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tine and a man being executed, a large round belief in quackery, are Rochester's 'Poems, and a basket placed for the head to fall into, and the pamphlet, “ Leeke's justly famed pills." executioner in the act of pulling the rope.

It is I hope this short account of some of the entitled “ View of La Guillotine, or the modern curiosities to be seen in Mr. Willett's collection may beheading machine at Paris by which Louis XVI., interest those people who, perhaps, have not before late king of France, suffered on the scaffold, Jan. 21, heard of it. I have not touched much on the 1793.” Sports and amusements of the past and different makes of the china and pottery, our view present are shown in the coaching, racing, wrest- being more the history in it, not the history of it ; ling, cock-fighting, bull and bear baiting, &c.; also that will be found in the explanatory Catalogue, to in the menageries and peep-shows.

be had at the Brighton Museum. The department with Jesuit china is interesting.

CHARLOTTE FORTESCUE YoxgE. It is said to have been made in the sixteenth century, in order to teach the Chinese the facts on which Christian teaching is based; the Nativity, POLLS AT PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS the Crucifixion, the Ascension, and some Old Testa

BEFORE 1832, ment subjects.

(Continued from 8th S. ii. 524,) There is a group in china of Ridley and Latimer

Harwich at the stake, with the words so well known, “Be 1713 Sir Thomas Davall, Knt. of good comfort, Master Ridley, and play the man; Thomas Heath

16 we shall this day light a candle by Go

Carew Mildmay, jun.

16 grace in England as I trust may never be put

This was a double return, and Mildmay was declared

elected. out."

1714 Vice Davall, dead. Many of the designs and rhymes with reference

Thomas Heath

19 to drinking are very quaint, and there is a set of Hon. B. L. Calvert...

12 eight plates, with pictures å la Hogartb, describ- On petition Calvert vice Heatb. ing the evils of drink ; No. 8 showing the drunkard Polls in Smith, 1708 (vice Sir J. Leake), 1802. in a madbouse after baving murdered his wife.

Maldon. One white jug, with barrel and grapes in black, is 1681 Sir William Wiseman, Bart.

126 thus inscribed :

Sir Thomas Darcy, Bart.

122

The Senior Bailiff
Come, my old Friend, and take a Pot

A Justice of the Peace
But mark now what I say-

The names of the latter two are not mentioned, neither
While thou drinks thy neighbour's health, are the numbers voting for them.

Drink not thine own away :
It but too often is the case

1693 Vice Sir T. Darcy, dead.
While we sit o'er a Pot,

Sir Eliab Harvey, Knt.

159 Richard Hutchinson

127
And kindly wish our friends good health
Our own is quite forgot.

1698 Sir Eliab Harvey, Knt.
Irby Montague

149 A china figure on one side represents a sober man, William Fytche neat and tidy; on the other a drunkard, “ tight 1701 William Fytche

147 and needy," hugging his gin-bottle.

John Comyns

141 A very curious flask, in the shape of a large Jrby Montague

129 potato, is said to have been made in order to 1722 Thomas Bramston

265 smuggle spirits into workhouses or hospitals.

John Comyns

264 Toby Fillpot, the jug in the shape of a stout

Henry Parsons

165 man, whose hat forms a cup, is here seen ; also 1761 Bamber Gascoyne

400 John Bullock

381 the Sussex pig, of which the head comes off for a

Robert Colebrooke ...

342 drinking cup, standing on the two ears and snout, and the body, set up on tail end, is the jug ; these 1763 Vice Gascoyne, made a Commissioner for Trade and pigs were often used at weddings, when each John Huske ...

438 guest would be invited to drink a "hogshead" of Bamber Gascoyne

254 beer to the health of the bride.

Another statement makes Huske 441, Gascoyne 266. One mug has a print of an invalid lying back in 1768 John Huske ...

455 his armchair, the doctor by his side, the nurse

Job Bullock

443 John Henniker

328 behind him, taking advantage of their coaversation to act Mrs. Gamp, and put her lips to a bottle as 1774 Vice Huske, dead.

