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Latin whenever a new word is wanted, instead of eccentric clergyman of Essex, who emigrated to seeking one home-born. I conceive the reason is America and was resident from 1634 to 1646 in that science is cosmopolitan and universal, and Massachusetts, where he was prominent in many that it is a matter of convenience that scientific ways. One of his American parishes was at ternis should be easily comprehended by scientific Agawam, now Ipswich, Mass., the place mentioned men all the world over. Words derived from in the title of his best-known book. The book Greek or Latin fulfil this requirement better than was sent for publication to England in 1646, or if each separate nation coined its scientific termino- possibly taken there by its author, and it went logy on the "home-born” principle recommended through four editions. The writer assumes to be by AD LIBRAM. As for the words that have been a sort of Hans Sachs, trying to mend the manners suggested, I can only say that, even in the face of of his country," lamentably tattered both in the the many strange births that we have witnessed in upper leather and sole, with all the bonest stitches England of late, farwrittle and farspeakle for he can take," and gives many sarcastic hits at his telegraph and telephone are scarcely "little opponents in religion and politics. He explains strangers” to be welcomed on the score either of that he had been a solitary widower almost analogyor euphony. Mittoplon, which finds twelve years," and that he had been disheartened favour in MR. ROBERT LOUTHEAN's eyes, is a by women's “cladments” when purposing “to hybrid formation, which would hardly speak well make a step over to my native country for a yokefor our scholarship. I feel some doubt whether a fellow "; and it is possibly this reason that makes word for a telephonic message is required at all. him so severe upon the follies and fashions of It is not a tangible or palpable thing, like a tele- women, using many queer words to express his gram. But, allowing that such a term is wanted, scorn. In the light of a recent discussion in telepheme seems as good as any. It is not more ‘N. & Q.;'we might almost call him “a crank" exotic than telegram. Many readers of N. & Q.' on this subject. In hastily turning over a copy of will remember the controversy that took place many the book, I failed to see the exact words quoted years ago in the Times with regard to the re- by H. H. S.; but the following quotations are in spective merits of telegram and telegrapheme. In the same tenor : the end, the ungrammatical form carried the day, “When I hear a nugiperous Gentledamo inquire what because it was shorter and more convenient. Bre- dress the Queen is to be in this week; what the nudisvity is the factor which will eventually decide the tertian fashion of the Court; with egge to be in it in all question raised by MR. LOUTHEAN.

baste, whatever it be; I look on her as the very gizzard W. F. PRIDEAUX. of a trifle, the product of a quarter of a cypher, the


of Nothing, fitter to be kíckt if she were of a kickable Leaving aside the literary language, I believe substance, than either honour'd or humour'd." that practice will always influence business words, in them, to spend their lives in making fidle-cases for

" It is a most unworthy thing for men that have bones such as telephone, wire, &o. A special code goes futulous' Womens phansies which are the very pettitoes 80 far as to say telfie, “I did correspond with him of Infirmity,

the gyblets of perquisquilian toyes. by telephone"; telgiu, “ You did correspond by He wished to have fashions regulated by statute, telegraph.” This is perhaps using very freely and calls them “ the surquedryes of pride, the our knowledge of Breton, Basque, and Roman watonness of idleness." After his return to Englanguages. But if by that means a business mad land he was settled as a clergyman at Shenfield, corresponding with Hayti, for instance, spends one Essex, and died there.

M. C. L. guinea instead of three, be cannot help considering New York City. the advantages of suffixes, and believing now and then that our prehistoric ancestors were not so rude ROCKSTAFF (86 S. iii. 260). —This word is still as classical studies would lead us to believe. commonly used for the long, taper pole used by

G. ROSSLER. smiths to blow their bellows before iron "rock. There is already an English word which holds staffs" were generally used.

ESTE the field, or, at least, holds its own, against its “foreigo" rivals“ telegraph” (verb) and “tele

THE ROYAL VETO (8th S. iii. 369).— The stategram.” That word is wire. For once that I hear ment questioned by your correspondent is accurate. either of the other words, I hear this a score of The use of royal influence to indirectly secure the times. I venture, however, to predict that the defeat of a Bill, supposing it ever to exist, is not future name for a telephonic message will be an

a veto, and the phrase "the royal veto" and all abbreviation, say 'phone.

