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which may happen to engage the at- would divert the attention both of tention of the public—will be freely writers and of readers from other discussed in these pages. Yet on subjects, to which the progress of the other hand, these pages will not the age is giving more prominence be open for every man to maintain and more of present importance. his own private opinion. The pro- Spiritual Christianity is assailed by posed magazine, is not to be a mere two opposite forms of misbelief. receptacle of essays and disquisi. On the one hand a mystical, pantions from various writers of various theistic infidelity, pretending to be ways of thinking on the subjects more spiritual and more believing discussed, and with no special bond than Christianity itself—and on the of union. It will claim the privile. other hand a picturesque, enthusiges of a corporation in the republic astic superstition, endeavoring to of letters, a person in law, with an evoke and reinthrone the spirit of individuality and character of its the cloudy past-are invading the own, and with its own opinions to public mind through all the chanpropound and defend. It will de- nels of popular literature. The pend for its success, not upon the young, the unwary, the imaginative, names and standing of its writers, the speculative, especially at the and the reputation which they have seats of liberal or professional eduachieved in other efforts, but upon cation, are approached by mystiits own name and standing, upon the cism and by formalism, alternate or soundness of its own opinions, and commingled, now in the form of the ability with which those opinions philosophy, now in the form of poare commended to the understand. etry, now in the guise of history, ing and affections of the public. and now in the costume of romantic

It is proper, however, to say that fiction—at one time instilling a disthere is no intention of reviving in gust for this prosaic, unpicturesque, this periodical the theological dis- unbelieving, level and leveling state cussions in which some of the of society, and at another time setablest New England divines have ting forth in bland accents the dog. been so deeply engaged within the mas of the most rabid and disorganlast fifteen years. The subscriber izing democracy. The intellectual and the gentlemen with whom he is character of the age is changed enassociated are of one mind on this tirely within the last twenty years, point. They give no pledges re- and it becomes all thinking men to specting their course in case they recognize the fact. Questions, simfind these discussions revived in pler, plainer, more within the reach other quarters. They only express and grasp of the popular mind, than their opinion of what is expedient those which divide the metaphysical as things now are. The discussions expounders of the evangelical sys. referred to have had their day; and tem, are coming to be the questions according to present appearances of the day in every quarter. It is to they have so far accomplished their these questions that our attention mission, that they need not be re- will be particularly directed. vived. They have enabled the Some readers however may be friends of evangelical truth to un- aided in conceiving the design of the derstand their own position better, proposed periodical, by a more disand to defend it more clearly and tinct announcement of particular convincingly. For this magazine classes of subjects which will find to revive those discussions, would place in its pages. To such readnot only draw us farther into the ers then it may be said, that among field of scientific and metaphysical other matters which have been namthcology than we intend to go, buted for discussion and which may be

considered as standing on the docket, to adapt the work, not only in matthey will find in the successive is- ter and style, but in size and price, sues of this periodical, the following. to a larger class of readers than can

1. Ecclesiastical and civil histo- be found among professional men, ry, particularly of New England. and persons of wealth and leisure.

2. Lives and characters of distin- The New Englander will therefore guished individuals, and especially be issued in quarterly numbers of of those whose influence on religion 150 pages octavo, corresponding and theology has been greatest. with the pages of this prospectus.

3. Various topics in jurispru. The purchaser will thus have a dence and legislation. These will yearly volume of 600 pages, conbe discussed independently of party venient for use as well as for prespolitics, and with reference to estab. ervation. It is intended that each ed principles of economical and po- Number shall contain a critical surlitical science.

vey of public affairs, and summary 4. Architecture, particularly of notices of the most important rechurches; and the fine arts gener- ligious and miscellaneous intellially, in their relation to the happi- gence; so that every successive ness and progress of society. volume shall record in a compen

5. The peculiar constitution and dious form the political and ecclesi. character of New England society; astical history of its own year, infestivals, manners and customs. creasing in this way not only its

6. Poets and poetry; writers of interest and utility as a periodical, fiction and their works.

but its permanent value. 7. Church order and discipline. The editorial department will be

8. Education in schools and cols under the control of a Committee leges.

of six gentlemen, including the Pro9. Transcendentalism, mysticism, prietor, who will hold themselves and pantheistic opinions, whether responsible for the general characwithin or without the pale of the ter and influence of the work, to Evangelical communions.

those who have projected it, and 10. Romanism, Puseyism, and through them to the public. traditions generally.

