« EelmineJätka »
tbat public confidence in the Bench was increasing, because the practice selves as in the expectation of benefiting othere, but there were had grown up of late of taking the judges to preside over commissious many cases in which members and their families who had needed and perform other work outside their ordinary duties. The practice aesistance had been largely benefited by the association, and in which was not, he thought, a desirable one, because the judges were taken the payment of a few guineas in subscriptions bad resulted in relief from their ordinary work, and thus delay and expense were 'entailed being given to a very large extent-as much & £1470 in one case--and upon suitors, and it also im posed upon the judges duties which there were many other cases of a like kind. These were generous results exposed them to criticism which ba sed very often upon arising from small paymente. It should be mentioned that every party aod rancour, from wbich they
should be pro
application was critically and carefully examined by a committee of tected.
as essential to the public interest that there the directors, and that then the case went before the whole board. The should be an able, an independent, and a fearless Bar as that average sum distributed for the last ten years was £6107, and last there should be a Bench possessing these qua lifications. The Bar
year it was £6915. But, in order that this standard might be main. worked at present under very different conditions from those wbich tained, it was necessary that tbere should be more annual subscribers, prevailed in former geare. The localisation of our judicial system for the present definite revenue was only £4997, which was reprehad involved changes, and the true test was what was best for the sented by £2130 from interest on investments, and by only £2884 from public. It was well that the judicial system should adapt itself to appual subscriptions. The rest of the sum distributed was derived the wants, he would even say to the wishes, of the public, and, as from donations at the anniversary meetings, and from certain of the that seemed to take the form of decentralisation, be imagined that smaller legacies which the directors felt justified in treating as revenue. the members of the Bar must adapt themselves to that view. One This was the only aggociation which dealt with country cases, and of the consequences of decentralisation had been to bring the members
of the total sum distributed since 1858, about 60 per cent. bad been of the Bar into local courts where they had not exclusiva right of applied in country cas s. He expressed the regret of the directors audience; but he was sure that the Bar would have no need to fear
at the loss of the late secretary, Mr. Scott, who had devoted the an extension of decentralisation of that kind, becsuee, whatever might greater portion of his life to the service of the society. No one who be the state of things--and although he was glad to see members knew Mr. Scott could doubt that the interest of the associalion was a of his own branch of the Profession who had the ability, and the thing that he really bad at beart, and he rendered it very great opportunity to resort to advocacy taking that class of work-he was Bervice. perfectly sure that in the long run the great preponderance of all the The toast of “The Guests” was proposed by Mr. Maurice A. best business would undoubteuly be enjoyed by members of the Bar. Tweedie (Chairman of the Board of Directors), and Lord Mersey, in Another result of the localisation of our judicial eystem had been the returning tbankg, submitted the health of “The Chairman,” Mr. establishment of local Bars at various provinoial centres. That was a Johnson briefly acknowledging the compliment. necessity in the case of all the great centres of industry and popula. Subscriptions and donations were announced to the amount of tion, and they bad seen evidence that these local Bars were the train- nearly £1600, wbich included : The Chairman, £105; Messrs. Coward, ing ground for the ceniral Bar. As for the solicitor branch of the
Hawkeley, Sons, and Chance, £105; Asburst, Morris. and Co., £100; Profession, he might safely say that in its epbere it was as essential J. S. Beale, £52 109.; W. A. Crump and Son, £52 10s. ; the Law to the due administration of justice as either of the otber branches. Society, £50 ; Messrs. H. de H. Wbatton, £50 ; Biddle, Tborne, and When a man wanted advice he went to his solicitor, in whom he Co, £26 58.; the City Solicitors' Company, £21; the Birmingham found, as a rule, not merely a man of law, but a trusted friend.
Law Society, £21; Messrs. Hammond and Richarde, £21; Botterell Mr. Justica Eve, in returning thanks for the Bench, said and Roche, £21; Richard L. Harrison, £21; Richard S. Taylor, £21; that it W88 strange and paradoxical tbat in community and R. W. Cooper, £21. where most, if not all, of the cbief offices of the State were served by lawyers ; ubere partiee, whatever their political opinions, vied with each other in finding, capable lawyers to represent and expound their views, there ebould have grown up in recent days a
THE BLUE BAG. distrust and underrating of the value of legal institations and a The tbird meeting in the Faster Sittinge was held on the 1lth inst., practice reprehepsible in tbe extreme of uttering against the profession when a County Court case was beard. The widow and so!e dependant which was responsible for the administration of justice in this country of Daniel Gummidge submitted an application under the Workmen's criticism which was often unfair aod of making aspersions which occa. Compensation Act in respect to the loss of her busband, who was sionally were unjust. Such criticism was often prompted only by a alleged to have fallen overboard from the stea mship Zingari, owned desire to say sometbing which would provoke a responsive cheer from by the Rover Steamship Company, and been drowned. Mr. Douglas the prejudiced and the ignorant. It might be said that the persons Knocker, who acted as County Court judge sitting as arbitrator, who pursued these tactics met with their reward in that their weapons found that the onus of placing liability on the respondents had not recoiled upon them, and he agreed that there was much consolatory been carried out. Stay of execution was granted for twelve days, truth in that ; but he did not believe that that counteracted all the pending notice of appeal. mischief tbat flowed from the evil conduct to which he had alluded. Signs were not wanting that respect was waping for institutions which all in that room, at any rate, believed to lie at the very lounda. tions of justice ; and, although it migbt well be that the change of
UNION SOCIETY OF LONDON. attitude towards these institutions and principles was partly due to MR. SYDNEY G. TURNER (president) presided at the annual dinner & want of knowledge of the foundations upon which these institutions of this society, wbich was held at the Waldorf Hotel on Wednesday had been raised and the principles by wbich they were supported, he last Among the guests were Lord Justice Vaughan Williams, Sir was confident that that attitude was not altogether unconnected with S. T. Evans, His Honour Judge Rentoul, K.C., Sir Frederick Low, the conduct to whicb be Ład referred, ard against which he ventured K.C., M.P., Mr. W. B. Ferguson, K.C., the Hon. Hugh Law, M.P., to raise his respectful, but his emphatic protest. He did so for two Mr. Courthope-Munroe, and Mr. John Pollen. Mauy members of reasons : first, because he was addressing the members of his own the society were present, amongst others being Mr. Thomas Voeper profession for the most part; and next because in respooding for the (vice-president), Mr. Arthur H. Forbes, Mr. J. B. Melville, Mr. Alma Bench he did not forget that he represented all tbose who did their Roper, Mr. C. T. Stringer, Mr. T. Durniord, Mr. A. R. Abbey Williams, best to administer justice to their fellow.men in this country, and he Mr. R. 0. Roberte, Mr. G. F. Kingham, Mr. Freeman King, ana wanted to appeal on kehalf of one portion of the commuoity that Mr. A. K. Ingram. those present should to the best of tbeir ability support tbe efforts After the losal toasts, which were being made to prevent the unpaid magistracy being Mr. John Pollen proposed the toast of "The Bench," to which Lord degraded into the slough of political bias.
