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servants would readily meet with engagements at good wages.

QUEENSLAND.

The labour market is, generally speaking, sufficiently supplied for the present.

The Executive Council of the Colonial Government in a minute (March 1866) observe that "it cannot be too often repeated that as a general rule, and with the exception of a few professional men such as lawyers, doctors, surveyors, and civil engineers, only two classes of persons should emigrate to Queensland, viz.: (1) Capitalists large and small; and (2) Labourers, that is men and women accustomed to work with their hands." All others, it is added, will be doomed "not only to almost certain disappointment, but also to severe hardships." All persons emigrating with the expectation of procuring employment in the Government service, through the letters of recommendation which they bring with them from England, are especially warned of the futility of such expectations. It is added that "admission to the junior grade in the Civil Service of Queensland is to be procured only by competitive examinations, and future promotions are regulated by seniority and personal merit, proved by actual service."

Any person of good character, who is able and willing to work, can generally obtain employment of some kind or other; but if once a man is unfortunate enough to establish for himself a notoriety for loafing, by remaining idle when employment is offered him, perhaps at a lower rate of wages than he considers he is worth, his services are never much in demand while other labour is obtainable. It does not take long for a skilled mechanic, or industrious labourer, to gain for himself a reputation with employers, who find it to their interest to pay every man what he is fairly entitled to receive according to the current rate of wages.

VICTORIA.

The following is the report of Lesley Alexander Moody, Esq., Immigration Agent at Melbourne, dated 29th November 1871.

"The demand for labour has varied considerably during the past 12 months. In many parts of the colony, employment is abundant and labour of all kinds in much request, while in Melbourne, in consequence of the strong inclination of immigrants to hang about town and their reluctance to go into the country, and at Ballarat, where a great many have been thrown out of employment in consequence of the decline in the produce of gold and the partial cessation of working by the mining companies, which has affected all trades, there has been, to some extent, a want of constant employment.

"Good agricultural labourers are still in request, especially in the Ovens, Gipp's Land, and the Western District.

"There is still a scarcity of good female domestic servants. A great many females emigrate to this colony without any pretentions to be classed as above, never having had any experience of domestic duties, and of these there is an abundance. But a good female servant who knows her work can always, and at once, command employment at good wages.

"Although every immigrant may not, immediately on arrival, find suitable employment, if he is desirous of working, and is sober, persevering, and industrious, and does not seek too high a remuneration at first, he is pretty sure, if his health remains good, to succeed in the long run.

"There has for some time existed a considerable mercantile depression through all the colonies, and this has, to a certain extent, re-acted on trades which are more or less dependent on commercial success; but a very favourable season, a heavy clip of wools, with good prices, and a promise of an abundant harvest, together with the increase of production in the colony of a great many articles which have hitherto been imported from abroad will, it is hoped, give a stimulus to all kinds of trade and afford ample employment to all.".

The Immigration Officer, who boards all vessels on arrival, can be applied to by all classes of immigrants who may desire advice, or have any com plaints to make of the treatment on board ship. His office is in La Trobe Street, Melbourne.

SOUTH AUSTRALIA.

The Colonial Government strongly recommend gentlemen agriculturists, governesses, clerks, shopmen, and all in quest of salaried situations in public or private employment, not to emigrate to the colony, unless they are going to join relatives or friends who can assist them.

The Governor, in a despatch, dated 21st May 1870, states that "the Government of the Colony do not at present propose to adopt any measure for the encouragement of immigration. The recent slight diminution of the adult male population has been caused by the expectation of finding in the neighbouring colonies a better return for labor or for small capitals; and yet frequent applications have been of late made to the Government for employment by persons out of work. Moreover, the chief industries of the Colony have been somewhat depressed by the recurrence of bad seasons in quick succession, and the Government and Parliament have thought it unwise, in these circumstances, to add artificially to the laboring class."

"To encourage the immigration of ordinary laborers from Europe into the northern territory would at present be a mistake; that region, though promising a liberal return to the investment of capital either in the cultivation of tropical crops or in stock farming (of horned cattle), being entirely unsuited to the general out-door labor of Europeans."

WESTERN AUSTRALIA.

