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and which I conveyed very faith-vice. These are, at any rate, not fully to the Farmers? Wives, that beggars ; not totally pennyless, he did not look upon a link as I repeat this advice, the moral having been broken as long as justice of which I have before a farni-house, belonging to four fully proved ;. and, in order to hundred acres of land, was sup- enforce it, I now lay before you plied with a whole pound of red the case of Farmer VAWSER sugar : a-week.” So that, at this and Landlord WOODWARD, which rate, the landlord might be pretty will give you as neat a specimen sate, the link landlord might be as you can possibly desire of sound and strong, long after the standing or falling, and of sinklink tenant might be in a very ing or swimming, together." corroded' and rotten state.
You are to know (those of you Whether any of this Duke's who have not already been fully tenants have fallen into what one informed of it,) that, in this memight:call breaking I know not tropolis of prosperity," in this I know that there are a conple of wen that is sucking up all the very bright links, in two of the wholesome blood of the body and. Wynns. I know, that there is a turning it into corruption, there is Freemantle and a Dr. Phillimore a place called the Insolvent Debu that are another couple of bright tors' Court. To this scene of links in the envied and admired inisery are brought the unfortunate chain. I know, that the Dirke heings, who are in prison för debt. swrms, through by no means a Here sit little Judges - to order feather ; but, whether any of his the discharge of Debtors, if notepants have sunk, I really do not thing he alleged and proved as to know, except from that sort of their having acted fiaudulently; hearsay, which, just at this time, in which latter case the Judges" I do not think it right to repeat. have the power to order them to
On: the subject, generally, of be kept still in 'prisan for any “ standing or falling, sinking and length of time not exceeding two swimming, together, 1 cantivned years. Into this Court, on the all tenants, in every part of the 6th of this month, came Farmer kingdom. I told them to rely on Vawser and his Landlord Woode : nos sach vague professions ; toward: and now, from, the Mornlook to their own safety in time; ing Chronicle newspaper of the to be assured, that the distraint 7th instant, you shall read, and, b: would come ; and that all the fine hope, you will attend to, what" professions would be nothing in passed, it being of vital importangwer to the Sheriff. I told (ance to all farmers, and espel them to cut and run, if they had cially to such as have wives and not time regularly to heave the families that they wish not to die anchor; for, that, if they remain in a poor-house. I have numbered as ed ; if they went on hoping for the paragraphs that the referring things to come about, ruin, bego to them. as I proceed in my rew. gary or a poor-house, must be marks, may
be more easy. their lot, be the length of their
1. Yesterday Daniel Cowherd purse what it might. Some, and Vawser came up to be heard on his.. ibese not a few, followed my ad- petition to be discharged.
2. The insolvent had been a får-vent repeated his opinion that his mer at Mareh- in Cambridgeshire, landlord was fully paid; and said. and his discharge was opposed by his own insolvency wus ouing to the Mr. Choke on behalf of his land- derness of the furm, which Mr. lord, Mr. Woodward.
Woodward, when he knew he was 3. Mr. Cooke's examination of losing by it in the year 1817, had the insolvent consisted of an in given him to understand he would give quiry into the disposal of his pro- ut a reduced rent, but had afterwurds perty. The insolvent stated, that refused to make uny abutement, in the year 1817 he sold his shure of: 5. Mr. Woodward, the landlord, an estate which uùs then in Chuneery was examined by. Mr. Cooke.. for 1.800li, and it the year 1820, he He had beeħ frequently at the insola received a legday of 3001. He left his vent's house, and had seen three farm in December last because he account books there within the last was threatened with a distress by his twelve months. He did not see the landlod, and with an exccution by w insolvent's property that was taken creditor of the nume of Lee', to whom in distress; about 3001. of it had herhat given a warrant of attorney been bought for him ; he did not which he
e sold to his brother in the ofrece got a very great hurgain: law for 1401. ' in part payment of brother-in-law for 501. profit. debt of 2507. he had borrowed from 6. The insolvent was re-examined him. He removed some of liis fur-respecting ihe three books seen at niture to his brother-in-law's house, his house, and said two of them and left part in his own to be taken were in his possession in town; by, his landlord. His landlord one was the labourers' book of the broughl an action against his brother- year 1821, the other the meniain-luw for the furniture removed, randum book lie had mentioned ;; urid it was given back to him. He the third was in the country, and kept no account books, but of the was the labourers' book of the year labour done on his farm, and a 1820. memorandum book, in which he 7. Mr. COOKE prayed the Court entered the corn he sent to market. that the case might be adjourned