Justice Vaughan Williams responded. He said that judges had no Mr. P. Ogden Lawrence, K.C., responded for the Bar, and Mr. Edward right to criticise the Legislature, but to administer the law. He F. Turner for the solicitor branch of the Profession.
referred to the recent election petitions, and he asked did it not The Chairman, a proposing the toast of the evening, “The make them ashamed of their country that even political contests like Solicitors’ Benevolent Association, called attention to the fact that these, which took place upon a con ested election petition, should the association had only 4000 regular subscribers, less than one-tourth result in such wholesale lying as bad occurred ? It was perfectly of the number of solicitors practising in England and Wales, and less shocking. Did they not thiok that the lies that had been told at than half the number of members of the Law Society. After making these election petitions were utterly inconsistent with our historic due allowance for those who were unable, for various reasous, to notion of tbe love of truth of Englishmen, whose word in the old become members, and for those who subscribed to the Law A580. days used to be their bond ? ciation, be submitted that such a condition of affairs was not entirely Sir S. T. Evans proposed the toast of “The Bar." He said creditable the Profession. But be felt quite sure, from bis that the Bar was the best training for public life. All the heads of own experience during he last few weeks, that the absence from the public offices had been trained at the Bar, amongst others being the list of members of many names which ought to appear the Prime Minister, the Irish Secretary, the Minister for War, and the there was due to inadverience, and be believed that if those Leader of the House of Lords. The members of the Bar that were who took an interest in the association woula from time to time use pot successful in getting on the Bench may be successful in obtaining their personal efforts the number of members would be materially in- these other appointments. The Bar had a duty to the Bench, and oreased. Pripted circulars were not productive of any good result, and that duty was entirely carried out. pereonal effort was neces:ary it the membership was to be increased. Mr. W. B. Ferguson, K.C., having responded, There were upwards of 600 of the solicitors who held public appoint- His Honour Judge Rentoul, K.C., proposed the Houses of Parlia. ments in England and Wales who were not members of the association. ment, 10 wbich tbe Hon. Hugb Law, M.P., responded, This was not a proper etate of things, and be boped that they migbt Sir Frederick Low, K.C., in submitting the toast of "The Union be led to join the aseociatiou. Since the aesociation was founded in Society of Loudon " said that this was the toast of the evening. The 1858 it had distributed about £166,000 in 7018 grants, an average of society was founded in the year 1835, and since that time tbey bad £22 148. a grant, but, of course, larger grants were made in the case dope very important work and it had now become an institution of of members than of non-membere. Most of the members, he imagined, London. The society had traived many young men for public speaking joined the association not ku much with the idea of benefiting them. and made many crators at the Bar. He observed tuat many men
who became, and were now noted, bad been presidents of the society, amongst others being the present Lord James of Hereford.
Mr. Turner (president), in returning thanks, said that there were three rules which the eociety observed-first, “To be thoroughly saturated with vour subject"; secondly, “ To know how to begia”; and, thirdly, “ To know when and how to finish.”
Letters of regret were read by the secretary from Lord Hal-hurs, Mr. Justice Phillimore, His Honour Judge Parry, Sir Jobo Simon, K.C., M.P., and Sir Edward Clarke, KC.
PORTSMOUTH AND DISTRICT LAW CLERKS'
ASSOCIATION. The annual meeting of this association was held on the 11th ingt., at the Townhall, Mr. R. Tuck (retiring president) being in the chair. In presenting the fourth annual report and balance-sheet, the com. mittee stated that there had been an increase in the membership of tbe Association, eight new members having been elected during the past year. As against this, however, one member had resigned, having left the town. The association bad a balance in hand of £9 69. Ild. The amount brought forward to the general purposes fund at the commencement of ihe year, after transferring £7 78. to the benevolent fund, was £5 172. 5d. The excess of receipts nver expenditure during the past year amounted to £3 9g. 6d. The benevolent fund now amounted to £56 29. lld. The committee thanked Messrs. T. H. F. Lapthorn, J.P., R. H. Wadeeon, Leonard N. Blake, LL.B, J. C. Prior, and Arthur B. Casey, F.C.A., for their instructive and interesting lectures. They also thanked the bonorary members for their continued support and encouragement, and Mr. H. Newell for bis generous annual donation of £1 le. to the benevolent fund. During the year the association had been successful in placing several law clerke in situations. The report was adopted on the motion of Mr. F. King, seconded by Mr. A. N. Pomeroy. Tbe election of officers resulted in Mr. H. J. Wiltsbire being appointed president, and he accordingly took the chair. Mr. Frank Kiog was obogen as vice-president, Mr. W. R. Stoakes was re-elected treasurer, Mr. Harry A. Mathews bon. secretary, and Messrs. T. H. Wiltshire and C. G. Hollidge auditors. Megsrs .F Chandler, H. W. de Gruchr, A. A. Hodges, W. H Fergusson, E. Merrett, W. Stoakes, F. J. Thomson, and G. F. Preston were appointed the committee. An alteration was made in the rules, enabling the association to grant assistance from the benevolent fund to solicitors' clerks wbo, by reason of tbeir being under the age of seventeen years, are not eligible for membership. A vote of thanks was accorded to the retiring president and officers.
boped that the proper authorities will be informed and see that a competent staff of clerks is appointed in the place of wbat is at present there.
