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of Commons, with their petition for the repeal of an act paffed in favour

of the Papists, June 2. 1780 That event followed by the most daring riots, in the cities of London, and

in Southwark, for several successive days, in which some Popish chapels are destroyed, together with the prisons of Newgate, the King's Bench, the Fleet, several private houses, &c. These alarming riots are at length suppressed by the interposition of the military, and many of the rioters tried

and executed for felony. Five English East Indiamen, and fifty English merchant ships bound for the

West Indies, taken by the combined fleets of France and Spain, Aug. 8. Earl Cornwallis obtains a signal victory over general Gates, near Camden,.

in South Carolina, in which above 1000 American prisoners are taken, Mr. Laurens, late president of the Congress, taken in an American packet,

near Newfoundland, Sept. 3. General Arnold deserts the service of the Congress, escapes to New York, and

is made a brigadier-general in the royal service, Sept. 24. Major André, adjutant-general to the British army, hanged as a spy at Tap..

pan, in the province of New York, Oct. 2. Mr. Laurens is committed prisoner to the Tower, on a charge of high trea

fon, October 4. Dreadful hurricanes in the West Indies, by which great devastation is made

in Jamaica, Barbadoes, St. Lucia, Dominica, and other Islands, Oa. 3

A declaration of hoftilities published against Holland, Dec. 20. 1;81 The Dutch island of St. Eustatia taken by admiral Rodney and general

Vaughan, Feb. 3. Retaken by the French, Nov. 27.
Earl Cornwallis obtains a victory, but with considerable loss, over the Ame.

ricans under general Green, at Guildford, in North Carolina, March 15.
The island of Tobago taken by the French, June 2.
A bloody engagement fought between an English squadron under the com-

mand of admiral Parker, and a Dutch squadron under the command of

admiral Zoutman, off the Dogger-bank, Aug. 5. Earl Cornwallis, with a considerable British army, surrendered prisoners

of war to the American and French troops, under the command of ge.

neral Washington, and count Rochambeau, at York-town, in Virginia, 1782 Trincomale, on the island of Ceylon, taken by admiral Hughes, Jan. 11.

Minorca surrendered to the arms of the king of Spain, Feb. 5.
The island of St. Christopher taken by the French, Feb. 12.
The island of Nevis, in the West Indies, taken by the French, Feb. 14.
Montserrat taken by the French, Feb. 22.
The house of commons address the king against any further prosecution of

offensive war on the continent of North America, March 4 ; and resolve,
That that house would consider all those as enemies to his majesty, and
this country, who should advise, or by any means attempt, the farther
prosecution of offensive war on the continent of North America, for the

purpofe of reducing the revolted colonies to obedience by force. Admiral Rodney obtains a signal victory over the French Aeet under the

command of count de Graffe, near Dominica, in the West Indies,

April 12.
Admiral Hughes, with eleven ships, beat off, near the island of Ceylon, the

French admirat Suffrein, with twelve ships of the line, after a severe en. gagement, in which both fleets lost a great number of men, April 13th. The resolution of the house of cominons relating to John Wilkes, Esq; and

the Middlesex election, pafled Feb. 17, 1769, rescinded May 3.

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1782 The

TABLE. 1982 The bill to repeal the declaratory act of George I. relative to the legislation

of Ireland, received the royal assent June 20.
The French took and destroyed the forts and settlements in Hudson's Bay,

Aug. 24
The Spaniards defeated in their grand attack on Gibraltar, Sept. 13.
Treaty concluded betwixt the republic of Holland, and the United States

of America, O. 8.
Provisional articles of peace figned at Paris between the British and the Ame-

rican commissioners, by which the Thirteen United American colonies are acknowledged by his Britannic majefty to be free, sovereign, and in

dependent states, Nov. 30. 1783 Preliminary articles of peace between his Britannic majesty, and the kings

of France and Spain, ligned at Versailles Jan. 20. The order of St. Patrick initituted, Feb. 5. Three earthquakes in Calabria Ulterior and Sicily, destroying a great

number of towns and inhabitants, Feb. 5th, 7th, and 28th. Armistice betwixt Great Britain and Holland, Feb. 10." Ratification of the definitive treaty of peace between Great Britain, France,

Spain, and the United States of America, Sept. 3. 1784 The city of London wait on the king, with an address of thanks for dis

miffing the coalition ministry, Jan. 16.
The great seal ftolen from the lord chancellor's house in Great Ormond-

street, March 24.
The ratification of the peace with America arrived, April 7.
The definitive treaty of peace between Great Britain and Holland. May 24.
The memory of Handel commemorated by a grand jubilee at Weltminfter

abbey, May 26.
Proclamation for a public thanksgiving, July 2.
Mr. Lunardi afcended in a balloon from the Artillery-ground, Moorfields,

the first attempt of the kind in England, Sept. 15.