The price will be three dollars 11. Various topics in mental and per annum, payable on the delivery ethical philosophy:

of the first Number. 12. Millenarianism and prophetic The Numbers will be published exposition.

simultaneously in Boston, Hartford, 13. Plain explanations of difficult New Haven, and New York, on the passages of Scripture.

first of January, April, July, and Oc14. Enthusiastical, fanatical and tober; commencing A. D. 1843. sceptical errors in religion.

E. R. TYLER, Proprietor. The ends which the conductors New Haven, Sept. 28, 1842. have in view, will make it necessary

PROLEGOMENA.

As the New Englander, in accordance with the Prospectus reprinted on the foregoing pages, makes its appearance in the field of American periodical literature, it is natural for both writers and readers to look around with the inquiry whether there is any vacancy in the field, which this new work may reasonably hope to occupy.

Omitting in this place all consideration of the daily and weekly journals, the religious and miscellaneous as well as the political; omitting also the notice which might be bestowed on two numerous classes of monthly magazines, those devoted to the literature of amusement and those devoted to specific religious objects or enterprises; we find among REVIEWS, the most respectable NORTH AMERICAN, grave, scholarlike, instructive, elegant, but on almost every question, religious or political, that can divide or agitate the public mind, studiously uncommitted; and on the other hand the DEMOCRATIC, less erudite and dignified, but more attractive to a larger body of readers, for the reason that it takes up in almost every form, with enthusiastic zeal for its own side, the political questions of the day. The influence of the former is generally of the right sort, so far as it goes. It is doing well for literature. Its editor being a ripe scholar, and none but scholars being allowed to speak through its pages, it is constantly counteracting the tendencies to extravagance of taste and to shallowness of learning, which belong to the youthful genius of our country, and which are stimulated by sympathy with the revolutionary effervescence of the old world. The influence of the other is more equivocal; and, both for good and for evil, is to be far wider and more efficient than that of its more stately and honored competitor. Brilliant

with the light of genius; ardent in its advocacy of the principles which it espouses; powerful in its sympa. thy with popular feeling, and in the hold which it thus has on large masses of the people; reckless in its adoption of hasty speculations as established verities of moral and polit ical science, and in pushing out such speculations to extreme and revolutionary results; every one of its monthly utterances tells upon the character and destiny of our country, with a power which our posterity will feel but will not be able to estimate. Beside these, there is an attempt to revive the SOUTHERN REVIEW, after some ten years of suspended animation, primarily-we may suppose-for the sake of vindicating and glorifying the "peculiar institutions" of the Plantation States against the public opinion of the world, expressing itself in "the literature of the world," and secondarily, for the sake of expounding and commending that policy by which the property of the South may domineer forever over the freedom of the North. The NEW YORK REVIEW, with its "conservative tone" and its hierarchical and English sympathies, is believed to have come to an end just one year before the date assigned by the prophetic Miller for the end of the world. In this state of one great department of our periodical literature, it has seemed to us that, in respect to sound independent criticism on works of mere literature, and in respect to some questions of public policy and civil duty, the NEW ENGLANDER may find something to say from time to time which shall not be unworthy of attention.

Another class of periodicals is devoted to religious literature and theological discussion. The AMERICAN BIBLICAL REPOSITORY, in its own

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province, is an honor to the American name. Modeled, from the beginning, after the type of German rather than English journalism, it is a rich repository of essays and disquisitions on various points in theology and the kindred sciences, with here and there a valuable contribution on some topic of general litera ture. No well furnished library of a clergyman can be without it. But its plan makes it a work chiefly for professional men. To act directly on public opinion-to discuss to-day the question of the day before the people at large, or before that portion of the people which takes an intelligent interest in the questionappears to be no part of its design. Seeking to unite in its support as large a body of the clerical profession as possible, its pages are open for discussion on controverted topics from opposite parties; and being a repository of contributions from various authors in various connections and relations, each writing under the responsibility of his own name, the opinions which it publishes are not its own, but those of individual contributors. Its functions therefore in its proper department are analogous to those of the American Jour nal of Science, rather than to those of a popular Review, which aspires to be a censor of opinions and of parties, and to speak its own mind on whatever topic it undertakes to handle. Into the department which the Biblical Repository is occupying with so much success, it is not our intention to intrude. We heartily commend that work not only to ministers and students of theology, but to scholars in every profession. A work of that kind ought to be well supported by the clerical profession in this country, for it is continually adding not only to their reputation at home and abroad as an intellectual and learned body of men, but also to their actual attainments in biblical learning and theological sci

ence.

