strength he had given his servants, and for that state of bliss, to which he had admitted thém. Such was the origin of the feasts of the saints ; and we ought to keep them with the same spirit, with which they were instituted ; that is to say, the worship we pay in honour of the saints, ought to have God himself for its object. Our adorations and

respect terminate in , God; and we consider the saints only as powerful friends, whose credit and prayers may obtain for us,

from the goodness of God, those helps our sins make us unworthy to votai: by our own pravers alone.

XVII. St. PATRICK, Bishop and Confessor. A

Priest and Bishop. V. The Lord loved. p. xxxiv.. PRAYER.
Collect at Mass.

MASS. INTRỘIT. The Lord settled, &c. p. xxxiv. except :

COLLECT. Deus qui. O God, who wast pleased to send blessed Patrick, thy Confessor and Bishop, to preach thy glory to the Gentiles; grant, by his merits and prayers, that we may, through thy grace, be enabled to keep thy commandments. Thro'.


XIX. St.JOSEPH, Confessor. A Double of the second

Rank. MASS. INTROIT. The righteous man. p. xlv. COLLECT. Sanctissime. Grant, we beseech thee, O Lord, that the merits of the Spouse of thy most holy Virgin-mother may be assisting to us; that what we cannot obtain through our own weakness, may be granted us by his prayers. Who livest.

Lesson Eccles. xlv. p. xlvii.
Alleluia, Alleluia. V. The Lord loved. p. xli.

GOSPEL. Matt, i. 18.
THEN Mary the Mother of Jesus was espoused to

Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child by the Holy Ghost. And Joseph her husband being a righteous man, and unwilling to expose her, thought secretly to dismiss her. But while he was thinking on these things, behold an Angel of the Lord appeared to him in his sleep, saying : Joseph, son of David, fear not to take Mary thy wife : for that which is conceived in her, is of the Holy Ghost. And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name Jesus ; for he shall save his people from their sins.

OFFERT. My truth, p. xliv. SECRET, We pay thee, O Lord, the homage we owe, humbly beseeching thee, to preserve in us thy gifts, by the prayers of blessed Joseph, the husband of the Mother of our Lord Jesus Christ, thy Son, on whose festival we offer thee this sacrifice of praise. Thro' the same.

COMM. Matt.i. Joseph, Joseph, fili David ne tison of David, fear not to meas accipere Mariam contake Mary thy wife; for jugem tuam : quod enim in that which is conceived in ea natum est, de Spiritu her, is of the Holy Ghost. Sancto est. Alleluia. Alleluia.

POSTCOMM. Adesto. Hear us, O merciful God, and vouchsafe, by the intercession of blessed Joseph, thy Confessor, to preserve in us, what thou hast bestowed upon us. Thro'.

XX. St. CUTHBERT, Bishop. A Double. VESPERS. As p. xxxii. PRAYER. Collect at Mass.

MASS. INTROIT. The Lord settled, &c. COMMON, p. xxxiv. except:

COLLECT. Deus qui. O God, who, by the inestimable gift of thy grace, renderest glorious thy saints; grant that, by the intercession of blessed Cuthbert thy Confessor and Bishop, we may learn to practise every virtne in an eminent degree.

Thro'. SECRET. Receive, O Lord, we beseech thee, the victim of our redemption : and by the intercession of blessed Cuthbert thy Confessor and Bishop, mercifully grant us health of body and mind.

POSTCOMM. Sancta tua. May the sacred mysteries we have received, protect us, O Lord, by their efficacy; and the intercession of thy glorious Confessor and Bishop, blessed Cuthbert, preserve us in peace and holiness of life. Thro'.


St. BENEDICT, Abbot. A Double.

All as p. xlvii.


A D. 2d. Cl.

I. VESPERS. Anth. THE Angel Ga- Ant. ISSUS est Gabriel was sent

briel Angelus ad to Mary, a virgin espoused Mariam, virginem desponsato Joseph. Alleluia. tam Joseph. Alleluia.

