« EelmineJätka »
since towards the end of the preface be is suddenly sampler, worked by my grandmother's great-grandreferred to in this manner :
mother, in 1718, and I do not recollect ever having "H. Nicholas hath painted his book with quotations, seen one of an earlier date, though doubtless there as full as T. C. be vseth the same stile and seemeth to are such in existence. MR. TUER asks, “Where have the same erronious spirit.”
are some good typical examples to be seen ?" Other senses in which the passage might be taken and I can only say that, if he ever finds himself in are not hidden from me.
this neighbourhood, I shall be very happy to show There may be some plain statement as to the him mine. It is in excellent condition, and, as I authorship of a Certaine Libel' in Satcliffe's later wrote in the above reply, the colours are not at all • Answer," that to Job Throkmorton, in 1595. faded and might almost have been worked in This work I know only from the excerpts given yesterday. in 'An Introductory Sketch to the Martin Mar. As regards “ the earliest known child's sampler prelate Controversy' (Arber), and they do not with a dato," an answer is scarcely likely to be satisfy my cariosity. “John Penry, say I, John arrived at, though, as I say, I have never seen an Udall, John Field; all Johns : and Job Throk earlier dated one than my own. But that they go morton; all concurred in making Martin," wrote back to the Middle Ages there can be little doubt, Sutcliffe ; bat many pens, not leagued with theirs, and certainly to the time of Elizabeth. In the yet moved in sympathy.
• Midsummer Night's Dream' (III. ii.), Helena I feel sure that my snippets will provoke rather exclaims to Hermia, than satiate the Fijian appetite. am sorry to We, Hermia, like two artificial gods, offer a mess so innutritious.
Have with our peelds created both one flower, Let me end with a note and a query. I note
Both on one sampler,that the Rev. Mathew Sutcliffe exclaims, “A which opens up a new question, viz., Was it the bloudie fault,” when he meets the complaint, custom-as Shakespeare, who observed everything, “The Curate must tolle a Bell: yet doeth not he, biots-for more than one girl to work upon one but the Sexten ” (p. 118); and I must ask for an sampler?. Has, in fact, any one ever seen a explanation of the words italicized below : "The sampler signed by two workers ? stile is like John Bels song of Couentrie, the sen
JNO. BLOUNDELLE-BURTON. tences bang together like lenten deames."
Barnes Common, S.W.
I have a dated sampler as old as any dated [A communication concerning Nicholas Udal, recently sampler previously described. It is worked in received from a valued contributor, but, on account of variously coloured silks on fine canvas, twenty and its crudity of language, suppressed, shows that bo
a balf inches long by eight and three-quarter inches pleaded guilty to a shameful offence.]
broad. The inscriptions are : LADY OF THE BEDCHAMBER (8th S. iii. 247, “Learning is a presiovs thing it doth both grace and 355, 392). I also have tried hard, in going
through worth of it cannot be told. Avoid all ill companny and
vertve bring, it is more rare then chains of gold the the Closé Rolls and Wardrobe Rolls, to find any sloth by which to ruing youth is brovght, chvse still to bint, even the slightest implication, of relationship walk in vortveove ways doubtles to honovr it will tho between Geoffroy and Thomas Chaucer, and have raise. Vertve honove and renovn doth the ingenioves entirely failed.
lady crown. When one of the queen's ladies is mentioned on Riches have wings and flee away but learning......"
Hannah Clifton, 1704. the Rolls, she is (if I rightly remember, invariably) styled either “domina de camera Reginæ" (which
The sampler bas not been finished. The alphabet very rarely occurs), “ domicella cameræ Reginæ," namerals 1-8 to fill up a line ; and numerals 1-30
occurs before the first sentence and also after it, with or “domicella Reginæ." Philippa Chaucer is always styled “domicella cameræ," but Philippa
occur after the date. There are only letters and Pycard is always “ domicella Regidæ.” The ladies numbers worked upon it interlined,
and not objects
G. D. LUMB. pensioned on Queen Philippa's death in 1369 of any kind. (Patent Roll, 43 Edw. III., part ii.) were the If MR. TUER is "going in " for samplers, the fol“domicellæ Regioæ" only; and neither the name lowing may be useful to him. It is a foot-note on of Philippa Chaucer nor that of Alice Perrers p. 9 of Sir Arthur Mitchell's interesting work appears on this list, wbile Philippa Pycard is there. entitled "The Past in the Present. What is I am very glad to find that my convictions respecto Civilization ?' (Edinburgh, David Douglas, 1880.) ing. Philippa Chaucer are backed by so high an authority as PROF. SREAT. That Chaucer was
“Dr. George W. Balfour hag furnished me with an
interesting illustration of the dying out of a practice by her maiden name I never could believe.