The BIBLICAL REPERTORY AND PRINCETON REVIEW, though chiefly occupied with ecclesiastical and theological subjects, is widely different in aim and conduct from the work which we have just been commending. It is the organ of the Princeton party in the Old School section of the Presbyterian Church. By no means deficient in learning, though sometimes blundering in logic; especially at home, as it ought to be, in the various erudition of theology; fluent in style, and rarely tasking the reader by any argument requiring profound thought or close attention; frequently brilliant in its wit, and frequently abusive; contemptuous in its manners, as might be expected of those who have learned to tremble at the objurgations of ecclesiastical dictators; it is a work likely to be read by those into whose hands it falls. When it heaps ridicule on the unfortunate Bishop Doane and his brother champions of Puseyism, its readers, greatly multiplied for the occasion, laugh till laughter produces tears, and till amusement at the folly of prelate, priest and deacon, ends in something like compassion for their sufferings. Accustomed to receive its theology by tradition from the elders, and not daring to presume that there can be any improvement on the triangles of Gomar and Turretin, it is incapable of sympathy with the devout and earnest endeavors of American theology, from the days of the elder Edwards through the bright line of his successors, to "justify the ways of God to men,' and to place the doctrines and claims of the evangelical system, as the Scriptures place them, in that clear light in which the soul, conscious of its own nature and of its guilt, is compelled to recognize their reality and their reasonableness. It gives no place, no, not for an hour, to such an idea as that the New England divines have done something, in their way, for theology. Its feelings are rather with those who hold New

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England to be a Scythian, Cimmerian region, far to the north, whence barbarians sometimes come to disturb the quiet of the Presbyterian realm. It honors Edwards indeed, but not as a New Englander, for his sun went down at Princeton, and his sepulcher is with them to this day. Bellamy, Hopkins, and Smalley, are names for which it has no reverence. In all its fluctuations of opinion respecting elective affinity synods, and act-and-testimony movements, and the policy of the Presbyterian Church, it has remained unchanged in its prejudices against New England. In its theory of geography, New England, with all its seats of education and all its illustrious names, is provincial, and Princeton is somewhere near the center. Emmons's Sermons and Webster's Dictionary are alike the objects of its profound displeasure. It has learned indeed, from New England, to spell honor without the u, and logic without the k; but it still repels with horror such neological ideas as that sin consists in sinning, that the precepts and sanctions of God's law have respect only to the acts or exercises of the responsible soul, and that guilt is the demerit of a personal agent, incurred by his personal sinfulness. Surely the fact that there is such a work as the Biblical Repertory already in the field, is no suffi cient reason why New England men may not utter their opinions through an organ of their own.

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must win for it no inconsiderable credit and authority, especially where it finds individuals or circles predisposed to look with favor on the opinions of which it is the oracle. Its position in regard to moral questions, disconnected from religious views, is not more exceptionable than that of some journals with higher pretensions to orthodoxy. Since the developments which have divided the Unitarian party, it has often argued for the supernatural character of Christ and his authority as a teacher, for the reality and the necessity of the miracles of the New Testament, and in some instances for the inspiration of the Scriptures. Most of its writers seem to feel that it is time to stop in the career of "not believing.' The transcendentalism, the rationalism-or to call things by their right names, the downright German pantheism of some men about Boston who pretend to be Christian preachers, has alarmed the more serious and conservative sort of Unitarians; and the Examiner accordingly stands for the evidences of Christianity against what we in our liberality and simplicity, might have called the latest form of Unitarianism, had not Professor Norton taught us to call it "the latest form of infidelity." Yet in regard to Christianity itself, the position of the Examiner remains unchanged. Its theology, as of old, is made up of negations. So far as its influence reaches-and who can speak lightly of such an influence?—it is continually tending to unsettle the minds of the unstable and to make men skeptical in regard to all those doctrines without which Christianity is nothing else than natural religion, and the miracles which constitute its external evidences are felt by independent minds to be a grand impertinence. Take away from Christianity the doctrines which relate to the apostasy and condemnation of all men; those which relate to the

The CHRISTIAN EXAMINER is the representative of Massachusetts Unitarianism, in the Old School or conservative modification of that system. The reputation which it acquired in the intellectual world, when Dr. Channing made it the vehicle of some of his beautifully wrought productions, gives it, probably, a greater influence than it could now acquire. Yet, independent of that former reputation, its elegant scholarship, its gracefulness of manner, and its habitual dignity,

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