4. Mr. Heath, who was Counset till those books were produced. for the insolvent, examined bim in 8. Mr. HEATH said, he must explanation. His farm contained agree in that prayer, because he 500 ure's ; he held it eight years at the could not wish that the insolvent rent of 8001. a-year; he did not think should be discharged with a sha. there was any rerrt due to his land-dow of imputation on his characlord, though he claimed a year's ter; though, said the Learned Genrent at Lady-day last. The land- tleman, I must regret that in the lord entered his first distress in De mean time' my feelings måy cool cember for : 501: ; be was in posses- before I can have an opportunity sion a cousiderable time; and onide to observe on the persevering op two sales which produced 450l. He pression of the landlord, who, iniput in unother distress after Ludy-riy, these tinies, after receiving such a and sold every thing that was possible rent for such a length of time, and to sell the growing crops consisting taken the last remnant of proof 100 acres of wheat, and 30'acres perty his tenant bad in the world, of coleseed, worth at least 3l. per now seeks to keep him in prison; acre; he also sold every thing that though it is doubtful whether
uny thing was moveable, even the fixtures out of is due to him. the house; and the furniture he got 9. The Court adjourned the baék from the insolvent's brother-case, to give time for the produce in-law was worth 1001. The insol- tion of the books.
Now, in the first place, I know gain; for, that he offered his barnothing of either of these parties gain to the farmer's brother-in-' I take the report, as I find it in law at a profit of fifty pounds! print. You will observe, that the Good God! here is a landlord, effect of the opposition of Woon- buying in the distrained goods of ward has already been to retard his tenant; offering to let them the discharge of Vawser, and, it go to another at a profit of fifty finally successful, would have the pounds upon only three hundred effect of keeping him in prison pounds; that is to say, at a profit for a long while.
of more than sixteen per cent. ; In the 4th paragraph you find, and here comes this landlord that Woodward gave the farmer before this court, to object to this to understand, that he would lower ruinel tenant being set at liberty! the rent ! How amply does this. This is what they call sinking or agree with the cautions that I swimming together! gave you all, long enough ago. However, the farmer really de I said that they would talk in this served this. He had an opporvague manner, about standing or tunity of reading my writings as falling together. I by no means well as other men had. if he wish to insinuate, that all land- did read them, he must have lords are of the same disposition, known what his fate would be; or are likely to act in the same or, being obstinate, or prejudiced, sort of way; and we have seen or perverse; hating that which he, that many of them, following the ought to have loved, reviling that example of Lord Fitzwilliam, which he ought to have cherished, have acted in a really honest and he set my writings at defiance conscientious manner. But, when and pursued the path to ruin. If a man's all is at stake; when it he did not ad my writings, it depends upon his conduct whether was his own fault. He must have his wife and family shall have heard of them first or last. There bread, to eat, it surely becomes is no part of the country, in which him to take care what he is about; they are not heard of, at any rate; to make his bargain safely, and to and, if he suffered himself to be have an obligation, and not a mere led into condemnation without verbal promise for the fulfilment reading, how is it possible that I, of a compact so important. or that any one else can say that
In spite of this giving to under- he has not received the wages of stand, we find the landlord enter- his unjust prejudice. It is no ing with two distresses and sweep- answer to me to say that he was ing every thing away, even to the told this and that about Cobbett's fixtures in the farm-house. We writings. He should have read. find him pursuing a part of the I will engage that he read Webb farmer's goods.
We find him Hall's trash in the Farmer's Jourbuying in the things himself; or, nal; that he read newspapers of at least, having them bought in some sort or other; and that he for him í here comes the landlord thus assisted in, supporting the in his own person, and says in the vile frauds that the press bas been filih paragraph, that he did not practising upon the country for think he had a very great bar. so many years.
