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Ereptodon, N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130

Eresia, ii. 474

Erethistes, ii. 444

Erethizon, ii. 239

Erewhetes, ii. 353

Ergaticus, ii. 279.

Ergolis, ii. 474

Ericulus, ii. 188

Ericymba, ii. 452

ERINACEIDAE, ii. 187

Erinaceus, European Miocene, i. 117
ii. 187

Eriocnemis, ii. 109

Eriodes, ii. 174

Erismatura, ii. 364

Brithacus, ii. 259

Eroessa, ii. 258

Eronia, ii. 478

Erpornis, ii. 267

ERYCIDAE, ii. 381

ERYCINIDAE, ii. 476

Erynnis, ii. 480

Erythrinus, ii. 445

Erythrocercus, ii. 270

Erythrocnema, ii. 347

Erythrogomys, ii. 356

Erythrolampus, ii. 375

Erythromachus of Rodriguez, i. 164
ii. 352 -

Erythrospiza, ii. 285

Erythrosterna, ii. 270

Erythrura, ii. 387.

Eryc, ii. 382

ESOCIDAE, ii. 449

Esoa, ii 449

Esthemopsis, ii. 476

Esthonyx, N. American Eocene, i. 139

Estrilda, ii. 286 -

Etheria, ii. 534

Ethiopian region should not include any part

of India, i. 63

defined, i. 73
subdivisions of, i. 73
general features of, i. 251
Zoological characteristics of, i. 252
Imammalia of, i. 253
great speciality of, i. 253
birds of, i. 253
reptiles of, i. 254
amphibia of, i. 255
fresh-water fish of, i. 255
summary of vertebrates of, i. 255
insects of, i. 255
coleoptera of, i. 256
terrestrial mollusca of, i. 257
Sub-regions of, i. 258 -
Atlantic islands of, i. 269
the probable past history of, i. 285
to: of distribution of animals of, i.

Euanemus, ii. 443

Ewbagis, ii. 474

Eucephala, ii. 109

Euchaetes, ii. 98

Eucometis, ii. 99

Euchromia, ii. 48l.

Eucichla, ii. 298

Euclyptosternwm, ii. 443

Eudromias, ii. 356

Ewdynamis, ii. 310

Eudyptes, ii. 366

Eweides, ii. 473

Eugenes, ii. 107

Eugenia, ii. 107

Euhyrax, ii. 229

Eulabeornis, ii. 352

[blocks in formation]

Eupleres, ii. 195

Euploea, ii. 470
EUPLOCAMINAE, ii. 340
Euplocamus, ii. 340
Eupodotis, ii. 356
Euprepes, ii. 397
Eupsychortya, ii. 339
Euptilotis, ii. 314
Euptychia, ii. 471
Eurimorhynchus, ii. 353
Eurocephalus, ii. 272
Europo changes in physical geography
of, i. 39 - -
Miocene fauna of Central, i. 117 -
Miocene fauna of, allied to existing fauna
of tropical Asia and Africa, i. 124
European sub-region, description of, i. 191
forests of, i. 192
mammalia of, i. 192
birds of, i. 193
reptiles and amphibia of, i. 195
fresh-water fish of, i. 196
insects of, i. 196
islands of, i. 197
Eurostopodus, ii. 320
Ewryades, ii. 479 -
Ewryapterya, ii. 370
Euryarthrivin, ii. 501
Eurybia, ii. 475
Euryceros of Madagascar, figure of, i. 278
Ewryceros, ii. 288
Ewrycus, ii. 479
Eurygoma, ii. 476
EURYGONIDAE, ii. 476
EURYLAEMIDAE, ii. 294
Eurylaemus, ii, 295
Euryodom, in Brazilian caves, i. 145
ii. 246
Eurypheme, ii. 474
Eurypyga, ii. 358
EURYPYGIDAE, ii. 358
Eurystomus, ii. 312 -
Eurytela, ii. 474
Eurytherium, European Eocene, i. 126
Evrytrichus, ii. 490
Ewscarthmus, ii. 101
Euschemon, ii. 480
ii. 481
Eusemia, ii. 482
Euspiza, ii. 285
Eustephanus, ii. 108
Eustira, ii. 453 -
Eutatus, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 246
Eutelodon, European Eocene, i. 126 -
Eutemnodus, S. American Eocene, i. 148

