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Enfranchisement of Copyholds.-Order on Petition to deliver Bill of Costs. 185 versally, because on a single manor inconve- of hardship on the copyholders, in which nience may be felt under special circumstances, land worth 60l. a year was leased for a long shows prejudice.

term, built on, and greatly increased in value, Quoting the opinion of the Committee, in and a fine of several hundred pounds defavour of the entire abolition of copyholds, and manded on the next admission. keeping back the carefully prepared sixth re- It is not even hinted that the sum claimed port of the Commissioners made long subse- was more than the lord was legally entitled to, quently, and in which they recommend the but it is contended that it was hard on the continuance of the tenure with commuted copyholder to have to pay

it. rights, shows unfairness.

It might be inconvenient, but was not unThe attempt to deprive the lord of a portion just or hard on the copyholder, who, had he of the rights to which he is clearly entitled, -possessed common sense, would not have subject to which the copyholders took their granted a lease for building purposes, well property, and the extent of which they had knowing that the annual value would be very ample means of knowing, shows injustice. greatly increased, and also well knowing that

The petition appears to me to bear so on every change of tenant a fine of two years' strongly on its face the character I have ex- improved value would be payable,-without pressed, that I really cannot refrain from the making it one of the terms of the lease that all expression of my opinion; but my object in payments for fines beyond two years' purchase writing is not to reflect on individuals, but to on the rent reserved, should be payable by the point out in a plain and business-like way, lessee. that the copyholders of the Kennington manor By adopting that course, the copyholder have no just cause for complaint, and that if would only have to pay on the amount of rent in certain cases inconvenience has arisen from payable to him, the lessee might readily calcuthe amount required for the fine, the inconve. late the value of the liability he took on himnience has arised solely from a want of a little self, and proportionately reduce the amount common sense on the part of the copyholders. paid for purchase of his lease; and the lord

Although manors differ in the extent of the might receive the amount of his just rights lord's rights, he is in most manors entitled to without its being insinuated that he was guilty a fine of two years improved value, payable on of extortion. death or alienation ;-if a single life admitted, It may be, however, said by the copyholder with the addition of half such a fine for a se- that such a stipulation in the lease would recond life, a quarter fine for a third life, and so duce the amount he would receive. Of course on, where persons are admitted as joint ten- it would, by the deduction of the value of the ants.

lord's interest in the property, but not by a The extent of such liability on each manor is single penny in respect of any interest which well known to the copyholders, and easily as- fairly belonged to the copyholder. certainable by any one treating for purchase of

The view I have taken is not one of a merely copybold interests.

theoretical character, but one which I have I assume that the fines on the Kennington carried out practically and with the greatest manor are of two years' value, though whether possible ease, with a full protection to the inthey be or be not of that full extent, would be terests of the copyholder, the leaseholder, and unimportant, the extent being known, and the the lord. remedy of the copyholder being very simple if I have also found no difficulty in giving the more was asked than the lord was legally en- leaseholder a due control over the selection of

the lives on which the copyhold is to be held. The extent of liability being therefore known, Even if the land, instead of being leased to every prudent man, if dealing with copyhold one person, is to be divided into lots, the arinterests, would make provision for meeting rangement might be made with ease, safety, the liabilities as carefully as the owner of a and justice to all parties. leasehold renewable on the extinction of a life June 20, 1854.

FAIR PLAY. or at fixed periods, would make provision for payment of the renewal fines.

Should any man neglect to do so he would ORDER ON PETITION TO DELIVER have himself alone to blame if put to unex

BILL OF COSTS. pected inconvenience when the payment became due. In the same way the copyholders on the

THE form of order on a solicitor to deliver Kennington manor have taken interests in his bill of costs, “That the said

do property, subject to known liabilities; they within a fortnight after notice hereof deliver to have neglected to make provision for the liabilities, and have themselves alone to blame the petitioner a bill of all such fees and disfor the inconvenience to which they may have bursements as he claims to be due in all suits, been subjected, especially as I shall be able to causes, and other matters of business in which show that they could, with the greatest ease, he has been employed as the attorney or solihave provided for the obligations to which they citor for the petitioner,” has been varied by were liable.

To take the leading case, given as an instance omitting the words in italics.

titled to.

184 Metropolitan and Provincial Law Association.Law Union Insurance Company. against them for the purpose of having those LAW UNION INSURANCE COMPANY. rights judicially declared. In the House of Commons, among the Law

Bristol Law Library, June 24, 1854. Bills, is one to consolidate and render perma

At a meeting of Members of the Profesnent the Law of Friendly Societies. It is obvious that the amount of property which has sion of this City, held this day for the purpose been dealt with under these hitherto temporary of receiving a Deputation from the Law Union Acts renders this measure very desirable. Fire and Life Insurance Company, Mr. D.

