« EelmineJätka »
sented by statue No. 22. But if we removed the Christ's. He became a minister at Kingston-onshield from No. 28 there would be some difficulty Thames, but having got into trouble, from alleged in finding a rightful owner for it among the persons complicity with the Martinists, he was silenced represented by the other statues in the group. there, and being invited to Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Hence I would suggest that it was intended either lived and laboured in that town for something for Elizabeth of Hungary (No. 20) or more pro- like a year. 'Diotrephes' and ' A Demonstration bably for an effigy of her son, Ladislaus V., which of Discipline' are attributed to his pen. Udal was to be included in the group and was actually was summoned back to London to answer for his cast, but condemned and not set up in the group. opinions, was committed to prison, and, at one The design of the coat armour of the figure was time, condemned to execution; he was, however, considered too poor, and, owing probably to the spared to die the natural death of a broken heart sluggishness of the metal, the statue came out of in the Marshalsea, in 1592 or 1593. Thomas the mould full of holes. Of course I do not mean Cartwright, who has been called “the head and to infer that the arms as depicted on the shield most learned ” of the early Puritans, was for a attached to No. 28 were ever borne by either while his fellow captive. Elizabeth or her son,
The full title of my libel, or libellus, is as follows: One more example to show how the artists
An Answere to & Certaine Libel Supplicatorie, or rather employed by Maximilian and bis executors treated Diffamatory, and also to certaine Calumnious Articles, heraldry. One of the forty statues included in the and Interrogatories, both printed and scattered in secret original design was to be that of King Stephen I., corners to the slaunder of the Ecclesiasticall state, and the Saint, of Hungary, for which a sketch was pre- put forth under the name and title of a Petition directed pared by Christopher Amberger. The drawing is to her Maiestie: Wherein not onely the friuolous dis
course of the Petitioner is refuted, but also the accusareproduced in the ‘Jahrbuch, and shows the king tion against the Disciplinarians bis clyents iustified, and with a shield : Quarterly, 1 and 4, barry of eight, the slaunderous cauils at the present gouernment dis2 and 3, a triple mount surmounted by a patri- ciphered by Mathew Sutcliffe. archal cross. Stephen reigned from 1000 to 1038, I fear me I was wrong in writing aforetime as and, of course, so far as we know, bad no coat of arme. though this work had been specially evoked by the There are important documents extant of the reign publications of Udal and Cartwright, for great is of one of his successors, Béla III. (1173-1196), on the mystery of the Marprelate business, and I am which the royal seal is still without the slightest trace not its soothsayer. Some former owner of my of any heraldic device. The oldest representation copy, who I naturally concluded was better inof the arms of Hungary appears on a deed of King formed than myself, wrote “Sutcliffe's Ang? to Imre (Emericus) of the year 1202; it shows barry of Udal and Cartwright" on the fly-leaf opposite the nine, gules and argent, the four upper strips of the title-page, and I too rashly accepted his conclusion field either being charged with nine lions passant Udal and Cartwright do, indeed, receive ugly (three, three, two, one), or probably only diapered rubs from Sutcliffe, but they are only two out of and the diapering mistaken for lions. The oldest many whom he attempts to chastise; and unless known use of the patriarchal cross as an heraldic they wrote the Certaine Libel,' the authorship of device dates from the year 1243, but the arms which is hidden from me, 'An Answere' cannot barry of eight quartered with the patriarchal crogs have been mainly addressed to them. Satcliffe surmounting the triple mount, as shown by the assumes no manner of doubt touching its origio. artist, according to our present knowledge, were He says:not borne by any king before Ladislaus V., who
“ The writer of this Libel is wel knowen; I would be reigned from 1440 to 1457, that is more than four so well knewe himselfe. His bedlem fits also, and helpers centuries after the death of Stephen I.
he had in his writing, are knowen.”—P. 104. One interesting item of information in Dr. Schön- A very undecent thing it seemeth to me, tbat a man berr's account is that Arthur's and Theodoric's not conuersant in studie of diuinitie should teach statues, after being cast in 1513, were pawned, and gouernors, and lawes: that a man lately distracted of
diuines, that a disordered companion should controll remained in pawn for some years until the Imperial his wit should teach law and order, neither knowing Exchequer could find money to redeem them. order, nor lawe.”—Preface, B 3.