a process of degradation. It is supplied by the Sampler,
HERMENTRODE. which was worked by nearly every little girl in the SAMPLERS (8th S. iii. 327).—As I have before more before that timo, but which is now rarely, if
country forty years ago and for a hundred years and mentioned (8th S. ii. 91), I possess a very old ever, worked by any one. Dr. Balfour bas given me five
of these samplers-the work of five generations of ladies play Fleay says is “ generally and rightly dated in one family. They are all dated at the time of working 1603":them; but no one need consult the dates in order to arrange them according to age. The oldest shows by far
Mrs. Overdone. But what's his offence ? the most careful work and the best taste. All they come
Pompey. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river.”. down to the latest they get ruder and ruder, till we
I. ii. 90-1. reach those wonderful tubs with inconceivable fruit-trees
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. or flowers in them, or those still more wonderful and less conceivable peacocks, worked with coarse tbread on HERALDIC CASTLE (8tb S. iii. 347).-In modern coarse canvas, and not in any respect superior, either in heraldry a castle is represented with not fewer than taste or execution, to the paintings or sculpturing of the two towers, connected with a wall and gateway lowest savages we know. All the youug ladies who
More than this number worked these five samplers belonged to a chain of families (Boutell and Aveling). living in afluence and refinement, and it was assuredly are called “a castle triple-towered,” or a castle not a want of culture or taste which gave origin to those with four towers, which is always blazoned in marvellous birds and decorative borders in the later of perspective. Cussans's 'Heraldry describes "& them, for the parents of some of the workers were among castle" as an embattled fortress, on which are the appreciators and patrons of Raeburn. Sampler-work
Clark and was a practice dying out, and death came to it in the commonly placed three towers." usual way, by a process of degradation. This is the Wormull give the same description, and all give whole explanation.
"a tower” as a single turret and as a different
W. E. Wilson. charge. WORKS OF King ALFRED (8th S. iii. 347, 438).
Guilliam (the edition of 1638) contradicts himthe Jubilee edition of the whole works of King field from one side of the Escocheon to the other, then - In answer to the question asked by Ad Libram, self
, for he says
" when the architecture extendeth itself over all the Alfred was published in two volumes. The first must it be named a castle, but if it be thus Turretted volume was published by J. F. Smith & Co., and environed by the Field, then must it be blazoneda Oxford and Cambridge, 1852, the second by Bos- Tower triple-tow'red.'” worth & Harrison, 215, Regent Street, London, But in his examples he gives in the arms of 1858. This edition is in modern English. It Castillion a lion rampant, "a castle in the dexter does not contain the whole of Alfred's works, not- point," and the woodcat gives a simple tower. In withstanding what is said on the title-page. On our own arms we bear (as a modern angmentation the other hand, it contains much which is now
on the grant of a peerage) on the original canton thought not to be bie.
A. L. KNIGÆT. a castle triple towered” for the Castle of NorLeede,
B. FLORENCE SCARLETT. TROUTS (8th S. iii. 366, 416).—The plural
A tower in heraldry correctly figures a castle. trowtis occurs in Barbour's 'Bruce,' ii. 577; the Three towers would be a castle triple towered. reference is duly given in Stratmand. The date
GEORGE CLULOW. of the 'Bruce'is 1375, e. e., 241 years earlier than Beaumont and Fletcher's 'Scornful Lady,' and
When there are three towers the more correct nearly 400 years earlier than the birth of Sir blazon would be “triple towered.” Thus in Fife Walter Scott. This shows how easy it is to "go we find Gules, a castle triple towered argent, one better” in questions as to English
masoned sable, for the Abbey of Lindores. WALTER W. SKEAT.