In a report from the Colonial Secretary, dated Perth, 1st February 1872, it is stated that "There is an increasing demand for skilled labour of every kind. Carpenters, tailors, masons, shepherds, grooms. agricultural servants, blacksmiths, farriers, engineers, sawyers, brewers, and domestic servants are in great demand, and are certain of meeting with constant and remunerative employment.

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TASMANIA.

Female domestic servants who thoroughly understand household work are in constant demand, at wages varying from 157. to 30l. per year. Agricultural labourers always find employment at good wages, with rations of meat, flour, tea, and sugar, and dwellings rent free. For the average rate of wages, see Wages Tables, pp. 33 and 34.

The Gore House Institute,' formerly The Servants Home,' still offers a comfortable and respectable lodging to female servants out of place, and it is also a registry office."

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FALKLAND ISLANDS.

Extract from the Report of J. R. Longden, Esq., Colonial Secretary, dated 12th November 1858, which appears, from a Report of the present Colonial Secretary, dated 29th December 1871, to be still applicable:

In a country like this, almost exclusively adapted for grazing farms on a considerable scale, little labour is required in proportion to the extent of land occupied. The repairs of shipping frequenting the Port of Stanley would often employ many more artificers than are resident here, but that employment is, by its nature, very precarious, and, in the intervals, it would be difficult to find work. Three or four ship-carpenters and a blacksmith or two, with fair knowledge of their trade, would, I think, find employment at wages varying from 6s. or 7s. a day to 15s. or 16s. when there is a press of work.

"The colony being, however, established and held solely for its geographical position in regard to the commerce of England with her colonies in Australasia and on the north-west coast of America, emigrants cannot be recommended to come and

settle here with the view of providing for themselves from the soil, as in the case of our wheatgrowing colonies, having a territorial value of their own, and a soil and climate which give the cultivator a safe hope of success.

"The attractions for emigrants are very small; and labour, though high (ranging from 4s. to 6s. a day), is not in much demand. Vegetables grow almost as well as in England, but their sale is limited."

Clothing and most provisions are imported, and are therefore generally 30 to 40 per cent. above English retail prices. Beef is from 3d. to 4d., and mutton 6d. per lb. The fuel used is peat cut and dried. Labourers can earn from 5s. to 6s. a day, and carpenters from 88. 4d, to 20s. a day, according to the demand, which, however, is somewhat uncertain, and fluctuates according to the casualties at sea in the neighbourhood of the islands. There are no banks in the colony.

There were in January 1871 two surgeons in the Colony connected with the Government Departments, and allowed private practice.

In a despatch dated 3rd July 1867, Governor Robinson reports that " As the business of the port increases, so does the demand for all kinds of garden produce; but the high price of labour keeps back the cultivation of the soil, and places the employer at the mercy of the employed. Unskilled workmen will not take less than 5s. a day, and at times their wages rise to extravagant rates. Very indifferent female servants earn from 201. to 351. per annum. Men servants command from 481. to 60%.

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MAURITIUS.

In a despatch from the Colonial Secretary, dated the 17th December 1869, which is stated to be still applicable, it is said that "to keep the island in its present state of cultivation, an annual introduction of from 2,000 to 3,000 male Indian emigrants is considered necessary to make up for departures, and for withdrawals from work, by timeexpired emigrants. There is no demand for European Immigrants."

Wheat
Barley

Rye

Oats

Buckwheat

-

Maize (or Indian Corn)

Beans (kidney)

Poas

Hay

A good Cart Horse

A serviceable Riding Horse

A Yoke of Oxen

A Harrow

A Country Plough

PRICES OF AGRicultural ProdUCE AND FARMing Stock, North AMERICA.

Prince Edward
Island.
8 Feb. 1869.

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per bushel

Pleasure Sleigh, for winter

Lumber Sleigh

Light Riding Waggon

Sheep, per score

A good Milch Cow

Pigs (8 weeks old)

A Cart, of the description about

used by farmers

A Waggon, ditto, ditto

A Plough, iron

""

Beer, per gallon
Blue per lb.
Brandy, per bottle
Bread, per 4 lb.
Ditto Seconds, 6 lbs.
Butter, fresh, per lb.
Ditto, salt

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Candles, per lb.

19

Cheese, English, per lb.
Ditto Colonial
Coals, per ton
Coffee, per lb.

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Ontario,
March, 1871.