Bef. Ch.
907 H Heliod, the Greek pocet

, Tupposed to live near the time of Homer.Cooke.

first prophane writer 884 Lycurgus, the Spartan lawgiver. 600 Sappho, the Greek lyric poetess, A. Fawkes. 558 Solon, lawgiver of Athens. 556 Æsop, the first Greek fabulist. Croxal. 548 Thales, the first Greek astronomer and geographer. 497 Pythagoras founder of the Pythagorean philosophy in Greece. Rowe, 474 Anacreon, the Greek lyric poet. Fawkes, Addisor. 456 Æschylus, the first Greek tragic poet. Potter. 435 Pindar, the Greek lyric poet. Wej. 413 Herodotus, of Greece, the first writer of prophane history. Littlebury. 407 Aristophanes, the Greek comic poet, A.' White.

Euripides, the Greek tragic poet. Woodbull. 406 Sophocles, ditto. Franklin, Potter.

Confucius, the Chinese philosopher, A. 400 Socrates, the founder of moral philosophy, in Greece. 39: Thucydides, the Greek historian. Smith, Hobbes. 36. Hippocrates, the Greek physician. Clifton. Democritus, the Greek philosopher,

359 Xenophon,

359 Xenophon, the Greek philosopher and historian. Smith, Spelman, Afhly,

Fielding 348 Plato, the Greek philosopher, and disciple of Socrates. Sydenham. 336 Isocrates, the Greek orator. Dimsdale. 332 Ariftotle, the Greek philosopher, and disciple of Plato. Hobbes. 313 Demosthenes, the Athenian orator, poisoned himself. Leland, Francis. 288 Theophraftus, the Greek philosopher, and scholar of Aristotle. Budgel. 285 Theocritus, the firft Greek paftoral poet, A. Fawkes. 277 Euclid, of Alexandria, in Egypt, the mathematician, f. R. Simpson. 270 Epicurus, founder of the Epicurean philosophy in Greece. Digby. 264 Xeno, founder of the Stoic philosophy in Dicto. 244 Callimachus, the Greek elegiac poet. 208 Archimedes, the Greek geometrician. 184 Plautus, the Roman comic poet. Thornton. 159 Terence, of Carthage, the Latin comic poet. Colman, 155 Diogenes, of Babylon, the Stoic philosopher. 124 Polybius, of Greece, the Greek and Roman historian. Hampton. 54 Lucretius, the Roman poet. Creech. 44 Julius Cæsar, the Roman historian and commentator, killed. Duncar.

Diodorus Siculus, of Greece, the universal historian, A. Bootb.

Vitruvius, the Roman architect, A. 43 Cicero, che Roman orator and philosopher, put to death. Guthrie, Melmoth.

Cornelius Nepos, the Roman biographer, A. Rowe. 34. Sallust, the Roman historian. Gordon, Rose. 30 Dionyfius of Halicarnassus, the Roman historian, A. Spelman. 19 Virgil, the Roman' epic poet. Dryden, Pitt, Warton. ií Catullus, Tibullus, and Propertius, Roman poets. Grainger, Dart.

8 Horace, the Roman lyric and satiric poet. Francis. A.C. 17 Livy, the Roman historian. Ray. 19 Ovid, che Roman elegiac poet. · Garth. 26 Celsus, the Roman philosopher and phyfician, A. Grieve. 2; Strabo, the Greek geographer. 33 Phædrus, the Roman fabulift. Smart. 45 Paterculus, the Roman historian, A. Newcombe. 62 Perfius, the Roman facir c poet. Brewster. 64 Quintius Curtius, a Roman bi orian of Alexander the Great, Al. Digby.