St. Andrews, N.B. “One trut', 6d. ; one trutes, 12d. ; trues et barbell', per cena, 8d.” (Wardrobe Account, 31/14,
According to The Glossary of Heraldry ' (ParQ.R., 1322-3). “ Treute" (Ibid., 24/2, 1324-5). ker, Oxford, 1847), the word "castle," used alone, “7 papel pʻls et crabb’, 23 Rugects, et 3 Troghtes, generally signifies reither a single tower or two 118. 6d.” (Ibid., 62/7, 1344-47). “6 trughtes,
towers with a gate between them ; a castle triple 28. 6d. :, 4 trughtes, 20d.” (Ibid., 95/5, 1383–4). towered being a tower with three turrets thereon, This Roll has been calendared as that of “some such as occurs in the arms of Castile. The same distinguished person.". The internal evidence authority addr, amongst other varieties are trianleaves no doubt that this distinguished person was
gular and square castles seen in perspective, and the Bishop of Ely, who in 1383–4 was Thomas de castles extending all across the field, the turrets
J. BAGNALL. Arundel, afterwards Archbishop of York and being often domed.
Water Orton. Canterbury. “To Richard Selleston of Mansfield, presenting the King with Troughtrs, 68. 8d.”
“ TAE BABIES IN THE EYES (Ibid., 68/4, 1405–7). HERMENTRUDE.
(8th S. ii. 181,
413). — The following quotation from Wycherley's I am able to give an earlier instance of the comedy of The Plain Dealer,' IV. i., gives great plaral form of trout than that which is quoted by force to, if it does not completely prove, Mr. Mr. WALTER B. KINGSFORD. Shakspeare has BOLLAND's argument regarding the true interused the form in 'Measure for Measure,' which pretation to be placed on the expression " babies
in the eyes.” Fidelia, io a conversation with lope, which marched with them on parade, led by Manly, the wbolo of which need not be quoted, a silver chain.
A. G. B. says :
The 4th Battalion Beds Regiment (Herts “Pray, have you a caro of gloating eyes; for be that Militia) had, up to a few years ago, a stag to preloves to gaze upon 'om, will find at last a thousand fools cede them. It either injured or killed a man, and and cuckolds in 'om instead of cupids."
W. F. PRIDEAUX.
had to be destroyed. Since then the custom has
been discontinued. When I was a child " babies” was a common
H. POSTLETHWAITE POLLARD. nursery term for pictures in books. “Shall we look Belle Vue, Bongeo. at the babbies ?" was nurse's way of introduciog a fresh book. The same name was given to the tiny
“ TAIRTY DAYS HATH SEPTEMBER” (8th S. üi. figures of people seen in the eyes. This refers to 245):--- The following rhyme (first printed, I believe, over half a century ago.
in 1571) may be found in Grafton's ' Abridgement
of the Chronicles of Englande......1572,' sig. Ff. ii. Table PROVERB (8th S. iii. 265). The proverb verso :to which there is reference is much earlier than
Thirty dayes hath Nouember, 1664, though perbaps that is merely a quotation of
Aprill, Iuno & September. it. It is to be met with in the form below in Villa
February bath xxviij. alono,
And all the rest have xxxi. Nova's commentary on 'Schola Salernitana' as
Five years later (1577) it appears in Harrison's Post conam stabis, aut passus mille meabis. • Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum
' England,' with one or two trivial changes and the (Oxf., 1830, p. 156).
addition of the lineCompare
But in the leape you must ad one.
That the version with September in the first line
was current by 1601 is evidenced by a passage in After supper, 'tis their exercise Beaumont and Fletcher, ' Philaster,' 1620;
• The Return from Parnassus,' written in that year • Works,' i. 240.
(III. i., p. 37 of Arber's ed.) :The lines were not part of the original 'Schola
“S. Rad. How many dayes hath September ? Salerni' (see p. 151, u.s.).
“Im. Aprill, Iune and Nouomber, February hath 28.
alone and all the rest hach 30 and one. “SQUIN” (8th S. iii. 166, 299). —The pecten is smacke in poetry.”
