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thing ; so that these touches, re- / world, from one cause or another ; commended by Smith, come when with a most anxious desire in they may, will leave all this America and France to pull us description of persons precisely down; here we are, proclaiming. in the state in which they ought to those nations, that continued to be left.

peace or total ruin is our inevi

table lot! Well done, JOHN My friends, there was an IF

Smith! After this, the men of in Smite's speech ; and an IF of

Kent, may, perhaps, be able to very great importance. Nay,

console themselves for that shame there were two IFS, but we will

which you expressed at their take the first IF, in the first

conduct, in openly and manfully place. If peace were, as he

calling for a just reduction of the hoped it would, to continue ;"

interest of the Debt. what does he mean? To continue for ever? What a States

The other IF was " if economy man ! What a Siiri Car-were strictly practised." What RINGTON! Aye; then if it were does he mean? Does he mean not to continue! What would to discharge the army, dismantle happen then? So that, here we the navy, and so forth? If all are, proclaiming to the whole this be done; if there be not a world; to most insatiable rivals, soldier or sailor left ; even that and most bitter enemies, because would not preserve the landed we have loaded those enemies estates, unless the interest of the with intolerable insult; here we Debt were brought down to less are, having sanctioned the strip-than twenty millions a-year. ping of the Paris Museums, and Sixteen millions a-year was all having voted money to build the country had to pay before the Waterloo monuments ; here we days of paper-money; and more are, hated by almost the whole than that it cannot pay in a gold


currency, without a transfer more now passing for the making of or less of the estates of the present small paper-money, which re

b4 *»bat * fin landlords.

marks I shall now, insert, without So that, you see, my Friends, further preface, and shall add nothe thing is in that state out of thing to them, seeing that they so which it is navon to be brought by płatuly Sprah for tlıtmsclvwo. any of those miserable measures, gold while you can, and I remain, which Mr. VANŞITTART calls

ope- Your Friend, and rations. It is in that state from.

Most obedient Servant, which nothing on earth can rescue it. There must be a general ad

WM. COBBETT.: justment amongst all the parties. Fundholders, Landlords, all must make mutual sacrifices; and this

REMARKS, is not to be effected without a On the Debate on the small Note Reform of the Parliament. If a Bill; in the House of Commons, refusal of that just and necessary

on the 2d July 1822. measure be persisted in,' there is no human remedy. We are in

SMALL-NOTE Bill!--Here we

The words are fair, the the hands of God and must wait

subject great, the thing done, alpatiently to see the manner in most secretly; and there we must which he will dispose of us. In watch as pussy watches for her


The CHANCELLOR of the the meanwhile the man must be

Exchequer moved the second little short of a brute who does reading of the small-notes Bill. not, if he can, secure some picces Mr. Hume asked for some expla-,

nations. The reporters say, of gold.

« could not collect the answer of This brings me to those res" the Right Hon. Gentleman, but. marks, which I referred you to, in “ it appeared to satisfy Mr. Hume,

16 and Mr. RICARDO”---Mr. JAMES the outset of my letter, on the

wished to know whether bank-notes cond reading of the law that is were to be made a legal tender, after


66 We


May 1823? This was-the-home principle of the BiH. Mr. PASCOE question ; and now , mind the GRENFELL had understood, when answer. The worthy CHANCELLOR the Bill was introduced, that the replied, That every man was country-bankers were to have the "liable after that period, to pay option of paying in Sovereigns, or in “his just debts in the current coin Bunk of England Notes ; he did not “ of the realm.” 'Now what does see any provision in the Bill to that this mean? If I hold a one-pound effect; and if not introduced by rag of a country rag-man, that is a the CHANCELLOR of the Exchejust debt due from him to me, and QUER, he himself should introduce such is the ragman to be called upon to a clause! 'Ah, Pascoè, sayest thou pay me in gold ? Nous verrons ! so, Pascoe? What, then, thou art Though that phrase, which only determined that we shall have that means we shall see, was once so Feast of the Gridiron, to which, whendispleasing to Mr. Hily Hutchin- ever we hold it, thou shalt certainly SON. Lord Folkestone objected have an invitation. This is legal to the Bill, because it would bring tender ; mark that. It is legal back the forgeries and the hang- tender of Borough bank-notes after ings. Mr. Hart Davis supported the month of May 1823 ; and that the Bill, because the currency was is a part repeal of Peel's Bill. not abundant, and because the pre- Mr. James was so decidedly hostile , sent measure would make it more to the principle of the Bill, which abundant without interfering with appeared to be the first step in the the other enactments respecting road back of the mischievous the currency. How so, Mr. Davis ? paper-money, that he was deterWe take upon ourselves to assure mined to divide the House upon it. you, that if there be no legal tender Mr. Curwen trusted his honours clause, thecurrency cannot become able friend (Mr. JAMES) would not more abundant than-it is, but on divide the Housc. He said, “the the contrary, will be a great deal country stood in need of the less abundant: after. May 1823. measure, and in the country they Nothing will be done without legal preferred the small-notes of countender; and legal tender is a re-try bankers to any other species of curapeal of Peel's Bill, in parts. Mr. rency!" Indeed, Mr. Curwen, why JAMES said, that as the people were then does Mr. Pascoe GRENFELLto have the option of demanding propose to compel the people to gold or paper, they deserve, what take the country bank-notes in-. ever might happen if they did not stead of the gold, that is to say, if demand the gold; but, neverthe- the country-bankers themselves less, he was still' opposed to the choose to compel them? And how