Charles Rainsford

272 she is so “dispoged.” Written below is,–

Wallinger

121 The Bachelor. 1774 Hon. Richard S. Nabeau

333 Dead to the raptures of a wedded life

John Strutt...

396 And scorning everything that breathes of wife,

Lord Waltham

284 Observe the rake, and tremble at his fate.

Polls in Smith, 1714, 1734, 1747, 1754, 1802, 1806, 1807, On the floor, showing his libertine taste and bis 1826, 1828.

148

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Gloucestershire.
1713 Tbomas Master

393 2529 1701 Maynard Colcbester

353 Benjamin Bathurst

2418 Sir Ricbard Cocks, Bart.

Foyle

253 John Howe ... 1475 Edmund Bray

81 1702 Maynard Colchester

2536 Polls in Smith, 1761, 1768, 1774, 1790, 1796, 1802, John Howe

2370 | 1812, 1818. Sir John Guise, Bart.

2394

Gloucester. Colchester and Howe were returned, and Howe was 1713 John Snell

873 declared duly elected on the petition of Guise.

Cbarles Cox ...

788

217 1705 Sir Jobn Guise, Bart,

John Blanch

2450
Maynard Colchester
2443 1722 Charles Hyett

750 John How

2385
Job Snell

730 Sir Ralph Dutton ...

1912
Sir Edward Fust, Bart.

720 1717 Vice M. D. Moreton, appointed Vice-Treasurer and 1727 Benjamin Bathurst

944 Receiver-General, and Paymaster-General in

Thomas Chester

936 Ireland.

Charles Selwyn

923 Mattbew D. Moreton 2767 Hon. M, D. Moreton

910 Henry Colchester

1342 All the above were returned and all petitioned, but all 1719 On the death of Mr. Stephens,

petitions were withdrawn and the return was amended Henry Berkeley

2245 by rasing out the names of Moreton and Chester.
Gage
1721 1761 Charles Barrow

1012

981 1734 Thomas Chester

George Augustus Selwyn 3606

Powell Snell 3266

583 Benjamin Bathurst John Stephens 2610 1805 Vice John Pitt, dead.

530 1784 Thomas Master

Robert Morris
443
Lord A. J. H. Somerset

333 Hon. George C. Berkeley...

357 W. H. Hartley

20

Polls in Smith, 1741, 1789, 1816, 1818, 1830, 1831. Polls in Smith, 1776, 1811.

Tewkesbury.
Bristol.

1721 Vice Nicholas Lechmere, becoming Lord Lech1681 Thomas Earle

1486
Viscount Gage

241 Sir Richard Hart, Krit.

1481
George Reade

185 Sir Robert Atkins, K.B.

1342 Sir Jobn Knight, Knt.

Polls in Smith, 1734, 1754, 1784, 1796, 1797, 1807, 1831.

1296 1698 Robert Yate

W. W. BEAN.

1136 Sir Thomas Day, Kut.

976

4, Montague Place, Bedford Square. Sir John Knigbt, Knt.

785

(To be continued.) Sir Richard Hart, Knt.

421 John Cary

279

TRANSCENDENTAL KNOWLEDGE. —The following 1713 Joseph Earle

656 Thomas Edwards, jun.

474

passage seems to me to be of singular lucidity. I Sir William Daines, Knt.

189 attribute it to the pen of Coleridge simply because 1714 Sir William Daines, Knt....

I believe nobody else in England to be capable of Joseph Earle

writing it. I cannot, however, find it in 'The Philip Freke

Friend,' 'Aids to Reflection,' or any other of his Thomas Edwards, jun. It is stated that Freke and Edwards had a majority of fied point to the place where the passage occurs ?

works known to me. Can any reader better qualiabout forty or fifty on the poll, but Daines and Earle demanded a scrutiny and obtained a majority on it.

“Transcendental knowledge is that by which we en1722 Joseph Earle

2141

deavour to climb above our experience into its sources Sir Abraham Elton, Bart.

by an analysis of our intellectual faculties, still, however,

1869 William Hart, sen....

1743 standing, as it were, on the shoulders of our experience

in order to reach at truth which was above experience; 1734 Sir Abraham Elton, Bart.