L. L. K.
I do not know to which member of the early "CANARY BIRD,” AN OPPROBRIOUS TERM_(8th Puritan party such innuendoes best applied. CopS. i. 109, 198, 339; ii. 378, 433; iii. 395).—The Jobp pinger was somewhat of an enthusiast, and believed Udal referred to by Sutcliffe in 1592 is said to bave that the Holy Spirit gave him many strange direcbeen the wortby whom James I. complimented at tions (Bancroft's 'Dangerous Positions,' p. 144, the expense of all contemporary European scholars; ! &c.); but I am not aware that the cause was nevertheless, Sutcliffe was pleased to characterize indebted to him for any literary support. Henry him as “a man utterly unlearned and very factious.” Nicholas, of the “Family of Love," must bave bad He was a Cantab, who graduated from Trinity, a screw loose somewhere, and I have wondered if, though he began his collegiate career as a sizar at in 1592, Sutcliffe thought he had him to deal with, since towards the end of the preface be is suddenly sampler, worked by my grandmother's great-grandreferred to in this manner :
mother, in 1718, and I do not recollect ever having “H. Nicholas hath painted his book with quotations, seen one of an earlier date, though doubtless there as full a: T. C. be vseth the same stile and seemeth to are such in existence. MR. TUER asks, “Where have the same erronious spirit.”
are some good typical examples to be seen ?” Other senses in which the passage might be taken and I can only say that, if he ever finds himself in are not hidden from me.
this neighbourhood, I shall be very happy to show There may be some plain statement as to the him mine. It is in excellent condition, and, as ! authorship of a Certaine Libel' in Sutcliffe's later wrote in the above reply, the colours are not at all *Answer, that to Job Throkmorton, in 1595. faded and might almost have been worked in This work I know only from the excerpts given yesterday. in 'An Introductory Sketch to the Martin Mar. As regards “ the earliest known child's sampler prelate Controversy' (Arber), and they do not with a date," an answer is scarcely likely to be satisfy my curiosity. “Jobo Penry, say I, John arrived at, though, as I say, I have never seen an Udall, John Field; all Johns : and Job Throk earlier dated one than my own. But that they go morton; all concurred in making Martin,” wrote back to the Middle Ages there can be little doubt, Sutcliffe ; but many pens, not leagued with theirs, and certainly to the time of Elizabeth. In the get moved in sympathy.
• Midsummer Night's Dream' (III. ii.), Helena I feel sure that my snippets will provoke rather exclaims to Hermia,than satiate the Fijian appetite. I am sorry to We, Hermia, liko two artificial gods, offer a mess 80 innutritious.
Have with our neelds created both one flower, Let me end with a note and a query. I note
Both on one sampler,that the Rev. Mathew Sutcliffe exclaims, “A which opens up a new question, viz., Was it the bloudie fault,” when he meets the complaint, custom--as Shakespeare, who observed everything, “The Curate must tolle a Bell: yet doetb not he, biots-for more than one girl to work upon one but the Sexten” (p. 118); and I must ask for an sampler? Has, in fact, any one ever seen a explanation of the words italicized below : "The sampler signed by two workers ? stile is like John Bels song of Couentrie, the sen
Jno. BI.OUNDELLE-BURTON. tences bang together like lenten deames."
Barnes Common, S.W.
I have a dated sampler as old as any dated [A communication concerning Nicholas Udal, recently sampler previously described. It is worked in received from a valued contributor, but, on account of variously coloured silks on fine canvas, twenty and its crudity of language, suppressed, shows that be a half inches long by eight and three-quarter inches pleaded guilty to a shameful offence.]
broad. The inscriptions are :LADY OF THE BEDCHAMBER (8th S. iii. 247, " Learning is a presiovs thiog it doth both grace and 355, 392). I also have tried hard, in going
through worth of it cannot be told. Avoid all ill companny, and
vertve bring, it is more rare then chains of gold the the Closé Rolls and Wardrobe Rolls, to find any sloth by which to ruing youth is brovght, chvse still to bint, even the slightest implication, of relationship walk in vertveous ways dovbtles to honovr it will the between Geoffrey and Thomas Chaucer, and have raise. Vertve honour and renovn doth the ingenioves entirely failed.
lady crown. When one of the queen's ladies is mentioned on Riches have wings and flee away but learning......"
