« EelmineJätka »
A CHAPTER FROM THE HISTORY
North American & South American States,
FREDERICK WAYMOUTH GIBBS, C. B.
WILLIAM RIDGWAY, 169, PICCADILLY.
THE object of these pages is to give an account, at greater length than is possible in a Treatise on International Law, of the two cases, in which the principles have been most fully discussed that govern the Recognition, as a Sovereign State by other States, of a province or colony which has revolted from its parent State, and has erected itself into a separate community.
The first of these cases is that of the Recognition of the Independence of the United States by France in 1778; the second, that of the Recognition of the Independence of the States of Spanish America by the United States in 1822, and by England in 1825. They are the leading cases of International Law on the subject of Recognition. The first has found a place in the Causes Célèbres of Martens; the documents illustrating the second have not been collected in a separate form. In their circumstances they are widely different: but each has an interest of its own; each marks an epoch in history; and a comparison of the two will enable us to trace the progress of International Law, till its principles and practice on the subject of Recognition may be considered to have become settled. Taken together, these two cases make up a chapter from the history of the North American and South American States containing an account of the foundation of their independence, an angry correspondence and
models and master-pieces of diplomatic composition,” and the worst precedent and the best precedent of Recognition.
America is at this moment furnishing International Law with a third leading case on the same subject. The secession-for secession under a claim of constitutional right, if