2428 while transcendent philosophy would consist in the at Thomas Coster

2071 tempt to master a knowledge that is beyond our faculJohn Scrope

1866 ties. An attempt to grasp at objects beyond the reach Polls in Smith, 1739, 1754, 1756, 1774, 1780, 1781, of hand or eye or all the artificial ends (and, as it were, 1784, 1790, 1796, 1812 (two elections), 1818, 1820, 1826, prolongations of eye and hand) of objects, therefore the 1830. It may be as well to state that many of the polls existence of which, if they did exist

, the human mind for this city as recorded in Smith are different from bas no means of ascertaining, and therefore has not even those in other works.

the power of imagining or conceiving; that which the Cirencester.

pretended sages pass off for such objects being merely 1689 Henry Powle

340

images from the senses variously disguised and recomRichard How

posed, or mere words associated with obscure feeliogs 323

expressing classes of these images. A process pardonJohn How

309 able in poetry, though even there quickly degenerating On petition Powie and Richard How were at first into poetic commonplace, as, for instance, fountains of declared duly elected, but afterwards, on a hearing at pleasure, rivers of joy, intelligential splendours, and the the bar, the Hows were declared elected and Powle not like, but as little to be tolerated in the schools of philoelected.

sophy as on the plain high road of common sense."

Another scrap, which I take to be his most certainly, tinctly carried the far greater number of all its is this:

votaries into the subtle vagaries so much laughed “The knowledge has been entitled transcendental at since as “the trivialities of the schoolmen," can æsthetic, a term borrowed from a fragment attributed hardly be said to have answered its intention of to Polemo, the successor of Speucippus, who succeeded eradicating a mental defect. Logic has failed, for Plato, the great founder of the Academic School.”

little men cannot rise to a right use of it, and This I cannot find in Coleridge's published writ- truly great men do not want it at all. Still, a inge. Wbilst upon the subject, is there any cata- man like Coleridge cannot write on a subtle and logne yet extant or procurable of the sale of abstruse theme, however devoid of good fruit and J. H. Green's library ? 'Green published Spiritual useless the theme may be in itself, without dropPhilosophy,' a work supposed to be founded on ping pearls and diamonds of light crystallized by teacbings of Coleridge. Green must have had the way; he is the diamond-clad Esterhazy, and many Coleridgean documents in his possession, where he steps diamonds drop ; 80 that whatever he Did these come to the bammer on the dispersal may bave left us will repay our looking after it of his library; and, if so, where are they? before it is too late. Oblivion is always a gaping

What became of Coleridge's elaborate 'Logic'? chasm, and night is on our track. I do not think It was thought to be nearly all ready for the he has reconciled Aristotle and Bacon ; but his printing-press at his death. Its first two chapters paper on the subject is full of jewels none the less. were to have been entitled “No. 1, History of

C. A. WARD. Logic”; “No. 2, Philosophy of Education." The Chingford Hatch, E. latter ought to have been of considerable value from such a man. As to logic, I regard it as a

FIRST ENGLISH THEATRICAL COMPANY IN bollow farce. Coleridge himself admitted that AMERICA.-In a recent review of Mr. Belville S. logic was utterly useless in the investigation of Penley's 'The Bath Stage,' I noticed that the pature ; but he seems to bave regarded it as a Atheneum, in speaking of Lewis Hallam, pointed kind of grammar to metaphysic, or chart of the out incidentally that this actor, in 1752, "took capacity of the human mind, to cure a defect in over the first English company for the purpose of which it was invented by Aristotle. Myself

, I acting in America.” This, I know, is the gospel cannot but smile at the folly of these grand men, according to Dunlop; but it may not be altogether Aristotle, Bacon, and Coleridge, in their Quixotic idle to draw attention to the statement in Col. intention to correct the working of the most pro- T. Allston Brown's voluminous records of The digious bit of vital mechanism that it has pleased Theatre in America,' wherein it is affirmed that a the Creator of map and the universe to make us company of English actors crossed over to New cognizant of—the human brain.

