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VOLUME XVII. (MOT-ORM)
Edited by Profs. THOMAS SPENCER BAYNES, LL.D.
W. ROBERTSON SMITH, LL.D.
PRINCIPAL CONTENTS. MOZART. W. 8. ROCKSTRO.
NIBELUNG ENLIED. JAMES SIME. MULE. GEORGE FLEMING.
NICKEL. Prof. WM. DITTMAR. MUMMY. Miss A. B. EDWARDS.
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MACKAY, LL.D. MYSTERIES. W. M, RAMSAY.
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GEOGRAPHY. Prof. H. Monx. MYTHOLOGY. ANDREW LANG.
HISTORY. ALEXANDER GIBSON. NAHUM. Prof. W. ROBERTSOX SMITH, LL.D.
LITERATURE. E. W, GOSSE. NAMES. ANDREW LANG.
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OAK. 0. PIERPOINT Johnsox. NAVIGATION LAWS. JAMES WILLIAMS.
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OLYMPIA. Prof. R. O. JEBB, LL.D. NEWFOUNDLAND, Rev. M. HARVEY.
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who used to stand upon her tower with a wreath
in her hand waiting for her two sons, who were CONTENTS.- N° 235.
busy at the mountain's foot killing the sweethearts NOTES: Magyar Folk-Tales, 501-Oldest Family in England of the girls they seized. Two heroes dressed 503 - Romany Tongue, 604 - Mistranslation in Litany
in mourning slew the two sons, whereupon Wycliffe and John of Gaunt-Rod of Sir Walter Scott, 505Ben Jonson-Afternoon Tea-Bishop Heber-Old Customs Dame Hirip and her wreath faded away. The -Hunting the Wren-Watchmakers : Stainton-Aberdeen fairies now live in caves and underground places, Bibliography-Necessary Reform, 506.
under the castles they used to dwell in, and there QUERIES:-Charles II. and a Greek Poet-Morse" Hoder moder" -Jones of Garthkenan Leonardo da VinciHaunted House, 507-Source of Quotation-Coins-Peasant with diamonds as big as men's heads, slung by Costumes - Author of Hymn-Early Steam Navigation
golden chains, * and piles of precious gems, that Bacon's Stepmother-Marlowe's "Dido"-Caricatures of Mulready Envelope-Princess Pocahontas, 508 "Arms light the windows till they are as bright as day. A Found "-Iden Family -Capt. Fergusson-Peregrine Pelham -Lafitte the Painter-Sir John Shorter-Sheffington-R. M.
magic cockt guards the castle gates, and only Roche-Parodies- Bede's Chair-Fursey Saint-Henry
sleeps once in seven years. Could any one guess Essex, 509_" Don Juan-Authors Wanted, 510.
the exact moment when that takes place, he could REPLIES:-Pestilence in England. 510 - Henshaw - Most
Noble Order of Bucks-Illiteracy -Earl Fitzwilliam's Portrait - Sir N. Wraxall Serjeants' Rings-Reformades
wealth. Kozma gives the names of twenty-three D'Orville MSS., 511-Waltonian Queries-Canova-R, Sulivan-Heralds' College : Degradation, 512_“Memoirs of the
fairies, some of which had in earlier times been Empress Josephine"-Sir R. Aston, 513-Bishop Barlow's Consecration Cartindo-"Sal et Saliva "Intended Viola | inhabited by giants, and which the fairies had tion of Henry VIII.'s Tomb, 514 -Crimping-S. Daniel-Th. Nash-Thieves on Calvary -Vigo Bay Bubble-New Words.