Euterpe, ii. 285
Euthyrhynchus, ii. 276
Eutoaceres, ii. 107
Eutriorchis, ii. 348
Eutropia, ii. 209
Eutropiichthys, ii. 441
Eutropius, ii. 442
Eutroplus, ii. 438
Eacocetus, ii. 449
Eacoglossum, ii. 452
Eacostoma, ii. 444
Extinct mammalian fauna of Europe, general
considerations on, i. 126 - *
mammalia of N. America and Europe,
comparison of, i. 140 .
mammalia of the Antilles, i. 148
mammalia of the Old and New Worlds,
general remarks on, i. 148
fauna of New Zealand, i. 459
Amphibia, ii. 423
Ant-eaters, ii. 247
Armadillos, ii. 246
Bovidae, ii. 225
Bradypodidae, ii. 245
Camelidae, ii. 217
Camelopardalidae, ii. 221
Canidae, ii. 197 .
Castoridae, ii. 234
Caviidae, 241
Centetidae, ii. 189
Cercolabidae, ii. 240
Cetacea, ii. 209
Chinchillidae, ii. 237
Chiroptera, ii. 185
Crocodiles, ii. 407
Deer, ii. 220
Didelphyidae, ii. 249
Dipodidae, ii. 232
Echidnidae, ii. 254
Echimyidae, ii. 239
Elephants, ii. 227
Equidae, ii. 211
Erinaceidae, ii. 188
Felidae, ii. 193
Hippopotami, ii. 214
Hyaenas, ii. 196
Hystricidae, ii. 240
Insectivora, ii. 192
Lacertilia, ii. 404
Lagomyidae, ii. 242
Leporidae, ii. 243
Macropodidae, ii. 251
Muridae, ii. 230
Mustelidae, ii. 199
Myoxidae, ii. 232
Octodontidae, ii. 238
Ophidia, ii. 387
Orycteropodidae, ii. 246
Otariidae, ii. 203
Procyonidae, ii. 201
Quadrumana, ii. 178.
Rallidae, ii. 252
Rhinocerotidae, ii. 213
Sciuridae, ii. 236
Seals, ii. 204
Sirenia, ii. 210
Struthionidae, ii. 369
Suidae, ii. 215
Talpidae, ii. 190
Tapirs, ii. 212
Tortoises, ii. 410
Tragulidae, ii. 218
Tupaiidae, ii. 186
Ursidae, ii. 202
Viverridae, ii. 195 -
Extinction of large animals, causes of, i. 158

Falcinellus, ii. 360

Falco, ii. 349 w

FALCONIDAE, ii. 347

FALCONINAE, ii. 349

Falcons, ii. 347

Falculia, ii. 228

Falkland Islands, zoology of, ii. 49

Fanged ground-snakes, ii. 380 -

Farancia, ii. 377 --

Fauna of Japan, general character and affini-

ties of, i. 230 -
of Palaearctic region, general conclusions
as to, i. 231 - * * 1
extinct, of Madagascar and Mascarene
Islands, i. 282
Malayan, probable origin of, i. 359
Moluccan, peculiarities of, i. 419
Timorese, origin of, i. 422
of Celebes, origin of, i. 436
of New Zealand, origin of, i. 460
of Galapagos, origin of, ii. 33
of Central America, origin of, ii. 57
of Antilles, origin of, ii. 78

of Neotropical region, origin of, ii. 80

FELIDAE, ii. 192 .