York in the winter of 1749, and remained there The answer to such preposterous intention and

for some time. According to the latter-day his purpose is this: that if a genius such as Aris- torian "it consisted of Messrs. Smith, Daniels, totle could succeed in making us a syllogistic Douglas, Kershaw, and Morris, and their wives, baby-jamper to keep us out of mischief ratiocina, the leading business.”

and Miss Hamilton, the last mentioned playing

W. J. LAWRENCE. tive, it would be so very hard to get into and

Comber. thoroughly control that it would require a genius abreast of his own, or even superior to his, to em- FRANCIS LENNARD, FOURTEENTH LORD DACRE. ploy it to advantage, whilst a genins equal to any – Notwithstanding his opposition to the trial of one of the three men named could very well do with Charles I., he must afterwards have submitted to out it. The mediæval schools employed logic as the Protectorate, for we find him elected to Croman educational mean more than any other body of well's second Parliament-1654–55—as one of the men bas done, and they chiefly succeeded in its nine members for Sussex. His death occurred on mirapplication. I say chiefly, for I think few will May 12, 1662 (vide G. E. C.’s ‘New Peerage,' sub deny, after reading a few pages of the 'Summa “ Dacre"). This will serve as a slight addition to Theologiæ' of St. Thomas, that he, at least, made the particulars given in vol. xxxiii. of the 'Dict. an intellectual use of it that should place him on Nat. Biog.'

W. D. PINK. a pinnacle infinitely higher than can justly be assigned to any man of science alive to-day, sim- NEWSPAPER CUTTING AGENCIES.-Subject to ply considered as to mental quality and reach. correction, I believe that the idea of these A great deal of nonsense may also be pointed to, agencies, now indispensable to author, artist, no doubt; but can we suppose that the same thing and politician, originated with M. J. Blum, cannot be said of the tall talk of science of to-day? grandson of a German immigrant in Paris, forTen lustra hence how much of it will remain merly assistant professor of French at Trinity unmodified ? whilst much will be absolutely con- College, Dublin, and now teacher of languages in tradicted.

Paris. His relations with actors (he is not related, A science that, in its widest culture, has dis- however, to the dramatist, Ernest Blum) had

shown him their curiosity as to "outlandish ” Nat. Biog.' vol. xxxii. p. 365), says of the 'Rival opinions, and in 1875, styling himself “ l'Inter- Queens ; or, the Death of Alexander the Great': prète,” he undertook to communicate to French "The piece was published, with a fulsome dedicacelebrities notices of their achievements appearing tion to the Duchess of Portsmoutb." In 1879 I in foreign papers. He did things on a small scale, bought a copy of the first edition from John Kidsusually sending not cuttings, but written copies. man, Penzance, complete except as to the first page He was speedily imitated and supplanted by a M. of the Epistle Dedicatory, but from its terms one Chérié, who dubbed himself “l'Argus de la Presse,” | would imagine that Mr. Lee is wrong. It ends and London and New York followed suit. M. thus:Blum must feel chagrined yet flattered at having "And I can affirm to your Lordship, there is nothing sown a seed wbich bas proved so productive—for transports a Poet, next to Love, like commending in the others. Sic vos non vobis. J. G. ALGER. right place. Therefore, my Lord, this Play must be Paris.

yours; and Alexander, whom I bave rais'd from the

dead, comes to you with an assurance, answerable to his “QUOT LINGUAS CALLES TOT HOMINES VALES."