Seneca, of Spain, the philosopher and tragic poet, put to death. L'Estrange. 65 Lucan, the Roman epic poet, dicto. Rowe. 79 Mliny the elder, the Roman natural historian. Holland. 93 Josephus, the Jewish historian. Whiffon. . 94 Epictecus, the Greek tioic philosopher, A. Mrs. Ca ter. 95 Qu nćtilian, the Roman orator and advocate. Gulbrie. 96 Scatius, the Roman epic poet. Lewis. 90 Lucius Florus, of Spain, the Roman historian, A. 99 'I a citus, the Roman historian. Gordon. 104 Martial, of Spain, the epigrammatic poet. Hay.

Valerius Flaccus, the Roman epic poet. 116 Pliny the younger, historical letters. Melmoth Orrery. 117 Suetonius, the Roman historian. Hughes. 119 Plutarch, of Greece, the biographer. Oryden, Langborne. 128 Juvenal, the Roman latiric puer. Drydir. 140 Ptolemy, the Egyptian geographer, mathematician, and astronomer, A. io Juitin the Roman birorian, A. Turniu!. 161 Arrian, the Roman historian and philofopher, A. Roole. 107 Juriin, ut Samaria, the oldest Chindian author after the apostles.

180 Lucian,


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180 Lucian, the Roman philologer. Dimsdale, Dryden, Franklin.

Marcus Aur. Antoninus, Roman emperor and philosopher. Collier, Elphinstone. 193 Galen, the Greek philosopher and physician. 200 Diogenes Laertius, the Greek biographer, A. 229 Dion Cassius, of Greece, the Roman historian, A. 254 Origen, a Christian father of Alexandria.

Herodian, of Alexandria, the Roman hiftorian, A. Hart. 258 Cyprian, of Carthage, suffered martyrdom. Marshal. 273 Longinus, the Greek orator, put to death by Aurelian. Smith. 320 Lactantius, a father of the church, A. 336 Arius, a priest of Alexandria, founder of the fect of Arians. 342 Eusebius, the ecclefiaftical hiitorian and chronologer. Hanmer. 379 Bazil, Bishop of Cæsarea. 389 Gregory Nazianzen, bishop of Conftantinople. 397 Ambrose, bishop of Milan. 415 Macrobius, the Roman grammarian. 428 Eutropius, the Roman historian. 524 Boetius, the Roman poet,, and Platonic philofopher. Bellamy, Preston. 529 Procopius, of Cæsarea, the Roman historian. Holcroft. Here ends the illustrious list of ancient, or, as they are styled, Classic authors, for

whom mankind are indebted to Greece and Rome, those two great theatres of human glory: but it will ever be regretted, that a small part only of their writings have come to our hands. This was owing to the barbarous policy of those fierce illiterate pagans, who, in the fifth century, subverted the Roman empire, and in which practices they were joined foon after by the Saracens, or followers of Mahomet. Conftantinople alone had escaped the ravages of the Barbarians; and to the few literati who theltered themselves within its walls, is chiefly owing the preservation of those valuable remains of antiquity. To learning, civility, and refinement, succeeded worse than Gothic igno. rance-the superstition and buffoonery of the church of Rome; Europe therefore produces few names worthy of record during the space of a thousand years; a period which historians, with great propriety, denominate the

dark or Gothic ages. The invention of printing contributed to the revival of learning in the fixteenth

century, from which memorable æra a race of men have sprung up in a new foil, France, Germany, and Britain ; who, if they do not exceed, at least equal, the greatest geniuses of antiquity. Of these our own countrymen have

the reputation of the first rank, with whose names we shall finish our lift. A.C. 735 Bede, a priest of Northumberland; History of the Saxons, Scots, &c. gol King Alfred; hiftory, philosophy, and poetry. 1259 Matthew Paris, monk of St. Alban's; History of England. 1292 Roger Bacon, Somersetshire ; natural philosophy. 1308 John Fordun, a priest of Mearns-hire; Hillory of Scotland, 1400 Geoffry Chaucer, London ; the father of English poetry. 1402 John Gower, Wales; the poet. 1535 sir Thomas More, London; hiflory, politics, divinity. 1552 John Leland, London ; lives and antiquities. 1568 Roger Ascham, Yorkshire ; philology and polite literature. 1572 Rev. John Knox, the Scotch reformer; history of the church of Scotland. 1582 George Puchanan, Dumbartonshire ; Hillory of Scotland, Psalms of David,

politics, &c. 1598 Edin und Spenser, London ; Fairy Queen, and other poems. 1615--25 Beaumont and Fletcher; 53 dramatic pieces. 1616 William Shakespeare, Stratford 42 tragedies and comedies. 2622 John Napier, of Marchesion, Scotland; discoverer of logarithms.