N. V. W. The comment in your issue of the 6th inst. by “ County Court Judge ” upon the non-sittivg of the King's Beach judges urges me to call attention to the continual inconvenience caused to suitors and Jawyers by the unpuntuality of the County Court judges and regis. trars in commencing their sittings in court. This inconvenience in aggravated by the absurd system of compelling all concerned in the day's list to attend at the same hour, whatever may be the position of their case in the list. My experience, gathered in most of tbe metropolitan County Courts, is that it is no uncommon occurrence for A judge to commence bis sitting balf an hour after the advertised time. Last week at Lambeth the judge, announced to sit at ten, came jato court at 11.10. One defect in the County Court eystem is that every judge is a law to bimself in such matters, not having, like the High Court judges, at whom “ County Court Judge” cavils, a number of colleagues in the same building to keep them up to the mark.
County Court LITIGANT. APPOINTMENT OF JUSTICES OF THE PEACE.-Referring to your article, in which you say that you, in common with the rest of the Profession, are fully satisfied that Lord Loreburn “bas striven to obtain the best mon possible for the posts," if the best method is to delegate the whole of his powers of selection to the Lords-Lieutenant, then everyone would agree with you; but if his duty is to use his own judgment as to the fitness or otherwise of the candidates for tbe uopaid magistracy, then Lord Loreburn bas signally failed in doing his duty so far as the county benches, as distinguished from the borough benches, are concerned. I doubt if Lord Loreburn bas during his Chancellorship appointed any justice to a county bench who was not recommended by the Lord. Lieutenant of that county, and I should be surprised to hear that he has refused to appoint any person so recommended. So long as a Lord-Lieutenant can be relied upon for impartial judgment, this plan may have its merits ; but in many cases, as in the case of the Isle of Ely, the result is that no Liberal has a chance of being appcinted, which is comforting to the Unionist party, but is not quite so satisfactory to our side. We Liberals only ask for a fair obance, and we think we have the right to expect it from a Liberal Chancellor.
C. SYDNEY GIDDING.
CORRESPONDENCE. This department being open to free discussion on all Professional tople, the Editor does not hold himself responsiblo lor any opinions or statemento
contained in it. COUNTY Court EXPERIENCES. – Perhaps some of your readers would be interested to bear of two recept experiences of mine at tbe Wandsworth County Court. On the 6th April last I sent down by post to this court the neceseary papers for issuing a default summons. From any otber court I should have received the plaint pote on the 8th, but in this case it was not issued until the 13th. Agaio, on the 1st May, being instructed to issue an ordinary summons, I sept down again by post the necessary papers and 318. fee. The plaint note not arriving even by the 8th, I wrote a letter to the registrar on that day requesting him to look into tbe matter. No reply to this letter being sortbcoming on the Wednesday or tbe Thursday, I went down to the court, and was told the summops had just been issued. On the 12th (Friday) a reply from the registrar arrives, pleading pressure of work, and stating that “although be is pleased to give every facility by accepting pa pers by post, it must be understood that all postal work is postponed and preference given to work tendered at the court.” The preparation of this plaint note therefore has taken tbe Wandsworth County Court officials ten days, when any ordinary clerk could do the same well within thirty seconds, and the preference given to work tendered at the court seems to take the form of igooring work sent by post until serious complaints are made. I trust otber solicitors have not been so unfortunate, and, if this is the general practice at this particular court, it is to be
THE FINANCE Act 1910-REVERSION DUTY AND LEASES. -As leases for terms not exceeding twenty-one years are not liable on determina. tion to reversion duty, I do not see that any liability attaches if a lease is made for twentv.one years from the 24th June 1911, another lease for a further term of twenty one years from 1932, and anotber for twenty.one years from 1953. I should be glad to know if this is the general opinion, as I bave no sympathy with the increase of burdens on property ownere.
F. C. PEARCE. TAE County Courts Bill -Sict. 5 of this Bill as drafted proposes to abolish the default summons for debts under £5. Traders will thus be deprived of_the only summary means of recovering debts under that figure. This is a serious hardsbip, because the ordinary summods which will be available is a very tardy proceso, apart from the necessity it involves of personal attendances of solicitor and client at the court. It is returnable on a fixed day usually remote ; the service may be effected leisurely, and debiors. desiring to do so are able to remove their goods and bave opportunities of otberwise defeating tbe process. The creditor over £5 bas the advantage of a swifier procees. He will be able to obtain ard, where poesible, realise bis judgment before the proceedings of the smaller debtor under ordinary summons can mature. If the option of making use of the default summons for the recovery of debts under £5 is withdrawn, the whole purpose for wbich the County Court exists is largely deleatrd, because a very large proportion of the items sued for in the County Court are under 25. ' Efforts sbould at once be made to secure the right of issuing a default summons for any sum, however small. These can be served at unce by tbe solicitor, and an eye kept on the position from the first, which largely ensures that do opportunity of realising the judgment will be lost. Why the small creditor should be deprived of this advantage it is difficult to imagine, Surely this clause cannot be allowed to pass into law ?