$1 515-A.M.: P.M.-Heraldic Crests-Wooden Walls - Par
The descendants of bad fairies are witches, cruel, ticle " de "_" Je ne suis pas la rose"-Bryan's “Dictionary
an o au pas ja rose, Bryan's Dictionary | ugly old women with iron teeth or nose, haters mogrily-Women with Male Names —" Fisherman of Schar
of mankind, and possessed of great power. Somephout" - Boon-days - Palaver. 517 - Scavelman-Capell's times they appear as black cats, and other times "Notes to Shakspeare "-Cerberus, 518.
as green frogs or horses ; they change their forms NOTES ON BOOKS:--Ashton's "Adventvres of Capt. Iohn
Smith " - Egerton's “Sussex Folk and Sussex Ways
running streams, or what they please ; they are Notices to Correspondents, &c.
the mothers of giants and dragons. They are vicious and spiteful, always doing some evil to their neighbours, I very often stealing the cows'
milk. It is, however, quite possible to make the Notes.
witch bring the milk back. The modus operandi is
as follows: Take a rag saturated with milk, or a MAGYAR FOLK-TALES.
horse-shoe, or a chain which has been made red-hot (Continued from p. 413.)
in a clear fire, place it on the threshold, and beat The Magyar fairy seems to pass her time in it with the head of a hatchet; or make a ploughbathing, singing, eating, drinking, and dancing, share red-hot and plunge it several times into with occasionally a little embroidery. When she cold water. Either of these charms will infallibly falls in love, she loves so intensely that if dis- | cause the witch to appear. Scores of charms of a appointed she fades away in her grief. Most of these fairies are described as good, but there are also * Cf. “Legend of the Holy Grail,” Baring Gould's traditions extant concerning bad fairies, in which Curious Myths of the Middle Ages, i. 604, &c. the influence of Christianity is to be seen, e.g., f Lancashire legend of the “ Black Cock.' Dame Vénétur's castle belonged to a bad fairy, who
1 1 Witch in Magyar==boszorkány, according to Prof.
Vámbéry, from the Turkish-Tartar root boshúr=to defied God and was swallowed up, Dame Vénétur
tease, to vex, to annoy. herself becoming a stone frog. * There is also a s It may be of interest to note one or two similar
called Dame Jepos's Carriage, which the superstitions in our own land. In Yorkshire a relation people say is the carriage and horses of that bad told me that his mother had seen the following charm. fairy, who, when her coachman said, " If the Lord
When she was young the horses had the distemper,
and were believed to be bewitcbed, so the heart of one help us, we will be home soon," haughtily replied,
of the horses that had died was taken out and stuck full “ Whether He help us or not, we will get home of pins, then placed on the fire at midnight and slowly all the same." Another fairy, who lived in Sóvár roasted, wbilst around stood watchers armed with forks, Castle, while spinning on the Sabbath day, used pokers, tongs, &c., all watching the open door, at wbich the Lord's name in vain, and was immediately
the witch must enter, drawn by the potency of the spell.
A Lincolnshire friend gave me the following as happening changed into a block of stone. Traces of
of in his neighbourhood. An old witch who lived at GMohammedanism are found in the tales where had a lover, but they quarrelled, and he married another in fairies kidnap girls, such as Dame Hirip, | woman, so for revenge the witch bewitched her wbilom
lover's cattle, the crowning point being when a fine cow * Ladislaus Kövary's II istorical Antiquities, quoted by was found with its horns stuck in the side of a ditch, Kozma.
| drowned, although there was scarcely any water in it.
like class are in existence, but I will content my- and ran into the hut where the dragous' wives sat, self with one more, after which I will not describe who took him in turn in their laps and declared witches any further, for they can be seen by the that if Ambrose had slain their husbands the first readers themselves. After the autumn sowing would become a great pear tree, the fruit of which is over leave the harrow out in the fields all the could be smelt thirty-five miles off, but would winter, then go out on St. George's Day in the be deadly poison, and no one could kill it till morning and set the harrow upright; having done Ambrose plunged his sword in amongst the roots, this, go behind the harrow and watch the cattle and then tree and woman would die; the second pass by on the other side. You will then see the said she would become a spring with eight rivers head witch sitting between the horns of the bull, flowing out of it, each running eight miles, and and the minor witches between the horns of the then each subdividing into eight rivers again, and other beasts (Hungarian cattle have long erect all who drank of it would die till Ambrose washed horns like those in the Roman Campagna). But his sword in the water, which was the woman's woe betide you if you do not know the formulæ to blood, and then woman and spring would disprotect you from their power.