Another Bill has been brought in by Mr. J. Burges in the Chair, it was unanimously G. Phillimore and Mr. Hume, to provide for the appointment of Public Prosecutors. This resolved Bill, however, has been postponed for the “That it appears to this meeting, after present, upon an intimation that Government having heard the explanation of the Directors have it in contemplation themselves to intro- of the Law Union Fire and Life Insurance duce a measure upon the subject. The matter is one of much difficulty, and will require the Company, that the proposed arrangements of careful attention of your Committee, who do the company with respect to the legal businot think that it is likely to improve the admi- ness of the office are equitable and deserve the nistration of justice if it should be proposed to consideration of the Profession.” compel parties who are driven to seek redress

Signed on behalf of the Meeting, in the Criminal Courts, to entrust their interests to public officers not selected by, or

DANIEL BURGES." responsible to, them. Your Committee believe,

The gentlemen present at the above meeting that the interests of suitors will generally be

were :best consulted by measures which tend to raise the character and position of the whole

James Parker, Esq., Vice-Chairman of the Profession, and then by leaving the public to Law Union, and Mr. Durrant, the Solicitor, select for themselves their own professional attended as a Deputation. advisers.

Daniel Burges, sen., Chairman of Meeting, A Bill has been brought into the House of Commons to substitute Declaration for Oaths late Town Clerk and father of the present in certain cases. The object of this Bill is also Town Clerk, and Chairman of the Bristol met by some of the clauses of the second Law Association. Common Law Procedure Act, and it is not

H. Sidney Wasbrough, Esq., Secretary of probable, therefore, that both will be passed.

the Bristol Law Association. A Bill has been brought in to enable execution to issue in any part of the United King

W. 0. Hare, Esq., Clerk of Peace and dom under a judgment obtained in any Court Deputy-Sheriff. in England, Scotland, or Ireland. This Bill

F. R. Ward, Esq., Local Director of Law is substantially the same as one which was

Union. prepared three years ago by your Committee, and placed in the hands of Lord Lyndhurst, by Alfred Brittan, Esq.

F. V. Jacques, Esq. whom, however, the matter was not pressed. Thomas Danger, Esq. Chas. Bevan, Esq.

A Bill has been brought in to amend the G. L. King, Esq. G. W. Nalder, Esq. Laws regarding actions for Criminal Conversa- Giles Greville, Esq. Chas. Greville, Esq. tion, and the protection of women in such actions. It does not appear likely that this We understand that the C! Bill will be opposed, and it will remove what meeting and several others s has long been felt to be a disgrace to our proval of the liberal plano judicial system.

Altogether, up to the present time, 68 Law becoming shareholders. I Bills have been introduced into Parliament office is proceeding very pi 20 in the House of Lords, and 48 in the House of Commons; and it is probable that ENFRANCHISEM this number will be very considerably increas

HO ed before the end of the Session.

The Association at present numbers 903 To the Editor members, of whom 239 are metropolitan, and SIR.-It is mor 664 provincial. There are 142 life members, questions affectin and 761 annual subscribers. During the year, passion, prejur

cussed otherwi including arrears, 516 subscriptions have been but the received. The total income has amounted to Kennin 5631. 168. 3d., and the expenses, including lia-char bilities, to 4997. 10s. Id.

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Enfranchisement of Copykaits-Orier otros. 2
versally, because on a single maporom i me
nience may be felt under special circumstmas su kond
shows prejudice.

Quoting the opinion of the Cosmina n
favour of the entire abolition of copro.us. mil.
keeping back the carefully prepared $123
port of the Commissioners inade : Suz
quently, and in which they receci:
continnance of the tenure e communer
rights, shows unfairness.

The attempt to deprive the lord of a maj
of the rights to which he is clearly citl. –
subject to which the copyhoiders 1.6 1.2
property, and the extent of wees or
ample means of knowing, shows inter

The petition appears to me wits
strongly on its face the character I ne =
pressed, that I really cannot refracasma
expression of my opinion; but by DERI
writing is not to reflect on individuzik. m:
point out in a plain and business o
that the copyholders of the Kending: I TE
have no just cause for complaint, ant ta
in certain cases inconvenience has a
the amount required for the fine, the direct
nience has arisen solely from a vanr: 3
common sense on the part of the could

Although manors differ in the extent
lord's rights, he is in most manos en
a fine of two years improved values,
death or alienation ;—if a single Title