1623 William 1623 William Camden, London ; history and antiquities. 1626 Lord Chancellor Bacon, London; natural philosophy, literature in general. 1634 Lord Chief Justice Coke, Norfolk ; laws of England. 1638 Ben Jonson, London ; 53 dramatic pieces. 1641 Sir Henry Spelman, Norfolk ; laws and antiquities. 1654 John Selden, Suflex ; antiquities and laws. 1657 Dr. William Harvey, Kent, discovered the circulation of the blood, 1667 Abraham Cowley, London ; miscellaneous poetry. 1677 John Milton, London ; Paradise Loit, Regained, and various other pieces

in verse and prose..

Hyde, earl of Clarendon, Wiltshire ; History of the Civil Wars in England. 1675 James Gregory, Aberdeen; mathematics, geometry, and optics. 1677 Reverend Dr. Ifaac Barrow, London; natural philosophy, mathematics, and

sermons. 1680 Samuel Butler, Worcestershire; Hudibras, a burlesque poem, 1685 Thomas Otway, London ; 10 tragedies and comedies, with other poems. 1687 Edmund Waller, Bucks; poems, speeches, letters, &c. 7688 Dr. Ralph Cudworth, Somersethire; Intellectual System. 1689 Dr. Thomas Sydenham, Dorsetshire ; History of Physic. 1690 Nathaniel Lee, London ; 11 tragedies.

Robert Barclay, Edinburgh ; Apology for the Quakers. 1691 Hon. Robert Boyle; natural and experimental philosophy and theology.

Sir George M-Kenzie, Dundee ; Antiquities and Laws of Scotland. 1694 John Tillotson, archbishop of Canterbury, Halifax; 254 sermons. 1697 Sir William Temple, London ; politics, and polite literature. 1701 John Dryden, Northamptonshire; 27 tragedies and comedies, satiric poems,

Virgil. 1704 John Locke, Somersethire; philosophy, government, and theology, 1705 John Ray, Effex; botany, natural philosophy, and divinity. 1707 George Farquar, Londonderry; eight comedies. 1713 Ant. Ath. Cooper, earl of Shaftesbury; Characteristics. 1714 Gilbert Burnet, Edinburgh, bishop of Salisbury; hiftory, biography, divi

nity, &c. 1718 Nicholas Rowe, Devonshire; 7 tragedies, translation of Lucan's Pharsalia. 2719 Reverend John Flamsteed, Derbyshire ; mathematics and aitronomy.

Joseph Addison, Wilchire ; Spectator, Guardian, poems, poiitics.

Dr. John Keil, Edinburgh; mathematics and altronomy. 1721 Matthew Prior, London ; poems and politics. 1724 William Wollaston, Staffordshire; Religion of Nature delineated. 1727 Sir Isaac Newton, Lincolnsiire; mathematics, geometry, astronomy, optics. 1729 Reverend Dr. Samuel Clarke, Norwich ; mathematics, divinity, &c.

Sir Richard Steele, Dublin ; four comedies, papers in Tatler, &c.

William Congreve, Stafford inire; seven dramatic pieces. 1732 John Gay, Exeter; poems, fables, and eleven dramatic pieces. 1734 Dr. John Arbuthnot, Mearns-shire; medicine, coins, politics. 1742 Dr. Edmund Halley; natural philosophy, a ronomy, navigation.

Dr. Richard Bentley, Yorkshire ; claliical learning, criticitm. 1744 Alexander Pope, London ; poems, letters, translation of Homer. 1745 Reverend.Dr. Jonathan Swift, Dublin ; poenis, politics, and letters. 1746 Colin M‘Laurin, Argyleshire; Algebra, View of Newton's philosophy. 1748 James Thomson, Roxburghhire; Seafons, and other poems, five tragedies.

Reverend Dr. Ifaac Watts, Southampton ; logic, philosophy, psalms, hymns,

sermons, &c.

Dr. Francis Hutcheson, Airshire; System of Moral Philosophy. 2750 Reverend Dr. Conyers Middleton, Yorkshire; Life of Cicero, &c. Andrew Baxter, Old Aberdeen; metaphysics, and natural philosophy,

1751 Henry

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