“S. Rad. Very learnedly in good faith, he bath also a mentioned as a dainty fish by Horace ('Sat.,' ii. iv. 34): "Pectinibus patulis jactat se molle
Our continental neighbours have been no less Tarentum." E. WALFORD, M.A.
appreciative than ourselves of the utility of this Ventnor.
mnemonic canon. An old Italian version is included
in Giusti's 'Provorbi Toscani,' art.“ Meteorologia," Lost OR SUSPENDED MEMORY (8th S. iii. 389). - &c.:Mang instances of failure of memory are recorded Trenta di ha novembre, april, giugno e settembre ; in All the Year Round, Second Series, vi. 365 ; Di ventotto ce n'è uno : tutto gli altri n'han trentuno. xi. 464. Nearly fifty years ago I was acquainted I can give no date for this; but the following with a young man who, from an accidental injury French version is from a book published in 1664, to the brain, entirely lost all memory of the past, Proverbes en Rimes,' ii. 311 :and, from being a cadet on board H.M. ship Ex
Trente ont les Mois de Nouembre, cellent, was obliged to be taught his alphabet.
Avril & Tuin & Septembre;
Et vingt-huit jours en a vn, 71, Brecknock Road.
Tous les autres en ont trente-v. MR. Hooper should read the marvellous history
Comment on the stupid blunder denounced by of the Rev. Eleazar Williams otherwise Louis your correspondent would be a waste of your space. XVII.-wbich all torns upon a recovery of memory.
F. ADAMS. I believe there is a modern reprint of the book. RHYME ON CALVINISM (8th S. iii. 428).-MR.
EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. FLEMING will find the rhyme relating to this in an Hastings.
early sermon of C. H. Spurgeon, on 'Calvin and TOTEMS IN THE BRITISH ARMY (8th S. iii. 407).
Calvinism, published early in the sixties.
T. R. SLEET. -The 6tb (Royal Warwickshire) bear the badge
67, Trinity Road, Wood Green. of the antelope. Its origin is uncertain, but some authorities have suggested that the figure of an Sir Thomas Pate HANKIN, KNT. (gth S. üi. antelope was on one of the standards captured by 369).—He joined the 2nd or Royal North British this regiment at Saragossa, and by them presented Regiment of Dragoods as cornet, July 21, 1795 ; to Queen Anne. When quartered at the Tower, was promoted a lieutenant, Aug. 13, 1796; captain, some years ago, the Warwickshire had a pet ante- Oct. 18, 1798; major, April 4, 1803 ; lieutenant
colonel in the army, June 4, 1814; and lieutenant- flower referred to is the Caltha palustris. And I colonel commanding the above-named regiment, am curious to know why it is wrong to call this Oct. 11, 1821. He served in that distinguished flower the marsh-marygold. It has been so called corps at the Battle of Waterloo, where he sustained since Lyte's time at least, and the name has the a sovere wound in the knee. Upon the visit of stamp of Tennyson's approval in one of his finest George IV. to Scotland in 1822, Lieut.-Col. Han- descriptive lines :kin, then in command of the regiment there, re- The wild Marsh-marigold shines like fire in swamps and ceived, at Holyrood House, on Aug. 22, the honour
hollows gray. of knighthood. He was twice married, irst to the For anything I know it has as good a right to only daughter of Capt. John Reade, of the 25th the name as the garden marigold (Calendula Regiment, who died within a year after their union; officinalis). It does not, however, appear to be and secondly, to Miss Margetts, of Huntingdon referred to by Shakspeare, and it is almost cershire, who survived him. Sir Thomas died at the tainly not his “cuckoo-bud of yellow bue.” In the Cavalry Barracks in Norwich, Oct. 26, 1825, aged first place, it blooms some weeks before the cuckoo fifty-nine, and was buried in Norwich Cathedral. comes (I gathered a quantity this year in the first The name of Hankin is of frequent occurrence in week of April); and in the second it is hardly a the parish registers of Ashwell, Baldock, and San- meadow flower. We have heaps of it along our don, Hertfordshire.
DANIEL HIPWELL, drains and ditches, where it makes a gallant show; , 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.
but it is almost entirely confined to them. MRS. BARCLAY'S 'ENGLISH DICTIONARY' (84 S. iii. the crowfoot. Does she mean the crow-flower—a
WHITE says that elsewhere Shakespeare speaks of 428). — The Complete and Universal English very different thing? Shakespeare, unless I am Dictionary' was by the Rev. James Barclay. The first edition was published in quarto in 1774; see little doubt that he refers to it in the passage MRS.
mistaken, never mentions the crowfoot; but I have Mr. H. B. Wheatley's 'Chronological Notices of Wsite is inclined to apply to the marsh-marigold. the Dictionaries of the English Language,' in the His crow-flower is our ragged robin, of which Transactions of the Philological Society for 1865.