The copyholder with the addition of half such a fnis

would to cond life, a quarter fine for a third

Of course on, where persons are admitted

thane of the ants.

latos by
The extent of such liability and

ateres which
well known to the copyholders, and
certainable by any one treating in

one of a bered
copyhold interests.

which I have I assume that the fines ont

with the real manor are of two years' value,

protection to the
they be or be not of that fall

the leaseholder
unimportant, the extent being
remedy of the copyholder bene

difficulty in tinh
more was asked than the one

trol over the selected
titled to.
The extent of

phold

tead of bein trase
every prudent
interests, w

divided into lului de
the liabilit

made with leasehold

so, that section puts for it prohibits the any action or suit ery of the bill; and and referred for tax

taking proceedings : first, I thought this iblish the plaintiffs' gainst the separate a that light, I might over until after the d and the sum due certained, but I am goes further, and been filed at all. It sed with costs, but ceeding which the institute, after the

shall have been Taugh v. Waddell,

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ROFESSION. made by the ity of London to as a liveryman of tas one of the asaster wardens and company. He was ther he thought fit

It was in vain to aips the absurdity of ing office,--such they

At length the gentleas a chief clerk in Chanon was allowed.

Civis.

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186

Candidates who passed the Examination,

CANDIDATES WHO PASSED THE EXAMINATION.

Trinity Term, 1854.

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Names of Candidates.

To whom Articled, Assigned, &c. Addison, Thomas Russell

Thomas Hustwick Barker, Charles Henry, B.A.

James Bowker Barnett, Horatio Frederick

Thomas Marlow Beaumont, Robert

Charles Clough Benbow Clifton

John Henry Benbow Brittan, Henry, jun.

leury Brittan

! ITTI 10), Carter, Hanwell Holmes

Charles llarrison Clarke Charsley, George Allington

Frederick Charsler Christie, John

Richard Eckroyd Parne Clough, James

"lillair (lough Cockeram, William Philip

Henry Reade Hodding Cooper, Robert

Arthur Dalrymple Crawford, Thomas

Lietch and Kewnej Croome, Alexander Swayne

Jolin Starnier Davies, George Thumas

William Dewes Dorman, Thomas .

amies Crosby Ensor, Thomas Henry :

Alexinder Cuthbertson Floyd, Cookson Stephenson, jun.

Cookson Stephenson Flord, sen. Fowden, Matthew

Joln lorthington Getbing, Henry

Frederic Malim Harris, James Raymond

John Kelly Hayward, Charles.

Alfred llarward Head, Jolin Henry Hors!ord.

Robert Thomas Ilead Hele, Thomas Shirley

Johu Chappell Tozer Hernamann, Jobo Richard Mills

Jolin Stogidon Hill, Stephen, jun.

Steplien lill; sen. Hopkins, Jolin

Edwin Eugene Whitaker Jackaman, William Batley

Simon Batler Jackamac Kay, John Dunning

Joseph Dunning Kirkbank, John

George Gill Mounsey ; George Mounsey Gray Lacey, William Manning

Robert Cole Lamb, Jolin Workman

George Lamb Lewis, Thomas Smith

Micbael Lewis Lindus, Henry William

Ricbard Hare Lloyd, William Henry

William John Whyte Marshall, William

Jolin Brooks Mason, Richard

William Jacob Hollest Meriton, Edward Busick

Lee and Pemberton Monckton, Joun Braddick

John Monckton Moore, Robert

Nathaniel Cowdry ; Capel Augustus Curwood Mounsey, Robert Heysham

George Gill Dlounsey Mullens, Samuel, L.L.B.

George Capes Nash, Arthur, B.A.

George Augustus Crowder Peckbam, Robert .

Arthur James Lane; Joseph Hall; Joseph Francis

Holmes ; Arthur Turner Hewitt Peters, Charles Abbot

George Frederick Peters; John Miller Phillips, Henry

Denton, Kinderley, and Domville Piper, John. jun.

Thomas Townend Dibb Powell, William

Green and Peters Ravenor, Nathaniel Graham

George Godby Vincent Richards, Watkins

Charles Richards Ricbardson, Edward Taylor

John Luke llaigh Roberts, George Cliristopher

John Saxelbye Roberts, Thomas Vaughan

Thomas ngueville Longueville Robinson, Richard

Robert Sewell Rodwell, Henry Blyth

Edward Norton ; John Day; Frederick Brownie Safford, Frederick Lawrence Sleath

.: Job Frederick Robinson ; Thomas Borrelt Saogster, Alexander

John Stevenson ; Robert Shum Scarborough, Thomas Henry

Frederick Harrison Serrell, George

George Pyke 9:13 YE U yuub) Linda Sharpe, Samuel Bries

Szml. Johnson Sharpe; Richd, Newcomb Thompson Simhb, Frederick), su: ssise o pago con George Hodgkinson Simpson, Benjamin Williamsinaistasse : Maithe Dobson Lowndes Smart Robert Williamson Huntia

lobir Sinart BI 774 Smith, John William

1. Ililder and Arnold, 60 camer313 , Mni Smith, Jobo William

John Smith; Samuel Steward Stepbenson, Thomas

Appleton Stephenson

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187

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Law of Attorneys and Solicitors.-Selections from Correspondence.
Names of Candidates.

