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Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; and they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed. And the whole multitude sought to touch him for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.
36. The Sermon on the Mount.
AND seeing the multitudes, he Place. went up into a mountain; and when he was set, his disciples came unto him and he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, "Blessed are the poor in spirit:" "for their's is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed "are they that mourn: for they shall be com"forted. Blessed are the meek: for they shall ❝inherit the earth. Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst "they shall be filled. "for they shall obtain mercy. 66 pure in heart for they shall see God. Bles"sed are the peacemakers: for they shall be "called the children of God. Blessed are they
after righteousness: for Blessed are the merciful :
Blessed are the
2 The primitive christians made their children commit this sermon to memory.
"which are persecuted for righteousness' sake:* "for their's is the kingdom of heaven. Bles"sed are ye, when men shall revile you, and "persecute you, and shall say all manner of "evil against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice
ye in that day; and leap for joy: for, behold, 66 your reward is great in heaven: for in the like "manner did their fathers unto the prophets. "But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have "received your consolation. Woe unto you "that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and Woe unto you, when all men shall "speak well of you! for so did their fathers to "the false prophets."
"Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt "have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be "salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, "but to be cast out, and to be trodden under "foot of men. Ye are the light of the world. "A city that is set on an hill, cannot be hid. "Neither do men light a candle, and put it "under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it
giveth light unto all that are in the house. "Let your light so shine before men, that they "may see your good works, and glorify your "Father which is in heaven.
a For the sake of Christ and his religion.
b Because of your base compliance with the world.
In that country rock salt lies level with the ground, and to such an extent that long roads are made over it; but it is remarkable, that when the surface is broken by digging, the parts exposed to the weather are found to lose their savour, and become unfit for use.
"Think not that I am come to destroy the "law, or the prophets: I am not come to de"stroy, but to fulfil." For verily I say unto
"you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, "till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall "break one of these least commandments, and "shall teach men so, he shall be called the "least in the kingdom of heaven: but whoso"ever shall do and teach them, the same shall "be called great in the kingdom of heaven. "For I say unto you, that except your righte"ousness shall exceed the righteousness of the "Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case.en"ter into the kingdom of heaven.
“Ye have heard that it was said by them of "old time," Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever “shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment; "But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry "with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment; and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of "the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire, There"fore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and "there rememberest that thy brother hath
ought against thee; leave there thy gift be"fore the altar, and go thy way; first be re"conciled to thy brother, and then come and
a To fill up, to give a more complete system of morals. b Exod. 20. 13.
Raca is a term of contempt, signifying an empty, senseless wretch. Fool, in scripture language, signifies a wicked, impious person.
The terms judgment, council, and hell fire, or valley of Hinnom, are images taken from Jewish courts of justice, to represent the different degrees of future punishment.
"offer thy gift. Agree with thine adversary “quickly, whiles thou art in the whiles thou art in the way with him; "lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to "the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the "officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I "say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come “out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost "farthing.
"Ye have heard that it was said by them of " old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery : "but I say unto you, That whosoever looketh "on a woman to lust after her, hath committed "adultery with her already in his heart. And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and "cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee "that one of thy members should perish, and "not that thy whole body should be cast into "hell. And if thy right hand offend thee, cut "it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profit"able for thee that one of thy members should "perish, and not that thy whole body should "be cast into hell. It hath been said, Whoso“ever shall put away his wife, let him give her "a writing of divorcement: but I say unto
you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, "saving for the cause of fornication, causeth "her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall “marry her that is divorced, committeth adul"tery.
Again, ye have heard that it hath been "said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the
a Exod. 20. 14.
b If it cause thee to sin.
By the right hand, and right eye, are meant men's favourite sins.
Deut. 24. 1.
Exod. 20. 7.- Levit. 19, 12.
"Lord thine oaths; but I say unto you, Swear "not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's "throne: nor by the earth; for it is his foot"stool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city "of the great king. Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make "one hair white or black. But let your com"munication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for "whatsoever is more than these cometh of “evil.
"Ye have heard that it hath been said," An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: but I 66 say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but who"soever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn "to him the other also. And if any man will "sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat "let him have thy cloke also. And whosoever “shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him "twain. Give to him that asketh thee, and "from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.
"Yehave heard that it hath been said," Thou "shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy but I say unto you, Love your enemies, "bless them that curse you, do good to them "that hate you, and pray for them which despightfully use you, and persecute you; that ye may be the children of your Father which is "in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on "the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on "the just and on the unjust. For if ye love them which love you what thank have ye?
a Without oaths and profane, swearing.
b. Exod. 21. 24.-Levit. 24. 20.-Deut. 19. 21.
Shew an affable demeanor and humble temper on all occasions,
Lev. 19. 18.-Psalm. 41. 10.