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1857, it is stated that Sir William Petty headed

a pamphlet dedicated to Charles II., with the

- qui sciret regibus uti

Fastideret olus.

Can anyof your readers inform me what is Röscher's

authority for that statement? E. G. F.

WILLIAM SMITH O'BRIEN (1803–64) is said to have published a pamphlet on Irish Poor Relief in January, 1830. What is the full title of it, and where can it be seen 7 G. F. R. B.

WIEw of THE PARADE IN BATH.—Who was the engraver of an oblong folio unsigned print thus lettered It looks like Rowlandson's work. ANDREW W. TUER. The Leadenhall Press, E.C.

“To Rush.”—Until within the last few years this was an intransitive verb. Military men seem to have been the first to make it transitive. They rush a stockade or an entrenchment, instead of carrying it with a rush, as they used to do; and now, we read of attempts to rush Bills through Parliament. I shall be glad of an early instance of the verb being used in a transitive form.


MEDALLION PortRAITs.—I should feel grateful if your readers could give me any information regarding the following personages, whose names, with the dates attached, appear on medallion portraits by James and William Tassie :

Wm. Anderson, surgeon, 1796.

– Bird, physician, -.

Rev. Robert Campbell, 1795.

Robert Freer, M.D., 1800.

James Hare, M.D., 1804.

Rev. Jas. Struthers, 1801.

Robert Wallace, surgeon, 1795.

Peter wash, M.D. o.

Lady Anne Poellnitz, 1781.

As the last-named medallion represents a lady in the prime of life, the sitter can hardly have been the widow of the Baron de Poellnitz, who died in 1775 aged eighty-three. What was the name of the baron's wife; and did he leave any son to succeed to his title, whose wife the medallion may possibly represent? The various mémoires of Baron de Poellnitz may perhaps throw some light on these points; but I have not at present access to any editions of these.

“THE LEAsh.”—Inthe latter part of the sixteenth century (in or before the year 1584), “The Right Worshipful Sir Henrie Lee, Knight,” was “Maister of the Leash"; and his “Worships most humble to commaund, Edward Hellowes” was “Groome of the Leash.” Can any reader kindly say what these titles mean? John W. Bone.

Goodenough.-In a note-book kept by my great-grandfather, Thomes Boddington, I find

entered the marriage, on Jan. 26, 1769, of George Townshend Goodenough with Miss Ann Carter, of Portsmouth. The Gentleman's Magazine in 1769 gives G. T. Goodenough as of the Treasury. Was he the owner of Bordwood, in the Isle of Wight, and father of Susannah, who married, April 28, 1794, Walter Stirling, created a baronet Dec. 15, 1800? Is Townshend incorrect; and was his second name Trenchard 7 Did G. T. Goodenough die Feb. 23, 1836, in Hertford Street, Mayfair, aged ninety-two? His wife appears to have died March 13, 1832. G. T. Goodenough is stated to have been collaterally descended from William of Wykeham. I am unable to find any printed Goodenough pedigree. REGINALD STEwART BoDDINGTON. 15, Markham Square, Chelsea.

Toay.—Sir Edwin Arnold, in ‘Seas and Lands,’ second edition, 1891, at p. 7, remarks, with reference to Tory Island:—

“The black rocks of that evil-name cape, and the high white lighthouse on the isle, which has christened a great historical party, were the last landmarks for us of Ireland.” Has he any authority for this statement; or is it a piece of imagination on his part? The usual derivations of Tory I am acquainted with, so I do not wish them to appear in your pages.

F. C. Birkbeck TERRY.

“BUTCHERs'-LEAP.”—A curious Shrove Tuesday ceremony is still observed at Munich, in Bavaria, called “Metzgersprung,” according to which the butchers' apprentices, being clothed in lamb's-skin, leap down into a public well, whence they are declared by the masters of the guild to be mates or partners (“Gesellen,” or skilled members) of the corporation. How may this strange and ancient custom have originated; and why is it performed just on Shrove Tuesday? Does it, perhaps, allude to the close of the Carnaval, and to the partial interruption of the butchers' work after Shrove Tuesday? X.

OLD ENGLISH SPINNING.—Can any one inform me where I can find a description, with illustrations, of Old English spinning? I have somewhere seen a representation of a woman spinning with the great wheel, now, I think, entirely out of use, but I do not recollect where it was. ARANEOLUs.