Corn starch, per lb.
Eggs, per dozen
Firewood, according to

4d. to 6d.
6d. to 10d.

locality, per cord Fish, salt, per cwt.

48. to 30s. 158. to 20s.

Flour, best, per barrel 21s. to 258.
(196 lbs)

Ditto Seconds -
Fowls, per pair
Geese, each
flerrings, per barrel
Lamb, per lb.
Milk, per quart
Mutton, per lb.

Sterling.
£ s. d. £ s. d.
040 to 05 0
030 036

"

020

0 3 2 019 034 076 030 019 1 12 0 15 0 0 25 0 0 12 10 0 15 0 0 600 0 12 0 600

12 0 0 15 0 0

"

500 600

400
2 10 0

19s. to 228.
18. 6d. to 28.
1s. 6d. to 28.
208. to 218.
5d. to 7d.
0 21
3 d. to 6d.

New
Bruns-
wick,

1 Feb.
1869.

8. d.
2 0
07
03
0 5
20
1 0
4 0
061
06
08
07

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600 to 10 0 0

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20 0 0

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30 0 0

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8. d.

1 0
6d. to bid.
0 4
03

Sterling. Sterling Sterling.
8. d.
1 8
6d. to 8d.
sfd. to
bd. 1
18.2d to18.6d
6d. to 8d.
3s. to 48.
4 d. to 5d.
0 9
8d. to 9d.
bid. to 6d.

0 10

1 8 28. to 3s. 04 03

10d. to 18. 8d. to 10d.

4

0

20 0 0

Nova
Scotia,
Jan.
1871.

New Brunswick, 1 Feb. 1872.

08
1 8
6d. to 7d.
208. to 308.
1ld. to 18.

10d. to 1s.
6d. to 9d.

Sterling.
£ s. d.
050

046

030

020

040

Not cultivated.
076
036

2 10 0

17 0 0

20 0 0

18 0 0

12 0 0

5 10 0
076

RETAIL PRICE OF PROVISIONS AND CLOTHING.

710 0

210 0

2 10 0

200 200 300

NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES.

2 10 0

15 0 0

* Per cwt.

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6d. to 7d.
88. to 128. 98. to 108.
10s. to 168. 12s. to 18s. 20 0
20s. to 288. 30 0
38 0
158. to 17.
20 0
35 0
18.6d.tols.8d 10d. to 1s. 6d. 1s. 8d. to 28.
18.3d.to18.9d 1s.4d.tols.7d.

20

12s. to 16s.
3d. to 4d.
3d. to 4d.
2jd. to 3d.

20 0
3d. to 4d.
2id.
4d.

10d. to 18.

08
3d. to 4d.
6d. to 8d.

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121. to

British
Columbia,

Dec.

1870.*

Sterling.
£ s. d.
030
0 1 0
0 0 10

008
040
030

016

22

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020
010

020
100
200

2 10 0

060
060

207.

0 1 0
006
009

Vancouver Island,

Dec.

1870.

Sterling.
8. d.

1 2 09 09

200 38 0
0 16 18.6d. to 2s.ld.
(best.)

Sterling. £ s. d. 076 2s. 6d. to 38.

1s. 8d. to 1s. 10d.

2 0

2 1

48s. dz. best
1 0
09
20
2 1
Oregon and
California.
1s. to 1s. 6d.
16

28. 6d.

20 0

Only grown to a
limited extent.

32 0
22 0
6 0
12 0

1 0
06

09

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Newfoundland, Nov. 1866 (No later return

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1 0

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157, to

201. ta

1 0
16

1 2

1 3

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30s, to S 2104 23

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These are prices at New Westminster. At the mines they are increased from 100 to 200 per cent, in consecuence of being transportal over 3 or more of waggon road. But the rates of freight are very much decreased

prices half what they originally were.

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Ditto, brown

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Ontario.
March
1872.

per yard

leets, good cotton, each irts, cotton, each

39

coloured, stout
twilled

Sterling. 8. d. 168. to 178. 1s. 8d. to 28.

0 10
3d. to 5d.

CLOTHING.

lankets, per pair
onnets, good Straw
oots, Strong Color.ial
Women's

12s. to 168.
28. to 2s. 6d.

make. oes, stout, men's, p. pr. women's dico, good stout, pr.yd.