O. O. B. similar phrases refer to the constitutional power of

rejection, now never used in affairs relating to the “ AMERICAN COBBLER” (gld S. ii. 528; iii. 216). United Kingdom. It is, however, constantly used - The book for which H. H. S. inquires is .The in the case of colonial measures, but in a different Simple Cobbler of Aggawam in America,' purport- form; namely, by merely abstaining from ever ing to be written by Theodore de la Guard.” The giving the Royal Assent to the Bill which it is real author was Nathaniel Ward (1578-1652), an intended to stop.


"CANARY BIRD,” AN OPPROBRIOUS TERM (86 Halfpenny Weekly (Liverpool), in 1887, and reS. i. 109, 198, 339 ; ii. 378, 433).—I thank St. issued by Mr. Fisher Unwin the following year in SWITHIN very much for saying that if I“ did not book form.

POLITICIAN. hail from Fiji" he would be tempted to lend me bis copy of 'An Answer to a Certaine Libel.' (I trust it

CHAUCER'S PILGRIMAGE (8th S. i. 474, 522).is only the distance that makes him pause, not the 0.a the question of how many days the poet and fear lest I might eat it! The Fijians have not yet his follows took for their journey from London taken to devour literature !)

to Canterbury, I do not think that Wolsey's But, joking apart, as Sr. SWITHIN has kindly times have been cited. Mr. William Morris's offered to tell me anything he can about his “ little beautiful print of Cavendish's 'Life of Wolsey, quarto,” that will, I think, quite satisfy me ; and now first made from the author's MS., copied and I may say at once that I was principally anxious to edited by Mr. F. S. Ellis, shows that Wolsey, when see the pamphlet to ascertain, if possible, what using the greatest possible dispatch, on his first Udal it was to whom (together with Cartwright) mission for King Henry VII., travelled from it was addressed by Sutcliffe in 1592, as stated by Richmond to Dover in less than one day and St. SWITHIN.

pight; but when he went later as an ambassador From St. Switain's later reference to the from Henry VIII. in full state he took four days “ Marprelate Controversy literature," I gather to go from London to Canterbury, as all the other that it may have been the celebrated John Udall grand folk did whose journeys bave been previously or Uvedale, the author (inter alia) of "The Key to cited. His stages were (1) Dartford, (2) Rochester, the Holy Tongue,' the first Hebrew grammar in (3) Faversbam, (4) Canterbury. English, and first printed at Leyden in 1593 (of 1. "And havyng his depeche, toke his leave of the the scarce first edition of which I am fortunate in kynge at Richemond abought none, & so came to London

with spede, where than the barge of Gravesend was rody having a copy in my own library), and of whom to launche' forthe, bothe with a prosperous tyde and King James 1. said, on hearing of his death, wypd. Without any

further abode he entred the barge, “By my soul, the greatest scholar in Europe is and so passed forthe. His happy spode was suche

that he dead!" (See Hutchins’s ‘History of Dorset, üi. arryved at Gravesend within littill more than iïi hours; 147, third edition.)

where he taried no lenger than his post horssis ware proBeing at such a distance from my books, I can he came to Dover the next

mornyng erely." - Pp.6,7,

vyded; and travellyng so spedely with post horseys that not now be certain whether this was the same man 2. "Than marched he [Wolsey) forward out of his who figured in the state trials, for more than one owen bowsse at Westminster, passing throughe all of the name took an active part in the politico- London, over London brydge, havyng before hyme, of religious controversies of the period, and suffered his yomen with noble mens and gentilmene servaunts accordingly. I should be glad if St. SWITHIN folowyng hyme.....His sompter mewles, which ware az could kindly inform me which (if any) of the above in number and moore, with his carts and other cariages of is referred to in his pamphlet, and also what was his trayn, ware passed on byfore, conducted & garded the "libel” referred to therein, and by whom with a great nomber of bowes and speres. He rode lyke written.


a cardynall, very somptiously, on a mowle trapped with Fiji.

crymmesyn velvett uppon velvett...... Thus passed he

thoroughe London & all the way of his journey, having FAIRMAN, OF LINSTEAD AND TEYNHAM, Kent his trayne.

his harbergers passyng byfore to provyde lodgynge for (gla S. iii. 329).—If KNOWLER will communicate " The first journey he made to Dertford in Kent, unto with me I shall most probably be able to give him Sir Richard Wyltchers howese, which is too myles beyond what information be requires.