Felis, Miocene of Greece, i. 115
European Miocene, i. 118
Indian Miocene, i. 121

. N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 129

in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 193 -

Felis spelaea, i. 110

Femiseca, ii. 477

Femmecus, ii. 197

Ferania, ii. 376

Fernando Po, zoological features of, i. 265

Feroculus, ii. 191

Fiber, ii. 230

Figulus, ii. 493

Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa Islands, birds of, i. 443

Finches, ii. 283

FIROLIDAE, ii. 531 r .

Fishes, means of dispersal of, i. 29

classification of, i. 101
cosmopolitan groups of, i. 176
of the Palaearctic region, i. 186
of the European sub-region, i. 196
of the Mediterranean sub-region, i. 205
of the Manchurian sub-region, i. 227 .
fresh-water, table of Palaearctic families
of, i. 227 - -
of the Ethiopian region, i. 255
of South Africa, i. 268
fresh-water, table of Ethiopian families of,
i. 298 # * * , *
fresh-water, of the Oriental region, i. 318
of the Indo-Malay sub-region, i. 341
fresh-water, table of Oriental families of

i. 369 . . . . . .
fresh-water, of the Australian region, i.
397 > -

fresh-water, resemblance of Australian and
S. American, i. 400 - -
how the transmission may have taken
place, i. 401
fresh-water, of New Zealand, i. 457 .
fresh-water, table of Neotropical families
of, ii. 89
of Central N. America, ii. 131
of Eastern United States, ii. 134
of Canada, ii. 137
fresh-water, table of Nearctic families of,
ii. 143 .

Fishes, remarks on the distribution of, ii. 464
fossil, ii. 466 -
Fishing-hawks, ii. 349
FISSUBELLIDAE, ii. 511
FISTULARIDAE, ii. 436
Fitzroya, ii. 450 - .
Flamingoes, European Miocene, i. 162
ii. 361 .
Flora, of New Zealand, as influenced by
scarcity of insects, i. 462 -
fossil of Australia, i. 467.
Floras, cretaceous and tertiary,
America, ii. 155 ..)
Florisuga, ii. 107
Flower-peckers, ii. 277.
Flower, Professor, on classification of mam-
malia, i. 85 - -
classification of carnivora, i. 87
Fluvicola, ii. 100 -
Flycatchers, ii. 270 -
Flying Lemur, Malayan, figure of, i. 337
ii. 186
Flying Lizards, ii. 401
Flying Opossum, figure of, i. 442
Fordonia, ii. 376 +.
Forests, essential to existence of many Euro-
pean animals, i.192
Siberian, greatest extent of, i. 216
FORMICARIIDAE, ii. 297
FORMICARIINAE, ii. 298
Formicarius, ii. 104 -
Formicivora, ii. 104
FORMICIVORINAE, ii. 297
Formosa, zoology of, i. 332
Fossa, ii. 195
Fowdia, ii. 286
Francolimus, ii. 338
Fraseria, ii. 272
Fratercula, ii. 367
Fregetta, ii. 365
Fregilupus, ii. 288
Fregilus, ii. 274
Fresh-water fishes, Neotropical, ii. 12
of S. Temperate America, ii. 42
of the Mexican sub-region, ii. 54
of the Antilles, ii 73
of the Nearctic region, ii. 120
of California, ii. 128
summary and conclusion, ii. 549
Fresh-water mussels, ii. 534
shell, the most Arctic, ii. 518
snakes, ii. 376
snails, ii. 518
Fringilla, ii. 283
Fringillaria, ii. 285
Fringillauda, ii. 282
FRINGILLIDAE, ii. 284
Frog-mouths, ii. 318
Frogs, ii. 420. - -
Fulica, ii. 352
Fuligula, ii. 364
Fulmarus, ii. 365
Fundulus, ii. 450
FURNARIINAE, ii. 295
Furmarius, ii. 103
Fusus, ii. 507