Gerarde says that it serves for garlands and
G. L. APPERSON. Wimbledon,
crowns "-as it did for poor Ophelia. O. C. B. KILBURN WELLS (8th S. iii . 167, 435), -_. A. O. Caltha palustris that it is wrongly named marsh;
Why does MRS. C. A. WAITE day of the bright may be referred to Old and New London,' vol. v. pp. 245, 246, where Mr. Walford gives quotations marygold? The name caltha is said to be derived
from cabathos, a cup.
JAMES HOOPER. from the Kilburn Almanac,' Mr. Harrison Ains
Norwich. worth, Mr. Richard Owen Cambridge, and the Public Advertiser of 1773. Mus URBANUS.
Tae Pope's GOLDEN ROSE (8th S. iii. 343). — GEORGE ELIOT (8th s. iii. 307, 352).—An old The following passages on this subject may interest
some of your readers :acquaintance kindly points out a mistake of mine with regard to the date of George Eliot's first pub- the Pope, dressed in white, consecrated on the altar of a
“On the fourth Sunday in Lent, which falls in spring, lication of verse. “The Spanish Gypsy' appeared chapel adorned with roses, in the presence of the College io 1868, and had, thereforo, precedence of "Jubal.' of Cardinals, a golden rose, which was afterwards preI am sure the distinction in the article I remember sented as ensuring a blessing to princes and princesses, was between verse and prose, not, as MR. MAR- and even to churches and towns. The Pope dipped the SHALL suggests, between verse and poetry. Cer
rose in balsam, sprinkled it with holy water and incense,
and prayed to Christ as the Flower of the field and the tain passages from the novels were taken, and it Lily of the valley. Shortly before the Reformation, was shown that they easily could be read in metre. Frederic the Wise, Elector of Saxony, received the An article came out a little time ago, treating Golden Rose, and in our time it has been bestowed on passages from ‘Lorna Doone' in a similar way, as the ill-fated Empress Charlotte of Mexico, and the pious demonstration of the fact that Mr. Blackmore's Isabella II. of Spain. Notes relating to this peculiar
custom may be found as far back as the eleventh century, prose might be considered poetry in the technical when Leo Ix. was Pope; but its origin is evidently con
E. H. HICKEY. nected with the ancient Roman conception of the rose as Hampstead.
the symbol both of life and of perishableness, which in
the hand of a conqueror expressed not only his glory and The article for which Miss HICKEY inquires his joy, but also his mortality and humility." - Victor certainly appeared before any of George Eliot's Hehn, Wanderings of Plants and Animals,' ed. by J. 8. poems. I remember it well, but cannot, for the Stallybrass, 1885, pp. 193-4. life of me, remember in what magazine it was pub- rubies and other gems, is solemnly blessed by the Pope
"The Rosa Aurea, wbich is of pure gold inraught with lished.
C. C. B.
on Laelare, Mid-Lent Sunday, as an emblem of Christ, MAY-DAY (8th S. iii. 427).—I suppose cattha and as a sign of the joy of the church triumphant and
wbo is 'the flower of the field and the lily of the valley, in this note is a misprint for caltha, and that the militant in Him. The rose is sent to Catholic sovereigos,
states or citior, as a pledge of Christian joy and hope of in addition to the two works named by the British Heaven. Henry VI., Henry VIII., and Queen Mary Vice-consul at Ciaudad Bolivar, be was the author his daughter, are among the crowned heads who have of Ireland Past and Present,' Statistics of the received it."- Hettinger, · Danto's Divina Commedia,' Bowden's translation, p. 220.
British Colonies,'. Taxation of the British Empire, In the Tablet of Oct. 6, 1888, there is a learned China, Political, Commerical, &c.,' 2 vols., and interesting paper on the golden rose. I have
History of Eastern India,' 3 vols., 'Hudson's Bay also a note that the golden rose is mentioned in Territories and Vancouver's Island,' State of the Dr. Ludwig Pastor's Lives of Popes from the Tea Trade in England,' and many others. No Close of the Middle Ages,' edited by F. J. Antro. notice of his death bas appeared in the
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN, bus, vol. i. p. 220.