Dertford : where all his trayn ware lodged that nyght, FRANCES C. FAIRMAN.

and in the contrie thereabought. The next day he rode 4, Bolton Studios, Redcliffe Road, S.W.

to Rochester, and lodged in the Bysshopes palice there;

and the rest of his trayn in the cytie, and in Strode on ENGLISH ACTRESS IN PARIS (8th S. iii. 308).—Peg

this syde the bryge.

" The iiird day he rode from thence to Feversbam, & Woffington appears to have been the actress referred there was lodged in the Abbey, and his trayne in the to. With the termination of the Covent Garden town, and some in the contre there aboughts, season of 1747-48 she had crossed over to Paris

The iiiith day he rode to Caunterbery, whear he was in order to take lessons from the famous Mlle. encountered with the worshipfullest of the town and

contrye, and loged in the Abbey of Christechurch in the Dumesnil, then at the head of her profession in pryors lodgyng, and all his trayn in the citie ; where he France.

W. J. LAWRENCE. contynued iii or iiii dayes."-Pp. 63-5. “PRACTICAL POLITICS” (8th S. iii. 347).-—Is evidence as to the ordinary length of a pilgrimage

How much longer are we to be without direct the expression practical politics.” really, as to Canterbury near the end of the fourteenth R. B. P. asserts, one of Mr. Gladstone's recent inventions"? I find 'Practical Politics ; or, the


F.J. F. Liberalism of To-day,' used as the title of a series “PHILAZER” (8th S. iii. 28, 97, 154, 299). — The of articles by Mr. A. F. Robbins, published in the fullest account of the Filacers, in the Court of

King's Bench, is to be found in "Jus Filizarii : or freux are akin, being onomatopæio terms suggested the Filacer's Office in the Court of King's Bench, by the bird's croak. "In Bas-Breton, the “crow" is Betting forth the practice by original Writ, with frâo, frav. (Grolle is Lat. graculus, or gracula.) several Precedents and other matters relating Further, the French-and this, so far as I know, thereto; and also a Presentment of the Fees of all does not occur with us—sometimes extend the the Officers in the said Court. Very useful for the name of the raven (corbeau) to the crow, and even Filacers and all other Practicers in that Court. to the rook. When “flocks" of corbeaux are By John Trye, of Grays Inn, Esq."London, spoken of, "rooks" must be meant, as ravens and 1684.

J. F. R. crows seldom, or never, congregate. It is true

that ravens, crows (carrion and hooded*), rooks, MEDALLION PORTRAITS (8th S. iii. 368). - It is jackaws, are all of the "crow"., (corvus) genus ; just possible that the last-named medallion may still, I think it is the case that while in England we represent Isabella Drummond Forbes, youngest pretty gonerally distinguish between “rooks” and daughter of the sixteenth and sister of the seven

crown," in France the same word usually covers teenth Lord Forbes. She married in 1839 the the two species. This may be because rooks are Baron Ernest de Poellnitz, by whom she bad a less common in France than in Eogland, where family. See Burke's 'Peerage,' under “ Forbes, rookeries, a word for which there is no French Baron."


equivalent, are a characteristic feature of the surCHARLES STEWARD, OF BRADFORD-ON-AVON

roundings of our homesteads.

HENRY ATTWELL. (2nd S. vi. 327, 359; 86 S. iii. 154, 195, 255, 358). Barner. --The annexed transcripts of two monumental inscriptions at Bradford-on-Avon appear in Sir TAE CEPHISUS AND THE ILISSUS (Rtd S. iii, Thomas Phillipps's Monumental Inscriptions in 303).— I was staying in Athens for a short time in the County of Wilton,' 1822, pt. ii., pp. 278-9 :- February, and walked on the banks of the lissus. Plurimus summa probitate notus omnibus in vita In some parts there is a thin stream of water, in Charitis, cunctis in morte flendus.

others it appeared to be quite dry, E. W. Hic jacet Carolus Steward, Armiger, de Cummerwell, Parochiæ hujus appendia, Fragili vale dicons mundo FAMILY PAPERS OF JAMES CRAGGS (8 S. ii. xi Julij Anno MDCLXXXXIII.

367).-These papers were sent to Messrs. Pattick's Mestissimam relinquens conjugem Mariam, ex Antiqua sale-rooms by the then Duke of Buckingham, in Comptonorum Familia in Agro Gloucesterensi, Æterna pace Quiescat.

1853. They consisted mostly of letters relating to Arms: A fess checky within a border ermine ; ham, daring his tonure of office as Viceroy of Ire

his grandfather, Richard, first Marquis of Buckingimpaling a lion passant-guardant between three land'in 1782-88; and I well recollect that they helmets."

were full of political scandal. They were

probably "Triste Monumentum intueare, Lector, et postquam bought in by some member of the GrenvilleEpitaphium tacitè, perlegiati nigrum, sub pedibus aspice Temple family, and were laken back to Stowe. At prosapia, ac' honestis parentibus ortus, nunc fato cor all events, one letter which was in the catalogue, reptus (Carolus Steward) multorum lachrimis inibi and which referred to a relative of my own, was sepultur, dum superstes nurâ integritate innocuus, kindly sent to me as a free gift from that place. dulcique indole conus, et affabilis bonis moribus ornatus,

E. WALFORD, M.A. ac virtutibus tam eximie decoratus ut æquando, baud

Ventnor. parom reperies, proh, dolor ! quam plurima vitæ pensum absolvunt, et supremum inducunt diem, hic casu infausto, ex equo labente delapsus, mox graviter

“ FINE CHAMPAGNE” (8th S. iii. 265).- I do pestore contusus, tandem apostematâ intumuit, languit, not know how far back Dr. Chance's memory of ot occubuit, xi Julij, Anno Dñi MDCXOVIII. Amice this delight may go ; but the name of it used to Valeto, summum nec metuas Diem, nec optes justa hæ figure on all sorts of cartes in the pleasant Paris piæ Memoriæ Chari Mariti, uxor lagubris Maria Steward, of thirty years back, when by no means unfreDicavit, et marmora parentavit, 1701."

quently the name would mean the thing. Arms: Or, a fess checky argent and azure

W. F. WALLER. within a border ermine; impaling, Sable, a lion pass. guard. between three helmets or.


(8th S. iii. 267).- I copy the following from the 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

"Bayswater Annual' for 1885, edited by Henry

Walker, F.G.S., which contains a selection of “CROW” AND “Rook” (8th S. iii. 367).-In French the word corneille (crow") is commonly

In Britain the two species of "crow" are the extended to the “rook," freu. or grolle. As the common or carrion crow and the hooded crow. The rook is termed by ornithologists corvus frugilegus, body with black head, wings, and tail. In some parts of it has been imagined that freux was a contraction Scotland the carrion crow is called hoody, a name which of frugilegus. But “rook” (A.-S. hróc) and his plain plumage renders unmeaning.

papers on the history and antiquities of Padding- Douglas (son of the second earl, and brother of the ton, reprinted from the Bayswater Chronicle, 1884: first Duke of Queensberry), who was killed at the

"In the zenith of her fame she [8iddons) resided at a siege of Maestricht, in 1676. Could this be the percottage known as Westbourne Farm, Westbourne Green, son sought ?-if not, I can only suggest the gallant which has been described by a visitor as close to the pre- Sir Robert Douglas of Glenbervie, grandson of the sent Lock Hospital in the Harrow Road. It was a little Hon. Sir Robert Douglas, and great-grandson of retired house, in a garden screened with poplars, and not the ninth Earl of Angus. Sir Robert fell bravely unlike a rural vicarage, and was at one time tbe residence of Madame Vestris. "It was standing till about the year at the battle of Steinkirk in 1692, in the act of 1860."

recovering the standard of his regiment from the I think that Desborough Place, which stands enemy.

OSWALD, O.S.B. on the north side of the Great Western Railway

Fort Augustus, N.B. and west of the Royal Oak station, was built on part of the grounds of what Robins oalled Des Canton Vallais, appears in 1397 as Sausa, which

ETYMOLOGY OF SAAS (8th S. iii, 48).—Sias, in borough Lodge Gatch's map of Paddington in may be explained from the Middle Latin saucea 1828 probably shows the exact situation of the or saucia, a corruption of saliceta, “bsier beds” or cottage. If there was any "view" published of “willow plantations," an etymology, the appro:? Mrs. Siddons's rural retreat I should be pleased to priaten 888 of which will be recognized by all who know where a copy can be obtained, that. I may know the village.