Character and your Virtue. You cannot expect him in -An inquiry regarding the above adage in put his illustrious ashes in an Urne, which are now

his Majesty of two thousand years ago, I bave only to ‘N. & Q.'(765 S. iii. 129), proposed by the present offer'd with all observance to your Lordsbip. By, my writer, has remained thus far unanswered. He Lord, your Lordships most humble, obliged and devoted will, therefore, state that he has found these Latin Servant, Nat. Lee." words as the motto at the head of a chapter of To whom was the play then dedicated, if Mr. Lee Vámbéry's book of far eastern travel when he is in error! Had it two dedications? I may add went as a disguised pilgrim. Vámbéry, however, that the list of "Some Books Printed this Year, gives no intimation whence he derived the saying. 1677, for J. Magnus and R. Bently," which follows A8 I have nowhere seen a translation, I will give the prologue, contains entries of three other plays, one of my own, till a better one shall take its 1677 editions of which are not mentioned by Mr. place :

Sidney Lee; but perhaps the publishers then, like Discourse in ten tongues if you can,

some publishers now, regarded the date in a PickI'll reckon you ten times a man,

wickian sense, and did not mean that the year The Latin rhyme must have suggested analogous 1677 was actually responsible for the books mensayings attributed to the Emperor Charles V. and tioned in a 1677 list. others. Will some one rich in mediæval lore show

WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. us early uses of this notable utterance ?

Glasgow.
JAMES D. BUTLER.
Madison, Wis., U.S.A.

THE NAME BELINDA (See gth S. ii. 354).-In

bis note on Clarinda at the above reference, MR. A CENTENARIAN FOXAUNTER.-In the Gent. PICKFORD says the name Belinda is found in Mag., vol. xxxiv. 1764, p. 398, is the following Martial, and quotes the following verses in remarkable entry among the “Deaths":

proof :“31 July. George Kirton of Oxnop-Hall, Yorks., Esq:

Nolueram, Belinda, tuos violare capillos, in the 125th year of his age : a most remarkable fox

Sed juvat, hoc precibus me tribuisse tuis. hunter, after following the chase on horseback till 80; I regret to find your esteemed correspondent in till he was 100 he regularly attended the unkennelling error. He bas evidently copied the verses from the fox in his single chair : And no man till within ten some edition of Pope. Belinda is a name of Pope's years of his death, made freer with his bottle."

substitution. In the text of Martial (xii. 84) the ROBIN H. LEGGE,

hexameter line reads :“What CHEER ?”—This is generally supposed Nolueram, Polytime, tuos violare capillos. to be modern slang, but it occurs in a serious pas

F. ADAMS. sage at least as early as 1440, or thereabouts. In the Towneley Plays,' p. 162 of the Early English – In looking through the original Charter of

THE GRAMMAR SCHOOLS OF KING EDWARD VI. Text Society's re-edition, now going through the Edward VI." Twenty-eighth day of June in the press, Joseph says to his wife Mary (Play XV. Edward VI. (“Twenty-eighth day of June in the *The Flight into Egypt') :

Seventh Year of the Reign of King Edward the Mary, my darlyng dere. I am full wo for thee !

Sixth ") granted to the Borough of Stratford-op

Avon, I find the following curious and interesting She answers :

clause. Is there any similar clause in any of the A, leyf Joseph, what chere?

other charters granted during the same reign ?Youre sorow on this manere, It mekille meruels me.

"And moreover know ye that we being induced by

the singular Love and Affection which we bear towards F. J. F.

the upripe Subjects in our Kingdom in the same our Nat. Lee's 'ALEXANDER The Great.'-Mr. County of Warwick we do not a little lay it to heart that

hereafter from their cradles they may be seasoned in Sidney Lee, in his life of Nathaniel Lee (* Dict. of polite Literature (which before our Days was neglected

when they attained to a more advanced age) going on to ing of mills by men may probably have continued be more learned and increasing in Number to be useful in later times. I find in Littré that tourneur is Members in the English Church of Christ which on used in French for “ celui qui tourne une meule,” by their Learning as well as prudence they may become though he gives no examples. I have not, howof Advantage and an Ornament to [the] whole Dominions ever, come across this use in English. The etymoWe do by virtue of these presents create erect found logy of the words ink in ink-moline and rind ordain make and establish a certain Free Grammar (sounetimes spelt rynd) in mill-rind, is not given in School in the said Town of Stratford upon Avon to consist of one Master or Pedagogue hereafter forever to any book I have seen. The dictionaries vary as to endure And so we will and by theec presents command the pronunciation of rind, some making it rhyme to be established and for ever inviolably to be observed, with mind, others with sinned. Perhaps some And that the said School 89 by us founded created one will throw a light upon the names, and also erected and established shall for ever be commonly upon the actual use and purpose of the thing. called named and stiled The King's New School of Strat. ford upon Avon,"