Ps. Dixit Dominus, p. 69. Anth. Hail Mary, full of Ant. Ave Maria, gratia grace, the Lord is with plena Dominus tecum : bethee: blessed art thou a- nedicta tu in mulieribus mongst women.

Alleluia, Alleluia.

Ps. Laudate pueri, p. 72 Anth. Fear not, Mary, thou hast found favour with the Lord; behold thou shalt conceive and bring a son. Alleluia.

Ps. Lætatus Anth. The Lord will give him the throne of his father David, and he shall reign for ever. Alleluia.

Anth. Behold the handmaid of the Lord: be it unto me according to thy word. Alleluia.

Ant. Ne timeas, Maria, invenisti gratiam apud Dominum: ecce concipies et paries filium. Alleluia.

Ps. Nisi Dominus, p. 97.

sum, p. 96.

Ant. Dabit ei Dominus sedem David patris ejus, et regnabit in æternum. Alleluia.

Ant. Ecce ancilla Domini: fiat mihi secundum verbum tuum. Alleluia.

Ps. Lauda Jerusalem, p. 98. LITTLE CHAP. Isaiah 7. Behold a virgin shall conceive, and bring forth a Son, and his name shall be called Emmanuel. He shall eat butter and honey, that he may know how to refuse evil, and choose good.

HYMN. Hail God's bright mother. p. lxxiv. V. Hail Mary, full of V. Ave Maria, gratia plegrace. Alleluia. R. The na. Alleluia. R. Dominus Lord is with thee. Alle- tecum. Alleluia. luia.

At the MAGNIFICAT. Anth. The Holy Ghost shall come down upon thee, O Mary; and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. Alleluia.

Ant. Spiritus Sanctus in te descendet, Maria, et virtus Altissimi obumbrabit ti bi. Alleluia.

PRAYER. Collect at Mass.

MASS. INTROIT. All the rich of the people. p. lvii. COLLECT. Deus, qui beatæ. O God, who wast pleased that thy word, when the Angel delivered his message, should take flesh in the womb of the blessed Virgin Mary; give ear to our humble petitions and grant that we, who believe her to be truly the mother of God, may be helped by her prayers. Thro' the same.

LESSON. Is. vii. 10. 16.


TN those days: The Lord spoke to Achaz saying: Ask thee a sign of the Lord thy God, either unto the depth of hell, or unto the heavens above. And Achaz

said: I will not ask, and I will not tempt the Lord. And he said: Hear ye therefore, O house of David: is it not enough for you to be troublesome to men; but you must be troublesome to my God also? Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign. Behold a Virgin shall conceive, and bear a Son, and his name shall be called Emmanuel. He shall eat butter and honey, that he may know how to refuse evil, and to choose good.

Alleluia, Alleluia. V. Alleluia, Alleluia. V. Hail Mary, full of grace, Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dothe Lord is with thee; bles- minus tecum; benedicta tu sed art thou amongst women. in mulieribus. Alleluia. V. Alleluia. V. A sucker of Virga Jesse floruit; virgo Jesse hath budded; a Virgin Deum et hominem genuit; hath brought God and man; pacem Deus reddidit, in se God hath restored peace, rereconcilians ima summis. conciling in his person the Alleluia. highest things, with the lowest. Alleluia.


Luke i. 26. 38.

T that time: The Angel Gabriel was sent from God

Α' to a city of Galilee, called Nazareth, to a virgin

espoused to a man, whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. And the Angel being come in, said to her: Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou amongst women. And when she had heard this, she was troubled at his words, and thought with herself, what manner of salutation this should be. And the Angel said to her: Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found favour with God. Behold thou shalt conceive in why womb, and bring forth a Son; and thou shalt call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David, his father; and he shall reign in the house of Jacob for ever, and of his reign there shall be no end. And Mary said to the Angel: How shall this be, since I know not man? And the Angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come down upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore the Holy one, who shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. And behold thy cousin Elizabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age; and this is this sixth month with her, who is called the barren woman; for with God nothing shall be impossible. And Mary said: Behold I am

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