SMELLIE AXD Co. COUNTY Court PROCEDURE.— Is it not time that come amend. meot was made in the archaic rules regulating inierpleaders ? It is hopeles', I suppose, to expect reduction of the scandalous charges for possession and other fees in the County Court, but iet us take the case of a perfectly valid claim to goode seized in whicb perhaps the claimant bas invested his all. He is either required to find probably 109. a day to pay a bailiff who bolds waiking pog:ession, or submit to the sale of his goods at the instance of a plaintiff wbo poesibly has nothing whatever to lose, and from wbom not a penny for possession money or costs or damages can be obtained. To add insult to the injury, a claimant is placed in the position of a plaintiti, and bas to find by way of bearing fees 23. in the pound on the value of his own goods to enable the judgment creditor to endeavour to upset his claim. What would be the result if the claimant refused to pay these bearing lees I have not, I fear, followed out, but presumably his claim is struc
Doubtless in many cases claims are bogus and the judgment creditor is the victim, but, at the same time, the reverse does exist, and there must surely be some method of ear marking goods seized so that they are not lost to whomsoever may win, and the costs could be a firet.charge against the goods if the claimant is unsuocessful,
the judgment creditor at the outset being in the position of plaintiff and being responsible for any expenses. Is there any possibility of, too, making County Courts business institutions ? At one court that I know of, the registrar required pereonal attendance across London to issue a summons upon which not one peppy costs is allowed, and, in addition, uses the stapped addressed envelope sent bim, to inform appii. cants by post that he has not a staff to attend by correspondence to matters which require exactly tbe same clerical attention by post as otherwise. In another, in a case that I heard of recently, the registrar adjourned a case on his own initiative to a date that suited no one, and, when the parties wrote a joint request on the eye of the adjourned bearing for å further appointment, he at the adjournment struck out the case, in the absence of the parties, on the ground of ponpayment of bearing fee (which would bave been sent at once had any request been made therefor), and refused either to restore the summons or to allow the plaint fees.
LAW STUDENTS' JOURNAL. To SECRETARIES.-Reports of meetings should reach the orice not later than first
post Thursday morning to ensure insertion in the current number.
them, and the obiet consolation was to be found in what the late Lord Collins bad told him when he was a junior on the Northern Circuit. Lord Collins said he must not think for a moment that a man wu8t necessarily be a genius to succeed at the Bar; there wera three essentials, the first he ought to be a gentleman, the second that he must be able to speak the Queen's English, and the third that bo should have the capacity for bard work. He aleo remembered that another very eminent member of the Profession, who was also a member of the Northern Circuit, had said to him that only one thing made a man a good lawyer, and that was attending to his practice and putting his back into overy single case that came before him and following out each case in all its detaile, looking up the practice in every branch of tbe law which appertained to the case. They were proud of the Profession, not only because of its honourable traditione, not only because of the great good it did to all members of the community, but because it gave great opportunity for real merit.
Mr R. W. Handley proposed the health of the Law Society. He observed that the Law Students' Debating Society were very greatly indebted to the society for the use of a room for meeting and for the use of the library, and more particulaıly in that the society gave them the privilege of being represented on the Education Committee of the council by two of their members.
The President of the Law Society (Mr. H. J. Johnson), in returning thanks, remarked that the Law Students' Debating Society bad an even longer history than the Law Society as at present constituted, it having been founded in 1838, wbilst the Law Society did not receive its present constitution under its charter until 1845. During all those years the two sccieties, each in its own spbere, had been working together for a common end-namely, the qualification of law students for the proper performance of their future professional duties. The Law Society began its educational work about eighty years ago, and ever since that time it had carried on that work under various systems and with varying degrees of success until the present eystem was inaugurated in 1903. For that system he claimed that it offered to law students a complete curriculum, not only for those who wished to make use of it for purely professional purposes, but aleo for those who might wish to take advantage of it for academical purposes, and the Law Society had no reason to be dissatisfied witb ihe results which bad been attained. The educational work of the pociety was, of course, under the ultimate control of the counoil. but it had never happened that the council bad not adopted the advice of the Education Committee, upon which, as Mr. Handley had stated, the very important joterests of the law students were represented by two members of the Law Students' Debating Society. The debating society offered opportunities for that forensic training which was very benefiçial to law students, but which was ir.dispensable to those who wiebed to attain to proficiency in the practice of ad vocacy either at the Bar or as solicitors in the County Courts. The power of concise and accurate speech was only attainable to any real degree by practice conducted under the discipline of proper rules of debate. Then the great advantages which students obtained from social intercourse must not be lost sight of, and the council of the Law Society bad within the last few months decided to spend a large sum of money in altering and extending a portion of their premises for the purpose of giving to the students accommodation outside the class rooms, so that they would be able to meet in libraries and smoking rooms, and enjog the benefit of social gatherings. It was hoped that by the end of the Long Vacation the council would be able to welcome the students to the new premises.
Mr. G. B. Willis proposed the toast of ** The Gueste."
Mr. Bourchier F. Hawksley returned thanks, and the proceedinge terminated.
An excellent entertainment was provided by Miss Jessie Goldsack, Miss Ruby Wilson, Mr. Wilson James. and Mr. Fred Milder, under the direotion of Mr. H. Wharton-Welle, L.R.A.M., who acted as accom pa nist.
LAW STUDENTS' DEBATING SOCIETY.
ANNUAL DINNER. SIR SAMUEL Evans took the chair on Tuesday at tbe appual dipper of the Law Students' Debating Society, which was held at the Waldorf Hotel. Among those present were Meesre. Lancelot Sander. BOD, K.C., M.P., H. J. Jobnson President of the Law Societs), Hilaire Belloc, C. P. Blackwell (bon. treasurer), J. H. Watte, S. A. Guest, R. A. Gordon, R. P. Croom Joboson, P. B. Skeels, Harvey Clifton. D. A. Howded, William Cook, Edward Jeaks, and R. W. Handley and G. B. Willis (bon. secretaries).