But, because he has thus been visits, such givings to understand negligent, it does not follow that were all forgotten when the fixe his landlord has' acied the part, turés were sold out of the house, which, under the present circum- and when the landlord, having stances, a landlord ought to act. bought in a parcel of his tenant's From paragraph four, we see that goods, generously offered to let this farmer has actually paid this the farmer's brother-in-law have landlord for five hundred acres of them at a profit of fifty pounds! land, six thousand four hundred If this specimen be not enough pounds in eight years ; a "larger to put all the farmers in England sum than the lec-simple of the upon their guard, nothing can be farm is worth at this moment! enough. They will be ruined, From paragraph three, we per- and they will merit their ruin. ceivę, that the farmer sold an They have been told over and estate five years ago or one thou- over and over again, that prices sand, eight hundred pounds; that cannot rise, as long as gold
pay, received a legacy of three hun-ments continue. They have been dred pounds about ihe same time; told, that it is impossible for them and we see that all these are to pay rent with "présent taxes swallowed
up, and all his stock, and present prices. They have down to the fixtures in his house, not only been told this. It is not by the landlord! This is a speci- assertion that has been laid bemen of standing or falling foge-fore them: it is argument; it is ther. The tenant is down; but fact, it is proof; and, if they perthe landlord has got from him, in severe, they not only will be eight years, 'more than the worth ruined, but they merit ruin. They of the estate, and has the estate are obstinate unreasonable men. left into the bargain.
They can care little for their In paragraph five, we liave the wives or their children; and sô landlord as a witness. He had far from deserving pity, they will frequently been at the fariner's reserve nothing but scoin, house, and had seen some account I perceive, with great pleasure, books there. The farmer clearly that, in Norfolk, hundreds upon explains what these were ; but, hundreds are quitting their farms. only think of frequently visiting This shows their good sense. It the farmer as a friend and ac- shows their intelligence. It shows quaintance: and then coming into that they have the spirit not to à Court, and making use, in his surrender up, their last shNling own behalf, as landlord, of the and to become beasts of burden to information which he had there the landlords. I do not wish to gained as friend and acquaintance. excite enmity in tenants against If this be not sinking or swinming their landlords, but I wish to see together, pray tell me where such the former preserved. Besides,
sinking or swimining is to be found. the remedy is in the hands of the -. It was doubtless during these land!ords, much more than in the
friendly visits, that this Wood- hands of the tenants. A large reward told the farmer, or gave him duction of taxation is what is to understand, that he would re-wanted; and, if the landlord will duce the rent! Such, friendly not bestir himself to cause this
reduction, let him take the conse-fing thing that has no more to do quence in the loss of his estate ; with the matter, and that knows but let not the tenant give up the nothing of the matter any more last shilling of his capital to men, than any of the sparrows upon who, for the sake of their relations your barns. In my opinion, the in the army, the navy, the church, Bank will never put out small or in some public employ or pay, nutes again. The Bank Direcof one sort or another, will abstaintors know. well, that that is not to from inoving hand or foot towards he done, without their ceasing to lightening the burdens of the pay 'in gold; and they know country.
equally well, that, if they once Jeti not a farmer say, that more cease to pay in gold,
their things must change; that the paper will be regarded as assig. Parliament must do something nats, and as nothing better. This is very true; but we know. However, it is impossible to not what it will do, or when it will know for some time, what will be do . It will take some time yet done; and, in the mean time, the to push things on till open contu-Maritler is a beggar. Once more, sion is produced." There will be therefore, I say, heave the anchor, the greatest reluctance in the if you can, and, if you cannot, world to do any thing effectual. cut and run; always provided, It will not be done until the last however, that the - landlords do moment. - In the mean time, the not stir to cause la reduction of farmer is ruined. My advice, taxation ; for, if they stir, yuit will therefore, always has been, and join them, the thing will be done, still is, if you cannot heave an. they will have their rents and you ahor, cut and run. Get off with will keep your stock. something ; the moral justice of
WM. COBBETT. which has been proved by me over and over again, in dissertations lo which no one has ever attempted to give an answer; and COLONEL GORE which, therefore, I take to be AND CORPORAL GEORGE. unanswerable.
Some think that the Parliament will repeal Peel's Bill. Others From the # Statesman" of think that they will not. I, who *** Tuesday. know as much about the matter. as any body, am pretty well satisfied that the Ministers themselves on the 13th and 14th instanta know no more what they shall Court Martial was held at Portpropose than does the bit of paper man Barracks, on a LTEUTENANTS upon
which 1 am now writing. "I COLONEL Gore! My attention has been thonght, that what a was drawn to this matter thy the man of the name of Randal Jack-following paragraph, which arson said the other day, at a Bank peared in all the principal MomMeeting, indicates that small notes ing Papers of the 16th instant. are to be put out again. God The paragraph was in precisely bless the man! he is a poor talks these words: