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eight years, and was buried in Ely cathedral. If Bentham did not copy this date from Wood, but took it from the registers of Ely, we know not how to reconcile it with a letter from Dr. Nalson, printed in Gutch's “ Collectanea,” and dated 1688, at the time the bishops were sent to the Tower by the infatuated James II. Be this as it may, he published “ An Impartial Collection of the Great Affairs of State, from the beginning of the Scotch rebellion in 1639, to the murder of king Charles I, &c." Lond. 1682-3, 2 vols. fol. This collection was intended as an antidote to that of Rushworth, whose prejudices were in favour of the parliament; and contains many authentic and curious circumstances not to be found in other writers. Nalson's statements are reviewed by Roger Coke, esq. in his “ Treatise of the Life of Man," 1685, fol. Besides this historical collection, Dr. Nalson wrote, 1." The Countermine: or, a short, but true discovery of the dangerous principles, and secret practices of the dissenting party, especially the presbyterians; shewing, that religion is pretended, but rebellion intended," &c. Lond. 1677, Svo. 2. “ The Common Interest of King and People, shewing the original, antiquity, and excellency, of monarchy compared with aristocracy and democracy, and particularly of our English monarchy; and that absolute, papal, and presbyterian popular supremacy are utterly inconsistent witb prerogative, property, and liberty;" ibid. 1678, Svo. 3. * A True Copy of the Journal of the High Court of Justice, for the trial of Charles I. as it was read in the House of Commons, and attested under the hand of Phelps, clerk to that infamous court," with an introduction, ibid. 168+, fol. He also translated Maimbourg's “ History of the Crusade," &c. ibid. 1685, fol.'

NANCEL (NICHOLAS DE), so called from the village of Nancel, his native place, between Noyon and Soissons, was born in 1539. He studied at the college de Presles at Paris, and was employed to teach Greek and Latin there when scarcely eighteen years of age, probably by the interest of Peter Ranius, principal of the college, who conceived very highly of his talents. He was afterwards professor in the university of Douay, where he made two speeches “ On the excellence and importance of the Greek Language.”. Being invited to return to Paris, he was

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i Beniham's Ely.-Ath. Ox, art. Rushworth.

pore,” 8vo.

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again professor in the college de Presles, and took a doctor's degree in physic. He went afterwards to practise at Soissons ; but principally at Tours, which he found an eligible situation. He was lastly appointed physician to the abbey of Fontevrauld, in 1587; and died there in 1610, leaving a son, who wrote some sacred tragedies. His principal works are, 1. “ Stichologia Græca Latinaque informanda et reformanda," 8vo. In this work he endeavours to subject the French poetry to the rules of the Greek and Latin, for the purpose, as he says, of rendering it more difficult and less common; a whimsical project, which, it may be supposed, did not succeed. 2. A treatise “On the Plague,” 8vo. 3. “Tr. de Deo, de immortaJitate animæ contra Galenum, et de sede animæ in cor

4. “ Declamationum Liber, eas complectens orationes quas vel ipse juvenis habuit ad populum, vel per discipulos recitavit,” &c. 8vo.

5. “ Petri Rami vita," 8vo. This Life is curious and interesting, and the best of Nancel's works."

NANGIS (WILLIAM OF), a French historian, who fourished in the fourteenth century, was a Benedictine monk of the abbey of St. Denis, and supposed to have taken his name from the place where he was born. He wrote the lives of St. Lewis, and of Philip le Hardi, and two chronicles; the first from the creation to 1300, the second a chronicle generally of the kings of France. The lives were printed, for the first time, in Pithou's collection in 1596, and the chronicle from 1113, in the “ Spicilegium” of D. Luc d'Archery. The life of St. Lewis was again reprinted along with Joinville's history of the same prince, with a glossary, &c. by J. B. Mellot, Ch. Sallier, and J. Capperonier, at Paris in 1761, fol."

NANI (JOHN BAPTIST), a noble Venetian, and proctor of St. Mark, was the son of John Nani, once possessed of the same post, and born Aug. 30, 1616.

He studied polite learning under Peter Renzoli of Arezzo, a secular priest; and went through his course of philosophy among the Dominicans of St. Paul and St. Jobn at Venice. His brother, Augustine Nani, being made commandant of Vicenza, he followed him to that city, and continued his studies there. Upon bis return to bis own country, in

I Niceron, vol. XXXIX.-Moreri.
? Moreri.--Niceron jo Guilleaume-Pabric. Bibl. Lat. Med.