The loyal toasts baviog been duly honoured, Mr. C. P. Blackwell proposed the health of “ The Chairman." Sir Samuel Evans, in returning tbanke, said it was true, as Mr. Blackwell bad said, that he had had the advantage, and a very great advantage he always considered it, of belonging to the other branch -he had never called it the lower branoh-of the Profession before he joined the Bar. He did not think that in any country in the world there was auch great cordiality as there was between the various branches of the Profession. It was quite impossible to get on without the Bar. They had tried in France to do without the Bar, but they had found it necessary to restore it. lo this country the solicitors were members of the Profession; they were officers of the court and therefore amepable to the court. The Bar were in full sympathy with the Bench and the Bench in full sympathy with the Bar, and without the one assisting the other the administration of justice could not be carried on. So far from his having found bis position as a judge a difficult one to fill, as Mr. Blackwell bad hinted, it bad been in his case one of tbe easiest. All that was necessary, be had found, was that the holder of the office should possess ordinary common sense ; that be should be willing to learn; that he should begin by showing that he knew pothing, and that therefore he wanted to be taught everything: tbat he was desirous of listening to all the argumente placed before him, and that he was desirous of doing justice to every body as far as he could, and then ho would produce, and properly produce, in the minds of every body who came before him the feeling that, whether a case had been decided lor or against the litigant, he had had a perfectly fair, impartial, and patient hearing.
Mr. Hilaire Belloc proposed the toast of The Legal Profession.”
Mr. Lancelot Sanderson, K.C., M.P., reeponded. He said that they were proud of the Legal Profession because of the position wbiob it occupied, because of its bonourable traditions, and because of the assistance it rendered in the administration of justice. The system in this country was one whicb, in spite of defects here and there, taking it on the whole, was the best the world bad ever seen. He believed that the way in wbich justice was administered in this country had a great deal more to do with the prosperity of the country than most people imagined, not only because the liberty of tho subject and bis rights were preserved, but also because the confidence of the great traders of this country and of the great traders of all the other countries in the world was reposed in those who administered justice. And not only was that confidence placed in the judges, but also in the members of the Bar, and the members of the other part of the Profession. In times past the law courts of the country had had to stand between the Crown and the subject, and, from what one could judge, recently it had become again necessary for the Law Courts. aided and assisted by the Profession, to stand botween the individual citizen and certain combinatione, and also between the individual citizen and certain Government departmente, the condoot of which in the opinion of some bad savoured of oppression and tyranny. He thought they might congratulate themselves that the Legal Profession bad been very muob to the fore recently. One had only to look at the front bench on the Government sido in the House of Commons for evidence of this. They all knew that the Profession was
& very strenuous one. He believed that there was Do profession in the world that required-at all events in its earlier stage8-80 much p'uck, so much determination, BO much quiet tenacity of purpose, as the Bar. It had always been a marvel to him why 80 many men went to the Bar. Many joined the Bar pot even knowing the qualities which were ossential to sucoess. They had not the slightest idea whether they possessed
STUDENTS' SOCIETIES. LAW STUDENTS' DEBATING SOCIETY.- A special meeting will be beld on Tuesday next, the 23rd inst., at 7.15, at the Law Society's Hall, Chaocery.lade. Special business will be considered, and matters of importance will come up for discussion.
THE COURTS AND COURT PAPERS.
PRISONS FOR HABITUAL CRIMINALS. The following rules, dated the 24th April 1911, bave been made by the Secretary of State under the Prison Act 1898 (61 & 62 Vict. o 41) and the Prevention of Crime Aot 1908 (8 Edw. 7, c. 59) for persone undergoing preventive detention :
1. Persons undergoing preventive detention shall be divided into three gradee, ordinary, special, and disoi plinary. On entering upon preventivo detention they shall be placed in the ordinary grade.
2. After overy six months passed in the ordinary grade with exemplary conduct a prisoner who has shown zeal and industry in the work assigned to him may be awarded a certificate of industry and conduct. Four of these certifioates will entitle bim to promotion to the special grade. With each certificato a prisoner will receive a good conduct stripe carrying privileges or a small money payment.
Mr. E. HERBERT DRAPER died last week aged seventy, after & serious operation. He was for many years clerk of the Skippers' Company. Born at Warwick in 1841, he was the eldest son of Edward Draper, of Kenilworth. He was educated at Shrewsbury and Magdalene College, Cambridge, and was called by the Inner Temple in 1870. He worked for over forty years in London. For a time he took an active part in Kensington in improving the administration of the poor law. In 1878 he was appointed clerk of the Skinners' Company, and be 'beld this office until his death. He was thus engaged for thirty-three years in the administration of the large educational and charitable trusts of that ancient society. At bis home at Southend-on-Sea be was a justice of the peace, and for many years a councillor of the Borough Corporation, and later of the Essex County Council, where he gave in his spare time valuable and experienced service in educational matters. He married the only cbild of Thomas Hennell, of Coventry and Kenilwortb, who survives bim with two sons and a daughter.
Mr. ROBERT LUNN, solicitor, of the firm of Robert Lund and Son, of Stratford-on-Avon, died suddenly there on Tuesday. Mr. Lunn was for about a quarter of a ceniuy town clerk of the borough, resigalng about fitteen months ago. He was admitted in 1865, and was a member of the Law Society.
Professional Partnerships Dissolbed.
GAZETTE, MAY 16. ATKINSON, CHARLES, and MONRO, FREDERIC ROBERT D'OYLY, solicitors, 31,
Queen Victoria-st. E.C., under style, of Slack, Monro, and Atkinson. Nov. 15, 1910. Debts by F. R. D'O. Monro, who will continue the business at above address under same style,
3. A prisoner may be placed in the disciplinary grade by order of the governor as part of a punishment for miscondoot, or because he is koown to be exercising & bad influence on others, and may be kept there as long as may be necessary in the interests of bimself and of others. While in the disciplinary grade be may be employed in association if bis conduct justifies association, but he will not be associated with others except at la bour.
4: Prisoners will be employed either at useful trades, in which they will be instructed, or at agrioultural work, or in the service of the prison, and tbose in the ordinary and special grades will be allowed to earn gratuity by their work. They will be allowed to spend a portion of their gratuity in the purchase of additions to their dietary, or to send it to their families, or to accumulate it for use on their discharge.
5. A prisoner who is in hospital, or medically unfit for full work, will, on the recommendation of the medioal officer, who will certify that the disability was genuine and not caused by the prisoner's own faolt, be credited with gratuitg in proportion to his earnings when in bealth or calculated on bis general disposition to work, coupled with good conduct.
6. A canteen will be opened in the prison at which prisoners in the ordinary and special grades may purchase articles of food and other small articles at prices to be fixed by the director. The cost of such articles will be charged against each prisoner's gratuity. The privilege of purchasing articles in the canteen may at any time be limited or withdrawn by the governor.
7. Prisoners wbo bave obtained three certificates of industry will be eligible to bave a garden allotment assigned to bem, which they may cultivate at euch times as may be prescribed. The produce of these allotments will, if possible, be purchased for use io prisons at market rates, and the proceeds credited to the prisoner.
8. Prisoners in the ordinary grade may be allowed to associate at meal time and also, after gaining the second certificate, in the eveninge. Prisoners in the speoial grade may also be allowed to associate at meal times and in the evenings, and sball be allowed such a dditional relaxations of a literary and social charaoter as may be prescribed from time to time.
9. Any of the privileges prescribed io these special rules or gratuity earned may be forfeited for misconduct. A prisoner has no legal claim upon bio gratuity, which will be expended for his benefit, or may be withheld at the discretion of the society or person under wbose super. vision ho is placed.
10. It will be the duty of the chaplain and prison minister to see each prisoner individually from time to time duriog bis detention, and to promote the reformation of those under their spiritual obarge. Divine service will be held weekly in the prison, and there will be in addition euch mission services, lectures, and addresses on religious, moral, and secular subjects as may be arranged.
11. Prisoners shall receive the diets which the directors may pregoribe from time to timo.
12. Prisoners will be allowed to write and receive a letter and to receive a visit at fixed intervals according to their grade.
13. The board of_visitors appointed by the Secretary of State under sect. 13 (4) of the Prevention of Crime Act 1908 shall bold office for three years. Their powers shall not be affected by vacanoies. Th, Secretary of State shall as soon as possible fill any vacanoy by making a new appointment. At their first meeting they shall appoint chairmap. One or more of them sball visit the prison once a month, aod they shall meet as a board as often as possible. They sball hear aod adjudicate on sucb offences on the part of prisoners as may be referred to them by the directors, and they sball investigate any complaint which a prisoner may desire to make to them, and, if necessary, report the same to the direotors with their opinion. They shall have free access to every part of the prison, and may see any prisoner in private, inspect the diete, and examine any of the books. They shall bring any abuses to the immediato potice of the directors, and in cases of urgency they may make recommendations in writing wbich the governor sball carry out pending the decision of the directore. They shall keep minutes of their proceedings, and make an annual report to the Secretary of State at the begioning of each year.
14. The committee appointed under seot. 14 (4) of the said Act shall meet once & quarter, and shall forwerd to the directors such reports as may be required for their assistance in advising the Secretary of State as to the prospects and probable behaviour of prisoners alter discharge.
15. Any person whose licence has been revoked or forfeited may on bis returo to prison be placed and kept in the disciplioary grade for such length of time as the board of visitors shall tbiak necessary. 16. These rules shall come into force on the lst day of May 1911.
W. S. CHURCHILL,
GAZETTE, MAY 12. To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy. ANDERSON, H. W., Christchurch-rd, Brixton-hill. May 9. AS WELL. ARTHUR 1., Queen Anne s-gate. Westminster, solicitor. May 9. BATTSON, B. G., Old Queen-st, Westminster, architect. May 9. BLAKE, É. W., St. Petersburg Hotel, journalist. May 9. BUGLEAR, CHARLES, Hildyard-rd, West Brompton, credit draper. May 8. COOPER, EDWARD WILLIAM, Tadema-rd, Chelsea, estate agent. May 9. Gass, Charles Exil (trading as E. Gass), Long-la, Southwark, baker.
May 8. PYNE, HENRY CHARLES, late Kingsway, printer. May 10. RICHARDS, ANTHONY KEYNELL THRELFALL, Soutbampton, underwriter.
May 10. RIDLEY, CHARLES, Claremont-rd. Cricklewood, manufacturer of window cleaning paste. May 10.
To surrender at their respectire District Courts. BARNETT, ALBERT E., Middlesbrough, wholesale tobacco dealer. Ct.
Middlesbrough. May 8. CARLMARK, JOHN DENNIS, West Bromwich, electrical engineer. Ct. West
Bromwich. May 8. CRADDOCK, HARRIET, Brierley Hill, grocer. Ct. Stourbridge. May 6. DAYKIN, SAMUEL, Nottingham. lace manufacturer. Ct. Nottingham.
May 8. DRAPER, AMBROSE JOHN, Nottingham, grocer Ct. Nottingham, May 8. Evans, Evan, Penrhyndeudraeth, miner. Ct. Portmadoe and Festiniog.
May 10. GLOVER, ERNEST CHARLES, Matlock, late nurseryman. Ct. Derby and
Long Eaton. May 9. HICKINBOTHAM, WILLIAM LE LIEVRE, Southampton, boarding house pro
prietor. Ct. Southampton. May 8. HEATH, EDWARD FREDERICK, Great Yarmouth, clerk. Ct. Great Yar.
mouth. May 10. Jones, John DAVIES (trading as B. Johnson), Colwyn Bay, outfitter. Ct
Bangor. May 10. Jones,
WILLIAM Blaenau Festiniog. painter. Ct. Portmadoc and Festiniog. May 9. KAY, JOHN, Warrington, late chip potato dealer. Ct. Warrington.
