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prose writings are little less harmonious than his verse; and his voice, in common conversation, was so naturally musical, that he was known, among his familiar friends, by the name of the Little Nightingale. Being a Catholic, he remains without a place in the sacred repofitory of departed Genius at Weftminster, where his Epitaph on Mr. Gay will supply the defect, and immortalife his honour within the precincts of that venerable pile. To fum up his character in a few words. He was pious, yet no enthusiast; tenacious of his reputation, yet never jealous of another man's ; impatient of rebuke, yet ready to accept the offer of reconciliation; an affectionate son, a fincere friend, and a truly honest man. The limits of this felec. tion will not allow a critique on the various merits of his different compofitions. To reduce them within the compass of a volume, the bulk of his translations hås been omitted, though replete with incomparable excellence, and his original writings alone digefted under the most easy and natural theads.


Some Particulars concerning Mr. Pope's domestic

Habits and Character. THE person of Pope is well known not to have as been formed by the nicest model. He has, in “ his account of the little Club, compared himself “ to a spider, and is described as protuberant be" hind and before. He is said to have been beau. " tiful in his infancy; but he was of a constitu. " tion originally feeble and weak; and as bodies " of a tender frame are easily distorted, his deforir mity was probably in part the effect of his ap " plication. His ftature was so low, that, to s bring him to a level with common tables, it was * neceffary to raise his feat: but his face was not “ displeafing, and his eyes were animated and e vivid.

“ By natural deformity, or accidental diftor~ tion, his vital functions were fo much disordered, " that his life was a long disease. His most fre

quent assailant was the head-ach, which he used “ to relieve by inhaling the steam of coffee, which “ he very frequently required.

6 Most of what can be told concerning his petty “peculiarities was communicated by a female do“mestic of the Earl of Oxford, who knew him “ perhaps after the middle of life. He was then “ so weak as to itand in perpetual need of female s attendance; extremely sensible of cold, so that b

he " he wore a kind of fur doublet, under a shirt of té

very coarse warm linen with fine fleeves. When os he rose, he was invested in boddice made of "ftiff canvafs, being scarcely able to hold himself « erect till they were laced; and he then put on a " flannel waiftcoat. One side was contracted. “ His legs were so flender, that he enlarged their * bulk with three pair of stockings, which were si drawn on and off by the maid; for he was not • able to dress or undress himself, and neither

went to bed nor rofe without help. His * weakness made it very difficult for him to be

* clean.

* His hair had fallen almost all away ; and he *« used to dine fometimes with Lord Oxford, pri“ vately, in a velvet cap. His dress of ceremony “ was black, with a tye-wig, and a little {word. in SilsG1031

ilier ** The indulgence and accommodation which " his fickness required, had taught him all the “ unpleasing and unfocial qualities of a valetudi.

nary man. He expected that every thing should

give way to his. ease or humour; as a child; “ whose parents will not hear her cry, has unrefifting dominion in the nursery.

C'est que l'enfant toujours eft homme ;

C'est que l'homme est toujours enfant. " When he wanted to sleep, he nodded in com" pany, and once flumbered at his own table, «t while the Prince of Wales was talking of poetry.

" The



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LIFE OF ALEXANDER POPE, Esq. " The reputation which his friendship gave, pro

cured him many invitations ; but he was a very “ troublesome inmate. He brought no servant, « and had so many wants, that a numerous atten“ dance was scarcely able to supply them, Where“ ever he was, he left no room for another; be« cause he exacted the attention, and employed “ the activity, of the whole family. His errands " were so frequent and frivolous, that the footmen « in time avoided and neglected him; and the « Earl of Oxford discharged fome of the servants “ for their resolute refusal of his messages. The “ maids, when they had neglected their business, $6 alledged that they had been employed by Mr.

Pope. One of his constant demands was of "s coffee in the night; and to the woman that waited " on him in his chamber he was very burthensome: "s but he was careful to recompense her want of Sleep, and Lord Oxford's fervant declared, that « in a house where her business was to answer his « call, she would not ask for wages.

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"" He had another fault, easily incident to

thofe who, suffering much pain, think themselves «s entitled to whatever pleasures they can snatch. “ He was too indulgent to his appetite; he loved “ meat highly seasoned, and of strong taste; and,

at the intervals of the table, amused himself « with biscuits and dry conserves. If he sat down ito a variety of difies, he would opprefs his

b 2'

" Itomach

“ ftomach with repletion, and, though he seemed

angry when a dram was offered him, did not

forbear to drink it. His friends, who knew the ave“nues to his heart, pampered him with presents of “ luxury, which he did not fufier to fand neglected. « The death of great men is not always propor«« tioned to the luftre of their lives. Hannibal, " says Juvenal, did not perish by a javelin, or a « fword; the flaughters of Canne were revenged « by a ring. The death of Pope was imputed by « some of his friends to a silver saucepan, in which so it was his delight to heat potted lampreys.

« That he loved too well to eat, is certain ; but « that his sensuality shortened his life will not be

hastily concluded, when it is remembered that a " conformation to irregular lasted fix and fifty

years, notwithstanding such pertinacious dili" gence of ftudy and meditation.

de tu " In all his intercourse with mankind, he had

great delight in artifice, and endeavoured to “attain all his purposes by indirect and unsuf. "pected methods. He hardly drank tea without " a stratagem. If, at the house of his friend, he. “ wanted any accommodation, he was not willing " to ask for it in plain terms, but would mention " it remotely, as something convenient; though, " when it was procured, he foon made it appear " for whose fake it had been recommended. Thus “ he teized Lord Orrery till he obtained a screen.

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