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his funeral oration was pronounced by Thomas We have kept longer silence (to our great Stapleton, like himself an Irishman, and a detriment) than Pythagoras his scholars have distinguished scholar at Louvain.
done, their silence was limited to five years In addition to the works named, French only, before their public Tentamens in school also wrote The Doleful Fall of Andrew Sall for the performance of which Magister dixit and The Friar Disciplined, as well as a larger was sufficient to them; but we, poor souls! work entitled Religion in England. His have been silent near now upon thirteen years, critics generally concur in giving him credit suffering with all patience the open wrongs, for great ability, but for this very reason they and manifest detriments this noble man have are hard upon him. One speaks of him as done us, so that under the notion of a friend waspish prelate," another calls him “seditious, we discovered him at long running to be our and Harris dubs him “a foul-mouthed writer,” open enemy. a name which is not deserved. As specimens of their kind of literature, and also as char- Seneca tells us the ambitious man receiveth acteristic of the period in which they were not so much contentment by seeing many bewritten, his works are deeply interesting. hind him, as discontent by seeing any before Until a few years ago, however, they were him; there are many great men in this age among the rarest of the rare books. A reprint sick of this disease, such as cannot know when of some of the more popular of them has been they are well, and though great they be, will published by Duffy and Son of Dublin.] strive still to be greater, so that they can at
no time be at ease or at quietness, much like that Italian, who being well must needs take
physic and died thereof, upon whose sepulchre THE IMPEACHMENT OF ORMOND.
this epitaph was engraved, “I was well, and (FROM THE UNKINDE DESERTOR OF LOYALL MEN.")
would be better; I took physic and came to
the phereter." To know when to speak, and when to be Plutarch expresseth naturally this unquietsilent, is a commendable virtue. Solomon, the ness of ambitious minds in Pyrrhus, king of wisest of men, taught this lesson to men in Epirot, who having greatly enlarged his domthese words: Tempus est tacendi, and tempus inions with the conquest of the great kingdom loquendi. He began with tempus tacendi, and of Macedonia, began also to design with himhis reason was, truth is first learned by silence, self the conquest of Italy; and having connext published by teaching. Socrates, that municated his deliberation with his great famous Grecian, sapientissimus hominum pro- counsellor Cineas he demanded his advice, nounced by the Oracle, did much commend whereto Cineas answered, that he greatly silence unto his disciples, and with great rea- desired to know what he meant to do when he son, inasmuch as there is greater wisdom had conquered Italy? Sir, quoth Pyrrhus, the and less danger in being silent than in speak- kingdom of Cicily is then near at hand, and ing; wherefore Symonides, one of the wisest deserveth to be had in consideration, as well men of his own time, was often heard to say, for the fertility as for the riches and power "Often have I repented to have spoken, never of the island. Well, quoth Cineas, and when for having held my peace;” notwithstanding you have gotten Cicily, what will you then do? all these great encomis of silence, celebrated by Quoth Pyrrhus, Africk is not far off, where so many wise sages in all times, nevertheless a there are divers goodly kingdoms, which partly long and unseasonable silence is and may be as by the fame of my former conquests, and blamable as the other is recommendable. partly by the valour of my soldiers, may easily
To be silent and hold my peace when an be subdued. I grant it, quoth Cineas; but when open injury is done to my religion, country, all Africk is yours, what mean you then to and parents, is neither wisdom, piety, nor do? When Pyrrhus saw that he urged him virtue to be commended; this is, and hath still with that question, then, quoth Pyrrhus, been (as I perceive), the long silence the Ca- thou and I will be merry, and make good tholics of Ireland had with the Lord Duke of cheer; whereunto Cineas replied, if this shall Ormond, giving him both time and leisure to be the end of your adventures and labours, what work their ruin and downfall, without pre- hindereth you from doing the same now? will venting the same (in a just form and season- not your kingdoms of Epyras and Macedonia able time), by their instant addresses to the suffice you to be merry and make good cheer? king, council, or any else.