May 9. KNAPP, THOMAS, Coventry, plumber. Ct. Coventry. May 8. Lowes, MARGARET DOROTHY, Matfield. farmer. Ct. Tunbridge Wells.
May 8. PEARCE, EDWIN JAMES, Leicester, late artificial stone manufacturer. Ct.
Leicester. May 8. Pitt, ROBERT JAMES, Hove, painter. Ct. Brighton. May 10. POTTER, JOHN GEORGE, and CORTEEN, JOHN WILLIAM, Sheffield, electro
plate manufacturers. Ct. Sheffield. May 8. ROBERTS, DAVID JOHN, Blaenau Festiniog, electrical driver. Ct. Port.
madoc and Festiniog. May 9. SHEWELL, GEORGE DE COEURDOCX, Rochester, haulage contractor. Ct.
Rochester. May 9. STEALEY, Joseph, Gatley, sanitary plumber. Ct, Stockport. May 8. SINCLAIR, AUGUSTINE William, South Petherton, medical practitioner.
Ct. Yeovil. May 6. Shaw, ALBERT EDWARD, Manchester, late maker-up. Ct. Manchester.
May 9. WILD. JOHN WILLIAM, late Ashton-under-Lyne, cotton mill operative.
Ct. Ashton-under-Lyne. May 8. Wilson, A. E., late Liverpool, commercial traveller for a firm of pub.
lishers. Ct. Liverpool. May 9, WALL, JOSEPH, late Iveston, farmer. Ct. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. May 5.
Amended notice substituted for that published in Gazette, April 28, Pepper, William (trading as J. Pepper and Co), Sydunham, butcher.
Ct. Greenwich. April 25.
COURT OF APPEAL AND HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE (CHAN.
CERY DIVISION).- EASTER SITTINGS 1911. ROTA OF REGISTRARS IN ATTENDANCE FOR THE WEIK ENDING
MAY 27. Monday. Tuesday. Wednesday. Thursday. Friday. Saturday. EMER ENCY ...... Synge Goldschmidt Graswell..... Ber! ..
Leach ArruaL CT.U.. Church ....... Synge -...
Goldschmidt Greswell ...... Beal ......... Borrar
GAZETTE, MAY 16. To surrender at the High Court of Justice, in Bankruptcy. CORONEL, EDWARD (trading as Edward Coronel and Sons), Edgware-rd,
cigar merchant. May 12. GIMBLETT, EDMUND COSLETT, late Marlborough-rd, Upper Holloway, beer
retailer. May 12. HYDE, JAMES (also trading as Wright, Price, and Co., and as H. Perry and Co.), Aldersgate-st, trimming manufacturer. May 11.
To surrender at their respective District Courts BRADSHAW, WILLIAM JAMES, Chalfont St. Peters, builder. Ct. Aylesbury.
May 11. BENNETT, PERCY (trading as P. Bennett and Co.), Cardiff, ship store
merchant. Ct. Cardiff. May 10. BRATTON, HERBERT EDWARD, Gravesend, mineral water manufacturer. Ct.
Rochester. May 13. BERGSMA, PETRUS ADRIANUS, Saint Mary Church. Ct. Exeter. May 11. CHILDE, RICHARD, Sheffield, drug stores proprietor. Ct. Sheffield. May 11. CARMICHAEL, PETER MAURICE STEWART, Brighton, motor engineer. Ct.
Brighton. May 12. DENT, EDWIN JAMES. New Hunstanton, clerk in holy orders. Ct. King's
Lynn. May 13. ENDERBY, FRED, Gayton-le-Marsh, farmer. Ct. Great Grimsby. May 10. FERNIE, RALPH, late Brundall, captain. Ct. Norwich. May 12. FREWER, SIDNEY (trading as Frewer Brothers), Bury St. Edmunds, coal
merchant. Ct. Bury St. Edmunds. May 12. GRAVENOR, MARY ANN. Tredegar, baker, widow. Ct. Tredegar. May 13. HUMBLE, EDITH Mary, Malton, draper, widow. Ct. Scarborough.
May 13. LEONARD, EVAN, Aberayron, late licensed victualler. Ct. Aberystwyth.
May 13. REVELL, JAMES HERBERT, Cheltenham, hotel keeper. Ct. Cheltenham.
HOWARD, CHARLES, Abergavenny, cycle dealer. Ct. Tredegar. May 11. KAY, JOHN, Warrington, late chip potato dealer. Ct. Warrington.
May LEONARD, Evan, Aberayron, 'late licensed victualler. Ct. Aberystwyth.
May 13. Levy, JOSEPH (trading as J. G. Pollett and Co.), late Minories, hosier.
Ct. High Court. May 12. Pitt, ROBERT JAMES, Hove, builder. Ct. Brighton. May 11. PALMER, PERCY HAROLD (described in the receiving order as P. H. Palmer
and Co.), Mincing-la, St. Mary-axe, merchant. Ct. High Court.
May 10. RIDLEY, CHARLES, Claremont-rd, Cricklewood, manufacturer of window
cleaning paste. Ct. High Court. May 11. RAYSON, JOHN WILLIAM, Leicester, tailor. Ct. Leicester. May 12. RIDER, THOMAS SOUTHWORTH, Ormskirk, outfitter. Ct. Liverpool.
May 11. SPACKMAN, FRANCIS EDWARD, Lambourn, farmer. Ct. Newbury. May 11. WILLIAMS, John (trading as John Williams and Co.), Ventnor, iron
monger. Ct. Newport and Ryde. May 10. Amended notice substituted for that published in Gazette, April 25. Wilson, Joạn WillỊAM HENDERSON (commonly known and described in
the receiving order as William Wilson, late trading as S. E. Glover and Co.), late Latimer-rd. Notting Hill, butchers' supplies merchant. Ct. High Court. April 21.