Of North

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Galapagos islands, ii. 29
mammalia of, ii. 29 . .
birds of, ii. 30
reptiles of, ii. 32
insects of, ii. 33
land-shells of, ii. 33
conclusions as to the origin of their fauna,
ii. 33
Galatea, ii. 536
Galascias, ii. 448
GALAXIDAE, ii. 448
Galbalcyrhymchus, ii. 311
Galbula, ii. 311 -
GALBULIDAE, ii. 311
Galecymus, in European Pliocene, i. 112
ii. 198
Galeichthys, ii. 443
GALEOPITHECIDAE, ii. 186
Galeoscopies, ii. 256
Galeospalaa, European Miocene, i. 118
ii. 190
Galeotherium, Post-Pliocene, i. 111
Galera, N. American Post-Pliocene, i. 130
Galerella, ii. 195
Galerita, ii. 289
ii. 490
Galeria, ii. 188
Galethylaw, European Eocene, i. 125
ii. 198 --

Gatleus, ii. 460 -
Galictis, in Brazilian caves, i. 144
ii. 199
Galidia, ii. 195
Galidiclis, ii. 195
Gallinae, classification of, i. 96 - *
range of Palaearctic genera of, i. 248
range of Ethiopian genera of, i. 311
range of Oriental genera of, i. 384
range of Australian genera of, i. 485
GALLINAE, ii. 337
ii. 340 -
general remarks on the distribution of, ii.
344 &

Gallinago, ii. 353
Gallinwla, ii. 352 -
Gallus, Miocene of Greece, i. 116
ii. 340
Gallus bravardi, European Pliocene, i. 161
Galogale, ii. 195
Gambwsia, ii. 450
Gampsonya, ii. 349
Gampsorhynchus, ii. 261
Gannets, ii. 365
GANOIDEI, ii. 458
Gape-eyed Scinks, ii. 395
Gar-fish, ii. 459 &
Garrod, Professor, on the Classification of
Parrots, ii. 324.
Garrulaa., ii. 261
Garrulus, ii. 273
GASTEROPODA, ii. 507
GASTEROSTEIDAE, ii. 424
Gasterostews, ii. 424
Gastormis, European Eocene, i. 163
GASTROCHAENIDAE, ii. 537
Gastropelecus, ii. 445
GAVIALIDAE, ii. 405.
Gavialis, ii. 405
Gavials, ii. 405
Gazella, ii. 223
GAZELLINAE, ii. 223
Gazera, ii. 481
Gecimulus, ii. 303
Gecimus, ii. 303
Gecko, ii. 399
GECKOTIDAE, ii. 399