GREAT CHESTERFord CHURCH.-Can any of your readers help to discover any account of the original tower of Great Chesterford Church, which fell and broke down the west end of the church, and a new tower, of poor design, was built up of the ruins? The only certain entry I can find is as follows: “New peal of bells came home. Gt. Chesterford, Nov. 19, 1796.” The original tower was certainly standing in 1722, as it appears in an

old engraving of the neighbouring Roman camp by

Great. Chesterford.


. (8th S. iii. 249, 295.) 1893, under “Parliamentary Procedure,” is found

As an inhabitant of the neighbourhood I can the following :

endorse the following statement of Mr. Walford : « The Royal Assent is always given in the House of "The precise situation was as near as possible that Lords—more frequently by commission than otherwise

part of the Old Kent Road which is intersected by the and it is a curious circumstance that the French language Albany Road...... The · Thomas à Becket,' at the corner is still employed in connexion therewith...... If the

of the Albany Road,* commemorates the spot where Sovereign thinks fit to refuse approval to a measure the

the pilgrims first halted on their way from London to clerk then says Le roi (la reyne) s'avisera. This power of rejection, it may be noted, was last exercised by Queen

Canterbury."—'Old and New London,' vi. 250. Anne in the year 1707."

In Ogilby's 'Britannia’(1698), map 20, showing If this is a gross mistake, it is strange that in a

the road "from London to Hith," the stream is work of the kind it has remained so long un.

represented crossing the Kent Road immediately noticed. Will one of your readers kindly say how

below a road on the left “to Horsley downe, far the above is true or untrue ? Is it absolutely

now the Upper Grange Road. In 'Cary's Survey wrong; or must we simply understand from it that

of the High Roads' (1790) the crossing is shown sovereigas after Anne (e.g., George III. surely !)

immediately below the “Green Man Public House." exercised their right of veto by some other pro

The “Green Man" is directly opposite the Upper cedure, the dismissal of their ministers, the dissolu

Grange Road, being the corner house of a thoroughtion of Parliament, &c., and so defeated the measure

fare named Smyrk's Road, of which the Kent Road before it reached the stage of being presented for

end was designated Brook's Place until a few years mally for the Royal Assent? How many times

ago, the stream being further commemorated by the sicce Apne has the right been practically exercised ? | nam

name Brook Terrace (still visible) bestowed on the AD LIBRAM.

| houses in the Kent Road between Smyrk's Road

and King (now Kinglake) Street. At the spot in CARLO ALBACINI.-A friend would like to know Ogilby's map referred to above are printed the where he could see any biographical particulars words: “Rill called se Thomas & Watering and a about this Italian sculptor. He has sent me a stone that parts the Ld May. Lib'ty." The stone photograph of a statue of Hercules in marble by is no longer there; instead thereof is a tablet on him, which is in a private collection in the North the facade of the fire-engine station at the north of England, and, judging by the photograph, a very | corner of St. Thomas's Road, bearing the following fine piece of statuary.


"1818. Christopher Smith, mayor. The jurisdiction of

the City of London in the town and borough of SouthMENT.-A copy of this translation, supposed to be wark extendeth northward to the River Thames and the only copy remaining which escaped the flames westward to Lambeth, comprehending the parishes of at St. Paul's Cross, was sold at the sale of Mr. St. George's, St. Saviour's exclusive of the Clink Ames's books, May 13, 1760, for fourteen guineas Liberty, St. Thomas, St. Olave, and St. John," and a half. Mr. Ames had bought it for 158. The | The distance of the “rill ” from “the town" is translation was completed in 1826, and the whole incorrectly given by Nares, and repeated by CANON impression, save this one, burnt in the same year VENABLES, as 14 mile, instead of 11 mile as in (Annual Register,' ii. 101). If this be a fact, Ogilby's Guido'; but the real distance from Lonwhere now is this unique copy to be seen ? don Bridge is nearly 1 mile 5 furlongs.

W. P. The "Thomas à Beckett" occupies the site of Sir Thomas PATE HANKIN. - Can any of your

Albany House, where a boarding and day school readers instruct me as to the genealogy of Sir

Sin was conducted for many years by Mr, Thomas Thomas Pate Hankin, wounded as major in the

Walton, who died in 1858, according to the inscripScots Grays at Waterloo ? The names Hankin and

tion on his monument in Forest Hill cemetery, Pate bave once been common, according to the

and whose son is the Rev. Thomas Isaac Walton, * History of Hertfordshire,' at Baldock, and I once

M.A.Cantab. An interesting fact about this thought of consulting the parish church registers

school is that it numbered among its day scholars

in 1847 Sir Charles Bowen and his brother the there, but found the fees demandable prohibitive to mere curiosity. I venture to ask further, Who

Harrow master, their father, the Rev. Christopher was Thomas Hankin, the last Oustos Brevium? The

Bowen, having been appointed four years predefective registers of Stapstead and Ware pre

viously the first incumbent of St. Mary Magvent the possibility of proving him, through them,

dalen's in Clarence (lately renamed Massinger) to belong to the Stanstead (New Hall) family of Wrongly written by CANON VEIABLES Arundel that date.

C. W. HANKIN, B.A. Road. It is the thoroughfare in which I dwell,

Street, Old Kent Road. The stream (then a According to this information, the “Dan Cow" common sewer), coming from beyond Walworth on public-house marks the spot where the executions the west, and called by Walworth boys the Mont were carried out; and readers will not fail to note pelier ditch, flowed in rear of the houses on a curious coincidence between the tavern sign and the north side of the Albany Road, parting them the Grange dairy farm.

F. ADAMS. from the parish of Newington-a portion of the 1 105, Albany Road, S.E. choked-up bed* is still visible from the boundary mark in Bagshot Street (formerly York Road)—|

"SALZBERY" AND "SOMBRESET" IN 1502 (8tbe skirted the north boundary of Walton's school

S. iii. 101, 197, 272).-I must confess that until garden, which was of ample extent, and thence

MR. Thos. WILLIAMS raised the question, I was crossed the Kent Road underground. The map of

wap. under the impression that there was a Candale in Surrey in Cary's 'English Atlas' (1787) exhibits

France. Hungarian historians, I found, always its discharge into the Thames exactly at the spot spoke of the consort of Wladislaus II. as Anne of where a modern map marks 3} river-miles from

Candale, and one of them, quite recently, stated London Bridge.t Not until 1866 does the “ Thomas à Beckett" take the place of Albany basing his assertion, as he led me to believe, on

that Candale was “a comté belonging to Gascony," House, which was closed in 1864, and the short the authority of Émile de Bonnechose's Géothoroughfare, St. Thomas's Road, is of very recent

graphie Historique' (Paris, 1847). I was further construction ; but prior to the great reform of

confirmed in my error by the knowledge of the street nomenclature half a dozen houses in the

fact that as lately as 1621 King Louis XIII. made Kent Road immediately south of the Albany

General Henry de Nogaret d'Épernon " toute à la Road were distinguished by the name “St. Thomas

fois duc de Candalle et pair de France." Since Place." These were built probably about 1820.

your correspondent, however, has raised a doubt, With respect to the executions performed in this I have looked up the matter and find that I was locality, we learn from Manning and Bray (“Surrey,' mistaken, and tbat at least one bistorian-Prof. iii. 402) that “the gallows was erected where is Wentzel, of the Budapest University-correctly now (1812] a garden belonging to the house built calls thé Hungarian queen Anne of Kendal, in by Mr. Rolls," and that the last persons hanged England. here were a father and son for murder about 1742. With regard to Apne's grandmother, MR. In a note it is explained that

WILLIAMS's authority (is it Dugdale ?) states that “Mr. Rolls was son of one who had acquired a large her name was Margaret, and that she was the fortune as a cowkeeper. After expending a great sum daughter of Michael de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk ; in completing this house (which had been nearly finished

| but the latter, if not also the former, statement is by his father), raising artificial mounts, planting, &c., he pulled it down in 1812, selling in lots the materials as

evidently incorrect. True, one of the articles of they stood."

impeachment against William de la Pole, Duke of This Mr. Rolls I take to be John Rolls, grandfather

Suffolk, the brother of the above Michael, was

that he had “ for the singular enrichyng of his of Joba Allan Rolls, who was created Baron Llangattock last September. Lord Llangattock owns

neece, and hir husband, sonne to the Capidawe" a vast amount of property in this neighbourhood,

(Captal), caused the king to make the said son and is my landlord. Mr. J. R. Dickins, bis estate

Earl of Kendal (Parl. Rolls, 28 Henry VI., art. 31). agent, has kindly favoured me with a note saying

This passage was pointed out in 1622 by Aug. that he believes he is correct in stating that the

Vincent, Rouge Croix Pursuivant of Arms, in his site of the house which was demolished by Mr.

Discoverie of Errors,' in the first edition of Ralpbe

Brooke, York Herald's, Catalogue of Nobility.' Rolls in 1812 is on the east side of the Old Kent Road and the north side of Upper Grange Road.

But had the above Michael do la Pole a daughter of the name of Margaret? In the pedigree of the

De la Pole family printed by Frost in his 'Early * About eighty paces from the front of my house, which is situated on the south side of Albany Road.

History of Hull' (facing p. 31), three daughters of † In the Post Office Directory' map for 1857 this our Michael are mentioned, namely, 1, Katharine, spot is marked Earls Sluice, and I am told that the who became a nun on Sunday (? Saturday), May 9, stream whose course I have been tracing is the river | 1 Henry VI. ; 2, Elizabeth, who died unmarried Earl, called the Earl Ditch by the drainage authorities,

Dec. 26, 9 Henry V.; and 3, Isabella, who died who enclosed it in a twelve-foot pipe some years ago. Hence, I suppose, the name Earl Road, given to the

unmarried Jan 12, 9 Henry V. Several genealofirst thoroughfare crossed by the stream, after flowing gists, Mr. Doyle (in his Official Peerago') among past the Kent Road, beneath a bridge still remembered, the rest, state tbat Jobo de Foix, Earl of Kendal, Perhaps this unwholesome ditch had something to do with a bad outbreak of fover at Albany House, said to

married the Lady Elizabeth de la Pole, niece of bave brought the school to an end.

William, Duke of Suffolk. But if the above-menI Presumably at the Grange Farm, Bermondsey, or,

tioned pedigree is correct, we must accept the as it was usually called, The Grange. See Burke's conclusion arrived at by Frost, namely, that as • Peerage' for the present year,

Katharine was only twelve years old when she

became a nun, and Elizabeth and Isabella died as children, the former at the age of nine, the latter at the age of six years, it must be assumed that the Countess of Kendal was a niece of Duke William, not by his brother Michael, but by another brother, or by one of his sisters, of whom there were several. In the latter case, of course, her name would not have been De la Pole. The authors of the French dictionary quoted at the first reference, too, call the lady in question Margaret, and give the name of her father as Richard ; but Duke William, so far as we know, had no brother of that name. Her mother was, they state, “Marie dite de Sicile,” and she herself bore a coat which may be recognized easily as Quarterly, 1 and 4 De la Pole, 2 and 3 Wingfield, though the tinctures of the latter coat–" d’azur, a la bande d'argent, chargée de trois vols [wings in lure] de sable liès de gueules”—are not given correctly. Their authority is evidently Father Anselme's ‘Hist. Gén. et Chron. de la Maison Royal de France’ (1728), vol. iii. p. 383. In this work we are further told that the names of the parents of this Margaret de la Pole, daughter of Duke Richard, are given “suivant une preuve d'un chanoine de Saint Jean de Lyon. [Elle] fut marriée environ l'an 1440.” Dugdale names her Margaret (p. 228), and refers to the “Parl. Rolls,” which do not give her Christian name. At another place (pp. 180–189 of yol. ii) of his ‘Baronage’ he correctly states her to have been the niece of Duke William. The Lady Margaret to whom Holinshed refers is another lady altogether. According to H. A. Napier's ‘Swyncombe and Ewelme, the most complete collection of material for a history of the De la Pole family, the parents of Anne's grandmother are unknown. Queen Anne's arms appear on a seal affixed to a document dated 1506, the year of her death. The seal is reproduced in Geo. Pray’s “Syntagma historicum de Sigillis Regum et Reginarum Hungariae' (Buda, 1805); but it is a very crude piece of draughtsmanship. It shows the arms of Wladislaus II, impaling those of Anne. Those of the queen are party per fess; in the top shield Navarre impaling Foix; the greater portion of the bottom shield is covered by an inescutcheon in chief charged with the two “lions léopardés” in pale for Bigorre, and a greatly distended shield in the third quarter charged with two cows in pale for Béarn. "What remains visible of the field itself is charged with three fleurs-de-lys, one each in the dexter and sinister chief and one in the sinister base, the last, probably, displaced to make room for the Béarn shield, which occupies about twothirds of the width of the field. The three fleursde-lys probably stand for France, as Anne was related to the French royal family through her ancestor D'Albret, who quartered France with his

own plain shield. When the arms of Anne were displayed at her wedding, they proved, we are told by the author of the French MS., that she was related to two royal families. But her seal is further charged with what seems to be the remnant of a chevron between the two sinister fleurs-de-lys in the bottom shield, the rest being absconded. As regards the date of the wedding of Anne, there cannot be any doubt about it that it took place in the year 1502. Sanuto, in his diary, supplies a long description of the festivities given in honour of Anne at Venice on her way from France to Hungary at the end of July and beginning of August, 1502. Then we have the official reports of the Venetian ambassadors at the Court of Buda to the Signory announcing the birth of little Anne on July 23, 1503—the same princess who subsequently became the consort of Ferdinand I. of Hungary and Bohemia, and whose portrait, as Mr. George Scharf has conclusively proved it, figures in the English House of Lords among those of the wives of Henry VIII., having been mistaken for that of Anne Bullen. So if we accept the suggestion of your correspondents and translate “doyen” as "dean” the difficulty is not yet solved, as at the date of the wedding of Anne there was no Dean of Salisbury, if MR. WILLIAMs's dates are correct. Besides, Somerset Herald, if I remember rightly, was busy on some errand in Scotland in the autumn of 1503, and, “not being a bird,”

could not have been present in two places i. *

“YETMINstER” AND “OcKFord” (8th S. iii. 327).-I venture to think that my incidental allusion to Yetminster and Ockford as meaning “at the minster,” and “at the ford ” was less “dictatorial” than the tone in which PROF. Skeat demands the authority for the statement. If he had taken the trouble to refer to the most obvious of authorities, the Dorset Domesday, he would have found Yetminster recorded as Etiminstre, and Ockford FitzPaine as Adford. The first corruption is not unusual, the Domesday names Everslage, Eiford, and Ednodestune having, for instance, become Yearsley, Yafforth, and Yednaston. The more curious change of Adford to Ockford may have been helped by assimilation; Child Oakford, which, though not in the same hundred, is not far from Ockford FitzPaine, appearing in Domesday as Acford. But six hundred years after Domesday was compiled the assimilation was still imperfect. Isaac TAYLOR.

“We Do'set” always thought that yet means gate. And on referring to Hutchins's ‘Hist. of Dorset, third edition, iii. 445, I find, “In ancient records it is often written Gateminster...... Tradition says that it was a principal gate into the Forest of Blackmore.” On the other hand, Domesday has it (Butchins says) Estminstre; and Coker,

“Eatminster, or more truly, Eastminster.” Is not ProF. SKEAT adduced from Halliwell “ Lucern, a Ockford = Oakford ? In Domesday it is Ackford. lynx," and I find the following account in Coles's

H. J. MOULE. English Dictionary':Dershester,

Lucernes, a beast almost as big as a wolf, of a very ROBERT AUGUILLON (8th S. iii. 327).- To Robert

rich fur in Russia.” Aguyllon, March 11, 1267, Henry III. granted

| Attention has not yet been drawn in this dis"a tanicle, dalmatic, chasuble, and all ornaments cussion to an item in Du Cange :of vestments pertaining to a priest” (Close Roll,

IClose Rou “ Lucia, Animalis genus, quod facile prærupta ascen51 Hen. III.); and at the request of his mother,

dit. Hist. Cortusiorum apud Murat, tom. 12. col. 809 :

• Videntes ergo Paduani prædicti dominum Canem May 24, 1280, Edward I. pardoned to Robert I equum ascendisse et omnes milites suos vigorose perAguillon and Margaret, Countess of Devon, his transire et ascendere ripam, quam prius non putassent wife, all her offences committed during widowhood lucias aut muscipulas facere posse,' &c." (Edit. Favre.) (ibid., 8 Edw. I.). Robert died Feb. 15,14 Edw. I. The verbal likeness is curious; but what animal is (Inq. Post. Mort., 14 Edw. I., No. 16), leaving meant, whether quadruped or quadruman, is a Margaret, his widow, and Isabel, his daughter and matter for speculation. heir, the latter aged twenty-eight (ibid.).

| The following description of the Skinners' arms, The Inquisition of Margaret is 20 Edw. I., 20. from a work referred to as “Now View'[1708], She was an Italian princess, the daughter of ii. p. 619," is quoted in Herbert's ‘History of the Tomaso I., Count of Savoy, by his second wife, Livery Companies,' ii. 300:Beatrice of Faucigny. On April 4, 1286, dower "Ermine, on a chief gules, three crowns or, with caps was granted to her to the amount of 43l. 6s. 2 d. of the first. Crest, a leopard proper, gorged with a (Close Roll, 14 Edw. I.); and she is mentioned as chaplet of bays or. Supporters, a lucern and a wolf, dead July 7, 1292 (ibid., 20 Edw. I.).

| both proper. Motto, 'To God only be all glory.'Isabel Bardolf, the only child of Robert Auguil. An engraving of the arms, including the lucern and lon, was not Margaret's daughter, for she was the wolf, is given by Mr. Herbert on p. 299, 80 born, according to her father's Inquisition, on that any of your readers who wish to see what a March 25, 1258, while Margaret's first husband lucern is like may easily gratify their curiosity. was living until 1262. She married Hugh, first In a private note to me PROF. SKEAT says : “I Lord Bardolf, and died before May 28, 1323 have no doubt at all that both luce and lucern (Finos Roll, 16 Edw. II.), leaving issue two sons, meant 'lynx'; though, of course, luce = pike is Thomas, Lord Bardolf, born at Watton, Oct. 4, much commoner.” There are luces (pikes) in the 1282 (Ing. patris, 32 Édw. I., 64), and William, Fishmongers' arms.

F. ADAMS. who died s.p. in his mother's life, according tó | 105, Albany Road, Camberwell, S.E. Mr. Stapleton...

Lucern seems to bave been used as an equivalent The usual spelling of Robert's name on the rolls for lynx at least two hundred years before the time is Aguillon or Aiguillon, the last i being sometimes of the quotation given by Nares and Halliwell. changed to y. I do not remember ever to have see the Ayenbite of Inwyt' (E.E.T.S., p. 81): found it Auguillon.

HERMENTRUDE. “ Thanne buo thet hedde the zygthe ase heth the

| lynx, thet me clepath otherlaker loucernere.” “ARM-GAUNT” (8th S. ii. 426).-My censor

E. S. A. varies from “ Arme-gaunt" to Armenian; even so may one journey from Monmouth to Macedon.

| KINGSLEY'S LAST LINES: “BARŮM, BARům, This probably is intended as a withdrawal of the BAREE (7" S. xi. 387, 479). —The following pagfore-arm quasi fore-lea theory, which seemed about sage, which I have just met with in ‘Consuelo,' the lowest depth of bathos. Éowever. I still adhere chap. lxxiv. seems to me to throw some light on to the suggestion that “Arm-gaunt” means bear.

the meaning of the mysterious refrain, “Barùm, ing, or clad in armour.

Barum, Barùm, Barùm, Barům, Barùm, Baree, The suffix gaunt has been compared with the in this song or ballad. The similarity between French gante-en-fer. ag in our borrowed word “Barum, Barùm,” and “broum, broum” is, at gauntlet. I assume, however, that Sbakspeare all events, striking, and is, I think, worth poting. conjoined arma with gero, aiming at armigerent, “Il y en avait, dit-elle, un quatrième qui restait but shortened to "Arm-gaunt" for the gake of auprès du cheval et qui ne se mêlait de rien. Il avait metre.


| une grosse figure indifférente qui me paraissait encore 13, Paternoster-row.

et qu'on battait mon mari, on l'attachant avec des cordes LUCE (8th S. ii. 328, 353, 391, 435, 511 ; iii. ' trompette avec sa bouche comme s'il eût sonné une

comme un assassin, ce gros-là chantait, et faisait la 93, 155).-In reply to the original query I sent in fanfare: broum, broum, broum, broum. Ah ! quel coeur a note which might have passed for a replica of do for !" PROF. SKEAT'S ; but, as I made its insertion condi- 'Since writing the above I have, curiously tional, it did not appear. At the second reference enough, met with “broum, broum" again in con


plus cruelle que les autres : car, pendant que je pleurais

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