Hannah Clifton, 1704. the Rolls, she is (if I rightly remember, invariably) styled either “domina de camera Reginæ" (which
The sampler has not been finished. The alphabet very rarely occurs), “ domicella cameræ Reginæ," Damerals 1–8 to fill up a line ; and numerals' 1-30
occurs before the first sentence and also after it, with “domicella Regidæ." Philippa Chaucer is always styled “domicella cameræ," but Philippa
occur after the date. There are only letters and Pycard is always “ domicella Reginæ.” The ladies pumbers worked upon it interlined, and not objects pensioned on Queen Philippa's death in 1369
of any kind.
G. D. LUMB. (Patent Roll, 43 Edw. III., part ii.) were the If MR. TUER is going in " for samplers, the fol
domicellæ Regio" oply; and neither the name lowing may be useful to him. It is a foot-note on of Philippa Chaucer nor that of Alice Perrers p. 9 of Sir Arthur Mitchell's interesting work appears on this list, wbile Philippa Pycard is there. entitled "The Past in the Present. What is I am very glad to find that my convictions respect- Civilization ?' (Edinburgh, David Douglas, 1880.) ing Philippa Chaucer are backed by so high an
“Dr. George W. Balfour hag furnished me with an authority as PROF. SKEAT. That Chaucer was interesting illustration of the dying out of a practica by her maiden name I never could believe.
a process of degradation. It is supplied by the Sampler,
HERMENTRODE. which was worked by nearly every little girl in the SAMPLERS (gib S. iii. 327).-As I have before more before that time, but which is now rarely, if
country forty years ago and for a hundred years and mentioned (8th S. ii. 91), I possess a very old ever, worked by any one. Dr. Balfour bas given me five
of these samplers--the work of five generations of ladies play Fleay says is “ generally and rightly dated in one family. They are all dated at the time of working 1603" them; but no one need consult the dates in order to
“ Mrs. Overdone. But what's his offence ? arrange them according to age. The oldest shows by far the most careful work and the best taste. As they come
Pompey. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river.” down to the latest they get ruder and ruder, till we
I. ii. 90-1. reach those wonderful tubs with inconceivable fruit-trees
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. or flowers in them, or those still more wonderful and less conceivable peacocks, worked with coarse thread on HERALDIC CASTLE (8th S. iii. 347).—In modern coarse canvas, and not in any respect superior, either in heraldry a castle is represented with not fewer than taste or execution, to the paintings or sculpturing of the two towers, connected with a wall and gateway lowest savages we know. All the young ladies who (Boutell and Aveling). More than this number living in a filuence and refinement, and it was assuredly are called “a castle triple-towered," or a castle not a want of culture or taste which gave origin to those with four towers, which is always blazoned in marvellous birds and decorative borders in the later of perspective. Cussans's 'Heraldry' describes “ them, for the parents of some of the workers were among castle” as an embattled fortress, on which are the appreciators and patrons of Raeburn. Sampler-work commonly placed was a practice dying out, and death came to it in the Wormull give the same description, and all give
three towers." Clark and usual way, by a process of degradation. This is the whole explanation.'
"a tower" as a single turret and as a different
W. E. WILSON. charge. WORKS OF KING ALFRED (8th S. iii. 347, 438).
Guilliam (the edition of 1638) contradicts him. -In answer to the question asked by AD LIBRAM,
self, for he says the Jubilee edition of the whole works of King held from one side of the Escocheon to the other, then
" when the architecture extendeth itself over all the Alfred was published in two volumes. The first must it be named a castle, but if it be thus Turretted volume was published by J. F. Smith & Co., and environed by the Field, then must it be blazoned ' & Oxford and Cambridge, 1852, the second by Bos- Tower triple-tow'red.'” worth & Harrison, 215, Regent Street, London, But in his examples he gives in the arms of 1858. Tbis edition is in modern English. It Castillion a lion rampant, "a castle in the dexter does not contain the whole of Alfred's works, not-point," and the woodcat gives a simple tower. In withstanding what is said on the title-page. On our own arms we bear (as a modern angmentation the other hand, it contains much which is now on the grant of a peerage) on the original canton thought not to be bis.