Geese, ii. 363

Gehyra, ii. 400 - -

Genera common to Post-Pliocene and Pliocene
faunas of N. America, i. 132

Genetta, ii. 195

Genidens, ii. 443

Geobates, ii. 103

Geobiastes, ii. 312

Geocichla, ii. 256

Geococcyx, ii. 309

Geocolaptes, ii. 304

GEODEPHAGA, ii. 486

Geoffroyus, ii. 326 - -

Geographical zoology, introduction, ii. 167

materials for, ii. 168 -

Geological history of Oriental region, i. 362

Geology and Physical Geography of the
Antilles, ii. 62, 79 -

Geomelania, ii. 519 -

Geomys, ii. 233

Geopelia, ii. 332

Geophaps, ii. 333

Geophagus, ii. 439

Geopsittacus, ii. 325

Georissa, ii. 522

Georychus, ii. 231

Geositta, ii. 103

Geospiza, ii. 284

Geothlypis, ii. 279

Geotrochus, ii. 523

Geotryom, ii. 383

Geotrypus, ii. 190

Geramospiza, ii. 347

Gerbillus, ii. 230

ii. 232

Geronticus, ii. 360

Gerrhonotus, ii. 392

Gerrhosaurus, ii. 392

GERRIDAE, ii. 438

Gervasia, ii. 260

Gerygome, ii. 258

Giant-Clams, ii. 534

Gibbon, ii. 171

Gibraltar, cave fauna of, i. 114

Giraffes, ii. 221

Girardimus, ii. 450

Glacial epoch, as affecting the distribution of
animals, i. 40

as a cause of the great change in the

fauna of the temperate zones, since
Pliocene times, i. 151
probably simultaneous in both hemi-
spheres, i. 151 r . .
causing a general subsidence of the
Ocean, i. 152 -
Glamdima, Eocene, i. 169
ii. 515
Glareola, ii. 355
GLAREOLIDAE, ii. 355
Glaucis, ii. 107
Glaucidium, ii. 350
Glaucomeza, ii. 536
Glaucopis, ii. 481
Gliciphila, ii. 275
Glis, ii. 232
Globíocephalus, ii. 209
Glossoptila, ii. 278
Glossotherium, in Brazilian caves, i. 145.
S. American Pliocene, i. 147
ii. 247 - -
Glycimeris, ii. 536
Glyphidodon, ii. 437
Glyphoglossus, ii. 416
Glyphorhynchus, ii. 103 -
Glyptodon, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
Glyptosternwm, ii. 443

Gnaphodes, ii. 471
Gmathodom, ii. 536 -
Gmathopsis, S. American Pliocene, i. 147
Goats, Palaearctic, i. 182
ii. 221 -
Goat-suckers, ii. 519
GOBIESOCIDAE, ii. 436
GOBIIDAE, ii. 430
Gobio, ii. 452
Gobius, ii. 430
Godman, Mr., on Natural History of the
Azores, i. 207 - -
Golden Moles, S. African, i. 267
Goliathi, ii. 494
Gomepteryx, ii. 478
Gomiodactylus, ii. 400
Gongylophis, ii. 382
Gomorhynchidae, ii 453
Gomyocephalus, ii. 402
Gomyosoma, ii. 379
Gouldia, ii. 107
Gowra, ii. 333 -
Graculavus, N. American Cretaceous, i. 164
Grallae, arrangement of, i. 97 -
peculiar or characteristic Palaearctic ge-
nera, i. 249 -
peculiar Ethiopian genera of, i. 31
peculiar Oriental genera of, 386 -
peculiar Australian genera of, i. 486
GRALLAE, ii. 351 -
general remarks on the distribution of, ii.
362 -
Grallaria, ii. 104
Grallaricula, ii. 104
Grallima, ii. 273
Grammatophorus, ii. 402
Grammatoptila, ii. 261
Grampus, ii. 209
Gramatellus, ii. 279
Gramdala, ii. 259
Graphidurus, ii. 232
Graphipterus, ii. 491
Graucalus, ii. 268
Gray, o J. E., on classification of Cetacea, i.

[blocks in formation]

Günther, Dr., on range of Indian reptiles in

the Himalayas, i. 329 . .

on identical Atlantiic and Pacfic fishes, ii.

21 T-

on fresh-water fishes of Central Apnerica,
ii. 54

gis, ii. 365
GYMNARCHIDAE, ii. 449
Gymnarchus, ii. 449
GyMNETINAE, ii. 494
Gymnobucco, ii. 306
Gymnocephalus, ii. 103
Gymnocichla, ii. 104
Gymnocorvus, ii. 274
Gymnocypris, ii. 452
Gymnodactylus, ii. 400
GYMNODERINAE, ii. 293
Gymnoderus, ii. 103
GYMNODONTES, ii. 457
Gymnoglaua, ii. 350
Gymnokitta, ii. 273
GymnomyStaa, ii. 282
Gymnopelia, ii. 333
Gymnops, ii. 287 .
GYMNOPHTHALMIDAE, ii. 395
Gymnophthalmus, ii. 395
Gymnopus, ii. 199,
Gymnorhina, ii. 273
Gymnostomus, ii. 451
GYMNOTIDAE, ii. 455
Gymnotus, ii. 455
Gymnwra, ii. 188
Gypaetus, ii. 348
Gypohieraw, ii. 348
Gypoictinia, ii. 349
Gyps, ii. 346