ISAAC TAYLOR, add it to my little collection of engravings and the sketches which I have made of picturesque “ bits” SCHOLA VERLUCIANA (8th S. iii. 148, 272, 331). in this neighbourhood. H. G. GRIFFINHOOFE, -The details given by W. C. B. at the last 34, St. Petersburg Place, W.

reference leave not the least doubt that the school An extract from Fanny Kemble's Record of a moant is Lord Weymouth's free grammar school at Girlhood' may be of some use. October 1, p. 13, Warminster. Although the identification of Vorshe says:

lucio is disputed by antiquaries, it has, after Cam"Our new house after Newman Street was at a place den ("Britannia, ed. 1586, p. 115), been restricted called Westbourne Green, now absorbed into endlese in literary use to Warminstor, wherever I have avenues of palatial residences, &c. The site of our met with it.

F. ADAMS. dwelling was not far from Paddington Canal."

At p. 15, after relating an amusing visit from ALTAR (8 S. iii. 168, 254). Following MR. her aunt, she remarks: "Mrs. Siddons at that PICKFORD's example, and writing with neithorodium time lived next door to us.” EMILY COLE, nor amor, I would observe that the word "altar" has Teigamouth.

always kept its place in literature. Thus, Evelyn A view of Mrs. Siddons's house at Westbourne

tells us that at $t. James's, Piccadilly," the altar Green in 1800 is given in Old and New London;

' altar," when he communicated ; and even Boswell,

was especially adorned "; Johnson " went to the vi. 216. It is said to have been pulled down in writes that Johnson “ did not choose to approach 1860 to make way for a row of shops and houses. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

the altar without a previous preparation"; in 71, Brecknock Road.

Dickens, little Dorrit " went up to the altar" to

be married ; and “the priest waited in his white I should bave added in my former communica- surplice at the lowly altar," when Jane Eyre was tion that Robins, in his 'Paddington, Past, and not married. Examples might be added by the Present,' p. 183, states in a note that Desborough score. It is worth notice that “the altar," in Lodge was occupied for some time by Madame common parlance, at one time meant the sanctuary Vestris and her busband, the late Charles as well as the "table.” So, in 'Oliver Twist' wo Mathews. This may serve as a clue to the identif. read that “within the altar of the old village church cation of the house.

W. F. PRIDEAUX. there stands a white marble tablet," which Orgik

sbank represents as being placed some five feet up LORD ROBERT DOUGLAS (8th S. iii. 347). --MR. the east wall. And in descriptions of churches in NOWERS's query does not err on the side of over the last century—the London City churches will definiteness ; but in spite of the latitude afforded supply instances " the altar" included the by such phrases as "à violent death," and two reredos and rails. In the same way popular lanhundred years ago or more," I fear he will not guage some years ago spoke of "the communion," easily identify the object of bis inquiry. Any when the table” was signified. At St. Clement's possible Lord Robert Douglas in the serenteenth Church, Hastings, there used to be a board century must have been a son of a Marquis of announcing, among other benefactions (or" beneDouglas (cr. 1633) or a Marquess and Duke of dictions," as one guidebook preferred calling them) Queensberry (cr. 1682); but no such name appears the plate used at the Altar, and the velvet coveramong the younger sons of either of those poble ing for the Communion Table,” truly a subtle houses. There was, it is true, an Hon. Robert distinction. This was dated 1721. By the way,

*t communion table” is no more in the Prayer British Museum Satirical Print No. 2661, which Book than is “altar," although George Herbert is dated “OctoF. 21, 1745," and entitled 'Briton's and Addison use the expression. "The Holy Association against the Pope's Bulle.' In this Table” and “the Lord's Table” have a special design the Pretender grasps the horns of one of a meaning. It is hardly historical to say that Laud group of bulls, while between his feet lies the nine “introduced" the word altar, seeing that it was of diamonds, which is referred to by one among used by Androwes, Overal, Cosins.

many inscriptions on the plate as "everlasting EDWARD Á. MARSHALL, M.A. curses."