A. L. KNIGHT. “a castle triple towered" for the Castle of NorLeede,
B. FLORENCE SCARLETT. TROUTS (8th S. iii. 366, 416).- The plural
A tower in heraldry correctly figures a castle. troutis occurs in Barbour's ‘Bruce,' ii. 577; the Three towers would be a castle triple towered. reference is duly given in Stratmand. The date
GEORGE CLULOW. of the ‘Bruce'is 1375, i. e., 241 years earlier than Beaumont and Fletcher's 'Scornful Lady,' and
When there are three towers the more correct nearly 400 years earlier than the birth of Sir blazon would be “triple towered.” Thus in Fife Walter Scott. This shows how easy it is to "go masoned sable, for the Abbey of Lindores.
we find Gules, a castle triple towered argent, one better” in questions as to English usage.
GEORGE ANGUS. WALTER W. SKEAT.
St. Andrews, N.B. “One trut', 6d. ; one trutes, 12d.; trues et barbell', per cena, 8d.” (Wardrobe Account, 31/14,
According to 'The Glossary of Heraldry' (ParQ.R., 1322-3). ""Treute" (Ibid., 24/2, 1324-5). ker, Oxford, 1847), the word castle,” used alone,
1 papel p’ls et crabb', 23 Rugecte, et 3 Troghtes, generally signifies ieither a single tower or two 118. 6d.” (Ibid., 62/7, 1344-47). “6 trughtes,
towers with a gate between them ; a castle triple 28. 6d. : 4 trughtes, 20d.” (Ibid., 95/5, 1383–4). towered being a tower with three turrets thereon, This Roll has been calendared as that of “ some such as occurs in the arms of Castile. The same distinguished person.” The internal evidence authority adds, amongst other varieties are trianleaves no doubt that this distinguished person was gular and square castles seen in perspective, and the Bishop of Ely, who in 1383-4 was Thomas de castles extending all across the field, the turrets
J. BAGNALL. Arundel, afterwards Archbishop of York and being often domed. Canterbury.
Water Orton. “ To Ricbard Selleston of Mansfield, presenting the King with Troughtrs, 6s. 8d.”
“ TAE BABIES IN THE EYES (8lb S. iii. 181, (Ibid., 68/4, 1405-7).
413).- The following quotation from Wycherley's I am able to give an earlier instance of the comedy of The Plain Dealer,' IV. i., gives great plaral form of trout than that which is quoted by force to, if it does not completely prove, Mr. Mr. WALTER B. KINGSFORD. Shakspeare has BOLLAND's argument regarding the true interused the form in ‘Measure for Measure,' which pretation to be placed on the expression “babies
in the eyes.” Fidelia, in a conversation with lope, which marched with them on parade, led by Manly, the whole of which need not be quoted, a silver chain.
A. G. B. says :
The 4th Battalion Beds Regiment (Herts of that loves to gaze upon 'om, will find at last
a thousande fools Militia) bad, up to a few years ago, a stag to preand cuckolds in 'om instead of cupids."
cede them. It either injured or killed a man, and W. F. PRIDEAUX.
had to be destroyed. Since then the custom has
been discontinued. When I was a child “babies” was a common
8. POSTLETHWAITE POLLARD. nursery term for pictures in books. “Shall we look Belle Vue, Bengeo. at the babbies ?” was nurse's way of introduciog a fresh book. The same name was given to the tiny
“ TAIRTY DAYS HATH SEPTEMBER” (8th S. iii. figures of people seen in the eyes. This refers to 245).- The following rhyme (first printed, I believe, over half a century ago.
in 1571) may be found in Grafton's ' Abridgement
of the Chronicles of Englande......1572,” sig. Ff. ii. TABLE PROVERB (8th S. iii. 265).—The proverb verso: -to which there is reference is much earlier than
Thirty dayes hath Nouember, 1664, though perbaps that is merely a quotation of
Aprill, Iune & September. it. It is to be met with in the form below in Villa
February bath xxviij. alone,
And all the rest have xxxi. Nova's commentary on 'Schola Salernitana' as
Five years later (1577) it appears in Harrison's Post cænam stabis, aut passus mille meabis. • Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum'
'England,' with one or two trivial changes and the (Oxf., 1830, p. 156).
addition of the lineCompare
But in the leape you must ad one.