H.
Haast, Dr., on extinct birds of New Zealand,
i. 460

Habitat, definition of, i. 4
Habrocomous, ii. 238
Habroptila, ii. 352
Habru/ra, ii. 101
Hadrostomus, ii. 102, 293
Haematoderus, ii. 103
Haematopus, ii. 356
Haematospiza, ii. 285
Haemophila, ii. 284
Haemulon, ii. 426
Haetera, ii. 471
Hagria, ii. 397
Hainan, zoology of, i. 334
Halcyon, ii. 316
Halcyormis, European Eocene, i. 103
Halicyon, ii. 204
FIaliaetus, ii. 348
Haliastwr, ii. 348
Halichaerus, ii. 204
Halicore, ii. 210
HALIOTIDAE, ii. 511
Halitherium, European Pliocene, i. 112
European Miocene, i. 119
ii. 21.1
Halmaturus, ii. 25l
HALOSAURIDAE, ii. 455
Halys, ii. 385 -
Hamadryas, ii. 470
Hang-nests, ii. 281
Hapale, ii. 176
ii. 178 ;
Hapalemur, ii. 176
HAPALIDAE, ii. 175
Hapalotis, ii. 230
Hapalus, ii. 524

Haplocerus, ii. 374
Haplochilus, ii. 450
Haplochitom, ii. 446 -
HAPLOCHITONIDAE, ii. 44
Haplodactylus, ii. 427
Haploodon, ii. 236 -
HAPLOODONTIDAE, ii. 236
Haplospiza, ii. 284
Hapsidrophis, 379
Harelda, ii. 364
Hares, ii. 242
Harma, ii. 474
Harpa, ii. 349

ii. 507
Harpactes, ii. 314
Harpagus, ii. 349
Harpalus, ii. 489
Harporhynchus, ii. 256
Harpyhalia’etus, ii. 348
Hartlaubius, ii.288
Hathliodes, ii. 502
Hatteria of New Zealand, i. 456
Hatteria, ii. 405
Hawks, ii. 347
Hedgehogs, ii. 187
Hedymeles, ii. 285
Helarctos, ii. 202
Helcyra, ii. 474
Heleoth reptus, ii. 320
Heliaction, ii. 108

Heliangelus, ii. 108

Helianthea, ii. 108
Heliastes, ii. 437
HELICIDAE, ii. 512
Helicina, ii. 522
HELICONIDAE, ii. 473
ii. 522
Heliconius, ii. 473
Helicophagus, ii. 442
Helicops, ii. 377

Helictis, Himalayan, figure of, i. 331 -

Helictis, ii. 199
Heliobletus, ii. 103
Heliochaera, ii. 102
Heliodoaca, ii. 107
Heliomastes, ii. 108
Heliopaedica, ii. 107
Heliophobus, ii. 231
Helioporus, ii. 417
Heliornis, ii. 352
Heliothria, ii. 108
Heliotrypha, ii. 108
Heliz, Eocene, i. 169
ii. 513 .
Helladotherium, Miocene of Greece, i. 116
European Miocene, i. 120
ii. 221
Hellwomorpha, ii. 490
Helmintherws, ii. 279
Helminthophaga, ii. 279
Heloderma, ii. 390
HELODERMIDAE, ii. 390
Helodromas, ii. 353
Helogale, ii. 195
Helogenes, ii. 442
HELORNITHINE, ii. 352
Helotarsus, ii. 348
Hemibos, Indian Miocene, i. 122
ii. 225
Hemicentetes, ii. 188
Hemicercus, ii. 303
Hemichelidom, ii. 290
Hemichromis, 438
Hemicyon, European Miocene, i. 118
ii. 198 -
Hemidacnis, ii. 278

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