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mon. Dr. Colman, led in the to her majesty Queen Anne to ordination prayer, and gave the countenance and support the decharge; and the Rev. Mr. Prince sign by her royal authority. She, presented the right hand of fel. with the advice of her privy lowship. The sermon, charge, council, approved and recomand right hand of fellowship, are mended'it as a pious and charitaprinted, as is a brief account of ble design, and granted letters the society. It may be agreea- patent for erecting the subscrible to some of your readers to bers into a society and corporasee an extract from this account. tion for managing the same. In the year 1701, a number of

The first subscription was a private gentlemen met, usually little over one thousand pounds in Edinburgh, for the reforma- sterling; which increased, within tion of manners. Reflecting on twelve years afterwards, to more the ignorance, infidelity, popery, than eight thousand pounds. and impiety, which so much To this society the Rev. Danabounded in the Highlands and iel Williams, D. D. of London, Isles of Scotland, they justly con- gave an estate, the interest of cluded that all these flowed from which was £56 sterling, per the want of suitable means of in- annum, towards the support of struction. This led them to en- three qualified missionaries to gage, by themselves at first, in a

labor in the conversion of the voluntary subscription for erect- poor perishing natives of Amering Charity Schools in those

ica. places of darkness and irreligion. The society baving unanimous. But upon trial, they found them. ly resolved to employ missiona. selves unable, in their private aries among the heathen in New capacity to carry on so great and England, as the first objects of public a work; therefore they their care, did, on the 29th of applied their thoughts to find out April, 1731, nominate, commis. methods of raising a fund equalsion, and empower his Excellento the design.

cy Jonathan Belcher, Esq. with To accomplish this end, they other honorable and reverend moved it privately to members gentlemen, their correspondents of the General Assembly of the and commissioners. church of Scotland, that the Governor Belcher laid the representatives to that body matter before the General Court might concur in the work.

In of Massachusetts, with the let1706, the General Assembly took ters relative to the choice of it into consideration, and recom- himself and other persons as mended that proposals for the commssioners. The General propagation of Christian Knowl; Court testified their high approedge in their Highlands and bation of the proposed mission, Isles, and also in foreign parts and granted an additional supbe published. These proposals port to each of the missionaries were sent to all the Presbyteries for the term of five years. of Scotland, and to the several The commissioners set them. societies therein for the reforma- selves to promote a mission of tion of manners.

such weight and in portance. Application was made, in 1708, Messrs. Parker, Hinsdell, and

Seccombe, willingly offered of the last summer, I called upthemselves to the work, and on a respectable minister, in a after they had labored in the beautiful village, in the interior places assigned them more than part of the country, who was a year, they were ordained nis- blessed with a congregation that sionaries to the natives in New loved him, but, (as it often hapEngland, by an ecclesiastical pens,) that loved their money council of ministers and dele- better. He told me that he had gates of the churches convened discovered a way to lengthen out at Boston, Dec. 12, 1733.

his small salary, by means that The missionaries, just before might be highly useful to his their ordiuation, gave their pub- people, and would not entangle lic consent, severally, to this himself with the cares of the awful promise and vow, in a world. This said, he led me inmost serious manner.

to a snug little room, and showed “I do now in the presence,

of me a choice collection of reli. Christ, and before this assembly gious books, mostly of the pracas the Lord's witnesses; before tical kind, and well adapted for Gud, angels, and men, willingly the improvement of a village. and freely, with humility and "See,” said he, “I have turned fear, offer myself first unto the bookseller: and while I help myLord, and then to the service of self a little, I am introducing the souls; to the work of the minis

custom of reading, and am scattry in general, and particularly tering among my people infor. to that mission to which I deem mation of the interesting things myself called of God, by his which are taking place in the special and singular providence, Christian world at the present to carry the Gospel among the day.” “The editor of the Panoheathen in our borders. And I plist,” cried I, “shall hear of will, by his grace, so long as God this; and it shall be his fault if gives me opportunity, humbiy, half of the ministers of New diligently and faithfully, apply England do not know it too." myself to this work of the Lord, So, Mr. Editor, you have got to as one that must must give an answer for it if this excellent account of his stewardship.” little plan of disseminating reli. I am yours, &c. E. S.

gious knowledge and informaMilford, (Conn.) Aug. 1812. tion, is not suggested to your P. S. Have we any account

ministerial readers. X. Y. Z. of the labors of these missionaries? How long did they con

We have inserted the foregotinue in the service of the Soci- ing paper just as it was comety?

municated; but do not wish to have it understood, that the plan

suggested is, in our opinion, A GOOD WAY FOR MINISTERS TO


Mr. Editor,

In a journey through a neighboring State in the course

Vol. V. New Series,



XLII. God's Visitation of Sin. providence of God fixes the des

ful Nations; Two Sermons de- iinies of nations; and that palivered in Colrain, on the pub- tional prosperity and national delic fasi, July 23, and after. clension and ruin are dispensed wards in Shelburne, Aug. 20, according to the moral character 1812. By SAMUEL TAG- of nations. These positions no GARI, A. M. Pastor of the considerate reader of the ScripPresbyterian Church in Colo Cures will deny. rain. Published by request. Preparatory to the examinaGreenfield; Denio & Phelps. tion proposed under the second 1812. 8vo. pp. 74.

general division of the discourse,

the author gives a cursory view From an advertisement pre- of the advantages and privileges fixed to these discourses, it ap- which our nation has enjoyed, pears, that they were composed justly inferring that our national about nine months before they guilt is enhanced by the advan. were delivered, without any re- tages we have abused. He then ference to the occasion on which proceeds to the melancholy task they were delivered, and without of enumerating our principal naany fixed purpose of delivering tional sins. The first in the catathem on any occasion.' These logue is described as folloys: facts are of use to show, that the warnings and instructions, which “And liere I am constrained in the the author has here embodied, outset, somewhat reluctantly I con. are the fruit of habitual observa: fess, to notice a feature in our national tion, reflection, and study of the government itself, which presents to

my view a national evil of great mag. Scriptures, and not the result of nitude; I mean its being entirely des. a basty preparation for the so- tilute of every appearance of a fea. lempities of a public fast.

ture which can be termed religious. The text is Jer. v, 29. Shall And as if the entire silence of the not I visit for these things, saith original constitution had not been

sufficient to calm the fears of the nathe Lord? Shall not my soul be tion, lest something of a religious avenged on such a nation as this?

nature, might possibly, either at one The preacher offers, in the time or another, become in some first place, “some general re

shape connected with the govern. marks on God's visitation of sin. ment, Congress is, by the first amend. ful nations, and the manner in

ment since added to the constitution, which he visits them;" and, any law respecting religion. This is

expressly prohibited from making secondly, notices "some of those

not merely such a limitation of the traits in our national character powers of Congress, as to prohibit which go to show, that, as a na

the establishment by law of any sution, we are exposed to those periority, or the giving of any prefer. righteous visitations of heaven.”

ence to any particular denomination

of Christians above another. It ex. Úvder the first head, he proves, tends to the subject of religion on the by a large induction of particu- broadest ground, i. e. Congress must lars from Scripture, that the give nu preference to Christianity



above Deisna, Judaism, Paganism, ject which is certainly most inti. the impostures of Mahoinet, or even mately connected with religion, and above Atheism itself. They must, is in itself an acknowledgment of the by no law, act, or resolution, acknowl. being, omniscience, and moral gov. edge the existence of a Supreme Be. ernment of God, and the accountaing, because that would be a law re. bility of man. Where there is no lating to a great and fundamental sense of religious obligation, no awe doctrine of religion with which gove or reverence of a deity, no conscious. ernment has no concern. According ness of his all seeing eye, it is diffito a construction given to this article cult to conceive of what use or imof the constitution, by high authority, portance an oath can be in any case. we find that a bill to incorporate the Government therefore cannot Protestant Episcopal Church of Alex. nounce all connexion with religion, andria, in the District of Columbia, without furnishing the means of its for the purpose of enabling the soci. own destruction, But to this length ety the betier 10 manage its temporal does the principle in question lead concerns; and another to bestow up. us." Pp: 22—24. on a religious society at Salem, in the Mississippi Territory, the paltry do. The author then enters into nation of five acres of the public an elaborate discussion of the lands, including the spot where they supposed impropriety, that gov. had erected a meeting house, both of

ernment should have any conwhich had passed boib houses of Congress, were objected against and

nexion with religion; and shows, returned, because, by passing these in our opinion conclusively, that bills into laws, Congress would go government need not take atti. beyond their constitutional limits by rude of entirc indifference to interfering in a subject connected Christianity, in order to preserve with religion. If this construction of

civil and religious liberty. He the constitution of the Uni;ed States be just, and it is not my present in.

shows, that for government to tention to call it in question, it pre.

take such an attitude, is, in effects sents a view of the religious situation to array itself against Christianof our country which is truly alarm. ity. ing. Christianity is not only treated with entire neglect, but is absolutely grief and lamentation with gooi

It has long been a topic of proscribed. I see not, but agreeable to this construction of the constituie men, that not a single feature of tion, Congress bas annually violated our national constitution should it by electing chaplains, and giving have borne the impress of the them a trifling compensation out of Christian religion; and that there the public treasury. At least, the

should be so much evidence of a joint resolution of the two houses, which limits the choice of chaplains disposition to be as independent to particular denominations of Chris. of the eternal God, as of Great rians, to the exclusion of Pagans, Britain. Whether we are guilty, Jews or Mahometans, must be un. as a nation, in this matter, is atı constitutional, because it has the ap. inquiry of serious moment, and pearance of giving Christianity the

not to be settled by uttering the preference above other supposed re. ligions, some of which at least have vulgar cant against bigotry, hymore numerous votaries in the world pocrisy, and superstition. at large than Christianity itself. In

Our limits will perinit us to deed, if the separation between reli. do little more than give a detail gion and government must be so en.

of the remaining topics. tire, I see not upon what grounds

The second nativnal sin is in, Congress possesses the power of making provision by law for the ad. fidelity, or a disbelief and rejecu mipistration of oaths, as this is a sub

tion of the Gospel.


3. Profaneness.

We had intended to make some 4. Sabbath-breaking.

observations on the danger which 5. Duelling

impends over New England 6. Making common

from Sabbath-breaking, and on with the transatlantic enemies the exertions which ought to be of God and religion. This last made to avert this danger; but is a delicate subject, and treated we must leave the subject till with moderation and coolness. another opportunity shall present

Under the third, fourth, and itself. fifth particulars, large extracts These sermons close with are made from papers in the judicious practical reflections. Panoplist for February, and We recommend them to the April, 1811, amounting in the perusal of all friends of their whole to several pages. It is country. The author is somecertainly a gratification to us, times inattentive to his style; but that communications inserted in his remarks are always sensible, our work should be approved and fraught with true wisdoin. and selected, as suited to convey The profits of this public. tion solemn religious instruction, by are devoted to the Foreign Misthe writer of these sermons. sion Society in Franklin County.


AMERICAN MISSIONARIES, which is not here given; that their

petition was not granted, and they In our last number, p. 334, we gave were again notified that they must notice that Messrs. Judson and New- return in the Caravan; that they then ell, and their wives, arrived safely at petitioned for leave to take passage Calcutta about the middle of last by the first opportunity to the Isle of June. By the ship Tartar, which France, which was gran ed; that arrived at Boston on the 19th inst. they wrote home by the Francis about from Calcutta, having left that port the time that they received the sec. the 17th of September, letters have ond order to return; [These letters been received from the missionaries have not been received.] and that Mr. themselves. From all the letters Newell, (and, we presume, his wife, which have come to our knowledge, had sailed for the Isle of France, it appears, that Messrs. Nott, Hali, about a week before the Harmony and Rice, and the wife of Mr. Noui, arrived, in a ship which could take arrived at Calcuita in the Harmony, no other passenger.

These are the on the 8th of August, having touched most important occurrences, which at the Isle of France and spent 24 took place before the date of those days there; that they wrote home which are stated in the following let. very fully from that place; [These ter from the three brethren who letters have not been received ) that sailed in the Harmony. they were well at the time of land. ing, except Mr. kice, who had been

"Calcutta, August 21, 1812. slightly ill during his passage from "Rev and dear Sir, the Isle of France; that Messrs. Jud. Through the gocdness of God son and Newell had been notifed by we are enabled to tell you of our arti. government, immediately on their ai. val in India, and of our general health rival, that they must return in the and prosperity. He has preserved Caravan; that they preferred a peti. us from ihe dangers of the sea, and çion to government, the purport of hitherto from those of the climate;

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