8s. to 10s. 48.6d to78.6d 10s. to 18s. 78.6d. to 10s. 38. to 38.2d. 6d. to 7d. oth, for coats (Cana-3s. to 38.6d. dian) per yard ats,doeskin,shooting

168, to 258.

27

duffell or pilot
moleskin

"

tton, for gowns, per yard

-r

flannel, per yard ockings, (woollen, Colonial make) rousers (homespun) elveteen, per yard asts, cloth

moleskin

"0

RETAIL PRICE OF PROVISIONS AND CLOTHING.

5d. to 9d.
18.9d. to2s.
0 2
06
18. 9d. to 2s.
53

Gd. to 7d.

unterpanes, soloured

good!

48. to 108.

annel, per yard, do- 18. 6d. to 2s.

3d. to 44d.
06
6d. to 6 d.

41d. to 5d.

18. 8d. to 38.]

18. to 2s.

38. to 48. 3ld. to 5d.

New
Bruns-
wick,
1 Feb.
1872.

Sterling
8. d.

12 6
1 10

0 10

0 34
06

10
20
03

0 6
1 0

05 0 3 08 07 0 5 1 8

1 8 20 04 45 0

:

8 0:
4 0
10 0
8 0
15 0
60

50

07

38. to 48.6d.

4 0

1 3

istian, per yard
los hes, India rubber
andkerchiefs, cotton -
ats, felt, each
attresses, each
ints, fast colours, per
yard

282d to 2810d
2s. 6d. to 48. 4 0
6d. to 7d. 10
38. to 68. 4 0
38. to 38.2d. 10 0

6d. to 7d.
68. to 78. 6d.

awls, woollen plaid

leeting, good calico,} 18. to 18.6d.

48. to 58. 28. to 38. 9d.

38. 6d. to 4s.

18. to 2s. 18.4dtols.7d." 68. tJ 78. 1 2 2 48.9dto6s.4d. 7s. to 188.

7 6 2 6 15 O 20 0 12 6 06

12 0

2 6

08
66
7 6

4 0

3 0
4 0
4 6
08

50
20
66

5 G

NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES.

Nova
Scotia,
Jan. 1872.

Sterling.

108. to 128.
1s. 9d. to 3s.
7d. to ls.
3 d. to 4d.
4 d. to 5d.

18.
18.6d. to 18.9d.

18. 3d.
18.

3d. to 4d.
ld. to 2d.
7 d. to 8d.
7d. to 8d.
4fd. to 5d.
28. to 38.
18. 6d.
6d. per lb.
2d. to 21d.
11. 138. 6d. to
11. 158.

88. to 10s.
1s. to ls. 3d.
58.
38. 7d. to 48.
128. to 158.
68. to 78.

38. to 3s. 6d.

4d. to 5d.

4s. 6d. to 58.
18.6d. to 28.9d.
11. to 11. 158.
168.
78.
6d.

28. 2d. to 48.

18.

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Prince
Edward
Island,

8 Feb.
1869.

Sterling.

8. d.
14 O
38. to 3s. 6d.
8d. to 9d.
24d. to 4d.
4d. to 6d.

08

1s. to 1s. 2d.
03

18. to is .2d.
4d. to 5d.

0 3
08
7d. to 9d.
4d. to 5d.
28. to 3s.
18.6d to18.8d
38. to 58.
2d. to 4d.
80s.

10s. to 40s.

208.

6s. to 88.
208.

8 6

38. to 4s.
308.

8d.

68. to 258.

18. 8d. to 28.

10

3 0

06

38. to 8s.

07

68. to 30s.
08

30

30

1s. to 1s. 2d.

10s. to 15s.

68. to 248.

Newfoundland, Nov. 1866.*

Sterling.
s. d.

15 0

1 0
5d. to 7d.
4d. to 6d.
0 4

2 6 02

06

1 6

0 21

1 0

0 4

2 0

0 10

4 6
5d. to 7d.
358. to 40s.

208.

Price of clothing about the English rate; but the articles much inferior in quality. S

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Clothing can be procured at 50 per cent. on English retail prices.

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No later return.

