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gentlemen of the jury ten broad pieces of gold, and to me but five, which, you know, is not fair. Besides, I have many objections to make to the false reasonings of the pleaders, and the contradictory evidence of the witnesses."
Upon this, the miller began a discourse, which discovered such penetration of judgment, such a knowledge of law, and was expressed with such manly and energetic eloquence, that it astonished the judge and the whole court.
As the speaker was going on with his powerful demonstrations, the judge, in great surprise, stopped him.
“Where did you come from, and who are you?” “I came from Westminster Hall,"
"'N replied the miller, “my name is Matthew Hale, I am Lord Chief-Justice of the King's Bench. I have observed the iniquity of your proceedings this day; therefore come down from seat which you are nowise worthy to hold. You are one of the corrupt parties in this nefarious business. I will come up this moment and try the cause over again.”
Accordingly, Sir Matthew went up, with his miller's dress and hat on, began the trial anew, and subjected the testimony to the most searching scrutiny. He made the elder brother's title to the estate clear and manifest from the contradictory evidence of the witnesses, and the false reasoning of the pleaders; unraveled all the sophistry of the latter to the very bottom, and gained a complete victory in favor of truth and justice.
Notes. – For biographical sketch of Sir Matthew Hale, see p. 298.
Westminster Hall, London, was the building in which the “Court of the King's Bench” held its meetings.
Language. - In expressing thoughts, a verb with its subject will sometimes form only an incomplete sentence, and it becomes necessary (1) to use an objective case, (2) an adjective, or (3) a second nominative case, in order to make a complete sentence.
Examples.(1.) “It astonished the judge.” (2.) “We are happy." (3.) “My name is Matthew Hale."
In the first example, astonished is called a transitive verb, because it expresses an action that “goes over" (Latin, transit) and must have an object.
Are and is (2 and 3) are forms of the verb “to be," and simply “tie” words together. Any form of “to be” is therefore called a copula (tie).
91.-THE AMERICAN FLAG. çe lěs' tial (lěst' yăl), heavenly, răck, ruin; destruction. bal'drie, girdle.
wěl'kin, heavenly. pall, black cover.
běl'lied, swelled out.
When Freedom from her mountain height,
Unfurled her standard to the air,
And set the stars of glory there;
Majestic monarch of the cloud,
Who rear'st aloft thy regal form, To hear the tempest-trumpings loud, And see the lightning lances driven,
When strive the warriors of the storm, And rolls the thunder drum of heavenChild of the sun! to thee 'tis given
To guard the banner of the free,
And bid its blendings shine afar,
The harbingers of victory!
Flag of the bravel thy folds shall fly,
And when the cannon-mouthings loud
And cowering foes shall shrink beneath Each gallant arm that strikes below
That lovely messenger of death.
Flag of the seas! on ocean wave
Each dying wanderer of the sea
Flag of the free heart's hope and home,
By angel hands to valor given,
And all thy hues were born in heaven.
Where breathes the foe but falls before us,
JOSEPH RODMAN DRAKE,
Biography.- Joseph Rodman Drake (1795-1820) was a native of New York, and began his career as a poet at seven years of age. He was associated for a time with the poet Halleck (author of “Marco Bozzaris "); and in 1819, they together wrote the “Croaker Papers," which gave them a great reputation.
Drake's longest poem is “The Culprit Fay”; his most popular poem, “The American Flag."
Elocution.– With what tone of voice should this lesson be read ?
Point out the emphatic words in the first stanza. What inflections are used in the last stanza ?
Language.- What figures of rhetoric are used in stanzas two and three ?
Standard, flag, banner, are what kind of words?
Words and phrases are sometimes used independently; as, “Majestic monarch of the cloud !” “Mr. Speaker.” “John.” Monarch, speaker, John, are examples of what is called independent case.
All verbs not requiring an objrct to complete their meaning are called intransitive; as, We all laughed. They have gone away.
Point out an example of a transitive verb, an intransitive verb, and a copula in the lesson.
Composition --Select parts for an analysis of the subject —"A Rainy Day."
Suggestion.- Parts of a narrative may be treated in letter form, particular attention being devoted to the use of punctuation marks and capital letters.
€0 €oon', case made by the silk
worm to hold its larca chrýs'a lidş, forms into which
the worms pass before becoming
perfect insects. e jểet'ing, throwing out. ex pånd'ed, spread out. €o'ma, deep sleep; lethargy.
tāęlş, weights, each of one ounce
and a third.
In endeavoring to give some account of the manufacture of silk, the most important branch of Chinese industry, the first point to be noticed is the mode in which the silk-worms are reared. Those who are engaged in this work select a certain number of male and female cocoons. They have difficulty in distinguishing the sex, as the cocoon which contains the male is strong, very pointed at each end, and smaller than that which contains the female, which is thick, round, and soft.
At the end of a period of fifteen or twenty days, the moths come out of the cocoons. They free themselves by first ejecting a fluid which dissolves a portion of the cocoon. All moths, the wings of which are expanded at the time of their birth, are regarded as useful, whereas those which have crumpled wings, no eyebrows, and are without down, are considered useless, and at once destroyed.
After a day, the male moths are removed, and the females, each having been placed on a sheet of coarse paper, begin to lay their eggs. In the silk districts of the north, owing, I suppose, to the severity of the climate, pieces of cloth are used instead of sheets of paper. The number of eggs which one moth lays, is