That the version with September in the first line Do walk a mile, women should talk an hour
was current by 1601 is evidenced by a passage in After supper, 'tis their exercise Beaumont and Fletcher, 'Philaster,' 1620;
The Return from Parnassus,' written in that year Works,' i. 240.
(III. i., p. 37 of Arber's ed.):— The lines were not part of the original 'Schola
“S. Rad. How many dayes hath September ? Salerni' (see p. 151, 4.8.).
“In. Aprill, Iune and Nouember, February bath 28.
alone and all the rest hath 30 and one. “Squin” (866 8. iii. 166, 299). —The pecten is
“S. Rad. Very learnodly in good faith, he hath also a
smacke in poetry.” mentioned as a dainty fish by Horace ("Sat.,' ii. iv. 34): "Pectinibus patulis jactat se molle
Our continental neighbours have been no less Tarentum.” E. WALFORD, M.A.
appreciative than ourselves of the utility of this Ventnor,
mnemonic canon. An old Italian version is included
in Giusti's 'Provorbi Toscani,' art.“ Meteorologia," LOST OR SUSPENDED MEMORY (8th S. iii. 389). - &c.:Many instances of failure of memory are recorded Trenta di ha novembre, april, giugno e settembre; in All the Year Round, Second Series, vi. 365 ; Di ventotto ce n'è uno : tutto gli altri n'han trentuno. xi. 464. Nearly fifty years ago I was acquainted I can give do date for this; but the following with a young man who, from an accidental injury French version is from a book published in 1664, to the brain, entirely lost all memory of the past, Proverbes en Rimes,' ii. 311:and, from being a cadet on board H.M. ship Ex:
Trente ont les Mois de Nouembre, cellent, was obliged to be taught his alphabet.
Avril & Tuin & Septembre;
Et vingt-huit jours en a yn, 71, Brecknock Road,
Tous les autres en ont trente-vn. Mr. Hooper should read the marvellous history
Comment on the stupid blunder denounced by of the Rev. Eleazar Williams-otherwise Louis your correspondent would be a waste of your space. XVII.-which all torns upon a recovery of memory.
F. ADAMS. I believe there is a modern reprint of the book. RHYME ON CALVINISM (8th S. iii. 428).-MR.
EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. FLEMING will find the rhyme relating to this in an Hastings.
early sermon of C. H. Spurgeon, on 'Calvin and TOTEMS IN THE Britisa ARMY (84 S. iii. 407). Calvinism,” published early in the sixties.
T. R. SLEET. - The 6th (Royal Warwickshire) bear the badge
67, Trinity Road, Wood Green. of the antelope. Its origin is uncertain, but some authorities have suggested that the figure of an Sir Thomas Pate HANKIN, Knt. (8th 8. iii. antelope was on one of the standards captured by 369).—He joined the 2nd or Royal North British this regiment at Saragossa, and by them presented Regiment of Dragoons as corpet, July 21, 1795 ; to Queen Ande. When quartered at the Tower, was promoted a lieutenant, Aug. 13, 1796 ; captain, somo years ago, the Warwicksbire had a pet ante- Oct. 18, 1798; major, April 4, 1808 ; lieutenant
colonel in the army, June 4, 1814; and lieutenant flower referred to is the Caltha palustris. And I colonel commanding the above-named regiment, am curious to know why it is wrong to call this Oct. 11, 1821. He served in that distinguished flower the marsh-marygold. It has been so called corps at the Battle of Waterloo, where he sustained since Lyte's time at least, and the name has the a severe wound in the knee. Upon the visit of stamp of Tennyson's approval in one of bis finest George IV. to Scotland in 1822, Lieut. Col. Han- descriptive lines :kin, then in command of the regiment there, re- The wild Marsh-marigold shines like fire in swamps and ceived, at Holyrood House, on Aug. 22, the honour
hollows gray. of knighthood. He was twice married, first to the For anything I know it has as good a right to only daughter of Capt. John Reade, of the 25th the name as the garden marigold (Calendula Regiment, who died within a year after their union; officinalis). It does not, however, appear to be and secondly, to Miss Margetts, of Huntingdon- referred to by Shakspeare, and it is almost cershire, who survived him. Sir Thomas died at the tainly not his “cuckoo-bud of yellow bue.” In the Cavalry Barracks in Norwich, Oct. 26, 1825, aged first place, it blooms some weeks before the cuckoo fifty-nine, and was buried in Norwich Cathedral.
comes (I gathered a quantity this year in the first The name of Hankin is of frequent occurrence in week of April); and in the second it is hardly a the parish registers of Ashwell, Baldock, and San- meadow flower. We have heaps of it along our don, Hertfordshire.
DANIEL HIPWELL. drains and ditches, where it makes a gallant show; Hilldrop Crescent, N.
but it is almost entirely confined to them. MRS. BARCLAY'S 'English DICTIONARY' (Ah 8. iii. the crowfoot. Does she mean the crow-flower—a
WHITE says that elsewhere Shakespeare speaks of 428). - The Complete and Universal English Dictionary' was by the Rev. James Barclay. The very different thing ? Shakespeare, unless I am first edition was published in quarto in 1774; see little doubt that he refers to it in the passage MRS.
mistaken, never mentions the crowfoot; but I have Mr. H. B. Wheatley's Chronological Notices of Waite is inclined to apply to the marsb-marigold. the Dictionaries of the English Language,' in the His crow-flower is our ragged robin, of which Transactions of the Philological Society for 1865.
G. L. APPERSON.
Gerarde says that it serves for garlands and Wimbledon.
crowns "-as it did for poor Ophelia. O. C. B. KILBURN WELLS (8th S. iii . 167, 435) -.. A. O. Caltha palustris that it is wrongly named marsh;
Why does MRS. C. A. WAITE say of the bright may be referred to Old and New London,' vol. v. pp. 245, 246, where Mr. Walford gives quotations marygold? The name caltha is said to be derived
from cabathos, a cup.
JAMES HOOPER. from the Kilburn Almanac,' Mr. Harrison Ains
Norwich. worth, Mr. Richard Owen Cambridge, and the Public Advertiser of 1773. MUS URBANUS.
The Pope's GOLDEN ROSE (8th S. iii. 343). — GEORGE ELIOT (8th S. iii. 307, 352).—An old
The following passages on this subject may interest acquaintance kindly points out a mistake of mine some of your readers :with regard to the date of George Eliot's first pub- the Pope, dressed in white, consecrated on the altar of a
“On the fourth Sunday in Lent, which falls in spring, lication of verse. 'The Spanish Gypsy' appeared chapel adorned with roses, in the presence of the College in 1868, and had, therefore, precedence of Jubal.' of Cardinals, a golden rose, which was afterwards preI am sure the distinction in the article I remember sented as ensuring a blessing to princes and princesses, was between verse and prose, not, as MR. MAR- and even to churches and towns. The Pope dipped the SHALL suggests, between verse and poetry. Cer- rose in balsam,
sprinkled it with holy water and incense, tain passages from the novels were taken, and it | Lily of the valley. Shortly before the Reformation, was shown that they easily could be read in metre. Frederic the Wise, Elector of Saxony, received the An article came out a little time ago, treating Golden Rose, and in our time it has been bestowed on passages from ' Lorna Doone' in a similar way, as
the ill-fated Empress Charlotte of Mexico, and the pious demonstration of the fact that Mr. Blackmore's Isabella II. of Spain. Notes relating to this peculiar
custom may be found as far back as the eleventh century, prose might be considered poetry in the techoical when Leo ix. was Pope; but its origin is evidently con
E. H. HICKEY. nected with the ancient Roman conception of the rose as Hampstead.
the symbol both of life and of perishableness, which in
the hand of a conqueror expressed not only his glory and The article for which Miss HICKEY inquires his joy, but also his mortality and humility." - Victor certainly appeared before any of George Eliot's Hehn, Wanderings Plants and Animals,' ed. by J. S. poems. I remember it well, but cannot, for the Stallybrass, 1885, pp. 193-4. life of me, remember in what' magazine it was pub- rubies and other gems, is solemnly blessed
by the Pope
“The Rosa Aurea, wbich is of pure gold inraught with lished.
C. O. B.
on Laelare, Mid-Lent Sunday, as an emblem of Christ, MAY-DAY (gth S. iii. 427).—I suppose cattha and as a sign of the joy of the church triumphant and
wbo is 'the flower of the field and the lily of the valley, in this note is a misprint for caltha, and that the militant in Him. The rose is sent to Catholic sovereigns,