J. POWER HICKS.
Este.
RESTORATION OF A PARISH REGISTER: PRES-

Queries.
TON CANDOVER, Hants.—The annexed entry in
Baigent and Millard's History of Basingstoke,

We must request correspondents desiring information 1889, p. 103 n., records the restoration to lawful on family matters of only privato interest to affix their

names and addresses to their queries, in order that the custody of a missing register of marriages in the answers may be addressed to them direct. parish of Preston Candover :

“There was until the year 1881, preserved among the THOMAS NEALE.—What is known of Thomas Parish Registers [of Basingstoke) a fragment of a small Neale beyond the allusions in the Pepys and

His Venetian lottery and the (the leaves measuring no more than about ten inches in Evelyn diaries ? length, and four in width), containing entries of Mar- Seven Dials make him a Londoner of some riages from 1584 to 1692, which apparently did not interest ; to Americans he is of some account for belong to Basingstoke. The result of a careful examina- the Post-Office patent he obtained in 1691/2 for tion proved that it belonged to the Parish of Preston all English settlements in North America and the up in stiff covers to prevent further injury or loss, and West Indies. The patent was to run for twentywith the consent and approbation of the Archdeacon of one years, or until February 17, 1712/13, but Winchester banded over by Mr. Francis Joseph Baigent] expired under the the Post-Office Act of 1710. to the custody of the Vicar of Preston Candover,” It appears, also, that in or before 1703, Neale

DANIEL HIPWELL. assigned his post-office rights and debts to his 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

American deputy, Postmaster-General Andrew

Hamilton. Hamilton was a remarkable man, who DERIVATION OF TBE SURNAME TURNER.- conducted a post from Virginia to New Hampshire, Lower, in bis ' Patronymia Britannica,' derives the and induced the principal colonies to pass a Dame Torper “from the occupation. One of the similar Post-Office Act. More than anything else most common of surnames, 'out of all proportion,' this was instrumental in uniting the colonies, just Mr. Ferguson ['English Surnames '] alleges, 'to as the dismissal of Franklin, in 1774, united the the number of persons engaged in the trade,' of states, or led to the United States, the post the latbe.” Now it seems that many of the families office under American authority being established named Turner bear arms in which enters the fer in 1775 for that purpose. The American post de moline, otherwise called ink-moline, and mill- office, using the word in a national or imperial rind. This is a piece of iron of a peculiar shape, sense, is two hundred years old, and Neale is its which, though shown with some variation in books father; whence this inquiry. With due reserve, on heraldry, may be described as resembling the I may add that the ' Dictionary of National Biosign for Pisces in the Zodiac, with the addition of graphy' is not partial to postal matters. Uoder a square or oblong link in the plane of the figure, William and Mary Sir Robert Cotton and Sir rigidly connecting the two curves in the centre of Thomas Frankland were the English Postmastersthe figure. It seems to have been let into the General, and under the next reign Joho Evelyn centre of the under surface of the upper willstone. succeeded Cotton ; but the 'Dict. Nat. Biog.is Probably it was intended, among other purposes, to silent on these points. All the same, the history distribute the pressure of the driving axis upon the of your people is the history of your Post Office, stone, and so to lessen the risk of splitting the and the history of your Post Office is very largely stone. This cognizance seems to point to the turn the history of your Postmasters-General. So they ing not of a latbe, but of a mill, as the origin of deserve attention, and Thomas Neale may repay the name; and its frequency would thus be ac. an inquiry; our Massachusetts archives call him counted for. The flour-mills of the Greeks and the Governor of the Post Office of North America, Romans were often turned by slaves, and the turn. No doubt a case of lucus a non lucendo. His

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