is it, we pray you, Mr. Curwen, membered, that. I cannot refrain that the country-bankers will not from giving it a place in the now pay in gcld? And how is it Register

. I beg the reader to that Scotch bankers will not give

bear in mind that these terrible gold for their own notes, though things never could have existed, to our certain knowledge, some of

if there had been in Ireland that them have been offered a premium for so, doing? Mr. CURWEN, pray

system of. Poor Lawe, which so attend to us for a single moment, many ignorant and unfeeling men To pass this bill without a legal are endeavouring to undermine tender of any sort, is a violation of and destroy. One would think Peel's Bill; or at least a departure that these men would now hang from it; but without the legal ten-, their heads with shame; but they der, it is just as useless in pro- are as impudent as they are ignoducing an addition to the quantity rant and unfeeling. If the Poor of currency in the country as your Laws were in existence in Iretelling the Agricultural Committee land, we should have seen the and as their publishing in the Ap- absurdity of subscriptions, and pendix to their Report laid before balls and playhouse exhibiParliament, that you the year

tions to relieve a starving people. before grew two and thirty tons an

The people never could have acre upon four acres of Swedish turnips; just as useless, we say,

been in a ştarving state, indeed. is this Bill of the Chancellor in There must have been enough producing an increase of currency, food left for those who raised all as your Swedish turnip story was the food. The Overseers would in producing a conviction of the have gone with the law in their existence of agricultural distress. hand, and demanded subsistence

for the labourer before the corn was sent away to pay rent and

tithe. What! Has not the earth. FAMINE IN IRELAND. yielded sufficiency for those who

till it! Yes; for during the whole

time of this famine it has been The following article is taken pouring its thousands upon thoufrom the Statesman of Saturday sands of quarters of corn into the last. It contains matter so incre- English markets. When some of dible, so shocking as to the facts, the persons belonging to Scotland 80 every way worthy of being re-applied for grants of public money

for they

to relieve the famishing people soon after their arrival. This there in 1819, Lord LIVERPOOL morning early I saw. 4. wagon answered, and very justly : "No, load outward bound, men, women, « make Poor Laws, such as we and children ; much more than “ have in England, we will not half naked, and exhibiting a scene * tax the English to keep your certainly much more deplorable

poor." Tho Morning Obroniikt mau Ntöruco at a mart; should bear this in mind, when it have, at any rate, a sufficiency of is railing against the Poor Laws food. How long this will conof England.—I do not say, how-tinue; how long this state of ever, that a similar answer ought things can possibly endure, I preto be given in a case of extremes tend not to say; but I can disas that of Ireland. For such a cover no reason for its ceasing or case, I would not, if I had been for its being mitigated, unless a the Minister, wait for the passing radical change of the system take of a law. I would have employ- place. It does really seem that ed the troops to collect provisions men with minds wholly different in any part of Ireland where they even in their formation from those were to be found.--However, this of the men at present in power, is an evil not to be cured by any are necessary to put to rights the means like those that have been affairs of this nation. I shall adopted ; and if other means be now insert the article before alnot employed, dreadful must be luded to. the consequences ; but such is our state, that I do not think it safe to mention the measures

PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. which I think ought to be adopt- House of COMMONS. (Thursed; though they may be just in day, 27th July)-Want of room themselves, and agreeable to every compelled us to break off yesterday principle of the settled laws of without noticing what was said the land.—Almost every morning, upon the subject of the famine in soon after sunrise, I see groups

Ireland. To know that there are

any part of the people of this kingof these poor ragged, emaciated

dom in a state of want of a sufficreatures of Irish, passing through ciency of food, is calculated to call Kensington into London. I am forth, in the first place, compassion told that they come from Bristol, for the sufferers, and in the next and that they are sent back again place, a frank declaration of our

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