GAZETTE, MAY 16. BENNETT, THOMAS FRANCIS (trading as Frank Bennett), Otley, motor
engineer. Ct. Leeds. "May 12.
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.
RECEIVING ORDER RESCINDED.
GAZETTE, MAY 12, NOEL, HONOURABLE ROBERT EDMUND THOMAS MORE, Hounslow, officer in
the army. Ct. Brentford. April 27.
RECEIVING ORDER RESCINDED AND ADJUDICATION
GAZETTE, MAY 12. CARR, GERALD WILDON, Rayleigh, late a member of the London Stock
Exchange. Ct. Chelmsford. April 24.
MARRIAGE. BIDWELL-O'LEARY.-On the 24th_ult., in Canada, Leonard Muriel Bid
well, second son of the late Thelford Bidwell, of Drayton, Staffordshire, to Florentine, daughter of Judge O'Leary, of Port Arthur, Ontario.
DEATHS. BAKKER.-On the 9th ult., at Perth, Western Australia, Alexander
Edward Barker, Crown Solicitor, aged 49. PEARSON.-On the 6th inst., William
Wemyss Pearson, Barrister-at-law, of 3, Hare-ct, Temple, and The Albany, Piccadilly,
in his fifty-seventh year. PLASKITT.-On the 6th inst., at 58. Duke's-av, Chiswick, Joseph Plaskitt,
late of 19, Lincoln's-inn-fids, in his seventy-ninth year. Powles. On the 6th inst., at Lowestoft, Louis Diston Powles, Barrister
at-law, H.M. Probate Registrar, Norwich, aged 68 years.
GAZETTE, MAY 12. ARMSTRONG, JESSE (trading as Jess Armstrong), Rugby, tailor. Ct.
Coventry. May 8. BUGLEAR, CHARLES, Hildyard-rd, West Brompton, credit draper. Ct. High
Court. May 10. BARNETT, ALBERT E., Middlesbrough, wholesale tobacco dealer. Ct.
Middlesbrough. May 10. CREED, ANNIE ELIZA, Weston-super-Mare, widow. Ct. Bridgwater.
May 10. CARLMARK, JOHN DENNIS, West Bromwich, electrical engineer. Ct. West
Bromwich. May_8. CRADDOCK, HARRIET, Brierley Hill, grocer. Ct. Stourbridge, May 6. DOYKIN. SAMUEL, Nottingham, lace manufacturer. Ct. Nottingham.
May 8. DRAPER, AMBROSE JOHN, Nottingham, grocer. Ct. Nottingham. May 8. Evans, Evan, Penrhyndeudraeth, miner. Ct. Portmadoc and Festiniog.
May 10. GASS, CHARLES EMIL (trading as E. Gass), Long-la, Southwark, baker.
Ct. High Court. May 8. GLOVER, ERNEST CHARLES, Matlock, late nurseryman. Ct. Derby and
Long Eaton, May 9. HICKMOTT, EDWIN, Sevenoaks, draper. Ct. Tunbridge Wells. May 8. HICKINBOTHAM, WILLIAM LE LIEVRE, Southampton, boarding-house pro
prietor. Ct. Southampton. May 8. JONES, JOHN DAVIES (trading as B. Johnson), Colwyn Bay, outfitter. Ct.
Bangor. May 10. JONES, WILLIAM Blaenau Festiniog, painter. Ct. Portmadoc and
Festiniog. May 9. KEELING, ARTHUR, Sutton-in-Ashfield, builder. Ct. Nottingham. May 10. KNAPP, THOMAS, Coventry, plumber. Ct. Coventry. May 8. Lowes, MARGARET DOROTHY, Matfield, farmer. Ct. Tunbridge Wells.
May 8. MILLER, ABRAHAM (described in the receiving order and trading as A.
Miller and Sons), Mile End-rd. Ct. High Court. May 9. POTTER, JOHN GEORGE, and CORTEEN, JOHN WILLIAM, Sheffield, electro
plate manufacturers. Ct. Sheffield. May 8. PEARCE, EDWIN JAMES. Leicester, late artificial stone manufacturer. Ct.
Leicester. May 10. ROBERTS. David John. Blaenau Festiniog, electrical driver. Ct. Port
madoc and Festiniog. May 9. SINCLAIR, AUGUSTINE WILLIAM, South Petherton, medical practitioner.
Ct. Yeovil. May 6. Shaw, ALBERT EDWARD, Manchester, late maker-up. Ct. Manchester.
May 10. WILD, OHN WILLIAM, late Ashton-under-Lyne, cotton mill operative.
Ct. Ashton-under-Lyne. May 8. WALKER, HENRY FRANCIS Mostyn, Southampton, gentleman. Ct. South
ampton. May 10. WALL, JOSEPH, late Iveston, farmer. Ct. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. May 5.
GAZETTE, MAY 16, BRATTON, HERBERT EDWARD, Gravesend, mineral water manufacturer. Ct.
Rochester. May 13. Bennett, PERCY (trading as P. Bennett and Co.), Cardiff, ship store
merchant. Ct. Cardiff. May 10. CHILDE, RICHARD, Sheffield, drug store proprietor. Ct. Sheffield. May 11. Dent, EDWIN JAMES, New Hunstanton, clerk in holy orders. Ct. King's
Lynn. May 13. ENDERBY, FRED, Gayton-le-Marsh farmer. Ct. Great Grimsby. May 12. FORD, SYDNEY HERBERT, Alsager, farmer. Ct. Macclesfield. May 13. FREWER, SIDNEY (trading as Frewer Brothers), Bury St. Edmunds, coal
merchant. Ct. Bury St. Edmunds. May 12. FORSTER, MONICA, Bournemouth, spinster. Ct. Poole. May 12. GRAVENOR, Mary Ann, Tredegar, baker, widow. Ct. Tredegar. May 13. HUMBLE, EDITH Mary, Malton, draper, widow. Ct. Scarborough.