and if you had Italy, Cicily, Africk, and all
the world, could you and I be merrier than we Titus Livius tells us Quintus Cincinnatus are, or make better cheer than we do? will was carried from the plough to the dignity of a you therefore venture your kingdoms, person, dictator, which war being ended, he returned life, honour, and all you have to purchase that cheerfully to the plough again ; he relates which you have already? Thus said wise also how the ambassadors of the Samnites Cineas to Pyrrhus, reprehending his immod- found Curius Dentatus, another dictator, erate ambition, who knew not when he was making ready and cleansing of roots for his well, neither yet what he would have, seeing 'supper, and even at that time, he says, there he desired no more than that which he had were no more in all the Roman armies of already, which in the end cost him dear; for waiting men (such as we call calones) but two. following his own ambition and unbridled Marcus Anthonius, not he (that fatal man to appetite, to amplify his dominions, as he got Cicero, and to the comm
nmonwealth), but another much, so he lost much, being able to conserve chosen consul of a great army designed into nothing any time, and at length having en- Spain, had but eight servants, so Carbo in the tered the town of Ayros by force, he was killed same dignity placed (as we read), had but with a brick batt thrown down by a woman seven ; what shall I say of Cato the senior, from the top of a house; here you see the who in the same employment, power, and wretched end of Pyrrhus his ambition. commission for Spain, had but three; however,
Had Ormond such a counsellor by him as this Cato named the Censor (though conCineas was, and heard unto him, he had likely tented wisely with such a small retinue) was been happier than he is at present, such a captain general in their army, a famous orator, counsellor I mean as would say unto him in- and a prudent counsellor reputed by the comtrepidly, when he took the course of stripping monwealth (in the commonwealth) and by all honest gentlemen of their estates, My Lord, I Rome for his sober life, was called a good would desire to know what you resolve to do father to his children, a good husband to his when you have by hook and crook ingrossed wife, a frugal housekeeper, and a man (a the lands and inheritances of innocent persons, great praise in those days) well skill'd in the poor widows, and orphans unto yourself; when plough. you have obtained all, is the thing you aim at Epaminondas, a famous captain, protector only to make good cheer and be merry ? if this and flower of the Thebans, who fought so many be your design you need not trouble yourself battles valiantly, nevertheless it is written, he so much, nor expose your conscience to danger, had but one suit of clothes, which, when renor your honour to such an ignominious shame quired reparation, he was forced to keep house and infamy (which shall endure to all ages), till mended and brought unto him. This in taking away that which is not your own; Epaminondas I speak of died so poor, as not far better content yourself as you are, and so much in his house could be had as to pay
that great patrimony your prede- his funerals, which was performed by the comcessors left. Cannot that estate which main-monwealth. tained them honourably (without damaging What need I speak in this place of Phocion, any other) maintain and content you? but I Socrates, Iphaltes, miracles of nature, and see this is an evil familiar, those exalted to the wisest of Athens? This Phocion, who fought height of greatness and favour in the prince's twenty - six battles, victorious always, and eye have no counsellors that will speak freely triumphant over his enemies, yet a greater the truth, as worthy Cineas did to Pyrrhus; despiser of riches, honours, and titles (as hisfew are near kings and princes can say that tories do testify), refused one hundred talents which Seneca excellently expressed to his sent unto him by Alexander the Great as a friend Lucilius, thus, “They live not in courts present, demanding of those who brought the and the houses of kings that will severly speak, present what was Alexander's meaning in sendand sincerely the truth.” What man can with ing to him alone, and only, that present; they out tears behold so many great personages, replied, forasmuch as he takes you to be the even Christians in this age, that live, and do only man of honour and merit amongst the far wickeder things than Gentiles or Pagans Athenians; to this he answered briefly, Why have done or do, which had more respect and then let Alexander leave me so during my life, regard to their idols (in whom they appre- which is a thing I cannot be if I receive and hended some deity) than those to the true and accept of his talents of gold. living God.
These profane examples of those heroic
champions, I have brought here expressly to not preserved the monarchy of Brittaine, as the great confusion of our Christian dissolute Cochles and Mutius did that of Rome, and great personages, that they may see how these that his affection to king and country have rare virtues shined, and were embraced by been as great as theirs to the senate and comPagans, which they abhor to exercise, or have monwealth of Rome, occasion being only wantseen in themselves, frugality, humility, honest ing: as for his affection to king and crown, and discreet poverty, zeal to their country, I believe he had as much as another noble contempt of wealth and honours, moderation man (but to his country, where he hath his in their pomps, shows, and feastings. These estate and lands, he had none at all). If are the virtues and the weapons with which affection to the king can draw rewards and those ancient heroes kept their commonwealth remunerations, there be thousands loved the in peace and concord, glory, wealth, and pro- king and the interest of the crown of England sperity; with these, I say, they have eternized as much as Ormond ever did, and appeared their fame to future ages, not with pride, undoubtedly in all occasions against the king's ambition, extortion, emulation, deceits, vain enemies, nevertheless thousands of them never assentations, gluttonies, and the like vices had an acre of ground, nor a cottage to shelter familiar to Christian personages.
themselves in in frosty weather, in recompenCertainly there is nothing procures in a com- sation of such affection: therefore I do here monwealth sooner, envy and discord betwixt conclude that Ormond was happily fortunate person and person, than to see some very rich in his affections to the king and crown, and and others very poor (equality among fellow others were not, having obtained those extrasubjects is a precious pearl in a commonwealth), ordinary rewards from his royal majesty. for commonly wealth puts men up to such a height of pride as to contemn and despise others beneath them, and they so despised cannot but bear envy and hatred to those des
SAGE COUNSELS. pises them. Every apple has its own worm,
(FROM THE BLEEDING IPHIGENIA.") the worm of wealth is pride. This age we live in is mounted to the height of ambition and A table of sage counsels, that hung by the pride; we are all going, or would fain go be- bed of Ptolomeus Arsacides, king of Egypt yond our reach, pride in our eyes and pride in (by him religiously observed all the time of our thoughts, pride and ambition in all our his reign), was delivered by a priest of the actions; nowadays, forsooth, to set forth an idols to the wise Emperor Marcus Aurelius, ambassador we must have a whole legion of who, dying, gave it to his son with this short servants in their retinue, as if his embassy speech :— My son, leaving you emperor of could bear no force otherwise unless the wealth many kingdoms, I presume you will with that of a commonwealth must be exhausted to sup- great power be feared of all, and if you will port those extravagancies, retinues, and need faithfully keep the godly counsels in this table less trains; whereas honest Cato the Consull you shall be infallibly beloved of all. (a greater man than they for dignity) contented himself with three servants.
THE TABLE OF COUNSELS.
Having spoken of the rewards given by 1. I never denied (said the virtuous King Rome to Horatius Cochles, and to Mutius, for Ptolomeus) justice to a poor man for being unparalleled services and attending upon the poor, nor pardoned a rich man for being rich. king in time of his exile, I dare say, in the 2. I never loved a rich wicked man, nor first place, there is none of the adorers of hated a poor just man. Ormond's virtues (not one) will presume to 3. I never granted favours to men for say, that the greatest of all his services he did affection, nor destroyed men to satisfy my the king came, it could come near, those of passion. the foresaid Romans; yet if we compare both 4. I never denied justice to any demanding their remunerations together, theirs will ap- justice, nor mercy to the afflicted and miserpear like a grain of sand, compared with Mons able. Olympus.
5. I never passed by evil without punishing
it, nor good without rewarding it. But I hear somebody say, Ormond hath 6. I never did evil to any man out of malice, done the king great service, though he hath nor villany for avarice.
7. I was never without fear in prosperity, our Lord saith, They are made gross and fat, nor without courage in adversity.
and have transgressed my words most wickedly. 8. My door was never open to a flatterer, The cause of the widow they have not judged; nor my ear to a murmuring detractor. the cause of the pupil (fatherless] they have
9. I endeavoured still to make myself be- not directed, and the judgment of the poor loved of the good, and feared of the evil. they have not judged. Shall I not visit upon
10. I ever favoured the poor that were able these things, saith our Lord? or upon such a to do little for themselves, and I was evermore nation shall not my soul take revenge? (Jer. favoured by the gods, that were able to do v.). Certainly it is against God's just judgmuch for all.
ment to omit such things and crimes unpun
ished. There are thousands of distrest CathThose rare counsels should be exposed in olics' pupils (fatherless] and widows (his mathe houses of kings and all public places to the jesty cannot chuse but know it) that have not view of men, to be known of all in their got justice, whose cause and complaint had no respective dignities and callings, and it would entrance into his courts; they cried out for be a pious and noble action if our gracious justice, and were not heard ; they cried for sovereign would be pleased to consider seri- mercy, and found it not; and such as live of ously with himself how far these just and those oppressed souls are still crying to heaven laudable counsels have been regarded during and the king for remedy. Poor, desolate, and the time of his reign, especially in conferring dejected, they are waiting at the door of the of estates and lands from one part of his sub- king's palace, and no regard is had of their jects to another part of them contrary to all tears, prayers, and petitions. due course of law, and without hearing of the We are indeed become the reproach of all parties oppressed, which hath been procured nations round about us, by the craft and inito be done by the undue information and per- quity of statesmen, that have poisoned the suasion of certain of his councillors and min- fountain of justice. It is said of some of those isters of state, and chiefly of the chancellor, that their vices have far exceeded their virtues, the Earl of Clarindon.
and that in all their proceedings against our If his majesty shall do this grace and justice nation there was found in them no truth, no to his Catholic subjects of Ireland, thousands integrity, no religion, no shame, but an inof widows and orphans will be eased and satiable covetousness, and a flaming ambition relieved who now sit down in great poverty, of making themselves great and powerful; and lamenting extremely their lands, houses, and are not such men, say you, able to poison the all they had wrongfully taken from them, fountain of justice (and of mercy too) in a and this day possessed and enjoyed by those kingdom? invaders.
God binds all kings and judges by this commandment: Thou shalt not do that which
A REMONSTRANCE. is unjust, nor judge unjustly; consider not the
(FROM THE SETTLEMENT AND SALE OF IRELAND.") person of a poor man, neither honour thou the countenance of him that is mighty. Judge To give some colour to this apparent parjustly to thy neighbour (Lev. xix.). God tiality the first minister of state is forced to also forbids to give away one subject's bread betake himself to his last refuge, telling, as to another; reason, virtue, and the laws of God, for a final reason, that the Protestant English nature, and nations, are the rules that ought interest cannot be maintained in Ireland withto guide all princes and magistrates in the out extirpating the natives, and therefore, government of the people under them. Did that the counties and corporations undisposed not God himself complain of evil judges in of by the Commonwealth must not be restored this kind: How is the faithful city, full of to the natives upon any account. The prejudgment, become a harlot? Justice hath servation of this interest is now become ultima dwelled in it, but now man-killers. The ratio, and the non plus ultra to all political princes are unfaithful, companions of thieves; debates; and seeing the learned gownman all love gifts, follow rewards. They judge not will needs establish it for a first principle, not for the pupil [fatherless]; and the widow's to be denied, it is not amiss to consider more cause goeth not in to them (Is. i.). And again attentively this idol that occasions so much
impiety. As for the Protestant interest, I must confess his majesty is bound to maintain
i Charles II.
it in all his kingdoms and dominions, as far | late Commonwealth was incompatible with forth as the glory of God requires, and the monarchy, and Cromwell's protectorship was law of nations and the several constitutions inconsistent with the king's government. But of particular places will admit. Certainly no if by the English interest we understand (as man (though never so zealous) will say that we ought to do) the interest of the crown and his majesty was obliged, when he held the cavaliers of England, I see no reason why it town of Dunkirk in Flanders, to extirpate the might not be preserved in Ireland for 500 ancient inhabitants and place new English years to come, as well as it was preserved colonies in their room for the preservation of there for 500 years past, without extirpating a Protestant interest. True religion was ever the natives. Why could not the English inyet planted by preaching and good example, terest be maintained in Ireland without exnot by violence and oppression: an unjust tirpation as well as the Spanish interest is intrusion into the neighbour's estate is not the preserved in Naples and Flanders, the French way to convert the ancient proprietor, who interest in Rossilignion and Alsace, the Swewill hardly be induced to embrace a religion dish interest in Breme and Pomerland, the whose professors have done them so much Danish interest in Norway, the Austrian ininjustice: and as to the present settlement of terest in Hungary, the Venetian interest in Ireland, it is apparent to the world that the Dalmatia, and the Ottoman interest over all confiscation of estates, and not the conversion Greece, and so many other Christian provinces, of souls, is the only thing aimed at. If by the without dispossessing the ancient inhabitants English interest we understand the present of their patrimonies and birthrights ? Forts, possession of the London adventurers and of citadels, armies, and garrisons, punishment Cromwell's soldiers, there is no doubt it is and reward, were hitherto held the only lawinconsistent with the restoration of the Irish; ful means for Christian princes to maintain neither can the new English title to land be their authority and secure their interest: such well maintained without destroying the old an extirpation was never yet practised by any title of the natives, even as the interest of the prince that followed the law of the gospel.
FLOURISHED ABOUT 1641-60.
[All that we can discover of Maurice Dugan
THE COOLINI or O’Dugan is that he lived near Benburb, in county Tyrone, about the year 1641, and that Had you seen my sweet Coolin at the day's early he wrote the song here given to the air of the
dawn, “ Coolin,” which was even in his time old, and When she moves through the wild wood or the
wide dewy lawn; which is, as Hardiman says, considered by many “the finest in the whole circle of Irisi There is joy, there is bliss in her soul-cheering music.” He was supposed to be descended She's the fairest of the flowers of our green
smile, from the O'Dugans, hereditary bards and his
bosom'd isle. torians, one of whom wrote the Topography of Ancient Ireland, which was extensively used by In Belanagar dwells the bright blooming maid, the “Four Masters” in their Annals. O'Reilly, | Retired like the primrose that blows in the shade; in his Irish Writers, mentions four other poems Still dear to the eyes that fair primrose may be, the production of O'Dugan, namely, Set your But dearer and sweeter is my Coolin to me. Fleet in Motion, Owen was in a Rage, Erin has Then boy, rouse you up! go and bring me my steed, Lost her Lawful Spouse, Fodhla (Ireland) is a
Till I cross the green vale and the mountains with I'oman in Decay. These productions are not to speed; be found in English, and aresupposed to be lost. Let me hasten far forward, my lov'd one to find, We incline to the belief, however, that many And hear that she's constant, and feel that she's bardic remains, in their original and almost
kind. unreadable Irish, may yet be discovered in unsuspected and out-of-the-way hiding-places.] Coolin means “the maiden of the fair flowing locks."