JAMAICA-Price of Provisions.-Yams, from 48. to 58. per cwt., cocoas, 38. to 48. per cwt.; plantains, 2s. to 3s. per 100; sweet potatoes, Ss. to 45. rewt.; rice, 188. to 21s. per cwt.; flour, 3d. per quart; corn meal, 24d. to 3d. per quart; salt fish, 3d. per lb.; salt pork, 9d. to 18. per lb.; fresh pork, d. to 6d. do. fresh beef, do. per fb.; herrings, 4 for 3d.; sugar, 2d. to 3d. per 1b.; bread, 3d. per lb.

Price of Clothing.-An Osnaburgh shirt and trousers (labourer's working dress), 3s. 6d.; working hat, 9d. to ls.; do. cap, 6d. to 9d.; good cloth cket, 16s. to 20s.; a suit (coat, wais TRINIDAD. Provisions and clothing

, trousers, shirt, socks, bat, and shoes, &c. &c.), 31. 10s. to 41.

ave increased in price of late years; but there has been an increase in the quantity of ground provisions raised us have still, however, to be imported.

1 the country. Large quantitie

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PROVISIONS, &c.

New
South Wales,
29 Jan. 1872.*
-p. pair 58. 6d. to 78. 6d.
each
23. to 5s.

258.

4d. to 6d.

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- p. pair
each

- p. yard

19

each -P. yard

"9

97

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-p.yard

each - p. pair

Blue

Brandy

- per lb. -p.gall.

Bread, 1st quality, 4 lb. loaf 2nd quality Butter, fresh saltCandles Cheese, English Colonial

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Milk
Meat, beef, fresh
-pr. qrt.
- per lb.
salt -

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99 99

mutton, fresh
salt -

19
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99
99

Mustard "1
Oil, lamp (Kerosine)- p. gall.
Oatmeal
Pepper
- per lb.
Potatoes
Rice

Sago
Salt-

Soap

Starch

Sugar

Tea-
Tobacco
Wheat
Wine, Sherry
Colonial

"T

19

-p. cwt.
per lb.

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p. bush. -p. gal.

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lid. to lid.
1td.

3d. to 4d. 2d. to 3d. 3d.

2s. 6d.
4d.

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1s. 6d. to 2s. 6d.

4s. to 128.

3s. 6d.

78. 6d. to 15s.

5s. to 10s.

38. 6d. to 5s.

28. to 4s.

8d. to ls. 4d. 48. to 208. 3d. to 2s.

7d. to 1s. 6d.

6d. to 1s.
4s. 6d. to 17s. 6d.
each 4s. to 10s.

8d. to 2s. 6d. 78. 6d. to 10s. dble.38. to 78.6d.

sin.] 48. to 8s.

3s. to 78.

68. to 128. 8s. to 108. 6s. to 12s. 28. to as.

10s. to 148. 10d, to 1s. 6d. 28. to 2s. 6d.

38. to 6s.

18. to 3s.

9d. to ls. 6d.

8d. to 1s. 28. to 3s.

1s. to 28.

188. to 20s. 6d. to 7d. 54d.

8d.

6d.

8d. to 1s.
8d. to ls.
18. 4d. to 1s. 8d.
18. to 1s. 3d.

About one-fourth more than in England.

8d. to 18.
hhd5l.to 71.10s
108. to 128,
1s. 6d.
188. to 22s.
9d.

18. 9d.
18.3d. to 18.6d.
6d. to 1s. 3d.
18. 6d.
18.
1s. 6d.
18.
24d.
24d.

4d.

About one-fourth more than in England.

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South Australia, 14 Oct. 1871. 98. to 208. 2s. 6d. to 58. 20s.

48. 6d. to 58. 6d. to 18. 15s. to 30s. 4s. 6d. to 12s. 78.

2s. 6d. to 9s. 6d.

78. to Gs.
4s. 6d. to 10s. 6d.
38. to 10s.
78. to 158.
6s, to 128.

5d. to 2s. 6d.
1s. 3d. to 3s.

Is. 3d. to 3s. 7s. to 12s. 6d. 38. to 48. 6d. 20s, to 30s. 78. to 128.

48. 6d. to 7s. 6d.

1s. to 2s. 6d.
9s. to 308.

2s. 6d. to 10s.
6d. to 2s.

6d. to 4s. 6d. each 24s. to 40s. each 18s. to 24s.

1s. 6d. to 28. 6d.