appear; the third said she would become a mighty The tales are full of witches, such as “The bramble, running over all the world and every Three Dragons, the Three Princes, and the Old road and highway, and whosoever tripped over it Woman with the Iron Nose" (Erdélyi, iv.), where would die till Ambrose cut it in two, and then a poor king wept without ceasing because he was woman and tree would die. Ambrose heard al obliged to send ninety-nine men every Friday this and then rushed out, chased by the dragons' to feed the dragons who lived by the Blue Sea. mother, the old woman with the iron nose; but be This king bad three sons, and two set out to slay escaped, and delivered his brothers from the enthe dragons (there were only three remaining, one chantments of the three dragons' wives whose with seven, one with eight, and one with nine conversation he had overheard as a rabbit. The heads, which had eaten up the others). Ambrose, old woman, full of rage, persecuted Ambrose, and the youngest son, who was left at home, had a be, to get out of the way, fled to a smithy, and bsfairy godmother, and she had given him a black came the blacksmith's helper. The witch followed egg with five angles, which was placed under the him, and one day she came in her carriage, dramı lad's left armpit, and there remained for seven by two cats,* and began to make sheep's eyes at winters and seven summers, and on Ash Wednes- | Ambrose, who became 80 vexed that he kicked day in the eighth year a horse with five legs and her chariot, and his foot stuck there. t Away went three heads jumped out of the egg. This horse was the cats, and away went Ambrose over hill and a Tátos,* and could speak. On this magic horse dale, till " at last he saw old Pilate looking at Ambrose set off, and met and conquered the dragons, him," and so knew he was in hell. Then the old who dwelt near the copper, silver, and gold bridges. witch wished Ambrose to marry her, and as be Afterwards the lad changed himself into a rabbit would not she cast him into a fearful dangeod,
nine miles below the surface, where he lay unti The man's temper was up, and he went and got some
a pretty maid of the witch's persuaded him to “wicken tree" and boiled it in a pan. In a few minutes in marry the witch and so worm out of her the walked a cat. Knowing that it was his tormentor, he rushed secret of her life. After some trouble the oli after it with a stick; in desperation the cat flew up the
woman told him that she kept a wild boar in the copper chimney. Not to be balked, a roaring fire was at once lighted under the copper ; nor did the cat escape
silken meadow, and that if it were killed he would before it bad received serious injuries. My informant
find a hare inside, and inside the hare a pigeon, told me that she knew the old woman who laid the witch and inside the pigeon a tiny box, and inside the out after her death, and she asserted that the marks | box two small beetles-one black, that held be due to the fire in the cbimney were clearly to be seen. These are but two out of many I bave collected; but
| power, and one shining, that held her life. If they they will suffice for comparative purposes. Cf. “The
were destroyed I she would die. Ambrose and bis Knight and the Necromancer," Gesta Romanorum,
* Cf. Freyja in the Norse inyths, * The Tátos is a mythic horse, generally represented + Cf. “ Lamb with Golden Fleece," Kriza, ix.; also the as a most miserable creature to begin with, sometimes “Sad Princess," L. Arany; " The Powerful Whistle, lying under a dungbill, yet possessed of marvellous Gaal ; "Hans who made the Princess Laugh," Asbjörnset powers. A stroke of its tail makes a city rock as though and Moe. I may here mention that my friend shaken by an earthquake, and its speed is as the lightning. L. L. Kropf and myself have translated the whole It feeds on burning cinders and becomes a golden-baired Kriza's and Erdélyi's collections of Magyar folk-tales, borse, whose magic breath changes old and rotten bridles which translation is to be published by the Folk-l.in and saddles into shining gold, and weak and haggard Society this year, and from which all quotations in men into heroes wbose strength eclipses that of Hercules present article are taken. and whose beauty dims the very sun. The name is still I Cf." Jætten, som havde skjult sit Liv i et HöOSET a favourite amongst the peasants for their horses. from Lapland; “ The Giant and the Vesle Boy," from The old pagan priests were also called Tátos, but the Hammerfest; Old Deccan Days, 13; Thorpe's Yulata word never has this meaning in the folk - tales. Vide Tales, 435; Ralston's Russian Folk-Tales, 103; Sayti Gubernatis's Zoological Mythology, vol. i. pp. 288–296. from the Far East, 133.