To whom Articled, Assigned, Sc.
Stuart, William George

William Stuart Tibbits, John

William Tibbits; William Woodroffe Kearsey Torne, Eldon Ethelbert

Richd. Baverstock Browne Cobbett; Josiah Towne Tugwell, James Edward

William Edmund Tugwell; Alexander Meek Waller, William

William Bromley Wilford, John Charles

Richard Bowes Wingfield. Henry George Eden

Jonathan Weymouth Woodward, John Hawkes

William Wilton Woodward Woollcombe, William John

Charles Kitson

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-LIEN

LAW OF ATTORNEYS AND SOLI. estate is chargeable; and if so, that section puts CITORS.

an end to the whole matter, for it prohibits the

solicitor from commencing any action or suit EMPLOYMENT of SOLICITOR BY MARRIED till one month after delivery of the bill ; and WOMAN." PARTY CHARGEABLE."

after it has been delivered and referred for taxON SEPARATE ESTATE.

ation, it restrains him from taking proceedings A MARRIED woman, upon requesting the

pending the reference. At first, I thought this plaintiffs to act as her solicitors in certain mat

was a claim simply to establish the plaintiffs' ters, bad given the following memorandum :

lien for their costs, as against the separate “And in consideration of your so acting as

estate ; and, regarding it in that light, I might my solicitors, I hereby charge upon and will have directed it to stand over until after the pay from my separate estate, your former and taxation had been completed and the sum due future bills of costs, and the bills of costs of to the plaintiffs had been ascertained, but I am Mr. Waugh alone against me, in respect of lof opinion that the claim goes further, and these and other causes and matters, together | ought not therefore to have been filed at all

. It with interest at 5l. per cent. per annum on those already incurred from this date, and upon without prejudice to any proceeding which the

must consequently be dismissed with costs, but those which may be incurred, from the end of

plaintiffs

may be advised to institute, after the every year, in which the business charged for amount of their bill of costs shall have been may be performed.” She afterwards obtained

ascertained on taxation.” Waugh v. Waddell, the common order for the delivery and taxation

16 Beav. 521. of the plaintiffs' bills of costs, on a petition presented without a next friend, together with SELECTIONS FROM CORREan order that no proceedings at law or other

SPONDENCE. wise be commenced against her in respect of such bill pending the reference. The plaintiffs,

PRIVILEGES OF THE PROFESSION. after delivery of their bills, but on which no An attempt was recently made by the taxation had taken place, filed a claim to en

Barber's Company of the city of London to force their lien under the memorandum.

compel a gentleman, who was a liveryman of

the Barber's Company, to act as one of the asThe Master of the Rolls said, “ I am of opi- sistants on the court of master wardens and nion that the 38th section of the 6 & 7 Vict. c. court of assistants of that company. He was 73, does not apply to this case, but to a case in threatened to be fined whether he thought fit

to accept the office or not. It was in vain to which the person making the application for point out to their worships the absurdity of an order to tax, is not himself the person em-fining a màn for accepting office, —such they ploying the solicitor. Nor has the 39th sec. alleged was the custom. At length the gentle, tion any bearing on the present case. As to man pleaded that he was a chief clerk in Chan the 37th section, it does not indeed apply to a

cery, and the exemption was allowed.

Cıvıs. married woman personally, because she is not a' party chargeable in that sense, but it does COPYHOLD.-FORFEITURE FOR NON-REPAIR. apply to her, when, as in this case, she has A. holde a copyhold house, which is suffered given an undertaking to pay the costs out of to go out of repair

. The fact is presented at her separate-estate, and ber separate estate is bailiff is ordered to seize the tenement for the

este of Customary Court by the homage, and the therefore chargeable. This is laid down in lord. Is such seizure lawful, or is it incumMurray v. Barlee, 2 Myl. & K. 209; 7-Sim. bent on the lord to commencé an ejøetment 194. I think, therefore, that the 37th section for the forfeiture ?

A COPYHOLDER. does apply to a married woman, whose separate

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