71, Brecknock Road. As I am writing concerning the symbolism of the
rose, I am reminded to ask where the following See 'Men of the Time,' ed. 1868. I fancy that passage occurs : Quae est ista, speciosa sicut his life was not prosperous.
E. H. M. columba quasi rosa plantata super rivos aquarum." Hastings.
ASTARTE. It should, in fairness, be mentioned that for French polish is a kind of varnish, as it is shellac
HOW TO REMOVE VARNISH (8th S. iii. 428).most of her interesting antiquarian statements, dissolved in spirits of wine ; and all varnishes are MRS. C. A. White is indebted to an article on the solutions of resin of some kind in oil, turpentine same subject by the learned and venerable founder or alcohol. Hence spirits of wine will remove any of N. & Q.,'MR. W. J. Thoms, published in the kind of varnish ; wood Daphtha will do it more first volume of the Shilling Magazine.
readily, but its smell is very offensive. Methylated E. WALFORD, M.A.
spirits of wine is spirits of wine with a little wood Ventnor.
naphtha added, to make it undrinkable, to save On Rose Sunday, it may be noted, in addition to duty.
L. L. K. the blessing of the golden rose by the Pope, vestments of a rose colour, or reddish brown, aro worn by the
H. M. LL. might try with chloroform. officiants at high mass, iostead of the purple
HAROLD MALET, Colonel. vestments ordinarily used in Lent. The deacon TAE CEPRISUS AND TAE ILISSUS (8th S. ii. 303, and sub-deacon of the mass also wear dalmatice, 396). — It can scarcely be doubted that in tho flowers are allowed, and the organ may be played passage of 'The Excursion' Wordsworth meant at mass and office, all of which are prohibited on the Athenian Cephisus. But MR. BOUCHIER may other Lenten Sundays. The same relaxations are take comfort. It has but a short course. A walk permitted on the third Sunday in Advent, some of eight miles or so would take the votary and his times called Rose Sunday in Advent.
father to the head waters; and there they might
GEORGE ANGUS. find a "crystal lymph," not yet vaseuse, St. Andrews, N.B.
"refresh the lip.” The Pbocian Cephisus is largely ROBERT MONTGOMERY MARTIN (86h S. iii
. 408) most glorious springs of bursting pellucid water,
fed by, if it may not be said to find its source in, two -There is an account of this author and his called now-a-days anô- and kato- A goriani, which voluminous writings to be found in Allibone's 'Dic
como forth from the west side of Parnassus. How tionary,' but neither the date of bis birtb or death Wordsworth would have rejoiced in them! “Fies is inserted. His first production is dated 1832, nobilium tu quoque fontium,” he might have said, He wrote chiefly upon the colonies and colonial if he had seen them. However, the outlets of life, and very high praise is awarded to his writings Parnassian water have been changed, I believe, in in several leading periodicals wbich are mentioned the course of time by the action of earthquakes.
In the Cradle of the Twin Giants Science and If Apollo were now to visit Delphi, so far from History' (vol. ii. p. 117), by the Rev. Henry laving his loosened locks in the puro dew of CastaChristmas, M.A., a remarkable story is quoted of lia, he would scarce find enough to wet his tooth: the discovery of a murder in New South Wales brush. He would surely be off to the Agoriani by a spectral appearance. This is said to be taken
C. B. MOUNT. from the 'History of Australia,' p. 130, by Mr. Montgomery Martin, and Mr. Christmas calls it
VAUGHAN AND DODWELL (8th S. i. 209, 453).“one of the latest and one of the best of stories
Doubtless R. D. has seen the extracts from the concerning crimes discovered by apparitions. JOAN PICKFORD, M.A.
parish registers of Shottesbrooke, io Berkshire,
printed in the Genealogist, vol. vii., giving at Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
least four generations of the Dodwell family. Can I am sarprised that it is not intended to include R. D. say where Henry Dodwell was born in 1641 ? Martin's name in the 'Dict. of Nat. Biography' There appear to bave been families of Dodwell in (see Athen., April, 1891, p. 536), considering that, the county Roscommod, at Sevenhampton, Dowdes