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Zoological Characteristics of the Himalayan Sub-region.Taking this sub-region as a whole, we find it to be characterised by 3 genera of mammalia (without counting bats), and 44 genera of land-birds, which are altogether peculiar to it; and by 13 genera of mammalia and 36 of birds, which it possesses in common with the Malayan sub-region; and besides these it has almost all the genera before enumerated as “Oriental,” and several others of wide range, more especially a number of Palæarctic genera which appear in the higher Himalayas. The names of the more characteristic genera are as follows :

PECULIAR HIMALO-CHINESE GENERA.

Mammalia.—Urva, Arctonyx, Ælurus.

Birds. — Suya, Horites, Chæmarrhornis, Tarsiger, Oreicola, Acanthoptila, Grammatoptila, Trochalopteron, Actinodura, Sibia, Suthora, Paradoxornis, Chlenasicus, Tesia, Rimator, Agithaliscus, Cephalopyrus, Liothrix, Siva, Minla, Proparus, Cutia, Yuhina, Iculus, Myzornis, Erpornis, Hemixus, Chibia, Niltava, Anthipes, Chelidorhynx, Urocissa, Pachyglossa, Heterura, Hæmatospiza, Ampeliceps, Saroglossa, Psarisomus, Serilophus, Vivia, Hyopicus, Gecinulus, Aceros, Ceriornis.

GENERA COMMON TO THE HIMALO-CHINESE AND MALAYAN

SUB-REGIONS.

Mammalia. — Hylobates, Nycticebus, Viverricula, Prionodon, Arctitis, Paguma, Arctogale, Cuon, Gymnopus, Aonya, Helictis, Rhinoceros, Nemorhedus, Rhizomys.

Birds.— Oreocincla, Notodela, Janthocincla, Timalia, Stachyris, Micornis, Trichastoma, Enicurus, Pnopyga, Melanochlora, Allotrius, Microscelis, Iole, Analcipus, Cochoa, Bhringa, Xanthopygia, Hylocharis, Cissa, Temnurus, Crypsirhina, Chalcostetha, Anthreptes, Chalcoparia, Cymbirhynchus, Hydrornis, Sasia, Venilia, Indicator, Carcineutes, Lyncornis, Macropygia, Argusi unus Polyplectron, Euplocamus, Phodilus.

Plate VII. Scene in Nepal, with Characteristic Himalayan Animals.-Our illustration contains figures of two mammals

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