1637, he was one of the thirty who are drawn every year by lut, to assist at the election of magistrates. His father, who was a person of good abilities, formed his son for business himself; and, in that view, carried him to Rome, where he went ambassador from the republic of Venice to Urban VIII.'. That pontiff, a man of discernment, predicted, that John Baptist Nani would make an extraor. dinary person : and bis holiness's prediction was verified. He was admitted into the college of senators in 1641; and not long after went ambassador to France, which character he sustained at Paris for the space of five years, with great reputation. Mazarine, who then was prime minister there, had frequent conferences with him, and received some excellent advice from him, upon the affairs discussed in the treaty of Munster, which was concluded in 1648; in which year Nani returned home, having obtained from France considerable succours both of men and money, for carrying on the war against the Turks in Candia. His merit raised him soon after to be a member of the grand council of the republic, in which he was appointed superintendant of the marine and the finances. In 1654 he was sent ambassador to the imperial court of Germany ; did the republic considerable services; and made a second journey to that court, upon the election of the emperor Leopold. While he was here, he received orders to go again to France, in 1660. He was there at the marriage of Lewis XIV. after the Pyrenean treaty, and obtained fresh succours for the war of Candia. The Venetian senate were greatly satisfied with his conduct, and appointed him proctor of St. Mark. Not long after, in 1663, the great council nominated him captain-general of the marine; but, the air of the sea not at all agreeing with his constitution, it was resolved not to expose a life so valuable, and even necessary to the republic, to such imminent danger; and the nomination was withdrawn.

He continued, however, to serve his country upon many considerable occasions, and was appointed by the senate to write the “History of Venice;" an employment which is given only to the principal nobility of that republic. He published the first part; and the second was in the press, when he died, Nov. 5, 1678, in his 63d year.

His “ His tory of Venice" was much esteemed, and translated into French. There is an English translation of the first part, by sir Robert Honeywood, 1673, fol. There are some partialities in his history, and his style is considerably embarrassed with parentheses, but it is still a favourite with his countrymen. He also published " An Account of his second Ambassage into France in 1660,” and composed other pieces, which are extant in manuscript only. Seve. ral authors have spoken advantageously of him.'


NANNI, or NANNIUS, or in bis native language, NAN. NINGH (Peter), a very learned philologer, and general scholar, was born at Alcmaer, in Holland, in 1500; he studied at Louvain, and then was employed in the private education of some young men until the death of Conrad Goclenius, when the university unanimously appointed him to pronounce a funeral oration on that eminent teacher, and to succeed him as Latin professor. In this office he gave such satisfaction, that all his scholars, who were exceedingly numerous, ever preserved the highest respect for him, and acknowledged that the care he took was the foundation of their future advancement and fame. He was also much esteemed by the cardinal de Granvelle, and by Nicholas Everard, president of the great council of Mechlin: The cardinal preferred him to a canonry in his church of Arras, and the president placed his children under his care, and rewarded him munificently. With the patronage of these two personages, he was so satisfied as to refuse many liberal offers to remove to Italy, and remained the whole of his life at Louvain. He was a most industrious writer, as well as teacher, and in the numerous list given by Foppen of his publications, we find commentaries on Cicero, on Virgil, and Horace's Art of Poetry; paraphrases on the Song of Solomon, and on the Proverbs; annotations on civil law, of which he acquired a profound knowledge; translations of some part of Demosthenes, Synesius, Apollonius, Plutarch, St. Athanasius, St. Basil, Chrysostom; prefaces introductory and illustrative of Homer, and Demosthenes, &c. He also translated the Psalms into Latin verse, and, in the opinion of his contemporaries, with equal elegance and fidelity. Among his separate publications his “ Miscellaneorum decas,” a collection of critical remarks on ancient authors, and his “ Dialogismi Heroinarum,” were much esteemed. This eminent scholar died at Louvain, July 21, 1557, and was buried in the

Nigeron, vol. X), Tiraboschi.


church of St. Peter, where one of his scholars, Sigismond Frederic Fugger, placed a monument to his memory. He is mentioned in terms of the highest praise by Miræus, Thuanus, Melchior Adam, Gyraldus, Huet, and many other learned men.'

NANTUEIL (ROBERT), a celebrated engraver, was born in 1630, at Rheims, where his father kept a petty shop, suitable to his fortune, which was small, but sufficient to enable him to give his son a liberal education. Accord ingly, Robert was put to the grammar-school at a proper age; and, as soon as he had made the necessary progress in classical learning, went through a course of philosophy. He had, from his childhood, a strong inclination to drawing; and be applied to it with such success, that being to maintain, according to custom, his philosophical thesis at the end of two years, he drew and engraved it himself. As he continued to cultivate bis genius, his productions became the delight of the town. But finding more fame than profit at Rheims, and having married while young, he was under the necessity of seeking a situation where his talents might be more amply rewarded. With this view he left his wife and repaired to Paris, probably without introduction to any friends, as we are told he had no better way to make himself known, than the following device : Seeing several young abbés standing at the door of a victualling-house, near the Sorbonne, he asked the mistress if there was not an ecclesiastic of Rheims there? telling her that he had unfortunately forgot his name, but that she might easily know him by the picture that he had of him, shewing her at the same time a portrait, well drawn, and wbich had the air of being an exact likeness. This drew the attention of some of the abbés, who were profuse in their praises of the portrait. “If you please, messieurs,” said Nantueil, “ I will draw all your pictures for a trifle, as highly finished as this is.” The price which he asked was so moderate, that all the abbés sat to him one af:er another; and then bringing their friends, customers came in so fast, that he took courage to raise his price: and having in a short time acquired a considerable sum, he returned to Rheims, disposed of his little property there, and brought his wife to Paris, where his character soon became established.

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"Bullar's Academie des Sciences, vol. 1.-Poppen's Bibl. Belg. where is the most complete list of his works. --Blount's Censura.--Saxii Onomast.

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