6s. to 108. 4s. to 208. 48. to 68. 2s. 6d. to 48.

4s. 6d. to 6s, 6d.

78. to 20s.
8s. to 30s.

1s. 6d. to 38.

78. 6d. to 18s.

48. to 10s.

2s. 6d. to 3s. 2s. to 78. 6d. 2s. to 98. 6d. to 1s. 6d.

8d. to 18. 4d.
28. to 3s.

9d. to 18.
(228. to 408, casej
158. to 188, blk.!
per 2lb. loaf
3d. to 4d. S
9d. to 18. 3d.
ed. to 10d.
10d. to 18. 4d.
10d. to 1s. 4d.
8d.
18. to 1s. 8d.
9d. to Is.

2d.

5d.

Bf&M.1d.to6d.

:

2d. lid.

4d.

1d. to 2 d.
1d. to 2d.
d. to 5d.
1 d. to 3d.
8d. to ls. 3d.
58. to 68.
3d. to 31d.
18.
2s. 6d. to 48.
2d. to 4d.

3s. 9d. to 48. 9d.
18. 4d.
8d. to 4d.
1s.

5d.

18.

1d.

ld.

4d. to 6d.
7d.

38. to 6s
3d. to 5d.
6d. to 8d.
ld. to 2d.
4d. to 6d.
3d. to 5d.
4d. to 5d.
9d. to 18.
2s. 6d. to 38.
8d.
3d. to 10d.
48. to 5s.
3d. to 6d.
28. 6d. to 48.
58.
1s. 6d. to 3s.
3s. to 6s.
10s. to 123.
3s. 6d. to 58.
16s. 6d. to 208.
38. 10d. to 78.
48. 6d. to 6s
58. to 7s. 6d.
The prices given in this column are the average of the Sydney prices.
188. to 28.
Яs.
188. to 288.
2s. 6d. to 10s. 38. Gd. to 7s. 6d.

38. to 98. Gd.

18. to 18. 6d.
2s. 6d. to 3s. 3d.
4d.
28.

48. to 58. 3d. to 4d.

Tasmania, 31 Dec. 1871.

8s. to 158.
1s. 6d. to 78. 6d.

15s. to 30s.
48. 6d. to 88.
6d. to Js.
5s. to 6s.
28. to 16s.
28. to 8s.
2s. 6d. to 6s.

4s. 6d.
3s. to 68.
28. to 4s. 6d.
48. to 8s. 6d.
6s. to 10s.
5d. to ls.
9d. to 1s. 6d.
9d. to 2s.
18.3d.to2s. 6d.
5s. to 10s.
3s. 6d. to 83.
10s. to 14s.
6s. to 10s.
58.

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38. to 68.
4s. to 10s.

8d. to 88.
2s. 6d. to 88.
10d. to 2s. 6d.
8d. to ls.
28.

18. to 1s. 6d.
26s.
1d. to 2d.
ld. to ltd.
81. to 1s. 6d.

6d. to 18.
5d. to 7d.
6d. to ls. 8d.
5d. to 1s. 3d.
1s. to 2s.
8d. to 28.
2d.
4d. to 6d.
3d. to 7d.
2d. to 6d.
3d. to 6d.

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8d.tols.6d. pr.yd.

28. to 48. 5s. to 88. 58. to 128, 1s. to 28. Od. 9d. to ls. 68.

18. 3d. to 28.
28s. to 30s.
2d. to 2 d.
1s. 6d. to 2.
18. to 1s. 6d.
1s. 3d. to 1s. 9d.
18. to 18. 6d.
9d. to 18.
6d. to Dd.
18. 6d. to 28.

lld.

6d.

3d. to 6d. 6d. to 10d. 3d. to 6d.

18.

3s, to 48. 3d. to 6d.

9d. to 18. 88. to 128.

lid. to 5d. 3d. to 4d.

d. to 21. 5d. to 6d. 8d. to 18.

24d. to 6d. 1s. 6d. to 3s.

48. to 68.

68. to 88. 18s. to 408. 5s. to 10s.

New Zealand
Dec. 1871.

[1872.

6d. to d 2s. 6d. to ab

From 25 to 50 per cent. above the English prices.

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3d. to 4d.

5d. to bd. 2s. 6d. to 38. 6d. to 5. 6d.

159, to 18.

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