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TO

THE RIGHT HONOURABLE EARL FORTESCUE,

AS A TRIBUTE OF ESTEEM

FOR HIS DISINTERESTED AND WELL-DIRECTED EFFORTS

IN THE CAUSE OF SANITARY SCIENCE,

This work

(WITH HIS KIND PERMISSION)

IS RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED

BY

THE AUTHOR.

PRE FACE.

The work now offered to the public aims at filling a vacant place in English sanitary literature, namely, that of a book of reference which, in one volume of convenient size, shall contain the information on sanitary topics at present only to be gathered from the perusal of many separate and distinct treatises.

It is not intended solely and entirely for any particular class. Sanitation is imperial—it concerns every living unit of the State, and is of equal value to all. Therefore, although the special wants of the practical hygienist--the medical officer of health and public analysthave naturally claimed the first place, and received the attention which their importance demands, the Author has throughout endeavoured to render intelligible to non-professional readers also, every subject susceptible of such treatment.

At the outset, the task he proposed to himself was simply an adaptation for English readers of the well-known “Dictionnaire d'Hygiène Publique" of Professor Ambroise Tardieu; and the kind permission of the veteran hygienist had been obtained to translate such portions of his great work as should be deemed suitable for the purpose. But this plan was soon and of necessity abandoned, both on account of the exclusively French character of the work, and of the rapid strides made by sanitary science since the publication of its last edition. None the less, however, does the Author feel it incumbent on him to acknowledge the dictionary of Professor Tardieu as the basis of his own, and as a great assistance to him in the execution of the work.

Other valuable works to which the author is indebted are-
The works of Glen, Lumley, and Chambers on Sanitary Legislation.

The works of Bailey Denton, Eassie, Latham, and Rankine on Sanitary Engineering

The works of Parkes and Gordon on Military Hygiène.

The works of Acton, Aitken, Allen, Atcherley, William Budd, Chevallier, Cooley, Corfield, Guy, Hassall, Sir William Jenner, Letheby, Liebig, Macnamara, Miller, Murchison, Normandy, Pereira, Parkes, Pavy, Pettenkofer, De Pietra-Santa, Rumsey, Angus Smith, Edward Smith, Léon Soubeiran, Taylor, Sir Henry Thompson, Ure, Wanklyn, and Wilson, on various subjects connected with Hygiène.

The Author's thanks are especially due to Dr. Angus Smith, the late Dr. Edward Smith, Mr. Atcherley, Mr. Bailey Denton, Messrs. Sutherland and Galton, Mr. James Lewis, and Mr. Edward Stanford, for permission to use extracts or diagrams, and to Dr. Slade King of Ilfracombe for preparing a list of errata.

A special feature of the present work is that it contains, in a form admitting of easy and rapid reference, the whole of the Public Health Act, 1875, as well as sections and portions of other sanitary statutes, without alteration or abridgement, save in a few unimportant instances.

Those who have to consult the Sanitary Acts, and know how difficult it frequently is to find any particular section, will, it is hoped, appreciate this arrangement.

The value of an undertaking of this kind must always be in exact proportion to its accuracy and completeness; and bearing these conditions in mind, the Author has spared no pains to fulfil both of them to the best of his ability. He ventures to hope that, whatever may be the shortcomings of his work in other respects, it will at least prove a useful one, and as such find a place on the library shelves of those interested in sanitary progress.

BARNSTAPLE,

February 1876.

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