F. G. S. Hastings.

DR. MURRAY asks for a quotation or reference Though the term "altar” is not in the Prayer before 1791. Here is one. Grose, in his Tour Book, it is the common term made use of in the thro' Scotland' in 1789, writes :: Coronation Service. See, e.g., sectt. vi., vii., A., “The nine of diamonds : diamonds it is said imply xii., xiii., of the “form and order” at the corona- royalty, being ornaments to the imperial crown; and tion of King William IV. and Queen Adelaide in every ninth King of Scotland has been observed for 1831, and of Queen Victoria in 1838. I have not many ages to be a tyrant and a curse to the country. for reference Dr. Silver on The Coronation Ser: Others say it is from its similarity to the arms of Argyú;

the Duke baving been very instrumental in bringing vice of the Anglo-Saxon Kings,' Oxf., 1831, in about the Union, which by some Scottish patriots has which is the service for the coronation of George III. been considered as detrimental to their country." ED. MARSHALL.

J. R. M. I so far am at one with my friend MR. PICK- The nine of diamonds is the coat of arms of the FORD that if I were speaking in or of a Romish Dalrymple family, and was called the "Curse of charch, I would naturally use the term “altar- Scotland” from the very leading part they took piece," meaning thereby a picture suspended over in carrying through the Union between England what the worshippers in that church call and and Scotland in 1704.

MAC ROBERT. believe to be an altar, sc., a place of sacrifice (I

[See 1st 8. i. 61, 90 ; iii. 22, 253, 423, 483; 4th S. vi. also write non-polemically). But as the English 194, 289; 5th S. iv. 20, 97, 118.] Church repudiates both the name and thing, I would think it more consistent to speak of such a TRUMBULL (8th S. ii. 527; iii

. 98, 154, 255).picture in her consecrated buildings by some other In answer to Jaydee the following may suffice. name-gay, chancel-piece.” I am not sure that John Trumbull was born in Lebanon, Connecticut, pictures, other than in windows, are legal among June 6, 1756, died Nov. 10, 1843, in the city of us. The “hymeneal altar" may safely be rele- New York. How far he was from being, as gated to the limbo of newspaper slang.

JAYDEE judges, a Loyalist, or Tory, is plain from May I be permitted to close with a query? How the following particulars. The revolutionary war is it that your ever-genial correspondent is still broke out before he was quite nineteen years of permitted to pen his pleasant reminiscences in so age. He at once joined the rebels, who had cooped alien a locality ? Patrons, "make a note o't.” up the British forces in Boston. He showed such


skill as an engineer there that Washington selected Clevedon.

him as one of his aides-de-camp. In 1778 he In the New Week's Preparation,' a decidedly served on the staff of the general in command of Protestant work, wbich ran through many editions, an enterprise for expelling the British from Rhode

Island. and was in general use as a manual from about 1750 to 1820, twenty-seven pages are devoted to

In 1780 he sailed for France, whence he soon "Companion for the Altar," and the word “altar” went to London with a letter from Franklin, intro

His aim was is used interchangeably with a communion table.” ducing him to Benjamin West. The work referred to was published by Edward merely to study art; but he was arrested, accused Wicksteed, and superseded the old Week's Pre- of treason, imprisoned eight months, and then paration, of which nearly fifty editions were pub- released only after West and Copley had become lished by Samuel Keble, 1685 to 1740.

Bureties that he would leave the kingdom. As A. T. M.

soon as American Independence was acknowledged

be returned to England as a student of West. “ CURSE OF SCOTLAND". (8th S. iii. 367).—IC While here be painted 'The Sortie from Gibraltar,' DR. MURRAY will refer to the Indexes of N. & Q.' to which your correspondent alludes. Of this ho be will find that several persons have written on made three or four replicas. this subject, including myself. There is perfect Trumbull painted at least four portraits of evidence that the nine of diamonds was called Washington, and four decisive scenes in the Rethe “ Curse of Scotland," and popularly recognized volution on the Rotunda, in Washington. Your as such, some time before Culloden was fought correspondent asks for a list of his works; but they (April 16, 1746). DR. MURRAY may refer to fill a whole gallery, which bears his name, in New

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